ON THIS DAY: November 15, 2018

November 15th is

America Recycles Day *

I Love to Write Day *

Philanthropy Day *

Rural Health Day

Sadie Hawkins Day *


MORE! William Herschel, Georgia O’Keeffe and Ronnie Kasrils, click



Austria – Saint Leopold’s Day
(Patron saint of Vienna)

Belgium – King’s Birthday

Brazil – Republic Day

Côte d’Ivoire – National Peace Day

Japan – Shichi Go San
(Shinto festival/children ages 7, 5 & 3)

Sri Lanka – National Tree Planting Day

Turkish North Cyprus – Republic Day

West Bank and Gaza – Independence Day


On This Day in HISTORY

565 – Justin II succeeds his uncle, Justinian I, as emperor of the Byzantine Empire

1492 – “We found a man in a canoe going from Santa Maria to Fernandia. He had with him some dried leaves which are in high value among them, for a quantity of it was brought to me at San Salvador” – from Christopher Columbus’ Journal. A few days before meeting canoe man, Arawaks gave him a gift of “certain dried leaves,” along with some fruit – back on the ship, the fruit was eaten, but the leaves were thrown away

1532 – Francisco Pizarro, with a force of only 106 foot-soldiers and 62 horsemen, arrives at Cajamarca, where the last Sapa Inca (emperor) Atahualpa is camped, with his army of 80,000 men

Pizarro Seizing the Inca of Peru, painted
by John Everett Millais – 1846

1533 – Francisco Pizarro enters Incan capital, Cuzco, to complete the conquest of Peru

1607 – Madeleine de Scudéry born, French writer and salon host; often published her work under her brother’s name; her 10-volume novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus, which contains over two million words, is believed to be the longest novel ever published; acknowledged as the foremost “bluestocking” of Paris in the last half of the 17th century

1708 – William Pitt the elder, first Earl of Chatham, born, British leader of the Whigs during the Seven Years’ War in America (1756-1761); Prime Minister and Lord Privy Seal (1766-1768)

1738 – William Herschel born in Germany, English astronomer and composer

1777 – After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation

1791 – The first U.S. Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors

1806 – Lt. Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains, later named Pikes Peak

1849 – Mary E. Byrd born, American astronomer who used photography to determine cometary positions, and a pioneer in astronomy teaching at the college level, designing a method of teaching Astronomy as a laboratory science combined with field work, and writing one of the first teacher training manuals on the subject; She was the director of the observatory at Smith College (1887-1906), but resigned her position because she disapproved of Smith accepting money from Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller

1867 – The first stock ticker is demonstrated in New York City

1873 – Sara ‘Doctor Jo’ Baker born, American physician and medical inspector for the New York City Department of Health, fought against urban poverty and ignorance to save newborns and children; a pioneer in preventative medicine; invented a safe infant formula which helped women return to work and support their families, an eye drop system to prevent infants from becoming blind as a result of transmitted gonorrhea, and safety lessons and licenses for midwives which reduced childbirth fatalities. She said it was more dangerous to be a child in Hell’s Kitchen than it was to be a soldier on the front lines of World War I, as their mortality rate was three times higher; tracked down Mary Mallon, better known as ‘Typhoid Mary’

1881 –Franklin ‘Pierce’ Adams born, American newspaper columnist, radio show personality; Algonquin Round Table member 1920s-1930s; wrote “Baseball’s Sad Lexicon,” a lament over Chicago Cubs’ “Tinker to Evers to Chance”

1882 – Felix Frankfurter born, American legal scholar; U.S. Supreme Court associate justice (1939-1962)

1887 – Georgia O’Keeffe born, one of America’s foremost 20th century painters, known for landscapes and oversized, close-up paintings of flowers

Red Poppy, painted by Georgia O’Keeffe – 1927

1887 – Marianne Moore born, influential American poet and translator

1889 – The Proclamation of the Republic: Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca declares Brazil a republic as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a non-violent military coup d’état, and Fonseca becomes President and head of the Interim Government

