ON THIS DAY: October 10, 2018

October 10th is

Angel Food Cake Day

Shift10 Day *

National Handbag Day

U.S. Naval Academy Day *

World Homeless Day *

World Mental Health Day *

International Stage Manager’s Day *

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MORE! Zhu Biao, Lily Daché and James Clavell, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Austria – Tag der Volsabsstimmung
(Referendum Day)

Cuba – War of Independence Day

Curaçao – National Flag & Anthem Day

Fiji – Fiji Day

Kenya – President Moi Day

Nepal – Ghatashhapana
(Hindu Gods’ victory over evil)

North Korea – Party Foundation Day

Suriname – Maroons Day *

Taiwan – National Day *

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On This Day in HISTORY

680 AD – Battle of Karbala: The forces of Yazid I, the Umayyad Caliph, intercept the caravan of Husayn ibn Ali, grandson of Muhammad, who had refused to give allegiance to Yazid when he ascended the throne; in the battle, Husayn is killed and beheaded, along with most of his family and supporters, including his six-month old son, while the rest of the women and children are taken prisoner. The dead are widely regarded as martyrs by Sufi and especially Shia Muslims. Mainstream Sunni Muslims regard the incident as an historical tragedy, but without influence on Islamic theology or traditions



732 – Battle of Tours: A combined Frankish and Burgundian force commanded by Charles Martel defeats an army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, who is killed, near the Aquitaine border close to Tours in western France

1355 – Zhu Biao born, Crown Prince of the Ming Empire, noted for the far-reaching consequences of his death from illness in 1392 at the age of 36. Zhu Biao’s younger brother Zhi Di usurped the throne from Zhu Biao’s son, Zhu Yunwen, and became the Yongle Emperor. He started destroying or falsifying records concerning his childhood and rebellion, instituted a massive purge of Confucian scholars in Nanjing, and granted extraordinary extralegal powers to the eunuch secret police. He moved the imperial capital from Nanjing to Beiping (now Beijing), then greatly expanded the imperial examination system to gain more control over Confucian scholars-bureaucrats. He died leading a 1424 military campaign in the Gobi Desert. He is equally remembered for his building program, including the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, his ambitious and costly military campaigns, and his cruel despotism, killing most of the servants who had been in the palace during his brother’s reign, and torturing to death many of his nephew’s supporters. He was succeeded by his son Zhu Gaochi, the Hongxi Emperor, who did much to restore the civil government


Porcelain Tower at Nanjing, circa 1865,
watercolour by Lieutenant James Henry Butt


1629 – Richard Towneley born, English mathematician and astronomer, one of the pioneers in research astronomy

1684 – Jean-Antoine Watteau born, French Rococo painter


Le-enseigne-de-gersaint, by Jean-Antoine Watteau – 1720


1731 – Henry Cavendish born, British natural philosopher, scientist; important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist

1760 – Maroons Day * celebrates the signing of a treaty with Dutch colonizers by the Ndyuka people, one of six ‘Maroon’ peoples in Suriname and French Guiana, descended from African slaves brought to work on Dutch-owned plantations who escaped into the rain forests, that secures their territorial autonomy

1837 – Robert Gould Shaw born, American Union Colonel who commanded the 54th Massachusetts, the first all-black regiment in the Northeast, and supported his men in refusing their pay until it was equal to white troops’ wages; killed at the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in South Carolina while leading his men at the parapet of the enemy fort; only 315 men from the 54thwere left after the battle, but it proved the bravery of black soldiers and led to more Union recruitment of African-American troops



1845 – The Naval School opens in Annapolis MD with 50 midshipmen – later renamed the U.S. Naval Academy *

1846 – English astronomer William Lassell discovers Triton, the planet Neptune’s largest moon



1861 –  Fridtjof Nansen born, Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian;  president of the Norwegian League of Nations Society, worked on behalf of stateless refugees, devising a document that became known as the Nansen passport, that over time was recognized by more than 50 countries, enabling refugees to cross borders legally – Marc Chagall, Igor Stravinsky and Anna Pavlova were among the holders of Nansen passports; 1922 Nobel Peace Prize for his work repatriating prisoners of war, aiding refugees, and efforts to aid millions of sufferers during the Russian famine



1865 – John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball

1868 – Carlos Manuel de Céspedes issues the “10th of October Manifesto” signaling the start of an all-out military uprising to gain Cuba’s independence from Spain

