ON THIS DAY: September 30, 2018

September 30th is

Chewing Gum Day

Hot Mulled Cider Day

International Translation Day *

_________________________________________

MORE! Rumi, Claudia Card and Cesar Chavez, click

_________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Abkhazia – National Liberation Day

Botswana – Botswana Day

Portugal – Lisbon:
Wanderlust 108 Festival

Sao Tome and Principe –
Agricultural Reform Day

Spain – Tarragona: Concurs de Castells
(human tower competition)

_________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

737 – Battle of the Baggage: The Turgesh tribe drives back the Umayyad invasion of Khuttal (now part of Tajikistan), then follow them south of the Oxus River and capture their baggage train

1207 – Rumi born, Persian mystic and poet



1530 – Girolamo Mercuriale born, Italian philologist and physician, noted for his work De Arte Gymnastica

1541 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his forces enter the territory of the Tula (or Tulia) people in present-day western Arkansas, encountering fierce resistance

1788 – The Pennsylvania Legislature elects the first two members of the U.S. Senate: William Maclay of Harrisburg and Robert Morris of Philadelphia

1791 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart opera The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflote)premiered at ‘Theater auf der Wieden’ in Vienna, Austria



1801 – Zacharias Frankel born, Bohemian rabbi and theologian; founder of Conservative Judaism

1802 – Antoine-Jerome Balard born, French chemist; discovered the element bromine

1814 – Lucinda Hinsdale Stone born, educator, feminist, advocate for suffrage and education for women, abolitionist and literary club organizer, inducted into the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame in 1983

1832 – Ann Jarvis, American activist, the mother who inspired Mother’s Day; activist for public health education for women to reduce infant mortality and death from disease; her daughter, Anna Marie Jarvis, is the founder of the Mother’s Day holiday in the U.S.

1846 – Dr. William Morton performs a painless tooth extraction using ether

1860 – Britain’s first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside

1875 –  Anne Henrietta Martin born, suffragist, author, first woman to run for US Senate in 1918

1882 – Hans Geiger born, German physicist; introduced the Geiger Counter

1882 – First hydroelectric power plant begins operation in Appleton WI

1883 – Nora Stanton Blatch Barney born in England, American civil engineer, architect, suffragist and peace activist; one of the first women to graduate with an engineering degree; granddaughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. While she was the first woman admitted as a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1906, their “liberal-minded generosity” balked  at making her a full Fellow when she applied in 1916. It was not until 99  years later, in 2015, that her “significant contributions” were finally honored with a posthumous Fellowship

1895 – Madagascar becomes a French protectorate

1897 – Charlotte Wolff born in Prussia, British physician and psychotherapist; her writings on sexology, especially lesbianism and bisexuality, are influential early works in the field

1901 – Thelma Terry born, American bassist, first woman instrumentalist to lead a notable jazz band, Thelma Terry and Her Play Boys, in the 1920s and 30s; a young Gene Krupa was one of her Play Boys early in his career



1906 – The Royal Galician Academy, Galician language’s biggest linguistic authority, starts working in Havana Cuba

1907 – McKinley National Memorial for the president dedicated in Canton, OH

1915 – A Serbian Army private becomes the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire

1924 – Truman Capote born, American author; Breakfast at Tiffany’s and In Cold Blood



1927 – W.S. Merwin born, American poet; U.S. Poet Laureate (2010); two-time Pulitzer Prize for Poetry winner, 1971 and 2009; National Book Award for Poetry 2005

1929 – Carol Fenner born, American children’s author and illustrator; noted for Yolanda’s Genius, Gorilla-Gorilla and The Skates of Uncle Edward, which won an honor from the Coretta Scott King Awards



1929 – Leticia Ramos-Shahani born, Filipina diplomat, and politician; President Pro Tempore of the Senate (1993-1996); Philippines Senator (1987-1998); UN Assistant Secretary-General for Social and Humanitarian Affairs (1985-1987); Secretary-General of the 1985 World Conference on the UN Decade of Women in Nairobi Kenya;   Philippine Ambassador to Australia (1981-1985)



1935 – Porgy and Bess premieres in Boston MA, then goes on to Broadway



1935 – Boulder Dam (later renamed Hoover Dam), on the border between Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by President Franklin Roosevelt; it will begin operations in 1936

1938 –League of Nations outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations” but has no power to enforce it

1938 – British, French, German and Italian leaders agreed at a meeting in Munich that Nazi Germany would be allowed to annex Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland

1940 – Claudia Falconer Card born, American ethics and social philosopher and academic; taught at the University of Wisconsin from 1969 until 2015, and was UW-Madison’s Emma Goldman Professor of Philosophy, with teaching affiliations in Women’s Studies, Jewish Studies, Environmental Studies and LGBT Studies; her published work is regarded as essential to the study of 20th century feminism



1943 – The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) at Kings Point NY is dedicated



1946 – Nuremberg International Tribunal finds 22 top Nazis guilty of war crimes

1949 – After delivering 2.3 million tons of food to West Berlin despite the Soviet blockade, the Berlin Airlift ends

