ON THIS DAY: June 4, 2018

June 4th is

Cancer Survivors Day *

National Cognac Day

National Cheese Day

National SAFE Day *

Old Maid’s Day *

International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression *

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MORE! Henry Ford, Daphne Sheldrick and Elvis Presley, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia –
Western Australia Day

Cook Islands, New Zealand
and Niue – Queen’s Birthday

Ghana – Revolution Day

Iran – Imam Khomeini
Memorial Day

Tonga – Emancipation Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1411 – French King Charles VI grants a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon, as they had been doing for centuries



1561 – The steeple of St Paul’s, the medieval cathedral of London, is destroyed in a fire caused by lightning, which burned so hot, it melted the bells and the lead covering the wooden spire poured down on the roof. The steeple is never rebuilt

1615 – In Japan, the Siege of Osaka ends when forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle



1784 – Eight months after the first manned balloon flight, Élisabeth Thible becomes the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon. Her flight with M. Fleurant covers four kilometers in 45 minutes, and reaches an estimated altitude of 1,500 meters. She is dressed as the goddess Minerva, and fed the firebox to keep them aloft



1792 – Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for the Kingdom of Great Britain

1812 – Following Louisiana’s admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory

1825 – General Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolutionary War, speaks at what would become Lafayette Square, in Buffalo NY during his visit to the U.S.

1855 – Major Henry C. Wayne departs New York aboard the USS Supply to procure camels to establish the U.S. Camel Corps


The short-lived U.S. Camel Corps in action


1866 – Miina Sillanpää born, key figure in the Finnish workers’ movement and editor of two different magazines for working women; she was one of nine children in a peasant family, and went to work at age 12 in a cotton factory, then at a nail factory; in 1884, at age 18, she moved to the city of Porvoo and became a maid – 4 years later, she founded the Servant’s Association and became its director in 1898; in 1907 she was one of the first 19 women to be elected to parliament in the world, and served intermittently for 38 years; among her many accomplishments, she was one of the architect’s of Finland’s first Municipal Homemaking Act in 1950, a system of municipal homemakers paid by their municipalities to help rural families with children who were living in poverty; she became the first woman minister in Finland, as the Minister of Social Affairs (1926-1927); in 2016, the Finnish government declared October 1st an official day to raise the Finnish flag in her honor

1876 – The Transcontinental Express train arrives in San Francisco a record 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City

1878 – The Cyprus Convention, a secret agreement between the Ottoman Empire and the United Kingdom, grants the UK control over Cypress in exchange for British support of the Ottomans during the Congress of Berlin, and British use of the island as a base against possible Russian aggression

1879 – Mabel Lucie Atwell born, successful British illustrator and comics artist, specializing in cute babies and toddlers for everything from cards and calendars to children’s china and nursery equipment; illustrator for children’s classics like Mother Goose, The Water Babies, and Alice in Wonderland, but also contributed to popular periodicals like The Tatler and The Illustrated London News, and advertising artwork



1881 – Natalya Goncharova born, Russian modernist painter-sculptor-stage designer


Linen by Natalya Goncharova (Tate)


1896 – Henry Ford completes the Ford Quadricycle, his first gasoline-powered automobile, and gives it a successful test run on the streets of Detroit



1907 – Patience Strong born as Winifred May; English lyricist, poet and author of books on Christianity and psychology; wrote lyrics for over 100 songs, and daily poems for her own column, The Quiet Corner, in The Daily Mirror newspaper, and for the weekly magazine Woman’s Own



1912 – Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to enact a minimum wage law, which only applies to women and children under 18 years of age and doesn’t set a standard wage, just a panel to study complaints about low wages; employers who are found to pay wages inadequate to cover the cost of living and maintain a worker’s health, are reprimanded by having their names printed in local newspapers

1913 – Bruno Bettinelli born, Italian composer



1913 – Emily Davison, a suffragette, is trampled by King George V’s horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby after she rushes out on the course carrying a white, green and purple suffrage flag.  She never regains consciousness, and dies four days later



1917 – The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded, the winners selected by the trustees of Columbia University

1919 – The U.S. Congress finally approves the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification

1920 – Hungary loses 71% of its land and 63% of its population in the post-WWI Treaty of Trianon, breaking up the remnants of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

1923 – Elizabeth Jolley born in England, Australian novelist, non-fiction writer and pioneering Australian creative writing teacher; The Well won the 1986 Miles Franklin Literary Award for presentation of Australian life; The George’s Wife won the 1994 National Book Council Award; honored in 1997 as an Australian Living Treasure

