ON THIS DAY: January 28, 2019

January 28th is

Blueberry Pancake Day

National Kazoo Day *

Pride and Prejudice Day *

International Data Privacy Day *

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MORE! Jane Austen, José Martí and Nalia Kabeer, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Armenia – National Army Day

Australia – Australia Day Holiday

Cayman Islands – Heroes Day

New Zealand – Auckland:
St. Jerome’s Laneway Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

661 – Ali ibn Abi Talib, the last Sunni Rashidun caliph, is assassinated by a Kharijite insurrectionist during Ramadan at the Great Mosque of Kufa, in present-day Iraq. Ali, died two days after the assassin struck his head with a poison-coated sword. He was the third successive caliph, after Umar and Uthman, to be assassinated

814 – Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, dies of pleurisy in Aachen



1077 – German King Henry IV treks from Speyer to Canossa Castle in Emilia-Romagna to obtain the revocation of the excommunication imposed on him by Pope Gregory VII over the issue of whether kings or popes had the right of investiture of bishops, then has to humiliate himself on his knees waiting for three days and three nights before the entrance gate of the castle, while a blizzard rages

1368 – Razadarit born, King of Hanthawaddy Pegu (1384-1421), the Mon-speaking kingdom in what is now southern Myanmar

1393 – King Charles VI of France, aged 25, is nearly killed when some dancers’ costumes catch fire at a masquerade ball (he would later be called “Charles the Mad” after an illness with a high fever caused convulsions, and set off increasing bouts of violent insanity – he would come to believe he was made of glass among other delusions)



1547 – Henry VIII dies at age 55 in the Palace of Whitehall, on the 90th anniversary of his father’s birth, his last words are supposedly “Monks! Monks! Monks!”

1573 – Articles of the Warsaw Confederation are signed, extending religious tolerance to nobility and free persons within the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli born, Italian Renaissance physiologist, physicist and mathematician, who followed Galileo’s practice of testing hypotheses against observation, noted for extensive studies the mechanics of animal locomotion

1624 –Sir Thomas Warner founds Britain’s first Caribbean colony on Saint Kitts Island



1701 – Chinese and Tibetan armies fight for control of Dartsedo, a strategic border town and trade center

1706 – John Baskerville born, English printer and type designer; he worked for three years on a quarto edition of Virgil on wove paper, with his own typeface, published in 1757. It made such an impact that he was appointed printer to the University of Cambridge in 1758

1717 – Mustafa III born, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1757-1773); noted for regulating coinage, maintaining aqueducts, building large grain stores, and a strict fiscal policy

1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences is founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, called the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917

1807 – London’s Pall Mall becomes the first street lit by gaslight

1813 – Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is published anonymously in Britain



1820 –Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev lead a Russian expedition which discovers the Antarctic continent

1851 – Northwestern University becomes the first chartered university in Illinois

1853 – Cuban revolutionary José Martí is born in Havana



1855 – A Panama Canal Railway locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for the first time

1862 – Hannah Bachman Einstein born, pioneering American social worker and activist; through her sustained efforts, New York passed the Child Welfare Law of 1915, which established local child welfare boards to oversee public aid to widows and their children. Einstein served as chair of New York City’s board from its establishment in 1915 until her death in 1929, which served as model for similar boards throughout the nation. Einstein also became head of the New York State Association of Child Welfare Boards, and founded the National Union of Public Child Welfare Officers


 Mother and children doing piecework at home 1912


1865 –Lala Lajpta Rai born, nicknamed Punjab Kesari, Indian freedom fighter; after he joined the Indian National Congress (INC), he was deported to Mandalay, Burma (now Myanmar), without trial in May 1907, but Viceroy Lord Minto decided there was insufficient evidence of subversion, and he was allowed to return. Elected President of the INC in 1920; founded Servants of the People Society, a charity to train social workers-independence activists; he was one of the supporters of partitioning India into separate Muslim and Hindu states



1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg born, Finnish jurist and academic; one of the drafters of the Constitution of Finland in 1919, and the first President of Finland (1919-1925)



1873 – Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette born, pen name Colette, French novelist and journalist, author of Gigi, and the Claudine series



1878 – Yale Daily News becomes the first daily college newspaper in the U.S.

1884 – Auguste Piccard born in Switzerland, Belgian physicist-balloonist-deep sea diver



1886 – Princess Marthe Bibesco born Marta Lahovary in Romania, Romanian-French author, socialite and political hostess; noted for her books Isvor, pays des saules (Isvor, Land of Willows) and Au bal avec Marcel Proust (At the Ball with Marcel Proust)


Marthe Bibesco (1911) by Giovanni Boldini


1887 – Arthur Rubinstein born, Polish-American virtuoso pianist



1896 – Walter Arnold of East Peckham, Kent becomes the world’s first motorist to get a speeding ticket, after being chased 5 miles by a constable on a bicycle, and is fined one shilling, plus costs, for speeding at 8 mph (13 km/h), exceeding the speed limit, which at the time of 2 mph (3.2 km/h), and failing to have a flag-bearer walking in front of his vehicle waving a red flag as a warning. The speed limit is later raised to 14 mph

