ON THIS DAY: April 15, 2018

April 15th is

Glazed Ham Day

Jackie Robinson Day *

Rubber Eraser Day *

World Art Day *

U.S. Income Tax Day
(Actual deadline is Tuesday this year)

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MORE! Henry James, Bessie Smith and Hu Yaobang, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bosnia-Herzegovina – Army Day

India – Bengal: New Year celebrated

Japan – Fuji: Shibazakura Festival
(pink phlox moss viewing)

Ashikaga: Great Wisteria Festival

Laos – Pi Mai
(Laotian New Year celebration)

North Korea – Kim Il-sun’s Birthday

Peru – Pachacámac:
National El Paso Horse Competition

United States – Boston:
One Boston Day *

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On This Day in HISTORY

April 15, 769 – In Rome, the Lateran Council’s concluding session; earlier, the synod sentences antipope Constantine, who had been elevated to the papal see by his brother and a group of Tuscan nobles in spite of being a layman, to be beaten, have his tongue torn out, and excommunicated from the Church, then they burned all his acts and rulings; next, they revised the rules by which papal elections are held to prevent a recurrence, stipulating that no lay person could become Pope, only cardinals, deacons and priests would be eligible, the laity would have no part in the election, and no armed men would be allowed during the deliberations; they also collected texts in support of the veneration of icons

1452 – Leonardo da Vinci born, Italian Renaissance polymath, painter, sculptor, and architect



1688 – Johann Friedrich Fasch born, German composer and violinist



1741 – Charles Willson Peale born, American portrait painter of the American Revolution’s leading figures


Portrait of Benjamin Franklin by Charles Willson Peale, 1789


1755 – Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language is published in London



1770 – Rubber Eraser Day * – Edward Nairne’s natural gum cubes for erasing mistakes made with a pencil is noted by Joseph Priestly. The word rubber, in general use for any object used for rubbing, becomes the name for the newly discovered substance.

1817 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the first American school for deaf students, in Hartford, Connecticut

1843 – Henry James born, American author



1850 – The city of San Francisco is incorporated

1861 – Bliss Carman born, Canadian poet, recognized as a ‘Person of National Historic Significance’ by the Canadian government and acclaimed as Canada’s poet laureate



1861 – President Lincoln declares a state of insurrection, calls out Union trips, and asks for 75,000 Volunteers

1865 – After President Lincoln dies, nine hours after being shot, Vice President Andrew Johnson is sworn in as the 17th U.S. President

1880 – Max Wertheimer born in Prague, American psychologist; founder of Gestalt psychology

1892 – Corrie ten Boom born, Dutch watchmaker; after the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands, she and her family began helping Jews escape the Nazi holocaust, starting with their neighbors; betrayed in 1944 by a Dutch informant, the family was arrested and sent to prison, but the six people in hiding at their house were undiscovered, and managed to escape undetected; many of her family members died in prison, but she survived, and wrote the best-selling book The Hiding Place, helped set up refugee housing for holocaust survivors, and became a public speaker



1894 – Bessie Smith born, notable American blues singer, “Empress of the Blues”



1895 – Abigaíl Mejía Soliére born, Dominican Republic teacher, pioneering feminist activist and nationalist; co-founder with Delia Weber of the Acción Feminista movement in 1927 to gain educational opportunities for poor Dominican women, campaign for women’s suffrage (achieved in 1942), and work for social issues such as penal reform, and against drug and alcohol abuse and forced prostitution



1889 – Philip Randolph born, American civil rights leader and trade unionist



1889 – Father Damien, a Catholic priest who cared for people suffering from Leprosy quarantined on the island of Moloka’i in Hawaii, died of the disease himself

1896 – Closing Ceremonies at first games of the modern Olympiad in Athens, Greece



1912 – The “unsinkable” RMS Titanic sinks, 2 hours 40 minutes after hitting an iceberg; only 710 of the 2,227 passengers and crew survive

1915 – Elizabeth Catlett born, black American sculptor and illustrator



1916 – Helene Hanff born, American author and screenwriter



1920 – Two employees are killed during a robbery in South Braintree MA. Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti will be arrested, tried and convicted (July 14, 1921), then executed (August 23, 1927), on questionable evidence, in spite of worldwide protests and appeals for a new trial

1921 – Albert Einstein lectures on his new “Theory of Relativity” in New York City


Albert Einstein in 1921


1922 – U.S. Senator John B. Kendrick (D-WY), Committee on Public Lands and Surveys chairman, introduces a resolution calling for investigation of the Teapot Dome scandal

