ON THIS DAY: July 11, 2018

July 11th is

Blueberry Muffin Day

Bowdler’s Day *

Cheer up the Lonely Day

Mojito Day

Ranier Cherries Day

World Population Day *

All American Pet Photo Day

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MORE!  Erna Mohr, E.B. White and Harper Lee, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Belgium – Celebration of the Golden Spurs *
and Flemish Community Day

China – Maritime Day

Kiribati – National Culture Day

Mongolia – Naadam/National Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in St. Peter’s Basilica and put to death by Flavius Ricmer, his Romanized Germanic general

1174 – Baldwin IV, age 13, becomes King of Jerusalem, with Raymond III, Count of Tripoli as regent and William of Tyre as chancellor. Baldwin contracted leprosy at a young age, but was a successful war leader and ruled until his death in 1185

1274 – Scottish King Robert the Bruce is born

1302 –Battle of the Golden Spurs *- a Flemish coalition army of civilian militiamen beats France’s Royal Army



1405 – Chinese fleet commanded by Zheng He sets sail to explore the world



1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII

1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979

1754 – Bowdler’s Day * – Thomas Bowdler born, infamous re-writer of Shakespeare, who changed the endings of tragedies to ‘happy’ ones; “bowdlerize” means to censor or alter text to change meaning or weaken its effectiveness – some ‘celebrate’ by throwing darts at his picture

1801 – French Astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers the first of his 36 comets

1804 – Alexander Hamilton is fatally wounded by Aaron Burr in a duel

1835 – Antônio Carlos Gomes born, Brazilian composer, the first New World composer to be acclaimed in Europe, noted for operas



1848 – Waterloo Station opens, now Britain’s busiest railway station



1850 – Annie Armstrong born, American lay Southern Baptist leader; co-founder and first correspondent secretary (de facto leader – 1888-1906) of the Women’s Missionary Union, which was forged in spite of fierce opposition by male Southern Baptist leaders; she worked tirelessly as an advocate for missionaries, especially those in the U.S. and Canada, telling their stories and raising funds to support their missions

1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy born, American conjoined twins, born into slavery in North Carolina; after the Civil War, the twins received an education, learning five languages, dancing and music; they had a successful career as “The Two-Headed Nightingale” with the Barnum Circus until their deaths.

1871 – Edith Rickert born, American author and medieval scholar, notable for works about Chaucer

1881 – Isabel Martin Lewis born, American astronomer; first woman hired by the U.S. Naval Observatory as an assistant astronomer; elected in 1918 as a member of the American Astronomical Society; after the birth of her son, she worked part-time at the observatory, but wrote three books and countless articles to popularize astronomy and earth science, including a monthly column for thirty years in the American Nature Association’s Nature Magazine (not the same as the journal Nature). She returned to full-time work when her husband died in 1927, and promoted to Assistant Scientist, then in 1930 to the rank of Astronomer; specialized in eclipses, contributing a faster and more accurate method of determining where an eclipse would be visible, and the moon’s occultations. She went on solar eclipse expeditions to Russia in 1936 and to Peru in 1937, and retired from the Naval Observatory in 1951, but continued to write articles for newspapers and magazines; she had of one the longest and most successful careers of any woman astronomer in the first half of the 20th century



1893 – Mikimoto Kokichi produces first ‘mabes’ – cultured pearls

1894 – Erna Mohr born, German zoologist, long associated with the Zoological Museum Hamburg, where she started as a volunteer (1914-1934), then later became department head of the Fish Biology Department (1934-1936), then the Department of Higher Vertebrates (1936-1946), and finally Curator of the Vertebrate Department (1946-1968?); made contributions to ichthyology and mammalogy, producing over 400 publications; first woman to be elected as an Honorary Member of the American Society of Mammalogists



1899 – E.B. White born, American writer, contributor to The New Yorker for over 50 years; author of Charlotte’s Web (Newbery Medal winner) and Stuart Little; co-author of The Elements of Style; in 1978, awarded a special Pulitzer Prize for Letters, for his body of work



1906 – Grace Mae Brown, a worker in the factory of the Gillette Skirt Company in Cortland NY, becomes pregnant during an affair with the owner’s nephew, Chester Gillette. He takes her to Big Moose Lake in the Adirondacks, registers at the hotel under a false name, takes her out on the lake in a rowboat, then strikes her on the head so she falls out of the boat and drowns. His trial and conviction attract national attention, inspiring  Theodore Dreiser write An American Tragedy, in which he uses some direct quotes from Grace Brown’s love letters

1914 – Babe Ruth makes his Major League debut

1918 – Venetia Burney born, English girl credited by Clyde Tombaugh with suggesting Pluto as the name for his 1930 discovery when she was 11 years old. The asteroid 6235 Burney and Burney Crater on Pluto were named in her honour. In July 2015 the New Horizons spacecraft was the first to visit Pluto and carried an instrument named Venetia Burney Student Dust Counter in her honour



1918 –  Enrico Caruso records George M. Cohan’s “Over There”



1921 – The Mongolian People’s Republic founded after capture by Red Army

1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens in Los Angeles; the original structure is a wooden stage with a removable canvas cover


The Hollywood Bowl – 1922 preseason production of Carmen


1928 – Andrea Veneracion born, Filipina choirmaster, founder of the Philippine Madrigal Singers in 1963, which won major awards in international competition; founding choirmaster and first conductor of the Asian Institute for Liturgy and Music Chorale; 1999 Philippine National Artist for Music

1930 – Harold Bloom born, influential American literary critic and humanities professor at Yale; author of over 40 books and editor of hundreds of anthologies



1934 – German Engelbert Zaschka flies his human-powered plane, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without an assisted take-off

1938 – Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, American historian, author of  A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard based on her diary, 1785–1812 and Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History



1941 – The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party holds its first congress in Nkana

1944 – Patricia Polacco born, American author and illustrator of over 60 books, mostly for children; Thank You, Mr. Falker, The Lemonade Club, Mr. Lincoln’s Way and The Mermaid’s Purse

1946 – Dean Martin makes his first recording


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1947 – The SS  Exodus 1947 enroute to Palestine from France, carrying mostly holocaust survivors without immigration certifications, is seized by the British Royal Navy, and its passengers deported back to Europe; of the thousands of Jews from ‘displaced persons’ camps in Europe who attempted to reach Palestine, 50,000 ended up in British camps in Cyprus, Mauritius , or a detention camp in Palestine, 16,000 drowned at sea, and a few thousand actually reached Palestine undetected

1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank

1954 – Julia King born, Baroness Brown of Cambridge, British engineer, PhD in fracture mechanics; crossbench Life Peer member of the House of Lords since 2015

1960 – Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is published



1967 – Jhumpa Lahiri born in London, daughter of Bengali Indian emigrants, moved to the U.S. when she was two; American author and professor of creative writing at Princeton; her debut short story collection Interpreter of Maladies won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

1969 – David Bowie releases his “Space Oddity” single in the UK



1972 – World Chess Championship between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky begins

1979 – Neil Young’s Rust Never Sleeps, has a simultaneous film debut in Westwood CA, and an album release



1987 – Earth’s human population reaches 5 billion

1989 – World Population Day * is established by the UN, on the second anniversary of the day Earth’s human population reached 5 billion

1994 – PTV (later PBS Kids) introduces a kids programming block to broadcast educational programming to underprivileged children



2014 – The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continues its attacks on Gaza

2015 – Less than a month after a Right-Wing extremist murdered nine people at a Charleston historic black church, the Confederate flag is permanently removed from the South Carolina statehouse grounds in a ceremony cheered by hundreds of onlookers


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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