ON THIS DAY: March 19, 2018

March 19th is

International Read to Me Day *

Chocolate Caramel Day

Deskfast Day *

Let’s Laugh Day

National Poultry Day

National Certified Nurses Day *

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MORE! Minna Canth, Renée Taylor and Eliane Elias, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

 Christianity – St. Joseph’s Day/Feast of St. Joseph/ Josefistag – a holiday in Austria, Columbia, Liechtenstein, Malta, Spain, Switzerland (regional), Vatican City, and Venezuela

Christmas Island – Labour Day

Dominican Republic – Battle of Azua
(first big battle in war of independence)

Finland – Social Equality Day *

Haiti –
St. Joseph Expression de la jurisdiction Legba
(Patron Saint of laborers – Loko in Voudon)

Mexico – Benito Juarez Day

Iran – Oil Nationalization Day

Libya – Victory Over Kadhafi Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1279 – The Battle of Yamen: the Mongol Yuan navy delivers a crushing tactical and strategic blow to Song Dynasty troops, led by Song General Zhang Shijie, in confiscated vessels, who are further hampered by bad weather and transport ships carrying fleeing Song court officials and servants


Battle of Yamen monument


1563 – The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots, allowing unregulated Protestant services in private households of nobles and one pre-determined town or suburb in each sénéchaussée (a kind of district)

1571 – Spanish troops occupy Manila, and López de Legazpi gives the title city to the colony of Manila

1644 – During the Li Zingcheng uprising, sparked by famine, as rebels prepare to take the capital, Emperor Chongzhen gathers his family for a final feast, and then kills all of them with a sword, except his sons and one daughter who lost an arm but survived. He then commits suicide, and hundreds of the imperial court and household also commit suicide out of loyalty to the Emperor



1649 – The House of Commons of England passes an act to abolish the House of Lords, declaring it “useless and dangerous to the people of England”

1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men

1702 – Upon the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, the sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland



1748 – Elias Hicks born, American Quaker minister, advocate for abolition of slavery

1748 – The English Naturalization Act passed granting Jews right to colonize in America

1813 – David Livingstone born, Scottish explorer and missionary



1821 – Sir Richard F. Burton born, English geographer-explorer, translator-writer, soldier-adventurer



1822 – The city of Boston MA is incorporated

1831 – In the first recorded bank robbery in America, the City Bank of New York losses $245,000

1844 – Minna Canth born, Finnish author, playwright and women’s rights activist; known for The Pastor’s Family and The Worker’s Wife; she has been honored in Finland on her birthday since 2007, which is also the country’s Social Equality Day *



1848 – Wyatt Earp born, American lawman, gambler, Town Marshall of Tombstone Arizona



1853 –  The Taiping reform movement/civil war occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until it falls to the Xiang Army in 1864

1859 – Ellen Gates Starr born, American social reformer, co-founded Hull House with Jane Addams



1859 – Charles Gounod’s opera Faust premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris



1860 – William Jennings Bryan born, American orator, Congressman (D-NB, 1891-1895), Secretary of State (1913-1915), runs for U.S. president but defeated twice by William McKinley in 1896 and 1900; gives his famous ‘Cross of Gold’ speech at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, July 9, 1896, supporting free silver; an ardent anti-Darwinist, attends ‘Scope’s monkey trial’ and dies in his sleep shortly after



1861 – The First Taranaki War ends, a conflict over sovereignty and land ownership between the Māori and the New Zealand government, on the North Island

1864 – Charles ‘C.M. ‘ Russell born, American artist, historian and outdoorsman


On the Trail, by Charles ‘C.M. ‘ Russell


1879 – Maurice Barrymore (father of John, Ethel and Lionel) and fellow actor Ben Porter make the mistake of winning a game of cards with notorious gunfighter Jim Currie, who gets drunk and tries to bait them into a fight. Barrymore challenges Currie to a fistfight, but Currie shoots him in the chest, and then kills Porter. Barrymore survives, but even his testimony isn’t enough to get a conviction (Currie’s brother was mayor of Shreveport LA and rumored to have influenced the verdict). Barrymore vows never to return to Texas

