ON THIS DAY: May 13, 2018

May 13th is

Apple Pie Day

Frog Jumping Day *

National Windmill Day

World Belly Dance Day

Armed Forces Day Crossband
Military/Amateur Radio Communications Test *

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MORE! Arthur Sullivan, Linda Gilbert and Igor Sikorsky, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Brazil – Curitiba: Shinobi Spirit Fest

Cambodia – King Norodom Sihamoni
(King’s birthday celebration)

Lebanon – Resistance and Liberation Day

Spain – Jaén: Romería de Nuestra Señora
de Alharilla (Pilgrimage of Our Lady of Alharilla)

United States – Mothers’ Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

609 – Pope Boniface I consecrates the Pantheon in Rome as St. Mary and the Martyrs Church, the first known conversion of a pagan temple in Rome into a church



1373 – English anchoress Julian of Norwich has visions which are later transcribed in her Revelations of Divine Love (circa 1395), the first book in English known to be written by a woman



1637 (traditional) – Cardinal Richelieu is credited with inventing the table knife, with a rounded end, to prevent guests from picking their teeth with a knife point; in 1669, French King Louis XIV banned pointed knives in the street and at his table, hoping to curb violence



1639 – Construction under the aegis of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan of Lal Qila,
the Red Fort, begins at Delhi; it will take almost 9 years to complete



1767 – Mozart’s opera Apollo et Hyacinthus premieres in Salzburg



1777 – The University Library of Vienna is re-opened after being closed since 1756, available for the first time to the general public

1842 – Sir Arthur Sullivan born, English composer, partnered with W.S. Gilbert on 14 light operas, including The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado



1847 – Linda Gilbert, American prison reformer; her family home was opposite the Cook County jail in Chicago – when she was 11, she gave some books to a prisoner at the jail; she spent most of an inheritance on philanthropy; incorporated the Gilbert Library and Prisoners’ Aid Society, and succeeded in placing libraries in 22 prisons in six states, and procured employment for 6,000 ex-convicts



1850 – Ellen Spencer Mussey born, American lawyer, educator and women’s rights advocate, she and Emma Gillett started the Women’s Law Class, which grew in two years to be the Washington College of Law, the first law school founded by women

1861 – Queen Victoria announces British neutrality in the American Civil War

1861 – Farmer and amateur observer John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, in Australia, is the first to report sighting the Great Comet of 1861 (C/1861 J1)

1865 – Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed in the Civil War, ay the Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville TX

1876 – The Amersfoort-Zutphen railway line opens between Amsterdam and Zutphen

1882 – Georges Braque born, French Cubist painter


Landscape at L’Estaque Merzbacher0 – Georges Braque


1884 – Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York

1887 – Lorna Hodgkinson born, Australian educational phychologist who worked with intellectually disabled children; first woman to receive a Doctor of Education degree from Harvard University – her thesis was entitled A State Program for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Atypical Children in Public School Systems; she was appointed as the first Superintendent of the Education of Mental Defectives for the New South Wales Department of Education, but her testimony before the Royal Commission on Lunancy Law and Administration that the care for intellectually disabled children was mismanaged sparked public protests and a ministerial inquiry, which accused her of falsifying her educational record to gain admission to Harvard  which resulted in her suspension for “disgraceful and improper conduct in making false statements and pretences (sic), and was demoted, but refused to take the new position and was dismissed. The dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education wrote a statement confirming her abilities and achievements. She founded the Sunshine Institute in 1924, a residential school for intellectually disabled children in Sydney, and ran the school until her death in 1951, and gave lectures on mental hygiene on the radio


Lorna Hodgkinson Sunshine Home


1888 – Lei Áurea (golden law), abolishing all slavery in Brazil, is signed by Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (1846–1921), an opponent of slavery, acting as regent to Emperor Dom Pedro II; previous laws had freed all children born to slave parents; and all slaves who reached the age of 60

1888 – Inge Lehmann born, Danish seismologist and geophysicist, discovered the Earth’s inner core

