ON THIS DAY: March 6, 2018

March 6th is

Sofia Kovalevskaya Math Day *

Fun Facts About Names Day

Oreo Cookie Day *

Frozen Food Day *

White Chocolate Cheesecake Day
__________________________________________

MORE! Sarah Caldwell, Jean Seaton and Berta Cáceres, click

__________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Ghana – Independence Day

Norfolk Island – Foundation Day

United Kingdom – Birmingham:
Jisc Digifest Technology Festival

__________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

12 BC – Roman Emperor Augustus is named Pontifex Maximus (high priest of the College of Pontiffs, head of the state religion), adding it to the Emperor’s titles


Augustus as Pontifex Maximus


632 – Farewell Sermon (Khutbah/Khutbatul Wada) of Islamic Prophet Muhammad, in the Uranah valley of Mount Arafat, during the Islamic pilgrimage of Hajj

1475 – Michelangelo born, Italian sculptor, painter and architect


Michelangelo’s Pietà,St Peter’s Basilica (1498–99)


1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam

1619 – Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac born, French dramatist and satirist, noted for A Voyage to the Moon; the inspiration for Edmond Rostand’s play, Cyrano de Bergerac



1665 – The first joint Secretary of the Royal Society, Henry Oldenburg, publishes the first issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

1745 – Casimir Pulaski born, Polish nobleman, revolutionary and military commander; organizer of the Pulaski Cavalry Legion for the Continental Army during the American Revolution, and reformer of the entire American cavalry; one of only eight people awarded honorary U.S. citizenship

1791 – Anna Claypoole Peale born, American painter, known for portrait miniatures and still life paintings


Self-Portrait, by Anna Claypoole Peale (1815)  


1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning born, English poet



1808 – At Harvard University, the first college orchestra is founded

1820 – The Missouri Compromise was enacted by the U.S. Congress and signed by U.S. President James Monroe. The act admitted Missouri into the Union as a slave state, but prohibited slavery in the rest of the northern Louisiana Purchase territory

1825 – Beethoven’s Opus 127: String Quartet No. 12 in E flat major premieres



1834 – The city of York in Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto

1836 – The thirteen-day siege of the Alamo by Santa Anna and his Mexican army of 3000 ends, with the defeat 189 Texas volunteers

1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s La Traviata opera debuts in Venice



1854 – The Pope’s Stone is stolen from the lapidarium of the Washington Monument

1857 – The U.S. Supreme Court’s infamous ruling, the Dred Scott decision that “a negro, whose ancestors were imported and sold as slaves” whether enslaved or free, could not be an American citizen and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court. The Court went further to declare that Congress had no constitutional power to deprive persons of their property rights when dealing with slaves in the territories, effectively rendering the Missouri Compromise of 1820 unconstitutional, and making all territories open to slavery until they become states, and could, if they choose, enact state laws against it. Southerners celebrated this as a major victory, but Frederick Douglass predicted, “This very attempt to blot out forever the hopes of an enslaved people may be one necessary link in the chain of events preparatory to the complete overthrow of the whole slave system.” In August, 2017, in the dark and early hours of the morning, Maryland officials removed the statue of U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney (1836-1864), who wrote the majority opinion in the case, from the grounds of the state capitol in Annapolis.


Dred Scott, portrait by Louis Schultze


1863 – Carrie Belle Kearney born, teacher, author, suffragist, temperance reformer, and white racist; first woman elected to the Mississippi State Senate

1882 – Sarah Wambaugh born, American political scientist, one of the world’s leading authorities on plebiscites, adviser to various commissions including the U.N. Plebiscite Commission to Jammu and Kashmir



1885 – Ring Lardner born, American writer and satirist



1886 – The Nightingale is launched, the first nursing magazine, edited by Sarah Post

1899 – Aspirin is patented by German researchers Felix Hoffman and Hermann Dreser

1912 – Oreo * sandwich cookies are first introduced by the National Biscuit Co., which later became Nabisco

1924 – Sarah Caldwell born, American impresario, opera conductor and stage director



1928 – Chinese Civil War: a Communist attack on Peking (Beijing) results in 3,000 dead and 50,000 fled to Swatow (now spelled Shantou), which is on the coast, over 830 miles (1338 km) from Beijing

