ON THIS DAY: September 28, 2018

September 28th is

National Drink a Beer Day

National Good Neighbor Day *

International Right to Know Day *

Strawberry Cream Pie Day

World Rabies Awareness Day *

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MORE! Isabel Pell, Victor Jara and Mercy Manci, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Victoria: Australian
Football League Grand Final Parade

Czech Republic – Czech Statehood Day

India – Punjab:
Bhagat Singh Ji Birthday

Marshall Islands – Manit
(Culture Day)

Taiwan – Teacher’s Day

Turks & Caicos Islands –
National Youth Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

48 BC – After landing in Egypt, Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of Egyptian King Ptolemy



551 BC – Confucius born, famous Chinese philosopher and teacher of China’s Spring and Autumn period (named for the Spring and Autumn Annals, a state chronicle written between 722 and 479 BC)



935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, is murdered by nobles led by his brother, Boleslaus ‘the Cruel,’ who succeeded Wenceslaus as Boleslaus I. Holy Roman Emperor Otto I posthumously conferred the title of ‘king’ on Wenceslas, and he is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as St. Wenceslaus, originally patron saint of Bohemia, and now of the city of Prague and the Czech Republic

1066 – William the Conqueror and his forces land at Bulverhythe, on Pevensey Bay, Sussex, England


Duke William’s fleet sailing for England – Bayeux Tapestry


1542 – Portuguese Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo arrives at future San Diego CA

1687 – The Venetian siege of Athens ends when the occupying Turks surrender

1698 – Pierre-Louis Maupertuis born, French mathematician, biologist and astronomer

1746 – Giovanni Punto, born Jan Václav Stich, Czech horn virtuoso and composer; pioneer of the hand-stopping technique which allows natural horns to sound more notes

1779 – Samuel Huntington is elected President of the American Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay

1781 – American forces begin the siege against British forces at Yorktown VA


Storming a Redoubt at Yorktown, by Eugene Louis Lami


1787 – U.S. Congress votes to send the new Constitution to the states for ratification

1789 – George Washington recommends November 26, 1789, to Congress for a ‘Day of Publick Thanksgiving’

1791 – France becomes the first country to give its Jewish population full citizenship

1803 – Prosper Merimee born, French dramatist, historian, archaeologist and writer; his novella Carmen is the basis for Bizet’s opera

1810 – Mexican War of Independence: Insurgent troops led by José Mariano Abasolo and Ignacio Camargo enter the city Guanajuato unopposed, and attack the  Alhóndiga de Granaditas, a granary with few windows and thick walls where the royalist troops made their stand. ‘The Siege of Alhondiga’ ends when a miner dubbed El Pípila (Juan José de los Reyes Martínez Amaro) straps a large flat stone to his back to shield him from the royalist fire, crawls to the wooden doors of the main entrance, smears them with tar and sets them on fire


Statue of El Pípila in Guanajuato


1839 – Frances Willard born, first U.S. woman college president, of her alma mater Evanston College for Ladies – when it merges with Northwestern University in 1871, she becomes Dean of Women, but resigns in 1874 to go on a lecture tour for the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, covering 30,000 miles in ten years, while heading the WCTU publications committee; elected WCTU president in 1879; supporter of the Suffrage cause, believing the WCTU could best reach its goals if women had the vote; during her tenure as president, WCTU membership grows to 150,000, making it the largest women’s organization of the time in the world



1850 – U.S. Navy abolishes flogging as a form of punishment

1852 – Isis Pogson born, British astronomer and meteorologist; in 1860, her father became director of the Madras Observatory in India, and his wife and three youngest of their 11 children went with him. Isis was eight. When her mother died in 1869, she took over running the household, but also became her father’s assistant, then in 1873 she was raised to the post of computer  (originally, ‘computers’ were human mathematical calculators) with a salary of 150 rupees, about what a cook or coach-man would make. She worked there for 25 years, also serving as the meteorological superintendent and reporter for the Madras government from 1881 until the observatory was closed in 1898, and she was given a pension of 250 rupees. In 1902, she married a captain in the Merchant Navy, and thet moved back to England. Pogson was the first woman to be nominated for election in 1886 by her father as a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society (a few women had been made honorary fellows before this). He had to withdraw her nomination when two attorneys declared that female fellows were illegal under the provisions of the society’s royal charter dating from 1831, which always referred to fellows as he. She finally did become a fellow when Oxford professor H.H. Turner nominated her in 1920, five years after the society received a Supplemental Charter in 1915 which opened up fellowships to women