1926 – Judith Malina born in Germany, American co-founder of The Living Theatre, a radical political theatre troupe prominent in New York and Paris in the 1950s and 60s; honored in 2008 with an Artistic Achievement Award from the New York Innovative Theatre Awards for Off-Off-Broadway



1928 – Ruth Westheimer born in Germany, Jewish immigrant to the U.S., famous as ‘Dr, Ruth,’ sex therapist, media personality and author of over 35 books on sexuality

1929 – George Eastman demonstrates the first Technicolor movie in Rochester NY

1934 – Dame Monica Dacon born, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines educator and politician; acting Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2002); Deputy Governor General (2001); teacher at her alma mater, The Girl’s School, for fifteen years, then lecturer at St. Vincent Teachers’ Training College

1934 – Dame Daphne Sheldrick born in Kenya of British parents; Kenyan author, conservationist and expert in reintegrating orphaned animals, especially elephants, into the wild, the first person to perfect a substitute milk formula for elephants and rhinos; co-warden with her husband David of Tsavo National Park (1955-1976). When her husband died in 1978, she founded the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust in Nairobi, which operates the most successful orphan-elephant rescue and rehabilitation programme in the world, and runs mobile veterinary units, anti-poaching teams, and other projects to safeguard habitats and educate the public



1936 – Grocery chain owner Sylvan Goldman introduces the shopping cart. Inspired by a wooden folding chair, he worked with mechanic Fred Young to construct a cart, basically a chair on wheels, with removable wire baskets. Arthur Kosted, another mechanic, developed a method to mass-produce them. At first, customers were reluctant to try them, so Goldman hired several women and men as pretend shoppers to show how useful the contraptions were, and greeters to explain them

1939 – The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, in the U.S., after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps

1942 – WWII, Battle of Midway: a Japanese attack is ordered by Admiral Nagumo on U.S. forces at Midway Island

1944 – WWII, Italy: Rome falls to the Allies as the U.S. Fifth Army begins its liberation

1948 – The first Old Maid’s Day * is held by Marion Richards of Jeffersonville PA to honor contributions Old Maids make to their communities and their families. During the last 70 years, women have fought hard to gain greater independence, so maybe this should be a day to find a new name and deck of cards for the Old Maid game



1951 – Wendy Pini born, co-creator of the Elfquest series of comics and graphic novels

1953 – Linda Lingle born, American Republican politician, first woman and first Jewish governor of Hawaii (2002-2010)

1954 – France grants Vietnam self-governance within the French Union

1956 – Joyce Sidman born, American poet and children’s author; Dark Emperor & Other Poems of the Night was a 2011 Newbery Honor Book



1961 – At the Summit in Vienna, Austria, U.S. President Kennedy meets Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev

1973 – Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain patent the ATM machine

1975 – California Governor Jerry Brown signs the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act into law, the first law in the U.S. giving farm workers collective bargaining rights

1982 – On August 19, 1982, at an emergency special session on the question of Palestine, the United Nations General Assembly, “appalled at the great number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese children, victims of Israel’s acts of aggression,” decided to commemorate the fourth of June of each year as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression *



1984 – Bruce Springsteen’s album Born in the U.S.A. is released



1985 – In Wallace v. Jaffree, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds by 6-3 a lower court ruling striking down an Alabama law providing for a daily minute “meditation or voluntary prayer” in public schools. Ishmael Jaffree, parent of three students in the Mobile County Public School System, complains his kindergarten-aged son is being made fun of by other students for refusing to say the prayers, and that two of his children are subjected to religious indoctrination, including their teachers leading the students in reciting certain prayers in unison; when his children will not say the prayers, they are ostracized by classmates – the school district did nothing to alleviate the situation, so he filed suit

1986 – Jonathan Jay Pollard, a former Navy intelligence analyst, pleads guilty in Washington to spying for Israel

1987 – The founding of Cancer Survivors Day is announced at a meeting of the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship, to be an annual event on the first Saturday in June

1989 – The People’s Liberation Army ends the pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square violently; at least 250 people are killed, but some reports indicate many more casualties


Bodies of Demonstrators, moved from nearby Tiananmen Square, June 4, 1989


1991 – Pope John Paul II inflames the abortion debate by comparing abortion to the mass murders by the Nazis in the Holocaust; his comments are angrily denounced by Jewish leaders and feminists

1992 – The U.S. Postal Service announces that more people voted for the “younger Elvis” Presley stamp design



2009 – President Barak Obama addresses the Muslims of the world in a speech in Cairo, saying America has a common cause with Islam

2016 – National SAFE Day * is started by the Brooklyn Mae Mohler Foundation to prevent senseless child shooting deaths by making sure every gun in American households is stored securely


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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