ON THIS DAY: March 15, 2018

March 15th is

Everything You Think Is Wrong Day

Ides of March

Peanut Lovers’ Day

Pears Helene Day

Shoe the World Day *

World Consumer Rights Day *

International Day Against Seal Slaughter *

_________________________________________

MORE! Alice Fletcher, Sarah Bernhardt and Madelyn Pugh, click

_________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Belarus – Constitution Day

Hungary – 1848 Revolution Day

Japan – Komaki: Hōnen Matsuri
(giant phallus – harvest festival)

Liberia – Joseph Jenkins Roberts Day
(first Liberian President)

Palau – Youth Day

_________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

44 BC – Julius Caesar, ‘dictator in perpetuity’ at the end of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus, and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March, causing civil war and hastening the end of constitutional government



280 – Sun Hao, last emperor of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period, surrenders to Sima Yan, first emperor of the Jin dynasty, which unifies China, under Sima Yan, who then wallows in extravagance and self-indulgence, reportedly keeping 10,000 concubines

493 – Odoacer, first non-Roman King of Italy after the Western Roman Empire falls, is killed by Theoderic, king of the Ostrogoths, while the two kings are feasting together; the next day, only a few of  Odoacer’s family and his followers escape being slain

1614 – Franciscus Sylvius born, physician, physiologist, anatomist, and chemist; pioneer in exploring chemical action as a cause of disease



1672 – Charles II issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence, attempting to extend religious liberty to Protestant nonconformists and Roman Catholics, by suspending the Penal Laws, which had been enacted between 1661 and 1665. The Penal Laws: 1) Required all municipal officials to take Anglican communion; 2) Made the Book of Common Prayer compulsory in religious services – over two thousand clergy refused, then are forced to resign their livings; 3) Outlaws conventicles (meetings for unauthorized worship) by more than five people not of the same household; and 4) prohibited nonconformist ministers from coming within five miles of incorporated towns, or the place of their former livings, and banned them from teaching in schools 

1778 – Commanding two frigates, French naval officer Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, sails east from Botany Bay on the last lap of his circumnavigation



1838 – Alice Cunningham Fletcher born, American ethnologist, studied and documented Native American culture


Alice Cunningham Fletcher with Chief Joseph


1868 – Lida Gustava Heymann born, German women’s rights activist, with her partner Anita Augspurg co-founds the movement to abolish prostitution in Germany, the Society for Women’s Suffrage, the newspaper Women in the State, and co-educational high school and professional associations for women


 


1969 – George Armstrong Custer and his troops discover two Cheyenne villages of over 250 lodges, on Sweetwater Creek near the Texas-Oklahoma boundary, after the Cheyenne had been ordered to report to their reservation. Custer captures four Chiefs, and threatens to hang the Chief unless all the Cheyenne surrender, which they do

1875 – NY’s Roman Catholic Archbishop, John McCloskey, is named the first U.S. Cardinal

1880 – Hattie Carnegie born in Austria, American fashion designer and entrepreneur, designs both couture and ready-to-wear lines, designer of the Women’s Army Corps uniform, recipient of Congressional Medal of Freedom for the WAC uniform design and other charitable and patriotic contributions



1892 – Jesse W. Reno patents the Reno Inclined Elevator, the first escalator

1896 – Marion Cuthbert born, co-founder of the National Association of College Women to fight discrimination in higher education (1932); wrote pioneering dissertation, “Education and Marginality: A Study of the Negro Woman College Graduate” (1942); secretary of National Board of YWCA; member of the NAACP, also numerous peace and human rights boards

1900 – In Paris, Sarah Bernhardt stars in the premiere of Edmond Rostand’s L’Aiglon 



1901 – German Chancellor von Bulow declared that an agreement between Russia and China over Manchuria would violate the Anglo-German accord of October 1900 

1902 – 10,000 Boston MA freight handlers go back to work after a week-long strike.

1903 – The British conquest of Nigeria was completed. 500,000 square miles were now controlled by the U.K. 

1905 – Margaret Webster, theatre actress, director and producer with citizenship and successful careers in both the UK and the US, known for her Shakespearean productions, including Othello (1943) with Paul Robeson and Jose Ferrer


 


1907 – In Finland, women win their first seats in the Finnish Parliament; they take their oaths of office on May 23 

1909 – Italy proposed a European conference on the Balkans 

1910 – Otto Kahn offers $500,000 for a family portrait by Dutch artist Frans Hals; outbidding J.P. Morgan for the work 

1913 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson meets with 100 reporters, the first formal presidential news conference 

1916 – President Wilson sends 12,000 troops, under General Pershing, over the border of Mexico to pursue bandit Pancho Villa, but the mission fails

1919 – The American Legion was founded in Paris 

1921 – Madelyn Pugh born, American screenwriter and producer, I Love Lucy


Madelyn Pugh with Lucille Ball


1922 – Fuad I assumed the title of king of Egypt after the country gained nominal independence from Britain

