ON THIS DAY: June 8, 2018

June 8th is

Best Friends Day

Jelly-Filled Doughnut Day

Name Your Poison Day

Upsy Daisy Day *

World Oceans Day *

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MORE!  Jessie Bernard, George Orwell and Gabrielle Giffords, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Isle of Man – Senior Race Day

Norfolk Island –
Bounty Anniversary Day *

Solomon Islands – Temotu:
Temotu Province Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

632 – Muhammad ibn Abullāh, prophet and founder of Islam, dies in Medina in Arabia

793 – Viking Northmen raid the abbey on the Holy Island of Lindisfarne, a major center of Christian learning on the Northumbrian coast, considered, the beginning of the Viking Age. A life of St. Cuthbert, who was a Bishop of Lindisfarne, written at the abbey, is the oldest extant piece of English historical writing, and the Lindisfarne Gospels are among the most beautifully illuminated manuscripts to survive to the present day



1042 – Edward the Confessor becomes King of England, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.

1191 – Richard I (‘the Lionheart’) arrives in Acre, beginning his crusade.

1625 – Gian Domenico Cassini born in Italy, French astronomer; discoverer of four satellites of Saturn and the division of the planet’s rings, now called the Cassini Division

1671 – Tomaso Albinoni born, Italian Baroque composer



1784 – Antoine Carême born, French founder of haute cuisine; “the cook of kings and the king of cooks”



1786 – In New York City, the first commercially made ice cream is offered for sale

1789 – James Madison introduces twelve proposed amendments to the U.S. Constitution in Congress

1794 – Robespierre inaugurates the French Revolution’s new state religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being, with large organized festivals all across France

1810 – Robert Schumann born, German Romantic composer



1829 – Sir John Millais born, English painter and illustrator


Rosalind in the Forest, by John Millais


1848 – Franklin Hiram King born, American agricultural scientist; inventor of the cylindrical tower silo

1856 – A group of 194 Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the mutineers of HMS Bounty, arrives at Norfolk Island, the ‘Third Settlement of the Island’

1858 – Charlotte Angas Scott born, mathematician; competed in “Tripos” final examinations (1880) offered at Cambridge. Mastery of Tripos exams qualified her to receive a bachelor’s degree with honors, previously only awarded to male Cambridge students. Ranked 8th in test scores, but not allowed at awards ceremony, solely because she was female; one of first English women to obtain a doctorate in mathematics; published An Introductory Account of Certain Modern Ideas and Methods in Plane Analytical Geometry (1894), still widely used

1860 – Alicia Boole Stott born, Irish-English mathematician known for her models of three-dimensional geometric figures, coined “polytope” for a convex solid in four (or more) dimensions


Cell representations by Alicia Boole Stott


1861 – Tennessee secedes from the Union

1867 – After Ausgleich, the Austro-Hungarian compromise that establishes the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary, Franz Joseph I is crowned Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary

1869 – Frank Lloyd Wright born, leading American modern architect



1871 – Louisa Tetrazzini born, Italian operatic soprano; Chicken Tetrazzini is named for her, possibly by Ernest Arbogast, chef at San Francisco’s Palace Hotel



1887 – Herman Hollerith patents a punched card calculator for ‘Compiling Statistics’

1900 – Estelle Griswold born, birth control advocate and pioneer, defendant in the Supreme Court case Griswold v. Connecticut which legalized contraception for married couples in 1965



1903 – Jessie Bernard born, sociologist, feminist critic and author of The Paradox of the Happy Marriage (1971), and The Female World (1981)



1903 – Marguerite Yourcenar born in Belgium, French novelist and essayist; Memoirs of Hadrian; winner of the Prix Femina and the Erasmus Prize, the first woman elected to the Académie française, in 1980. The Yourcenar Prize is named in her honor

1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value

1910 – John W. Campbell born, American science fiction writer; influential editor of Analog Science Fiction and Fact



