ON THIS DAY: September 6, 2018

September 6th is

Coffee Ice Cream Day

Louisa Ann Swain Day *

National Read a Book Day


MORE! Jane Addams, Joseph Conrad and Michaëlle Jean, click



Bonaire, St. Eustatius & Saba – Flag Day

Bulgaria – Unification Day

Pakistan – Defense Day

Sao Tome & Principe – Armed Forces Day

Spain – Baza, Granada: Cascamorras
(Virgin statue contest between Baza and Guadix)

Swaziland – Somhlolo
(Independence day)

Switzerland – canton of Geneva: Jeûne Genevois
(famine remembrance fast day)


On This Day in HISTORY

1475 – Sebastiano Serlio born, Italian architect, part of the Italian team hired to build the Palace of Fontainbleau in the Renaissance style that had swept Italy; his extensive, influential treatise on the classical orders of architecture was published and translated under various names, including I sette libri dell’architettura (“Seven Books of Architecture”) and Tutte l’opere d’architettura et prospetiva (“All the works on architecture and perspective”)

title page of the third volume of Serlio’s treatise – Sebastiano Serlio

1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from La Gomera in the Canary Islands, his last port before crossing the Atlantic Ocean for the first time

1522 – Victoria, only surviving ship from Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, limps into Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain, with only 18 crew members on board, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the earth

Magellan’s flagship Victoria, by an unknown artist

1620 – Isabella Leonarda born, Italian composer

1628 – Puritans settle Salem, which will become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony

1642 – The English Parliament issues an Ordinance suppressing all plays in theatres

1757 – Marquis de Lafayette born, French aristocrat who served as a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution

1795 – Frances ‘Fanny’ Wright born in Scotland, British-American writer and activist for women’s rights, birth control, sexual freedom, public education, equality between the sexes and races, and the abolition of slavery; founder of Nashoba, a utopian community in Tennessee, which was a failed attempt at gradual manumission of slaves

1800 – Catharine Beecher born, American educator; although she was against women leaving their ‘sphere’ as homemakers and mothers, she was an outspoken advocate for women’s education and kindergarten for all children; campaigned against Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Bill (Congress passed it in 1830); founder of the Ladies’ Society for Promoting Education in the West

1803 – Scientist John Dalton uses symbols to represent atoms of different elements

1811 – James Gilliss born, American naval officer; founder of U.S. Naval Observatory

1819 – Thomas Blanchard receives U.S. patent for a lathe to turn gun barrels

1829 – Marie Zakrzewska born in Poland, pioneering woman physician in America; founded the New England Hospital for Women and Children, which gave women medical students the clinical experience they were denied at male-run hospitals, and had the first general training program for nurses in the U.S.; it was also the first hospital in Boston to offer gynecological and obstetrical care; campaigned with other women’s activists to raise $50,000 for a women’s medical training program, which Harvard turned down, but Johns Hopkins accepted, opening its doors to female students

1837 – Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio begins admitting women as well as men

1857 – Zelia Nuttall born, American archeologist and anthropologist, specialized in Mesoamerican manuscripts and pre-Aztec culture

1860 – Jane Addams born, the remarkable American pioneer in social work and the settlement house movement, philosopher, public administrator, author, a leading suffragist and peace activist; co-founder with Ellen Gates of the famous Hull House in Chicago, and a founding member of the ACLU; first American woman honored with the Nobel Peace Prize, in 1931; noted for her essays and articles, especially “Utilization of Women in City Government,” and for her book, A New Conscience and Ancient Evil, about sex trafficking, as well as her autobiographical volumes, Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930)

1863 – Jessie Willcox Smith born, American painter and illustrator

A Girl with a Cat, by Jessie Willcox Smith –
Good Housekeeping September 1932 magazine cover

1870 – Louisa Ann Swain * aged 69, of Laramie, Wyoming, becomes first U.S. woman to legally vote. She arose early, put on her apron, shawl and bonnet, and walked downtown with a tin pail in order to purchase yeast from a merchant. She walked by the polling place and concluded she would vote while she was there. The polling place had not yet officially opened, but election officials asked her to come in and cast her ballot. She was described by a Laramie newspaper as “a gentle white-haired housewife, Quakerish in appearance.”

1876 – The Southern Pacific rail line from Los Angeles to San Francisco is completed

1876 – J. J. R. Macleod born, Scottish physiologist; co-winner of 1923 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his role in the discovery of insulin

1890 – Claire Lee Chennault (“Old Leatherface”) born, American major general and aviator; leader of the First American Volunteer Group aka the “Flying Tigers”


1890 – The captain of the ship Roi des Belges dies of tropical fever, and Joseph Conrad takes his place as master of the ship, an experience he will draw on later for his famous novel, Heart of Darkness

1899 – Billy Rose born, American composer-songwriter and theatrical impresario

1901 – Leon Czolosz fatally wounds U.S. President William McKinley at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo NY

1906 – Luis Federico Leloir born, Argentine biochemist, 1970 Nobel-Prize winner

1916 – First self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, opens in Memphis TN

1921 – Carmen Laforet born, influential Existentialist Spanish author; Nada,  La mujer nueva, Un matrimonio

