ON THIS DAY: March 26, 2018

March 26th is

Nougat Day

Spinach Day

Live Long and Prosper Day

Epilepsy Awareness Purple Day *

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MORE! Mary Beale, Dorothy Porter and Gaura Devi, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – Holy Week/last week of Lent in the West

Bangladesh – Independence Day

Mali – Martyr’s/Democracy Day

New Zealand – Otago:
Provencial Anniversary

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On This Day in HISTORY

908 – Emperor Zhu Wen, who had coerced Li Zhu, last emperor of the Tang dynasty, into abdicating in Zhu Wen’s favor in 907, has the 15-year-old former emperor poisoned

1031 – Malcolm III born, King of Alba (Scots), called ‘Canmore’ (great chief), who will reign from 1058 to 1093; the character of the same name in Shakespeare’s Macbeth is based on him

Malcolm III with Margaret, his second wife


1169 – Saladin becomes the emir of Egypt

Saladin (before A.D. 1185)/Saladin’s elite garrison at Siege of Acre


1344 – The Siege of Algeciras, one of the first European military engagements where gunpowder is used

1351 – Combat of the Thirty: 30 Breton knights challenge and defeat 30 English knights

1484 – William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop’s Fables


The Fox and the Grapes story in William Caxton’s version of Aesop’s Fables


1516 – Conrad Gessner born, Swiss naturalist; five-volume Historia animalium marks the beginning of modern zoology

1633 – Mary Beale born, English Baroque portrait painter, one of the first women to earn a living as an artist, who was the breadwinner for her family; the daughter of a church rector, many of her subjects were clergymen, including John Tillotson, who went on to become Archbishop of Canterbury; her book Observations, though never published, is one of the first instructional books written by a woman


Self Portrait by Mary Beale circa 1666


1636 – Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands

1682 – The Natchez tribe makes first contact with Europeans when Henri de Tonti of the La Salle expedition encounters them at the Mississippi River – further contact with the French and English claiming their territory will not go well for the Natchez

1698 – Prokop Diviš born, Czech theologian and natural scientist; while trying to create a device to prevent thunderstorms, he accidentally invented one of the first grounded lightning rods

1753 – Benjamin Thompson born, American inventor; a percolator, pressure cooker and kitchen stove

1773 –  Nathaniel Bowditch born, American mathematician and navigator; founder of modern maritime navigation;  his book The New American Practical Navigator, first published in 1802, is still carried on board every commissioned U.S. Naval vessel, and also on thousands of private vessels


The New American Practical Navigator by Nathaniel Bowditch


1830 – The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra NY

1839 – The first Henley Royal Regatta is held, annual rowing event on the Thames River

1859 – A.E. Houseman born, English poet

1871 – Elections held of Commune council of the Paris Commune 

1873 – Dorothea Bleek born in South Africa, German anthropologist, philogist and author; studied the Bush people; Mantis and His Hunter and Bushman Dictionary


Dorothea Bleek, wearing a hat and gloves, to lecture on the Bushmen


1874 – Robert Frost born, American poet



1875 – Syngman Rhee born, Korean journalist/politician, South Korea’s 1st President

1876 – Kate Richards O’Hare born, American socialist, editor, orator and activist; arrested in 1919 and sentenced to 5 years in prison after giving an anti-war speech during WWI; she is pardoned in 1920


Kate Richards O’Hare: women pay price of war quote –
her photo in 1915 – WWI bombed field in the same year


1879 – Othmar Ammann born in Switzerland, American engineer; designed the George Washington Bridge and the Verrazano–Narrows Bridge

1881 – Guccio Gucci born, Italian fashion designer, founded Gucci

1885 – The Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel begin the North-West Rebellion against Canada

1888 – Elsa Brändström born, Swedish nurse, philanthropist and aid worker, known as the “Angel of Siberia” by German and Austrian prisoners of war in Russia during WWI



1885 – Eastman Dry Plate & Film Co. begins making commercial motion picture film

1900 – Maria Autsch born, German Trinitarian Sister known as Angela Maria of the Heart of Jesus, the’ Angel of Auschwitz’; arrested by the Nazis for saying Hitler is a calamity for Europe; after anti-Hitler sentiments were discovered in her diary, she was sent to the women’s camp at Ravensbruck in 1940, then moved to Auschwitz, where she took care of inmates who were sick, often giving them a share of her rations; in 1943, she was moved to Birkenau where she worked in the infirmary until she was killed during an Allied bombing raid in 1944



