ON THIS DAY: November 7, 2018

November 7th is

Bittersweet Chocolate with Almonds Day

Canine Lymphoma Awareness Day *

Madame Curie Day *

International Merlot Day

Journée  Très Absurde *
(Very Absurd Day)

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MORE! Marie Curie, Jesús García and Helen Suzman, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bangladesh – Revolution Day

Belarus – October Revolution Day

Iceland – Reykjavik:
Iceland Airwaves Festival

Iran – Death of Prophet Muhammad
and Martyrdom of Imam Hasan

Kyrgyzstan – November 7 and 8: History
and Commemoration of Ancestors Days

Masagascar – Presidential Elections

Nepal – Yama Panchak Festival
(ongoing – Hindu – today honoring cows)

Transdniestria – October Revolution Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

335 – Egypt: Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria, is banished to Augusta Treverorum in Gaul (now Trier in Germany) after his Arian opponents claim he would try to cut off  essential grain shipping from Egypt to Constantinople, and the eastern Roman Emperor Constantine I finds him guilty. Athanasius spends two years in exile in Gaul. When Constantine I dies, he is allowed to return to the See of Alexandria, only to have the exile order renewed by Constantine’s son, Constantius II. But this time Athanasius goes directly to Pope Julius in Rome, who summons a synod of bishops to re-examine the case, and Athanasius is proclaimed innocent to the Christian world. Meanwhile, Gregory of Cappadocia has usurped the Patriarchy of Alexandria. Athanasius would not be restored as Patriarch until 345



680 –  Sixth Ecumenical Council of Orthodox, Catholic and other Christian leaders meet in Constantinople to condemn as heresy the idea that Jesus Christ has single energy and will instead of two energies and two wills (divine and human)

994 – Ibn Ḥazm, also called al-Andalusī aẓ-Ẓāhirī, born in Córdoba (now in Spain) Andalusian poet, historian, philosopher and theologian; leading proponent/codifier of Zahiri school of Islamic thought; a leading thinker of the Muslim world; pioneer in comparative religious studies



1492 – The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, hits Earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France

1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published



1687 – William Stukeley is born, English pioneer in archaeology at Stonehenge


Only surviving drawing, original placement of
stones at Stonehenge, by Stukeley, 1723


1775 – John Murray, Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, to free slaves who abandon their colonial masters to fight with the British

1786 – Stoughton Music Society, oldest U.S. performing musical organization, founded

1837 – Abolitionist Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob in Alton IL, while attempting to protect his printing press from being destroyed a third time

1858 – Bipin Chandra Pal born, Indian nationalist and freedom fighter, author, orator and social reformer; one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress, noted as a proponent of Swadeshi (economic boycott) during the struggle for Indian independence, and in favor of national education. He somewhat disagreed with Mahatma Gandhi about the effectiveness of Non-Cooperation 



1861 – The first Melbourne Cup horse race is held in Melbourne Australia

1867 – Marie Curie, Polish chemist and physicist, is born, winner of two Nobel Prizes for her work on radioactivity – Madame Curie Day *



1872 – Leonora von Stosch Speyer, Lady Speyer, born in America, poet who won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for her book Fiddler’s Farewell; played violin professionally before her first marriage, which ended in divorce; her second husband was Sir Edgar Speyer, a British banker



1874 – Thomas Nast’s cartoon, published in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the Republican Party


 


1878 –Lise Meitner born in Austria-Hungary, Austrian-Swedish physicist; co-leader with Otto Hahn of the scientists who discovered the nuclear fission of uranium when it absorbed an extra neutron, a process which was the basis of the WWII nuclear weapons developed by the U.S. at Los Alamos



1879 –Leon Trotsky born, Russian theorist and politician, founder of the Red Army



1884 – “Cissy” Eleanor Medill Patterson born, editor and publisher of the Washington Times-Herald; early crusader for home rule for the District of Columbia; novelist, Glass Houses and Fall Flight

1885 – Canadian Pacific Railway, Canada’s first transcontinental railway is completed at the Last Spike ceremony at Craigellachie, British Columbia

1893 – Margaret Leech born, American historian and fiction writer; won the 1942 Pulitzer Prize in History for the American Civil War era Reveille in Washington, the first woman to win for history, and the first, and to date only, woman to win twice in the history category when she won in 1960 for In the Days of McKinley, which was also awarded the Bancroft Prize; she was a regular at the famed Algonquin Round Table



1893 – Women in Colorado are granted the vote, the second U.S. state to do so

1900 – Second Boer War: During the Battle of Leliefontein in the Transvaal, South Africa, three Royal Canadian Dragoons win the Victoria Cross for their gallant stand. The Victoria Cross is the highest award given to members of the British Armed Forces, and to Commonwealth armed forces that award United Kingdom honours