1870 – Louise Mack born, Australian novelist, poet and journalist-columnist, pioneering woman war correspondent; she was traveling in Europe as a correspondent for the London Daily mail in 1914, and became an eye witness to the WWI German invasion of Antwerp, Belgium; the Evening News and the Daily Mail published her accounts of what she saw; her diary of the time she spent behind enemy lines was later published as A Woman’s Experiences in the Great War



1871 – After two days, the Great Chicago Fire burns itself out, aided by rain which began falling late in the evening of October 9. The fire killed almost 300 people, destroyed 3.3 square miles (9 km) of the city, and left over 100,000 people homeless

1886 – The Tuxedo dinner jacket makes its debut in New York City, named by the multi-millionaire members of the Tuxedo Club at Tuxedo Park, upper NY state retreat developed by Pierre Lorillard IV, scion of the Lorillard Tobacco Company family



1898 – Lily Daché born in France, American fashion designer, noted for hat designs



1901 – Alberto Giacometti born, Swiss sculptor



1901 – Frederick Douglass Patterson born, American college president, Tuskegee Institute (1935-53); founder of United Negro College Fund

1902 – K. Shivarama Karantha born in British India, Indian polymath, author, social activist, environmentalist, and filmmaker; considered a very influential novelist in the Kannada language, publishing 47 novels, 31 plays, collections of short stories, essays and poetry, and 13 books on art. Honored with the 1978 Jnanpith Award, India’s highest literary honor



1903 – Vernon Duke born in Russia, American composer and songwriter; music for “Taking a Chance on Love” “I Can’t Get Started” and “April in Paris”



1903 – The Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) is founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia in Manchester, later moving operations to London, a militant organization campaigning for suffrage for British women. Their slogan is “Deeds, not words”



1908 – Mercè Rodoreda born, Spanish notable Catalan-language novelist and short story writer; Catalan is spoken primarily in Catalonia, Valencia, and the Balearic Islands



1911 – The beginning of the Wuchang Uprising, which leads to the collapse of China’s Qing dynasty, and the establishment of the Republic of China – commemorated as National Day * in Taiwan

1911 – Clare Hollingworth born, English journalist and author; in 1939, as a reporter for The Daily Telegraph traveling from Poland to Germany, she saw and reported German forces massed on the Polish border, and became the first war correspondent to report the outbreak of WWII; she was at the scene when the King David Hotel in Jerusalem was bombed in 1946, and reported on the Algerian War in the early 1960s; she broke the story of Kim Philby’s defection to the Soviet Union in 1963, and covered the Vietnam War beginning in 1967



1913 – U.S President Wilson triggers the rigged explosion of Gamboa Dike, completing construction of the Panama Canal

1917 – Thelonious Monk born, American Jazz pianist and composer



1924 – James Clavell born in Australia, American author and screenwriter; his novel King Rat is inspired by his 3-years as a WWII POW in the notorious Changi Prison camp



1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina born, French prima ballerina, and choreographer

1928 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China

1930 – Harold Pinter born, English playwright, screenwriter, director; 2005 Nobel Prize in Literature



1938 – Lily Tuck born, American author; her novel The News from Paraguay won the 2004 National Book Award for Fiction

1941 – Ken Saro-Wiwa born, Nigerian writer and activist; leader of the nonviolent campaign to restore homeland of his people, the Ogoni, which suffered extreme environmental damage from decades of petroleum waste dumping; hanged during the military dictatorship of General Sani Abacha in 1995, after being imprisoned for over a year before being tried and convicted of inciting murder, which also happened to 8 other leaders of the campaign; the trials were widely criticized by human rights organizations



1952 – Dame Dela Smith born, British educator and authority on special needs education; Headteacher at the special education school Beaumont Hill Technology College (1992-2010), where students are ages 5 to 19, with a wide range of special education needs

1953 – Fiona Rae born in H0ng Kong, British artist, part of the visual arts group, Young British Artists, who first exhibited together in 1988; elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in 2002


She Pricked Her Finger Cutting the Clouds,
by Fiona Rae


1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Howard Johnson’s restaurant in Dover, Delaware

1959 – Pan American World Airways announces first global air service



1962 – The BBC bans “The Monster Mash” song by Bobby ‘Boris’ Pickett



1965 – The Red Baron makes his first appearance in the Peanuts comic



1966 – The Beach Boys release their single “Good Vibrations”