1904 – Joseph Campbell born, American mythologist and author

1911 – Tennessee Williams born, American playwright, and poet



1913 – Jacqueline de Romilly born, French philologist, author, and scholar, of Jewish ancestry, is prohibited from teaching during the occupation of France by the Vichy government, later first woman nominated to the Collège de France, second woman in the Académie française; known for work on culture and language of Ancient Greece



1925 – Pierre Boulez born, French pianist, composer, and conductor



1925 – Vesta Roy born, Republican politician; first woman to serve as President of the New Hampshire Senate (1982) and as Acting Governor of the state (December 1982, during Governor Hugh Gallen’s illness); served in the Royal Canadian Airforce during WWII, named as a Leading Air Woman; member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives (1972-1973) and as a NH state senator (1978-1986)



1926 – Toni Carabillo born, women’s issues activist, National Organization for Women (1968-87), co-authored the “Feminist Chronicles 1953-1993”



1930 – Sandra Day O’Connor born, American lawyer, Republican politician and judge, first woman appointed to the United States Supreme Court (1981-2006); first woman Majority Leader in the Arizona state Senate (serving as a senator for three different districts 1969-1975); a Judge of the Maricopa County Superior Court (1975-1979) and the Arizona Court of Appeals (1979-1981)



1930 – Gregory Corso born, American ‘Beat’ poet

1931 – Swissair is founded as the national airline of Switzerland

1934 – The United Kingdom driving test is introduced

1939 – Spanish Civil War: Nationalists begin final offensive of the war

1940 – Nancy Pelosi born, American politician, Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives, first and to-date only woman to be Speaker of the House



1942 – First female prisoners arrive at Auschwitz in German-occupied Poland, from Ravensbruck in Germany and Pored in Slovakia

1942 – Erica Jong born, American author and poet; Fear of Flying



1944 – Diana Ross born, American singer, record producer and actress, founding member of The Supremes, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee

1953 – Elaine Chao born in Taiwan, American Republican politician, became first Asian-American woman appointed to the President’s cabinet, as U.S Secretary of Labor (2001-2009); Director of the Peace Corps (1991-1992); U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation (1989-1991); currently U.S. Secretary of Transportation, appointed by Trump in January, 2017, for no fixed term; married to Mitch McConnell since 1993



1954 – Dorothy Porter born, Australian poet; her noir verse novel, The Monkey’s Mask, was a surprise hit and revitalized Australian poetry publishing



1958 – The African Regroupment Party is launched at a meeting in Paris

1964 – The musical Funny Girl, starring Barbra Streisand, opens on Broadway



1970 – South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu implements a land reform program to solve the problem of land tenancy

1971 – East Pakistan declares its independence from Pakistan to form the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Liberation War begins

1974 – Gaura Devi leads a group of 27 women of Reni village of the Garhwal Himalayas, to prevent the cutting of trees; they resort to hugging the trees to protect them and give rise to the Chipko Movement in India



1975 – The Biological Weapons Convention comes into force

1979 – Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.

1981 – Social Democratic Party is founded as a party in the UK

1982 – A groundbreaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is held in Washington, D.C.

1991 – Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market

1992 – Former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson is sentenced to six years in prison for raping a Miss Black America contestant

1999 – Dr. Jack Kevorkian is convicted of second-degree murder for giving a lethal injection to an ailing man whose death is shown on 60 Minutes

2000 – Vladimir Putin is elected president of Russia

2005 – The BBC broadcasts “Rose” (starring Christopher Eccleston), the first returning episode of Doctor Who, after its cancellation in 1989; now world’s longest running TV sci-fi

2008 – Epilepsy Awareness Purple Day * is started by Cassidy Megan of Nova Scotia, Canada, to encourage awareness of epilepsy and to contradict the myths about it – supporters wear purple today



2011 – More than 250,000 people take to London’s streets to protest Britain’s toughest spending cuts since WWII

2017 – Anti-corruption protests are held in 99 Russian cities; an independent poll shows 38% of those polled support the protests and 25% of those polled hold Vladimir Putin personally responsible for high-level corruption


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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