1930 – Wilma L. Vaught born, Brigadier General in U.S. Air Force, first woman to deploy with an Air Force bomber unit, inductee into National Women’s Hall of Fame and the Army Women’s Foundation Hall of Fame


Retired USAF Brigadier General Wilma L. Vaught


1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg born, American lawyer, professor, and the second woman appointed as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1993); courtroom advocate for fair treatment of women, co-founder of Women’s Rights Law Reporter, the first U.S. law journal to focus exclusively on women’s rights (1970); taught at Columbia Law School (1972-1980), becoming Columbia’s first female tenured professor; worked on the ACLU Women’s Rights Project cases involving discriminatory labor laws



1934 – Henry Ford restores the $5-a-day wage

1935 – Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda bans four Berlin newspapers 

1937 – In Chicago, IL, the first blood bank to preserve blood for transfusion by refrigeration is established at the Cook County Hospital 

1938 – Oil discovered in Saudi Arabia 

1939 – German forces occupy Bohemia and Moravia, and part of Czechoslovakia 

1939 – Julie Tullis born, British mountaineer and filmmaker 



1944 – Cassino, Italy, destroyed by Allied bombing 

1946 – British Premier Attlee offers India full independence after agreement on a constitution 

1948 – Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of “LIFE” magazine for his starring role in Shakespeare’s Hamlet 



1949 – Clothes rationing in Great Britain ends nearly four years after the end of WWII 

1951 – General de Lattre demands Paris send him more troops for the fight in Vietnam 

1951 – The Persian parliament votes to nationalize the oil industry 

1954 – CBS television debuts its Morning Show 

1955 – The U.S. Air Force unveils a self-guided missile 

1956 – The musical My Fair Lady opens on Broadway



1957 – The first official Buzzard Day in the Cleveland Metroparks, although there was a long-standing legend that the buzzards return to Cleveland every year on March 15

1960 – Consumers International is founded, an umbrella organization for citizen activist groups in 100 countries advocating for consumer protection laws, safer products and the right to redress in the event of harm; in 1983, they launch World Consumer Rights Day *

1960 – The first underwater park is established as the Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve


 


1965 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson addresses a joint session of Congress, calls for new legislation to guarantee every American’s right to vote

1968 – The U.S. mint halts the buying and selling gold

1972 – The Godfather, Francis Ford Coppola’s gangster movie based on Mario Puzo’s novel, premieres in New York

1979 – Pope John Paul II publishes his first encyclical Redemptor Hominis, in which he warns of the growing gap between rich and poor 

1985 – In Brazil, two decades of military rule comes to an end with the installation of a civilian government 

1989 – The U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs becomes the 14th Department in the President’s Cabinet 

1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev elected the first executive president of the USSR, and the Soviet parliament rules that Lithuania’s declaration of independence is invalid and that Soviet law is still in force in the Baltic republic 

1990 – The Ford Explorer is introduced to the public


 


1991 – Four Los Angeles police officers are indicted in the beating of Rodney King

1994 – U.S. President Clinton extends the moratorium on nuclear testing until September of 1995

1996 – The aviation firm Fokker NV collapses 

1998 – More than 15,000 ethnic Albanians march in Yugoslavia to demand independence for Kosovo

2002 – Secretary of State Colin Powell tells the Associated Press that the U.S. will stand by a 24-year pledge not to use nuclear arms against states that don’t have them 

2003 – The World Health Organization issues a worldwide health alert for SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)



2014 – Shoe the World Day * is inspired by Donald Zsemonadi and the United Indigenous People, now sponsored by Soles4Soles, which accepts donations of shoes for disadvantaged children in the U.S. and 126 other countries


_________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: March 15, 2018

  1. Regarding peanuts, there is a great article in The Bitter Southerner about peanuts prepared in the Southern tradition of boiling them in the shell. Link below:
    Hot Wet Goobers.

  2. pete says:

    I’ve tried to find somewhere around here to buy green peanuts, all I can ever find are fully ripe. They’ll work, just not quite the same.
    Salt and crushed red peppers are the only seasoning I use and it takes two days to boil a batch. I like to give them around 8-12 hours to soak in between boilings.
    Amazing how fast five pounds of peanuts can disappear.

    • My wife hated boiled peanuts. She wanted them roasted. I got pretty good at it. Spread them out on a large cookie tin. Roast at 300ºF for about twenty to thirty minutes.
      Our local supermarket sells bagged raw peanuts–or at least they used to. I haven’t bought any since she passed away in 2011, so don’t know if they still carry them. I never found any green ones, all the store carried was fully ripe.

      • wordcloud9 says:

        Hmmm – Raw peanuts are available around here, but I’ve never had them boiled. Have to say, I’d probably agree with your wife Chuck. A lot of what appeals to me about peanuts is the crunch.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.