ON THIS DAY: June 3, 2018

June 3rd is

Chocolate Macaroon Day

National Egg Day

National Repeat Day

Wonder Woman Day *

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MORE! Raoul Dufy, Josephine Baker and Allen Ginsberg, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Ecuador – Chimborazo Day
(Ecuador’s tallest mountain)

Lithuania – Father’s Day

Netherlands – Amsterdam:
Open Air Music Festival

Poland – Lublin:
Noc Kultury (art festival)

Uganda – Uganda Martyr’s Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

350 – The Roman usurper Nepotianus proclaims himself Roman emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators; he will be killed in the resistance 28 days later

1140 – Peter Abelard, French scholar, philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician, is set up by Bernard of Clairvaux at a secret meeting with the Bishops attending the Sens church council; when Abelard arrives at the council, he is charged for a list of condemned propositions Bernard claims are his, and found guilty of heresy



1539 – Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain

1621 – The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherland

1635 – Philippe Quinault born, French playwright and librettist; Les Rivales, Psyché

1636 – Reverend John Hale born, prominent Puritan minister in the Salem Witch Trials who later regretted his participation

1726 – James Hutton born, Scottish geologist, chemist and naturalist



1780 – William Hone born, English radical journalist, satirist and publisher of the Reformists’ Register, using it to criticize state abuses; his successful court battle against government censorship in 1817 is a turning point for British freedom of the press

1781 – Jack Jouett begins a 40-mile night ride to warn Governor of Virginia Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of an impending raid by British cavalry, led by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, in an attempt to capture them

1839 – The First Opium War is opened by the British after 1.2 million kg of opium are confiscated from British merchants and destroyed by Chinese official Lin Zexu

1853 – Flinders Petrie born, English Egyptologist, pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts



1877 – Raoul Dufy born, French painter and illustrator


1901 Self-Portrait by Raoul Dufy


1879 – Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-American actress, successful producer-screenwriter for Metro Pictures of several films, including adaptations of works by Oscar Wilde (Salomé) and Henrik Ibsen (A Doll’s House), developing her own filmmaking techniques; she is credited with the phrase ‘sewing circle’ as a discreet code for lesbianism, she had affairs with Actor-Theatre Producer Eva Le Gallienne, film director Dorothy Arzner, and novelist-playwright Mercedes de Acosta


Alla Nazimova takes a cigarette break, ignoring the “No Smoking” sign
on the set of her 1920 movie Madame Peacock


1885 – In the last military engagement fought on Canadian soil, the Cree leader, Big Bear, escapes the North-West Mounted Police

1888 – The San Francisco Daily Examiner first publishes “Casey at the Bat” by poet Ernest Lawrence Thayer

1889 – The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles (23 km) between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon

1897 – Memphis Minnie, born as Lizzie Douglas, American Blues singer-songwriter



1900 – Adelaide Ames born, American astronomer and research assistant at Harvard; member of the American Astronomical Society;
co-author of A Survey of the External Galaxies Brighter Than the Thirteenth Magnitude; killed in a boating accident in 1932

1906 – Josephine Baker, American-French actress, singer, and dancer; French Resistance operative


PG-version


1916 – Gloria Martin born, socialist, ‘Radical Women’ feminist organizer, who began Shakespeare & Martin Booksellers



1919 – Elizabeth Koontz born, first African-American president of the National Education Association and Director of the U.S. Women’s Bureau (1969-73)

1922 – Alain Resnais born, French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter



1926 – Allen Ginsberg born, leading American ‘Beat’ poet of the San Francisco Renaissance; when his famous long poem Howl is published in 1956 by City Lights, publisher Laurence Ferlinghetti and his partner Shigeyosi Murao are arrested on obscenity charges; after a long trial, “Howl” is ruled not obscene, opening the way for American publication of uncensored copies of Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller and D.H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover



1926 – Flora McDonald born, Canadian politician and humanitarian; one of the first women to vie for leadership of a major Canadian political party, the Progressive Conservatives; Minister of Communications (1986-1988); Minister of Employment and Immigration (1984-1986), dealing with the influx of Vietnamese refugees at the end of the Vietnam War; Member of Parliament (1972-1988); Canada’s first woman foreign minister, Secretary of State for External Affairs (1979-1980) – she authorized the issue of false passports and money to the American diplomats who took refuge in the Canadian Embassy in Tehran during the Iran hostage crisis, which enabled them to leave the country with the Canadian staff; in 1988, she became Chair of the Board of Canada’s International Development Research Centre (1992-1997); made Companion of the Order of Canada in 1998