1901 – Norah McGuinness born, Irish painter and illustrator


Cottage by the Coast of Ireland, by Norah McGuinness


1903 – Ary Barroso born, Brazilian composer and songwriter



1908 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reported killed in Bolivia

1909 – Ruby Hurley, American Civil Rights leader; administrator for the NAACP, setting up and running their first office in the Deep South, in Birmingham AL; was on the committee that helped arrange the venue change for Marian Anderson to the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, after she was barred by the DAR from singing at Constitution Hall because of her race



1910 – The Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse undertake the first air freight shipment, from Dayton to Columbus in Ohio

1912 – The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio

1913 – Albert Camus born, French philosopher and author, 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature, Journée Très Absurde *



1903 – Konrad Lorenz born, Austrian zoologist, pioneering ethologist (animal behaviorist), and ornithologist; shared the 1973 Nobel in Physiology or Medicine with Karl von Frisch and Nikolaas Tinbergen for their discoveries of organization and social behavior patterns. Lorenz was noted for his work on imprinting as an instinctive bond among greylag geese

1907 – Jesús García, a railroad brakeman, dies at age 25 while saving the mining town of Nacozari de García in the Mexican state of Sonora by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it exploded



1914 – The New Republic publishes its first issue

1914 – R.A. Lafferty born, American writer, primarily of scifi and fantasy; Past Master, The Devil is Dead, Aurelia



1915 – M. Athalie Range, born in the Bahamas, American Civil Rights activist and Florida politician; a widowed mother of four, she began as a PTA parent campaigning against decaying segregated schools, joined the Civil Rights movement, and went on to be the first black person on the Miami City Commission; then she was the first African-American since Reconstruction and first woman to head a Florida state agency, the Department of Community Affairs



1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress



1917 – Gregorian calendar date of the October Revolution, named for the Julian calendar date, 25 October. On this day, the Bolsheviks storm the Winter Palace

1917 – Helen Suzman born, South African politician and anti-Apartheid activist; Member of the South African Parliament for Houghton (1953-1989), where she used every opportunity to speak out against discriminatory legislation and to defend the right of freedom of expression for all South Africans. She was a founding member of the Progressive Party in 1959, and its sole representative in parliament for the next 16 years. She visited prisons to inspect living conditions of prisoners, including those on Robben Island, and met with Nelson Mandela several times. Her reports improved prison conditions for several ANC prisoners, and she used her parliamentary privilege to evade government censorship, and pass information about the worst abuses of apartheid to the media. She was frequently reviled and derided as a Jew and as a woman by other members of Parliament and by Prime Minister P.W. Botha, both in Parliament and in the government-controlled press. Suzman was once accused by a minister of asking questions in parliament that embarrassed South Africa, to which she replied: “It is not my questions that embarrass South Africa; it is your answers.”  The UN honored her with its Human Rights Award in 1978, and the Medallion of Heroism in 1980, and she was twice nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize



1918 – The influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing about 20% of the population by the end of the year

1919 – Ellen Stewart born, influential American theatre director-producer, founder of La MaMa, an experimental theatre company in NYC, which produced the first plays of many new playwrights, including Sam Shepard, Lanford Wilson, and Harvey Fierstein, and gave actors like Al Pacino, Robert De Niro, and Bette Midler some of their first roles

1921 – ‘Lisa Ben’ born as Edythe Eyde, American LGBT rights activist, writer and singer-songwriter; while working as a secretary at RKO Studios in Los Angeles, she became the founder and publisher of the lesbian magazine Vice Versa in 1947, but was forced to stop publishing when she lost her job at RKO in 1948, and her new position left her no opportunity to type the magazine articles at work. In the 1950s, she was a contributor to the Daughters of Bilitis magazine, The Ladder. Noted for her song, “Cruisin’ Down the Boulevard,” one of the first recorded lesbian songs. Inducted into the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Hall of Fame in 2010



1921 – Susanne Hirzel born, a German music student who became a member of the White Rose, an anti-Nazi resistance group; she was arrested and convicted in 1943 of distributing leaflets, but sentenced to six months in prison, because the prosecution was unable to establish that she had knowledge of the leaflets’ contents; after 1945, she became a cello teacher, and wrote a series of books on cello technique

1922 – Al Hirt born, American trumpet player and bandleader

1926 – Joan Sutherland born, Australian-Swiss soprano



1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public

1933 – Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City



1936 – Dame Gwyneth Jones born, Welsh operatic dramatic soprano



1937 – Mary Dalheim born, American journalist and historical romance and mystery author; noted for the Bed & Breakfast series; nominated for an Agatha Award for her first mystery, Just Desserts

1939 – Barbara Liskov, American computer scientist; one of the first U.S. women to be granted a doctorate in computer science; Turing Award winner for the Liskov substitution principle; Institute Professor at MIT