1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin born, American children’s author, head of the first free kindergarten in California, in the San Francisco slums; uses the enormous success of her books to raise money for children’s charities by giving frequent public readings; best remembered for Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, and Mother Carey’s Chickens



1871 – Brazilian Parliament passes the Law of the Free Womb, granting freedom to all children born to slaves, the first step to eradicating slavery in Brazil

1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures establishes a standard length for a meter

1890 – Florence Violet McKenzie born, ‘Mrs. Mac’ – Australia’s first woman engineer and lifelong advocate for technical education for women. McKensie set up her own electrical contracting business in 1918, then apprenticed herself to it, in order to meet the requirements for a Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Sydney Technical College. She was the first Australian woman to take out an amateur radio operator’s license in 1922 and started The Wireless Weekly the same year. Her Wireless Shop became renowned among Sydney’s radio hobbyists and experimenters. In 1934, she founded the Electrical Association for Women, and wrote the first “all-electric” cookbook in 1936. McKenzie was the founder of the Women’s Emergency Signaling Corps (WESC),. She campaigned successfully for some of her trainees to be accepted into the Navy. In 1941, fourteen members of her civilian WESC became the first recruits for wireless telegraphy in the Women’s Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) at the Canberra Transmitting Station. Over the course of the war, over 3,000 women served in the WRANS. McKenzie trained countless men and women in wireless transmission and Morse Code during the war, and continued training men from the merchant navy, commercial airline pilots and anybody else who needed a “signaller’s ticket.” She ran the only school for wireless training in Sydney, and never charged tuition. She was appointed in 1950 as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for her work with WESC, and elected as a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Navigation in 1957



1892 – Elmer Rice born, American playwright, director and novelist



1900 – Isabel Pell born, American who was awarded the French Légion d’honneur for her four years with the Maquis (rural resistance fighters, often in the mountains), using the name “Fredericka.”  She was captured by Italian soldiers and interned at Puget-Theniers, but smuggled out information until she was released. She disguised herself as a peasant, and continued working with the Maquis. In 1944, she led a group of American soldiers trapped by the enemy in the town of Tanaron to safety

1901 – William S. Paley born, American television broadcasting pioneer; built the Columbia Broadcasting System from a small radio network to a radio and TV giant, and led CBS for over 50 years



1901 – Ed Sullivan born, American TV variety show host

1909 – Al Capp born, American cartoonist; creator of Li’l Abner



1910 – Wenceslao Q. Vinzons born, Filipino politician, member of the Philippine House of Representatives (1941-1942); Governor of Camarines North (1940-1941). He became a leader of the armed resistance against the Japanese occupying the Philippines during WWII. Vinzons was executed by the Japanese Army at age 31 on July 15, 1942

1913 – Vivian Fine born, American piano prodigy and composer of over 140 works during her 68 year career; member of Aaron Copeland’s Young Composers Group; The Women in the Garden; Alcestis



1916 – Olga Lepeshinskaya, Soviet Prima Ballerina with the Bolshoi and the Kirov; member of the Communist Party, married to Soviet General Aleksei Antonov

1917 – Michael Soames born, English premier danseur and assistant director of the Sadler’s Wells Ballet, later renamed the Royal Ballet; Margot  Fonteyn’s official partner 1950-1961



1924 – A team of U.S Army Air Service aviators using two planes complete the first aerial circumnavigation of the world after 175 days

1925 – Seymour Cray born, American computer scientist, founder of the CRAY Computer Company

1932 – Victor Jara born, Chilean teacher, theatre director, singer-songwriter, poet and political activist who was arrested in 1973, tortured and killed during the regime of dictator Augusto Pinochet



1937 – Alice Mahon born, British Labour Party MP for Halifax (1987-2005); trade unionist and member of the Socialist Campaign Group; activist for peace, women’s rights (especially abortion) and gay rights; resigned in 2009 from the Labour Party in protest of major changes in party policies, including shutting out dissenting voices within the party, Britain’s involvement in the disastrous “War on Terror” and the party breaking a campaign promise not to privatize the Royal Mail 