1907 – Daphne du Maurier, British novelist, short-story writer and playwright; RebeccaJamaica Inn



1912 – The Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain

1913 – Maiden flight of S-21 Russky Vityaz,  the first four-engine aircraft, built by Igor Sikorsky of Russia



1914 – Antonia Ferrín Moreiras born in Galacia, an autonomous community in Spain; mathematician, professor and the first Galacian woman astronomer; worked on stellar occulations by the moon, measurements, including those of double stars; in 1963, she was the first Spanish woman to defend an astronomy thesis,  Observaciones de pasos por dos verticales (Observations of passages of stars through two verticals)

1918 – The first U.S. Air Mail stamps are issued

1918 – Balasaraswati born, celebrated Indian dancer in the classical Suth Indian dance form Bharatanatyam

1923 – Ruth Adler Schnee born in Germany; she fled with her Jewish family from Germany in 1938; American textile and interior designer, a pioneer in modern abstract textile design

1938 – Louis Armstrong and his orchestra record “When the Saints Go Marching In”



1938 – Francine Pascal born, American young adult author, noted for the Sweet Valley series and The Ruling Class

1940 – Winston Churchill makes his first speech to the House of Commons as British Prime Minister: “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat”



1940 – Bruce Chatwin born, British travel writer and novelist; In Patagonia, The Songlines, and Utz

1941 – Richie Valens born, American singer-songwriter, pioneer of Chicano rock



1942 – The Sikorsky R-4 two-seat helicopter makes its first cross-country flight



1944 – Armistead Maupin born, American author and screenwriter; Tales of the City

1948 – Sheila Jeffreys born in England, Australian professor of political science at the University of Melbourne until her retirement in 2015; radical lesbian feminist and author;  The Spinster and Her Enemies, Anticlimax: A Feminist Perspective on the Sexual Revolution and The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade

1950 – Premiere production of Lukas Foss’ mini-opera, The Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, based on Mark Twain’s short story, is in the final week of rehearsals – the only connection I could find between the short-story which inspired somebody to start , Frog Jumping Day * and the date of May 13. The opera actually opened on May 18

1950 – Stevie Wonder born, American singer-songwriter, record producer



1951 – Sharon Sayles Belton born, African American community and civil rights activist, Democratic politician; senior fellow at the Roy Wilkins Center for Human Relations and Social Justice (2001-2006); first woman and first African American mayor of Minneapolis (1994-2001); City Council President (1990-1993), City Council member (1983-1993)

1951 – The first Armed Forces Day Crossband Military/Amateur Radio Communications Test * to test two-way communication between radio amateurs and military stations

1951 – Rosie Boycott born, British journalist and feminist; co-founder of the fewminist magazine Spare Rib; one of the directors of Virago Press; presenter for the BBC Radio 4 programme A Good Read

1952 – Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India

1952 – Londa Schiebinger born, American academic; John L. Hinds Professor of History of Science at Stanford University; international authority on the theory, practice and history of gender in science; currently Director of the Gendered Innovations in Science Medicine, Engineering and Environment Project; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Has Feminism Changed Science?



1953 – Ruth A. David born, American electrical engineer; while working at the CIA, she reorganized the agency’s intelligence technology system, and designed a proposal to procure technology at the stage of development from the private sector; awarded the National Security Agency Distinguished Service Medal

1954 – The musical Pajama Game opens on Broadway



1958 – The trademark ‘Velcro’ is registered

 1966 – US Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

1970 – The Beatles movie Let it Be premieres



1995 – Alison Hargreaves becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas

1998 – Race riots break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesian of Chinese descent are looted and women raped

2003 – The U.S. government unveils the colorized $20 bill, to thwart counterfeiters

2004 – The final episode of the TV series Frasier is watched by 33 million people



2015 – Steven Tyler’s single “Love is Your Name” is released to all digital platforms


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: May 13, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    My belly dance teacher was a man, Ibrahim “Bobby” Farrah, who taught in NY in the 1970s. There are many fabulous male belly dancers in South Asia and the Middle East. Look at this clip:

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