1881 – Edith Nourse Rogers born, American politician, 1st woman elected to the United States Congress from Massachusetts. For 35 years in the House of Representatives, she advocated for veterans, sponsoring the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (AKA the G.I. Bill), the 1942 bill that created the Women’s Army Auxiliary (WAAC), and the 1943 bill that created the Women’s Army Corps (WAC)



1882 – Minnie Fisher Cunningham born, the first woman to get a pharmacy degree from the University of Texas Medical Branch– in 1901, she discovered that the less-educated men working next to her made twice the pay she did, and “that made a suffragist out of me.” She was a founding member of the Women’s National Democratic Club; active in politics at both the state level in Texas and at the national level; a gifted coalition builder and effective speaker for suffrage, she also campaigned for legislation to lower infant mortality, to recognize married women’s citizenship as separate from their husband’s, for prison reform, and for enriched flour to help improve nutrition for the poor. She was a founding member and first executive secretary of the League of Women Voters; served on the Democratic National Committee at the invitation of Eleanor Roosevelt – FDR nicknamed her ‘Minnie Fish’



1891 – Earl Warren born, Chief Justice of the United States (1953-1969); Governor of California (1943–1953) 



1892 – Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker Suite, a selection of 8 numbers from the ballet is first performed in St. Petersburg, Russia



1895 – The Los Angeles Railway is established to provide streetcar service

1895 – African American Clatonia Joaquin Dorticus patents a brush to apply coloring liquids to hard-to-reach parts of shoes

1900 – Archeaologist Arthur Evans begins the excavation of Knossos Palace on Crete


Knossos Palace: Dolphin fresco in the Queens Chamber – Sir Arthur Evans (L)


1900 – Frederic Joliot-Curie born, French Nobel Prize-winning physicist; shared prize with his wife, Irene

1903 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda

1904 – John Joseph Sirica born, presiding judge at Watergate trials who ordered U.S. President Nixon to turn over his recordings of White House conversations

1906 – Reports in Berlin estimate the cost of the German war with Nama and Herero people in Southwest Africa at $150 million, and pressure builds at home to end the war

1907 – Elizabeth Maconchy born, English composer of Irish heritage



1908 – The state of Maryland bars Christian Scientists from practicing without medical diplomas

1915 – Pluto is in a photograph for the first time, but isn’t noticed until sometime later

1917 – U.S. Supreme Court upholds the Adamson Act, which establishes an eight-hour workday for interstate railroad workers, with overtime pay, as constitutional

1918 – U.S. Congress approves Daylight-Saving Time

1920 – U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty for a second time, maintaining an isolation policy

1924 – U.S. troops are rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces take the Honduran capital

1931 – The state of Nevada legalizes gambling

1931 – Emma Andijewska born, modern surrealist Ukrainian author, and painter; suffers serious illness during WWII living in Germany, then France; family moves to New York, 1957; she becomes an American citizen, marries a Ukrainian writer, returns to Munich



1933 – Renée Taylor born, American actress, playwright and screenwriter; co-author with her husband Joseph Bologna of the Broadway and movie hit Lovers and Other Strangers, and the film Made for Each Other, in which they starred



1935 – Nancy Malone born, American actress, director and producer; first woman vice-president of television at 20th Century Fox (1976); board member of The Alliance of Women Directors

1936 – Canned beer is sold to the British public for the first time, by Felinfoel Brewery in Wales

1939 – Lloyd L. Gaines disappears; an African American student, the central figure in the 1938 Supreme Court case Gaines v. Canada. After graduating with honors from Lincoln University, he’s rejected for admission to the University of Missouri  School of Law because of his race and Missouri’s policy of paying for black graduate students to attend out-of-state schools; in December 1938, the U.S Supreme Court rules that the State of Missouri either must admit Gaines or secure admission for him to another school of equal status within the state; March 19 1939, Gaines leaves his fraternity house to buy stamps and is never seen again; in 2001, he is posthumously honored, along with Marion O’Fallon Oldham (also denied admission because of her race) when the University of Missouri dedicates the Gaines-Oldham Black Cultural Center