1935 – Isabelle Collin Dufresne born in France – French-American artist and author; a student of Salvador Dali, but best known as Ultra Violet from Andy Warhol’s movies; author of L’Ultratique, published in 1988 to detail her ideas about art

1938 – Joan Tower born, American composer, conductor and pianist

1940 – Elizabeth Murray born, American painter

Elizabeth Murray in her studio, in front of one of her large-scale paintings

1941 – Jews over age 6 in German-occupied areas ordered to wear yellow Stars of David

1941 – Dame Monica Mason born in South Africa, ballet dancer and administrator of the Royal Ballet, Britain’s premiere theatrical dance troupe; entered the Royal Ballet School in 1956; in 1958, at age 16, became the youngest member of the Royal Ballet corps du ballet, and inaugurated the solo role of the Chosen Maiden in Kenneth MacMillan’s version of The Rite of Spring; promoted from soloist to principal dancer in 1968; rehearsal director for MacMillan’s ballets in 1980, then for the whole company in 1984; assistant to the director in 1988; and the company’s artistic director in 2002; retired in 2012; elevated to Dame Commander of the British Empire in 2008

1944 – Donna Haraway born, noted American scholar in science and technology studies and ecofeminism; taught Women’s Studies and History of Science at Johns Hopkins University; among her published works are the essays, “Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the 1980s” and “Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective” and her books, Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature, and Primate Visions: Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science

1946 – U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes announces policy of economic reconstruction of Germany

1946 – Shirley M. Malcom born, American zoologist and ecologist, academic and administrator; current head of Education and Human Resources Programs at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); AAAS head of the Office of Opportunities in Science (1979); program manager for the Minority Institutions Science Improvement Program (MISIP) at the National Science Foundation (1977-1979), which provided federal funding to Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) for improved equipment, facilities and higher salaries for faculty

1952 – Canadian television begins broadcasting in Montreal

1957 –Michaëlle Jean born in Haiti, came to Canada in 1968 as a refugee; media journalist and public servant; Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 2015, and also serves as the Special Envoy for Haiti for the UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; Governor-General of Canada (2005-2010), sworn in as a member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada in 2012; Journalist and broadcaster for Radio-Canada and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC – 1988-2005); coordinated a study on spousal abuse while assisting victims of domestic violence at a women’s shelter (1979-1987)

1962 – Archaeologist Peter Marsden discovers “Blackfriars” ship, first of four wrecks in the Blackfriars area of the Thames in London This first wreck is earliest known indigenous seagoing sailing ship found in northern Europe, dating back to the 2nd century AD.  A bronze votive coin of the Emperor Domitian was found in its mast

1962 – Elizabeth Vargas born, American television journalist; lead investigative reporter/documentary anchor for the A&E network since May, 2018; anchor on ABC’s newsmagazine 20/20 (2006-2018), the first national evening news anchor of mixed Puerto Rican/Irish-American descent; third woman anchor on network evening news after Connie Chung and Barbara Walters; won a 1999 Emmy award for her coverage of the Elián González story

1964 – Rosie Perez born, American stage, film and television performer, activist for Puerto Rican rights, talk show host, and author of Handbook for an Unpredictable Life: How I Survived Sister Renata and My Crazy Mother, and Still Came Out Smiling… 

1966 – South African Prime Minister Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd, the progenitor of  Apartheid, is assassinated during a parliamentary meeting

1968 – Eric Clapton records a guitar solo on The Beatles’ “While My Guitar Gently Weeps”

1968 – Swaziland becomes independent from the U.K.

1970 – Emily Maitlis born, British journalist, documentary-maker, and newsreader for the BBC on several programs since 2001; business reporter and documentary-maker for NBC Asia (1994-2001); she was stalked for over a decade by someone she knew at university, who was sentenced to four months in prison after admitting he was harassing her in 2002, but released because of time he already spent on remand, and a restraining order was imposed. In 2016, he was sentenced to 3 years in prison for breach of the no-contact restraining order by sending letters to her and to her mother

1975 – Czechoslovakian tennis player Martina Navratilova, in New York for the U.S. Open, requests political asylum

1990 – Iraq issues warning anyone caught trying to flee the country will get life in prison

1991 – Leningrad since 1924, Russia’s second largest city becomes St. Petersburg again

2002 – The Smithsonian “George Catlin and His Indian Gallery” exhibit opens, containing over 400 objects

2003 – Mamohato Bereng Seeiso, the Queen Mother of Lesotho, died while at a Catholic retreat; she served as Regent Head of the State of Lesotho from June to December in 1970, from March to November in 1990, and January to February in 1996, and worked to improve education for Lesotho’s children, founding Hlolomela Bana (“Take Care of Children”) in the 1980s for children who lost their parents or were living with disabilities

2005 – The California Legislature becomes the first legislative body in the nation to approve same-sex marriages, but Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoes it

2008 – U.S. Congress designates September 6 as Louisa Ann Swain Day * (House Concurrent Resolution 378)

2010 – The King’s Speech, starring Colin Firth and Geoffrey Rush, premiers at the Telluride Film Festival; in 2011, it won the Best Picture Oscar


About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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