1944 – Marcia Muller born, American mystery and thriller novelist; notable for her Sharon McCone private detective series. She was honored with the Mystery Writers of America Grand Master award in 2005

1947 – Sheikh Hasina born, Bangladeshi politician, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1996-2001 and 2009 to the present), leader of the Bangladesh Awami League



1947 – Rhonda Hughes born, American mathematician and academic; Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at Bryn Mawr College since 2011; Chair of the Bryn Mawr Mathematics Department (1980-2011); co-founder of the EDGE Program (Enhancing Diversity in Graduate Education) in 1998, a mentoring program to assist women in transitioning into graduate studies in mathematical sciences



1950 – Christina Hoff Sommers born, controversial American author and philosopher, noted for her critique of contemporary feminism in such books as Who Stole Feminism?,  in which she claims many feminists today are part of “victim feminism” with an “irrational” hostility to men, and an “inability to take seriously the possibility that the sexes are equal but different.”

1951 – The first color televisions are offered for sale in the U.S, but are discontinued less than a month later

1954 – Margot Wallström born, Swedish Social Democratic politician; Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden and Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2014; UN Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict (2010-2012); Vice President of the European Commission (2004-2010)

1955 – Mercy Manci born, South African Xhosa sangoma (traditional healers who are diviners – the herbalists are called inyanga) who was taught by her grandmother, and HIV activist. As a teenager, she was the victim of a bride kidnapping by a family who wanted to avoid the lengthy negotiations over the lobola (bride price). No longer a virgin, she could not go home, and the marriage became official when the kidnappers paid four cows. She has one daughter form this marriage. While her husband went to work in the mines, she studied nursing through a correspondence course. When he came home, her husband burned her books and destroyed the typewriter she bought. After he discovered she was taking contraceptives behind his back, he disowned her, to be sent back to her family, but she went to Johannesburg instead, and got a job as a Doctor’s assistant. She founded Nyangazeziswe (Healers of the Nation), an organisation dealing with African traditional healing and HIV.  She gives workshops for other traditional healers in the Eastern Cape, but also internationally, focusing on preventing HIV by teaching how to use condoms and how HIV is transmitted 



1956 – Martha Fandiño Pinilla born in Columbia with Columbian and Italian dual citizenship, mathematician and author, noted for her work analyzing mathematical learning problems and the effectiveness of teaching methods

1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution, and the Fifth Republic is formed

1961 – Dr. Kildare and Hazel debut on NBC-TV

1963 – The Beatles “She Loves You” debuts on U.S radio, first played by influential DJ Murray the K



1971 – British Parliament passes Misuse of Drugs Act, bans medicinal use of cannabis

1984 – South Africa is told by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to open all nuclear plants to international inspection or face IAEA sanctions

1991 – The Garth Brooks album, Ropin’ the Wind, becomes the first country to debut at #1 on pop chart



1995 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chair Yasser Arafat sign the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip

1997 – The DVD format makes its debut at the Audio Engineering Society convention

2000 – U.S. FDA approves RU-486 for use as a ‘medical abortion’ drug

2001 – The UN Security Council ends sanctions against Sudan, which had been imposed in 1996 after Sudan refused to extradite Muslim extremists who were suspects in a 1995 attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak while he was in Ethiopia for a summit meeting

2002 – Freedom of information organizations from around the world meet in Sofia, Bulgaria to create the Freedom of Information  Advocates Network (FOI), and declare September 28 will be International Right to Know Day *

2003 – Good Neighbor Day was set on September 28, after being set on the 4th Sunday in September from early 1970s when it was started by Becky Mattson of Lakeside, Montana.  In 1978, President Jimmy Carter issued Proclamation 4061 officially proclaiming  National Good Neighbor Day *



2007 – The U.S. Center for Disease Control and the Alliance for Rabies Control co-sponsor the first World Rabies Awareness Day *



2014 – Occupy Central begins a peaceful demonstration at Hong Kong’s government headquarters, which is quickly spread to other areas by student  protesters in actions dubbed ‘the Umbrella Movement’ – thousands of protesters are tear-gassed by police, but many refuse to leave

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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