1930 – Marion Zimmer Bradley born, American science fiction-fantasy author, poet



1931 – The musical The Band Wagon opens on Broadway



1935 – One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa

1936 – Larry McMurtry born, American historical and Western novelist-screenwriter

1940 – The German Luftwaffe bombs Paris, killing 254 people, mostly civilians

1940 – The last of the British troops are evacuated from Dunkirk by a hastily assembled flotilla of some 800 small craft, from lifeboats to yachts; they return the next day for the remaining French troops acting as a rearguard, but are not able to rescue the last group of 40,000 Frenchmen in time – they must surrender to the Germans

1942 – Japan begins the Aleutian Islands Campaign by bombing Unalaska Island

1943 – White U.S. Navy sailors and Marines clash with Latino youths in the ‘Zoot Suit Riots’ in Los Angeles CA

1948 – The UN Security Council Resolution 51 on the Indo-Pakistani War is adopted

1950 – Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal are first to reach the summit of Annapurna

1950 – Melissa Mathison born, American screenwriter, Tibetan freedom activist; E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, The Black Stallion

1954 – Susan Landau born, American mathematician, engineer, and cybersecurity policy expert; Bridge Professor in Cybersecurity at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University



1959 – Imbi Paju born in Estonia, resident in Finland; journalist, writer and documentary filmmaker; correspondent for the Estonian newspapers Eesti Päevaleht and Postimees; wrote the book and made the film of Memories Denied, about her mother’s experiences in a Soviet labor camp, and the occupation of Estonia, which won international attention, and was selected for the Swedish school program Living History

1960 – Catherine Davani born, first woman judge in Papua, New Guinea; served on her country’s Supreme Court (2001-2016); member of the Lawyers Statutory Committee (1995-2001)

1963 – Soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam attack protesting Buddhists in Huế, South Vietnam, with liquid chemicals from tear-gas grenades, worsening the Buddhist Crisis; 67 people are hospitalized for skin blistering and respiratory ailments.

1965 – Gemini 4 is launched, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Ed White, a crew member, performs the first American spacewalk


NASA Astronaut Ed White – first American spacewalk


1972 – Sally Jane Priesand is first woman ordained by a U.S. rabbinical seminary

1984 – The Golden Temple Massacre: a military offensive is launched by the Indian government at Harmandir Sahib, the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine for Sikhs, in Amritsar. The operation continues until June 6, with casualties, most of them civilians, in excess of 5,000

1989 – The government of China sends troops to force pro-democracy protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation

1992 – Mabo Day * –  In Mabo v. Queensland (No 2), a landmark decision by the High Court of Australia overturns the legal fiction of terra nullius (nobody’s land), used since since the 1770s. In international law, it describes territory which has never been subject to the sovereignty of any state, or over which any prior sovereign has expressly or implicitly relinquished sovereignty. Sovereignty over territory which is terra nullius may be acquired through occupation, unless doing so would violate an international law or treaty. When James Cook claimed Terra Australis for the British Crown in sovereignty and ownership as terra nullius, all the indigenous peoples of the continent became nobodies under British law. Eddie Koiki Mabo, a Torres Strait Islander, campaigned for indigenous land rights in a ten-year legal battle. Sadly, he died of cancer five months before the High Court announced its decision in his favor. He was posthumously awarded the Australian Human Rights Medal in 1992. Mabo Day is an official day in Torres Shire; efforts are ongoing to get the Australian Government to declare it a National Day


Eddie Koiki Mabo and his map of aboriginal ownership on Murray Island


1992 – National Trails Day * is started by the American Hiking Society, to promote the benefits of trails, like hiking, birdwatching, and nature photography, and to thank the professionals and volunteers who develop and maintain them

2001 – The musical of The Producers wins a record 12 Tony Awards



2006 – Serbia and Montenegro split, when Montenegro declares its independence

2008 – Barack Obama clinches the Democratic presidential nomination.

2009 – New Hampshire becomes the sixth state to legalize same-sex marriage

2012 – The Diamond Jubilee pageant for Elizabeth II takes place on the River Thames


Queen Elizabeth II with pensioners at Chelsea Pier during Jubilee pageant


2013 – The trial of U.S. Army private Chelsea Manning for leaking classified material to WikiLeaks begins at Fort Meade MD

2016 – Wonder Woman Day * is announced by DC Comics

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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