1912 – Wilhelmina Barns-Graham born, one of the foremost British abstract painters, and co-founder of the influential Penwith Society of Arts

1920 – Gwen Harwood born in Tasmania, one of Australia’s finest poets whose early work was published under various pseudonyms, including Walter Lehmann, Francis Geyer and Miriam Stone; librettist for over a dozen works by prominent Australian composers; she won many awards for her poetry, including the 1977 Robert Frost Medallion; The Gwen Harwood Poetry Prize was created in her memory in 1996



1929 – Margaret Bondfield becomes Minister of Labour, the first woman appointed to the Cabinet of the UK

1947 – Sara Paretsky born, American author of detective fiction, best known for her V.I. Warshawski series

1949 – George Orwell’s enduring and influential dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published; it introduces Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, the Thought Police, Newspeak, the Ministry of Truth and other phrases to the English language, often called “Orwellian”



1949 – Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are all named in an FBI report as members of the Communist Party

1953 – U.S. Supreme Court rules unanimously in District of Columbia v. John R. Thompson Co. Inc., a lawsuit spearheaded by Mary Church Terrell against a segregated restaurant in Washington DC, that its policy of segregation is illegal, upholding laws passed in the District of Columbia in 1872 and 1873 prohibiting segregation in public places, which, although never enforced for decades, are still on the books in 1953



1957 – Sonja Vectomov born, Czech sculptor based in Finland, known for bronze statues of Finnish cultural figures

1958 – Louise Richardson born, Irish political scientist, specialist in the study of terrorism; Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford since 2016; Principal and vice-Chancellor of the University of St Andrews (2009-2015), the first woman and first Roman Catholic in modern times to hold the position; executive dean of the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Study (2001-2008); author of What Terrorists Want, and When Allies Differ: Anglo-American Relations in the Suez and Falkland Crises



1959 – Shortly before noon off the coast of Florida, Balao-class submarine USS Barberofires a cruise missile toward the Navy Auxiliary Air Station at Mayport, its training-type warhead containing two official USPS mail containers holding 3,000 commemorative postcards, the first known use of missiles by any postal department. It is also the only attempt – although successful, it is prohibitively expensive

1968 – Authorities announce the capture in London of James Earl Ray, the suspected assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr

1970 – Gabrielle Giffords born, American Democratic politician and gun control advocate; U.S. House of Representatives (D-AZ, 2007-2012), the third woman to be elected to the U.S. Congress from Arizona; she resigned after she was shot in the head, but survived with a severe brain injury; the gunman shot 24 others, killing six people



1972 – During the Vietnam War, 9-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc is burned by napalm, an event captured by AP photographer Nick Ut moments later while the young girl is running down a road, in an iconic, Pulitzer Prize-winning photo



1976 – Catherine McKinnell born, British Labour politician, member of Parliament for Newcastle upon Tyne North since 2010; prominent campaigner for the Women Against State Pension Inequality

1979 – The Who releases the soundtrack album The Kids Are Alright



1984 – Homosexuality is declared legal in the Australian state of New South Wales

1987 – New Zealand’s Labour government declares a national nuclear-free zone under the New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987

1987 – Fawn Hall, national security aide Oliver L. North’s secretary, testified at the Iran-Contra hearings that she had helped to shred some documents

1992 – The first World Oceans Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, proclaimed by the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea

2003 – The first Upsy Daisy Day * is launched by Stephanie West Allen to encourage the habit of starting each day with humor and a positive attitude



2004 – The first Venus Transit in well over a century takes place, the previous one being in 1882

2009 – Two American journalists are found guilty of illegally entering North Korea and sentenced to 12 years of penal labor

2010 – Scientists at the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson Arizona report that a Mars geological mapping project found sedimentary deposits in the Hellas Planitia region of the red planet which suggest that a large sea covered the area between 4.5 and 3.5 billion years ago


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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