1942 – Heather M. Robertson born, Canadian journalist, novelist and non-fiction writer; Reservations are for Indians, Grass Roots and Walking into Wilderness; a founding member of the Writers’ Union of Canada and the Professional Writers Association of Canada; launched the Robertson v. Thomson Corp. class action suit regarding freelancers’ retention of electronic rights to their work



1944 – Michael Tippett’s oratorium Child of Our Time premieres in London



1945 – Adolf Hitler issues his “Nero Decree” ordering the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands as German forces are retreating

1947 – Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces take control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party

1949 – The Soviet People’s Council signs the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declares that the North Atlantic Treaty is merely a war weapon

1953 – The Academy Awards air on television for the first time



1953 – Tennessee Williams’ Camino Real premieres on Broadway



1954 – The first rocket-driven sled on rails is tested in Alamogordo NM

1954 – Jill Abramson born, author, journalist, first woman to be executive editor of the New York Times



1960 – Eliane Elias born, Brazilian jazz singer, composer-arranger, and pianist; multiple Grammy winner



1962 – Bob Dylan, Dylan’s first album is released



1963 – In Costa Rica, U.S. President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledge to fight Communism

1963 – Mary Scheer born, American comedian, voice actress, screenwriter and producer; one of the original cast members of MADtv



1964 – Shooting begins on the movie Goldfinger, starring Sean Connery as James Bond



1965 – Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1965 – Rembrandt’s Titus is auctioned for $7,770,000



1968 – 2000 Students at Howard University seize an administration building in a massive sit-in, initially over the right of the campus newspaper to criticize the policies of the university president James Nabrit, but demands quickly expand to include establishment of an Afro-American studies department, appointment of a black university president, and courses which allow students to reach out to the working class neighborhood surrounding the school

1969 – British invade Anguilla

1972 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty

1977 – The last episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show airs



1979 – The U.S. House of Representatives begin broadcasting its daily business on TV

1985 – The U.S. Senate votes to authorize production of the MX missile

1987 – Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns from The PTL Club program due to a sex scandal, then revelations of accounting fraud bring about his arrest and imprisonment

1990 – Latvia’s political opposition claims victory in the first free elections in 50 years

1994 – The largest omelet in history is made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan



1998 – The World Health Organization (WHO) warns a tuberculosis epidemic could kill 70 million people in next two decades

2000 – Vector Data Systems conducts a simulation of the 1993 Branch Davidian siege in Waco TX which shows that federal agents had not fired first

2001 – California officials declare a power alert and order two days of rolling blackouts

2002 – Operation Anaconda, the largest U.S.-led ground offensive since the Gulf War, ends in eastern Afghanistan, with reports showing at least 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters are dead, and 11 allied troops killed since the operation began on March 2

2003 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces ‘Operation Iraqi Freedom’ declaring war on Iraq; U.S. forces launch a strike against “targets of military opportunity” in Iraq, using cruise missiles and precision-guided bombs, aimed at Iraqi leaders thought to be near Baghdad

2008 – Certified Nurses Day * is created by a collaboration of the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and the American Nurses Association (ANA); now an official National Day by Congressional proclamation



2011 – U.S. and French forces launch the broadest international military effort since the Iraq war against Moammar Gadhafi’s military, in support of the Libyan uprising

2015 – Deskfast Day * is started as part of the national ‘A Better Breakfast’ campaign founded by Brian George, to encourage people to take a few minutes for the ‘most important meal of the day’

2016 – International Read to Me Day * is launched by Australian Emma Mactaggart, author, illustrator and founder/publisher at Boogie Books, to emphasize the importance of reading regularly to children


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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