1941 – Madeline Gins born, American architect, artist and poet; with her husband, artist Shusaku Arakawa, she co-founded the Reversible Destiny Foundation, to support projects built in harmony with their “Mechanism of Meaning” principles, involving the expertise of practitioners from many disciplines to enhance life-extending properties of the building designs; unfortunately, their ideas did not extend their lives – her husband dies at 73, and Gins dies at 72



1943 – Joni Mitchell born, Canadian singer-songwriter; winner of nine Grammy awards; regarded as one of the most important and influential women recording artists of the late 20th century

1943 – Silvia Cartwright born, New Zealand jurist; served on the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, and played a major role in the drafting of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; presided over the 1988 inquiry into issues relating to treatment of cervical cancer at Auckland’s National Women’s Hospital, known as the Cartwright Inquiry; first woman Chief District Court Judge (1989-1993) and first woman appointed to New Zealand’s High Court (1993); the second woman appointed as New Zealand’s Governor-General (2001-2006); she was one of four women appointed, out of 16 international judges, by Cambodia’s Supreme Council of Magistracy to the Trial Chamber of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal investing war crimes and human rights abuses (2006-2014); appointed to the UN Human Rights Council investigation into war crimes and human rights abuses in Sri Lanka in 2014



1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as U.S. President

1944 – Hannah Szenes, Hungarian Jewish poet; at age 23, she is one of 37 Mandate Palestine paratroopers dropped into Hungary by the British Army during WWII to rescue Hungarian Jews about to be deported to Auschwitz; she is arrested near the Hungarian border, imprisoned and tortured, but refuses to reveal any details of her mission, and after a pro forma trial, is executed by firing squad on this day. A national heroine of Israel, where her poetry is widely known; Israel Hatzeira headquarters and several streets are named for her

1947 – Rebecca Eaton born, American television and film producer; best known as the executive producer since 1985 of the PBS Masterpiece series; her productions have been awarded 62 Primetime Emmy Awards, 16 Peabody Awards, 6 Golden Globes, and 2 Academy Award nominations



1953 – Maire Aunaste born, Estonian journalist, television presenter and politician; news reporter for  Aktuaalne kaamera (Current camera), the Estonian language daily news program; member of the Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament) since 2015; currently on the Social Affairs Committee and Study Committee to Solve the Demographic Crisis

1956 – Suez Crisis: The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt

1956 – Hungarian Revolution: After most armed resistance by the revolutionaries had been defeated by an invading Soviet force, Communist leader János Kádár returns to Budapest in a Soviet armored convoy, to be installed by the Soviets as the next Hungarian General Secretary. Kádár remains in office until 1988

1962 – Poor loser Richard Nixon, defeated in his race for governor of California, tells reporters, “You won’t have Nixon to kick around anymore.”



1967 – Carl B. Stokes is elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, the first African American mayor of a major American city

1967 – LBJ signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting

1972 – Richard Nixon is re-elected as U.S president

1973 – U.S. Congress overrides Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, limiting presidential power to wage war without congressional approval

1979 – The Rose, movie starring Bette Midler, premieres in Los Angeles CA

1987 – Singapore’s first Mass Rapid Transit line opens

1989 – ‘Nadya Tolokno’ born as Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Russian conceptual artist and political activist, member of the Anarchist Feminist group Pussy Riot

1990 – Mary Robinson elected as the first woman president of the Republic of Ireland



1991 – Magic Johnson announces he has tested positive for the AIDS virus and is retiring from basketball

1994 – WXYC, student radio station of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, does the world’s first internet radio broadcast

1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor

2000 – George W. Bush is put in the White House on a partisan vote of the Supreme Court, after a month of controversy over election results in Florida

2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the U.S. Senate (D-NY), the first First Lady to win public office

2009 – The Democratic-controlled House narrowly passes, 220-215, the ACA, landmark health care legislation expands coverage to tens of millions without insurance, placing tough new restrictions on the insurance industry



2011 – Two vessels, the Tahrir and the Saoirse, sponsored by Freedom Waves to Gaza, sail from Turkey carrying $30,000 USD worth of medicines, with activists and journalists on board from nine countries. Their aim is to break Israel’s sea blockade of Gaza, which has been in effect since June 2007, when Hamas seized control of the territory. The activists are thwarted by the Israeli Navy



2015 – Terry Simons starts Canine Lymphoma Awareness Day *

2017 – Newspaper reports begin to add details concerning the Texas gunman who killed 26 people at the Sutherland Springs First Baptist Church on November 5. He had been sending threatening text messages to his mother-in-law, who was a member of the congregation, and was able to purchase the assault-style rifle and two handguns which he used in the mass murder, in spite of his 2012 domestic violence conviction, subsequent 12 months in confinement, and discharge from the Air Force. Under federal law, this conviction should have disqualified him from purchasing or possessing firearms. Apparently, the Special Investigations Office at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico failed to enter the record of his conviction in the national database

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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