1937 – Valentina Tereshkova born, Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and General-major in the Soviet Air Force, first woman to fly in space piloting Vostok 6; politically active after the collapse of the USSR, seen as a heroine in post-Soviet Russia



1939 – In Spain, Jose Miaja takes over the Madrid government after a military coup and vows to seek “peace with honor”

1939 – Charles Fuller born, African American playwright, co-founder of Philadelphia’s Afro-American Theatre; A Soldier’s Play won the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Drama

1941 – Dame Marilyn Strathern born, Welsh anthropologist, noted for work with natives of Papua New Guinea and in the UK on reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization, co-author of Technologies of Procreation: Kinship in the Age of Assisted Conception; Professor of Social Anthropology at Cambridge (1993-2008) and Mistress of Girton College (1998-2009)



1943 – Norman Rockwell publishes Freedom from Want in The Saturday Evening Post with a matching essay by Carlos Bulosan as part of the “Four Freedoms” series



1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa born, New Zealand soprano



1946 – Ho Chi Minh, President of Vietnam, strikes an agreement with France that recognizes his country as an autonomous state within the Indochinese Federation and the French Union

1947 – The U.S. Supreme Court upholds the contempt conviction of John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers of America president

1947 – Winston Churchill announces he opposes British troop withdrawals from India

1947 – Jean Seaton born, English historian and academic; Professor of Media History at the University of Westminster; Official Historian of the BBC; Director of the Orwell Prize (for political writing, three prizes awarded annually: one each for outstanding Book, Journalism, and Exposing Britain’s social evils) – her commentary on Orwell for BBC radio: 



1947 – The first air-conditioned naval ship, The Newport News, is launched from Newport News VA

1953 – Carolyn Porco born, American astronomer; planetary scientist known for work on the outer solar system, leader of the imaging science team on the Cassini mission to Saturn; expert on planetary rings and Saturn’s moon Enceladus; awarded the 2008 Isaac Asimov Science Award, 2009 Lennart Nilsson Award for photographic work, and 2010 Carl Sagan Medal for Excellence in Communication of Science to the Public



1957 – The British African colonies of the Gold Coast and Togoland become the independent state of Ghana

1960 – Switzerland grants women the right to vote in municipal elections

1960 – The U.S. announces that it will send 3,500 troops to Vietnam

1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his plan to establish a draft lottery

1973 – U.S. President Richard Nixon imposes price controls on oil and gas

1973 – John Lennon’s visa extension is canceled by the New York Office of the Immigration Department only 5 days after it was granted: the “official” reason was his marijuana conviction in 1968, but really because of his involvement in left-wing politics while in America

1975 – Iran and Iraq announce that they have settled their border dispute

1980 –Islamic militants in Tehran say that they will turn over American hostages to the Revolutionary Council

1981 – Walter Cronkite appears on his last episode of “CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite,” the end of 19 years on the job

1981 – Ronald Reagan announces a plan to cut 37,000 federal jobs

1984 – The original Frozen Food Day * is proclaimed by President Reagan

1985 – Yul Brynner’s 4,500th performance in The King and I

1990 – In Afghanistan, an attempted coup against President Najibullah fails

1990 – Russian Parliament passes a law sanctioning ownership of private property

1991 – In Paris, five men are jailed for plotting to smuggle Libyan arms to the Irish Republican Army

1992 – The computer virus “Michelangelo” goes into effect

1997 – A gunman steals Tete de Femme, a million-dollar Picasso portrait, from a London gallery; painting recovered a week later

1997 – Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II launches the first official royal Web site

2012 – 9,000 residents are evacuated from Wagga Wagga, Australia, as the Murrimbidgee River threatens to overflow

2016 – Honduran President Juan Hernández asks UN High Commissioner on Human Rights Zeid bin Ra’ad Al-Hussein to assist in the investigation of the murder of Berta Cáceres, an environmental activist and indigenous leader, coordinator of the Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras, and winner of the 2015 Goldman Environmental Prize, for spearheading  “a grassroots campaign that successfully pressured the world’s largest dam builder to pull out of the Agua Zarca Dam” at the Río Gualcarque” in Western Honduras. The river is sacred to the Lenca people, the largest indigenous group in Honduras, who depend on it for their subsistence


__________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to ON THIS DAY: March 6, 2018

  1. pramegha says:

    Oreo cookie day!! That’s sweet😊

    • Oreos are magic. You can put them in or on anything–well, probably not a Martini–and make it better. Whole, crumbled up, it does not matter.