1891 – Averell Harriman born, American statesman; U.S. Ambassador, to the Soviet Union (1943-1946), then to Great Britain (1946); U.s. Representative in Europe during implementation of the Marshall Plan (1948-1950); Ambassador-at-Large and head of the U.S. delegation for the Vietnam War Paris peace talks (1968-1969)

1901 – Miller Reese patents an electrical hearing aid

1915 – WWI: Winston Churchill tenders his letter of resignation as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, leaving office ten days later, to command the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front

Winston Churchill – WWI portrait by John Lavery

1916 – Nita Barrow born, Barbadian nurse, humanitarian activist and politician; first woman Governor-General of Barbados (1990-1995)

1920 – The League of Nations meets for the first time in Geneva, Switzerland

1926 –NBC’s radio network of 24 stations opens with a 4-hour broadcast spectacular

1932 – Petula Clark born, English vocalist, composer and actress; her singing career began at age nine, during WWII, performing for the studio audience at a BBC radio broadcast delayed by a bombing raid; she became part of a WWII troupe entertaining the troops, making hundreds of appearances, often with another child performer, Julie Andrews

1933 – Thailand holds its first election

1934 – Peter Dickinson born, British composer

1937 –  Sadie Hawkins Day * is first mentioned in the Li’l Abner daily comic strip

1938 – Ronnie Kasrils born, South African anti-apartheid activist, member of the South African Communist Party (SACP) and of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK). Due to his activities in South Africa, he fled into exile in 1963, and went on missions in several foreign countries on behalf of the African National Congress (ANC). Appointed by President Nelson Mandela in 1994 as a minister of defense in his Cabinet

1939 – FDR lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington DC

1940 – Under the first peacetime conscription, 75,000 American men are called to Armed Forces duty

1949 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi

1954 – Emma Dent Coad born, British Labour politician; Member of Parliament for Kensington since 2017

1955 – The first phase of the Saint Petersburg Metro opens

1956 – Elvis Presley makes his acting debut in “Love Me Tender”

1958 – Lesley Laird born, Scottish politician; Deputy Leader of the Scottish Labour Party since June 2018; Member of the Scottish Parliament for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath since 2017

1959 – The Clutter family of Holcomb KS murdered, which will inspire Truman Capote’s non-fiction book In Cold Blood

1962 – Judy Gold born, American comedian, television writer and producer; won 2 Daytime Emmys for her writing and producing on The Rosie O’Donnell Show

1966 – NASA’s Gemini 12 splashes down in the Atlantic, completing its final mission

1967 – Cynthia Breazeal born, computer scientist known for her pioneering work in social robotics and human-robot interaction; Associate Professor of Media Arts and Sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cynthia Breazeal on left

1969 – A peaceful demonstration against the Vietnam War is staged by 250,000 protesters in Washington DC

1983 – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declares independence, but only Turkey recognizes it

1984 – An infant who received a baboon’s heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one dies at a California medical center three weeks after the transplant

1985 – The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald

1986 – The first Philanthropy Day * is proclaimed by Ronald Reagan, sponsored by the Association of Fundraising Professionals

1988 – The Palestine National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, proclaims the establishment of an independent Palestinian state

1990 – David Bowie debuts on Broadway as The Elephant Man

1997 – America Recycles Day * is started by the National Recycling Coalition, and declared by Presidential Proclamation, now a Keep American Beautiful program

2002 – John Riddle starts I Love to Write Day *

2006 – Al Jazeera English launches worldwide

2010 – Entrepreneur’s Day * is started by David Hauser and Siamak Taghaddos, co-founders of Grasshopper, and Amir Tehrani of the Legacy Foundation

2011 – Hundreds of police officers in riot gear raid the Occupy Wall Street encampment in New York City, evicting hundreds of protesters, then demolishing the tent city


2013 – Janet Yellen, President Obama’s nominee to replace Ben Bernanke as Federal Reserve chair, testifies before the Senate Banking Committee

2016 – The World Meterological Organization announced at the 22nd annual U.N. Climate Summit, that 2016 is very likely to be the hottest year on record, with an average global temperature of 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels


About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for over 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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