1923 – Insulin (originally a fetal calf pancreas extraction), developed by Frederick Banting and Charles Best, with help and financial support from J.J.R. Macleod,  becomes generally available for patients suffering from diabetes; prior to its introduction, a diagnosis of diabetes meant certain death within 3 to 4 years

1924 – Neville Marriner born, English conductor and violinist



1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas

1928 – Norma Merrick Sklarek born, American architect, first African American female architect licensed in New York and California, first to be elected Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, first to form her own architectural firm



1930 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir born, world’s first democratically elected and longest-serving female president, 4th President of Iceland (1980-1996)



1931 – Tomas Tranströmer born, Swedish poet, and psychologist;  2011 Nobel Prize in Literature



1936 – Aer Lingus is founded as the Republic of Ireland’s national airline

1942 – The George Cross is awarded “to the island fortress of Malta: Its people and defenders” by King George VI

1943 – P1nar Kür born, Turkish author and dramatist; she also teaches at Bilgo University in Istanbul

1943 – Veronica Linklater born, Baroness Linklater of Butterstone; Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords, advocate for children’s welfare and prison reform



1945 – Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated by British and Canadian troops

1947 – Jackie Robinson makes his major league debut;  commemorated as Jackie Robinson Day * since 2004



1947 – Linda Bloodworth-Thomason born, American screenwriter and television producer; co-founder of Mozark Productions; notable for creating, writing and producing the hit series Designing Women (1986-1993)

1951 – Heloise born as Ponce Heloise Evans, American newspaper columnist and radio show host; took over “Hints from Heloise” from her mother, Heloise Bowles, in 1977; also contributing editor/columnist for Good Housekeeping, and author of almost a dozen books

1951 – Marsha Ivins born, American aerospace engineer and NASA Astronaut, a veteran of five space shuttle missions



1952 – Avital Ronell born in Czechoslovakia, American philosopher and academic whose work explores a wide range, spanning literary studies, feminist philosophy, psychoanalysis, addiction, ethics and legal issues, trauma, war and technology; a founding editor of the journal Qui Parle

1952 – Maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress



1959 – Emma Thompson born, British actor, author, screenwriter; nominated for five Academy Awards, and won Best Actress for Howard’s End and Best Adapted Screenplay for Sense and Sensibility; human rights and environmental activist

1960 – Ella Baker leads a conference at Shaw University in North Carolina where SNCC, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee is founded, a principal organization of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s



1964 – The first Ford Mustang rolls off the show room floor, two days before it is set to go on sale nationwide



1969 – North Korea shoots down a U.S. Navy EC-121 over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board

1989 – After suffering a heart attack, former General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Hu Yaobang who had been forced into semi-retirement, dies; the line of public mourners at his funeral is 10 miles long; a spontaneous outpouring of grief turns into six weeks of unprecedented, nationwide pro-democracy protests; 50,000 students will march in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square on April 22 to petition the government to reverse the verdict that led to his “resignation”



1989 – The city of Malacca, in the Malaysian state of Malacca, is declared an historical city; becomes a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008



2011 – First World Art Day * launched on the anniversary of Leonardo da Vinci’s birth

2013 – Boston Marathon bombing: two bombs near the finish line kill 3 people and injure hundreds of others, including 16 who lost limbs. In 2015, One Boston Day * is launched as an annual celebration of the resilient, generous people of Boston; events and collection centers citywide for volunteer projects and charitable donations



2017 – Thousands of marchers in dozens of U.S. cities and at the Trump Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach FL demand that Trump release his tax returns

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: April 15, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Having read Corrie Ten Boom’s book, I had a most amazing experience one day. I was invited to a wedding that took place in a tiny church-etc. building (originally, obviously, a residence in a small working class suburb in New Jersey). The religion of the bride and groom was one of those Jewish/Christian religions, not exactly “Jews for Jesus” but some variation on the theme. The wedding was an odd mix of scriptural and other ceremonial things performed by a Rabbi whose Hebrew was challenged, to say the least. But everyone was cheerful and friendly. After the ceremony we went downstairs to a reception, at which there were long tables seating 8 people each, and refreshments and a wedding cake and music and so forth. Our table introduced ourselves to each other. Across from me were two elderly persons who introduced themselves as Mr. and Mrs.Ten Boom. They had thick Dutch accents. I asked, “Oh, have you ever heard of Corrie Ten Boom?” The gentleman spoke up, “Corrie is my cousin! Not many Americans know about her.” Coincidences!

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Great story – Her “worrying” quote is on the bulletin board above my desk – a reminder I need daily.

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