1950 – Laura Esquivel born, Mexican novelist, screenwriter and Morena Party politician; has served in the Chamber of Deputies (2012-2018); author of the bestseller Como agua para chocolate (Like Water for Chocolate)



1951 – The Red Skelton Show first airs on NBC-TV



1953 – The International Federation of Translators claims September 30 as International Translation Day * to pay tribute to the work of translators

1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor powered vessel

1954 – Julie Andrews makes her Broadway debut in The Boy Friend



1955 – Actor James Dean, age 24, is killed in a car crash in California

1960 – Julia Adamson born in Canada, British musician, composer, and founder-manager of Invisiblegirl Records and Invisible Girl Music Publishing

1960 – Nicola Griffith born in England, British-American novelist, essayist and short story writer; her first novel, Ammonite, won the 1993 James Tiptree, Jr and Lambda Awards, and Slow River won the 1997 Nebula Award for best novel

1960 – Blanche Lincoln born, American Democratic politician; U.S. Senator from Arkansas (1999-2011); Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the first district of Arkansas (1993-1997)



1962 – Black student James Meredith succeeds on his fourth try to register for classes at the University of Mississippi

1962 – The National Farm Workers Association, founded by Cesar Chavez, forerunner of United Farm Workers, holds its first meeting in Fresno CA



1965 – The 30 September Movement: an attempted coup against the Indonesian government, which is crushed by the military under Suharto and leads to a mass anti-communist purge, killing over 500,000 people

1966 – Albert Speer, Nazi armaments minister, and Baldur Von Schirach, Hitler Youth founder, are released from Spandau prison after completing 20-year sentences

1966 – Cat Stevens releases his first single “I Love My Dog”



1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana; Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.

1967 – Emmanuelle Houdart born in Switzerland, living in Paris, Swiss artist, illustrator, costume and textile designer, and author; contributor to French newspapers and magazines, including Libération and Le Monde


Ma mere by Emmanuelle Houdart


1968 – The first public showing of the Boeing 747 at the Boeing Everett Factory



1971 – Soviet Union and U.S. sign pacts to prevent accidental nuclear war

1976 – California enacts Natural Death Act, first U.S. right-to-die legislation

1977 – Because of budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, NASA’s Apollo program’s ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down

1980 – Israel issues new currency, the shekel, to replace the pound

1981 – Cecelia Ahearn born, Irish novelist whose books have sold over 25 million copies; noted for P.S. I Love You, and Where Rainbows End, which won the 2005 Corine Award; she was the co-creator of the TV series Samantha Who?, which starred Christina Applegate (2007-2009)

1982 – First episode of Cheers airs on NBC-TV



1985 – Téa Obreht born in Serbia, Serbian-American novelist and short story writer; her debut novel, The Tiger’s Wife, won the 2011 Orange Prize for Fiction

1989 – Thousands of East Germans emigrate under NATO-Soviet Union accord

1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights, a monumental sculpture, in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa – ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights’



1991 – The Haitian military overthrows Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the country’s first freely-elected president

1997 – Bob Dylan releases his album Time Out of Mind



1997 – France’s Roman Catholic Church apologizes for keeping silent during persecution and deportation of Jews under pro-Nazi Vichy regime

2004 – Merck & Co. pulls Vioxx, its heavily promoted arthritis drug, from the market after a study finds it doubles the risk of heart attacks and strokes

2005 – Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten prints controversial Muhammad drawings


_________________________________________

 

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: September 30, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    September 30, 1935: John Royce Mathis (“Johnny Mathis”) born.

    Johnny Mathis’ music is not “my kinda music” but I heard him in person last Sunday and I must say his voice is beautiful. Remarkable, actually. I had never really listened to it before!

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Thanks Malisha –

      The hardest part of editing these posts is all the stuff I have to leave out because otherwise no one would have enough time to read them!

      Glad you have discovered Johnny Mathis – his voice is something really special.

      • Malisha says:

        I only knew about his birthday because he sang at a benefit (where a posthumous award was given to my recently deceased lawyer friend) and the MC announced that his birthday was coming up so we sang Happy Birthday to him; it was fun! Since I had not listened to his music I didn’t expect to recognize any of it but I did! When I worked in a diner when I was 16, his songs were on the juke-box! He’s still got his voice at age 83. I therefore assume that the cigarette gracing his album cover was just a prop and that he never smoked. (Isn’t it weird that they used to think it was supercool to hold a cigarette?)

        • wordcloud9 says:

          I think one of the biggest reasons a lot of people started smoking before the 1960s is because it give them “something to do with their hands” in social situations. And cigarettes were certainly used effectively by actors as props. By the time all the damaging medical reports on the health problems caused by tobacco were coming out, millions of people were already addicts. My mother was one of them. She went to college at age 16, and started smoking in an attempt to look older and more sophisticated. I will always believe that smoking contributed to the stroke she had in her late 70s, and to the Alzheimers that ultimately killed her.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.