1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona



1973 – U.S Republican Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax

1973 – Fiji becomes independent after nearly a century of British rule

1974 – Lucy Powell born, British Labour and Co-operative politician; Member of Parliament for Manchester Central since 2012

1984 – U.S. Congress passes the 2nd Boland Amendment, outlaws solicitation of 3rd-party countries to support the Contras, also bars use of funds available to CIA, defense, or intelligence agencies for “supporting, directly or indirectly, military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, group, organization or individual”

1987 – Tom McClean sets 54 day/18 hour record rowing solo across the Atlantic Ocean

1988 – U2 releases their album Rattle and Hum



1994 – Iraq announces its withdrawal from Kuwaiti border. No pullback is observed

1995 – Gary Kasparov wins chess championship against Viswanathan Anand

2005 – Angela Merkel becomes German’s first female chancellor



2009 – Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich, Switzerland to open their borders

2010 – World Homeless Day * is organized as a day to advocate for increased funding for assistance to the homeless, more affordable housing, coordination of efforts to aid homeless people, and other issues related to homelessness



2013 – International Stage Manager’s Day * is launched by the Stage Management Association UK; now observed in over a dozen countries



2013 – World Mental Health Day * is inaugurated as part of the World Health Organization’s comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020

2016 – Shift10 Day, * a movement to encourage buying from non-chain businesses by pledging to spend 10% of your budget at local businesses and farmers’ markets

2017 – New Yorker magazine publishes allegations by 3 women that Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein had raped them, and statements of 10 more women that Weinstein sexually assaulted or harassed them. Weinstein’s wife Georgina Chapman announced she is leaving him, calling his reported actions “unforgivable.” This followed after an October 5 report published in the New York Times, detailing allegations of decades of sexual harassment by Weinstein, including statements from actresses Rose McGowan and Ashley Judd, and the October 8 firing of Weinstein by the board of his company


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: October 10, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    “You know that thing where” is a grammatically incorrect and semantically awkward sentence intro that I hate to use but there just isn’t any other way to begin this comment. You know that thing where you think of or hear about something one day, and then within the next 72 hours you hear of it another two times, seemingly out of nowhere? Yeah? Well it happened to me just now.
    When my kid was little I would sometimes tell him stories I made up that were perhaps a “knockoff” of the Peanuts cartoons. They tracked the daily lives and friendship between “Boris the Brontosaurus” and his little buddy, “Phyllis the Pterodactyllus.” So anyway, the end of the story in every case was, “And this took place in the very very old days when there were not any families yet, but friendship was ju-u-u-u-st then being invented.”
    So Monday evening for some unknown reason, I began to remember a few of the Boris stories and I remembered Peanuts but for the life of me I could not remem er the name of Snoopy’s little buddy, the yellow bird. I kept thinking of names that weren’t the little bird’s name.
    Yesterday I ran across a big poster of Snoopy in, of all places, the recycling center by our apartments. I reminded myself to go home and check on the little bird’s name, but got busy and tired and forgot again.
    Today I ran across Snoopy in “On this Day” and finally was reminded enough to immediately look up the little bird’s name. WOODSTOCK!
    A fun fact I learned about Woodstock: He is trans. He used to be a female but now is a male! Who knew?

    • wordcloud9 says:

      My theory of how the human brain works:

      You start out as a baby with this big room in your head full of empty file cabinets. As you go along getting older, you start filling up the filing drawers with facts and figures and memories. At first, things are pretty disorganized because you’re a little kid, but as you get closer to your teen years, you start to develop a filing system, and things are easier to find when you want them. Nobody else could find them in your head, because your system is unique to you.

      Some decades of information-gathering and experience go by. Your file cabinets are filling up, and some of the drawers are getting packed pretty tight, so one day you pull out some file folders to get to what you’re looking for, and you stick them on top of a filing cabinet, meaning to put them back when you get through with your search. But then you get distracted, and forget about them. So some of them gather dust, hidden from view on top of the cabinet. But some of them get shoved around, and end up falling behind the filing cabinet, and it will take an emotional earthquake to topple the cabinet and recover them.

      And when you get past your mid-50s or so, most of your drawers are really tight, and an increasing number of your files have been misfiled in the wrong drawers, so it gets harder to find information that you don’t need very often, like the name of that bird in Peanuts.

      And I didn’t know Woodstock’s a trans either. Charles Schultz was way ahead of his time!

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