      My wife’s favorite sinful treat was an Oreo Blizzard from Dairy Queen. No matter how upset or depressed she was, an Oreo Blizzard always made it better.

      • pramegha says:

        I have a sweet tooth and oreos and chocolates always lift my mood too!
        It’s true, they are magic.

      • wordcloud9 says:

        My three Great Aunts always said that everything could be improved by adding sugar or butter – they even put sugar in their martinis – and they all lived well into their 90s.

  2. Malisha says:

    In 2001 I produced a play in an inner city (read “poor”) school in a major city, in which all the children involved (33 from ages 6 – 12) had to have speaking parts, even if their lines were confined to one sentence (“Oyez Oyez, Oyez, the United States Supreme Court is now in order”). These kids read and researched the Dred Scott decision for weeks, intensively, before workshopping the play and rehearsing. Yet during that period I learned that 9 out of 10 of the American adults I knew and/or spoke with over the course of three months (maybe a hundred) had no idea what the decision was, or what it did. One well educated (undergraduate degree, teaching certificate and successful professional career) adult asked me, “Oh, the Dred Scott Decision, that was the decision that ended slavery, right?” Nobody had studied the decision in their high school classes. Nobody had read a single book describing the period of time before the Civil War. Nobody had seen a documentary or a historical fiction movie about the events. Some of them confused the Dred Scott decision with Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.” It shocked the Hell out of me. But then I remembered that I had not heard of the decision in high school either. All I remember being in our curriculum was that (a) there was slavery and (b) then there was the Civil War and so (c) Lincoln “freed the slaves.” Nobody had heard the name “Taney.” And nobody realized that the Dred Scott decision was never overturned. The Thirteenth Amendment (and 14th) may have made it moot but it was never overturned.

  3. wordcloud9 says:

    There’s a frighteningly large percentage of the American population who have the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement confused, and believe that the South won whatever it was.

    The Dredd Scott case was briefly mentioned in the American History textbook used in my high school, but not really gone into. Taney was referenced more than once by Scalia, who considered him a great Chief Justice – they were both “Original Intent” fanatics – and their interpretations of the original intent of the Founding Fathers was scary as hell. Their first fallacy was that the original intent of the Founding Fathers was some unified policy about which all of them were in agreement, and that’s very far from the truth – from the Declaration of Independence through the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, it was about compromise after compromise so the country could come into being, and develop a workable form of government, but they left a lot of problems for future generations to resolve, including slavery. And that was a deliberate choice, since otherwise the country would have faltered and died in its infancy.

    The genius of the Constitution is that it was NOT written in stone, but was meant to be looked at with new eyes to take changing circumstances into account. I firmly believe that was the real “Original Intent” of those flawed but earnest men, those Founding Fathers, who are now sadly seen by most Americans as only marble monuments from some vague irrelevant past that never existed.

  4. Malisha says:

    Adding one: 1927 – Gabriel Garcia Marquez born in Aracataca, Columbia.
    I met Gabo once (as part of a group). I was baby-sitting for a friend of mine who was rehearsing his play “Chronicle of a Death Foretold” on Broadway; I had her two kids in her small dressing room off the stage and up two flights. Suddenly I heard her shout, “Malisha, bring the kids down here NOW and come on stage, RIGHT AWAY, HURRY!” I grabbed the kids and ran down to the stage, not knowing why we were summoned. All the actors and dancers and musicians were crowded on the stage speaking excitedly in Spanish. The director came rushing down the house steps, shouted “MAESTRO!” and fell to her knees, with her arms out toward a man in a beige suit (lighter in color than Obama’s) and a white straw hat. GABO!
    He spoke in Spanish. A friend of mine translated. He took questions. He thanked the actors. He complimented the production. One dancer asked, “Why didn’t Mercedes come withyou?” and he answered, “Oh SHE’s back home doing IMPORTANT work, taking care of the grandkids.”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.