1900 – Alice Neel born, American expressionistic painter, known for portraits


Mother and Child, by Alice Neel (1967)


1902 – The Carnegie Institution of Washington is founded in Washington, D.C. with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie

1903 –Kathleen Lonsdale born, Irish scientist, crystallographer, first woman president of both the International Union of Crystallography and the British Association for the Advancement of Science



1904 – Two months after his debut at NY’s Metropolitan Opera, Enrico Caruso signs his first record deal, with Victor Records



1908 – Julia Ward Howe is the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters



1909 – The last U.S. troops from the Spanish-American War leave Cuba, except for the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, leased by the U.S. since 1903, but protested since 1959 by Cuba’s communist government

1912 – Jackson Pollock born, American abstract painter

The She Wolf, by Jackson Pollock – 1943


1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the U.S. Coast Guard

1916 – Woodrow Wilson appoints Louis D. Brandeis to the Supreme Court, the court’s first Jewish member



1920 – The Spanish Legion is founded, Spain’s equivalent of the French Foreign Legion

1922 – Anna Gordy Gaye born, American R&B composer, songwriter and record producer; founder of the Anna Label



1927 – Vera B. Williams, American children’s author-illustrator; noted for A Chair for My Mother, and It’s a Gingerbread House; awarded 2009 NSK Neustadt Prize for Children’s Literature



1929 – Edith Marie Flanigen born, American chemist, noted for work on synthesis of emeralds, and zeolites for molecular sieves; 2014 recipient of the National Medal of Technology



1932 – After Japanese military instigation of  ‘anti-Japanese incidents’, Japan attacks Shanghai, claiming it needs to protect its trade concession and Japanese citizens

1933 – Choudhry Rahmat Ali Khan coins the name Pakistan, adopted by Muslims seeking independence from India



1935 – Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion

1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195, reaching 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph)

1940 – Beat the Band makes its debut on NBC radio

1944 – John Tavener born, British composer



1944 – Rosalia Mera born, Spanish entrepreneur, co-founder of Zara, the world’s largest fashion retailer; at the time of her death, listed as the world’s richest self-made woman



1945 – Marthe Keller born, Swiss actress, noted as a director of opera since 1999, at the Opéra National du Rhin in Alsace, for the Washington (DC) National Opera, Los Angeles Opera, and in 2004, a production of Don Giovanni at the Metropolitan Opera



1947 – Jeanne Shaheen born, American Democratic politician, first woman U.S. senator from New Hampshire (2009 to present), and first woman governor of New Hampshire (1997-2003), the first woman elected as both a Governor and a U.S. Senator in American history



1950 – Nalia Kabeer born in India, Bangladeshi social economist and author; current president of the International Association for Feminist Economics (IAFFE) through 2019; expert on South and South East Asian gender, poverty, and labor markets; The Quest for National Identity: Women, Islam and the State in Bangladesh (1989)



1956 – Elvis Presley makes his first American TV appearance on The Dorsey Brothers

1958 – The Lego company patents Lego bricks, still compatible with today’s bricks

1960 – Loren Legarda born, Filipina politician, and environmentalist; Chair of the Philippines Senate Foreign Relations Committee since 2017, Chair of the Senate Climate Change Committee since 2009, and Chair of the Philippine Senate Environment and Natural Resources Committee (2013-2016) ; Senator since 2007, and previously from 1998 to 2004



1965 – The current design of the national flag of Canada is chosen by an act of Parliament



1969 – Linda Sánchez born, American Democratic politician; U.S. Representative from California (2013 to present), currently serving on the House Ways and Means Committee, and a ranking member on the Ethics Committee; previous Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, current Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference fifth-ranking position in House Democratic leadership, the first Hispanic and first woman of color elected to this level of leadership in the House



1971 – General Idi Amin Dada, three days after he overthrew Ugandan President Milton Obote, releases all political prisoners held by Obote’s government, and names 17 new Cabinet Ministers

1980 – Six U.S. diplomats, after avoiding being taken hostage at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, fly out of Iran under false identities

1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts remaining U.S. domestic petroleum price and allocation controls to end the 1979 energy crisis. The 1980s oil glut starts shortly after

1981 – The Council of Europe opens for signature the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, In 2007, they launch the first International Data Protection Day *



1983 – The first National Kazoo Day * is launched by Willard Rahn of the Joyful Noise Kazoo Band



1985 – Supergroup USA for Africa (United Support of Artists for Africa) records the hit single We Are the World, to raise funds for Ethiopian famine relief

1986 – NASA’s Space Shuttle Challenger explodes, killing all 7 astronauts on board



1997 – The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission confirms newspaper reports that five former security police officers have confessed to the 1977 murder of Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko, and have made a formal amnesty application

2003 – George W. Bush claims in his State of the Union address that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein sought uranium from Africa, later disputed by former ambassador Joseph Wilson, who was asked by the CIA to investigate

2009 –President Barack Obama’s $819 billion stimulus bill is promptly approved by the Democratic-controlled House

2011 – A Madonna and Child by Titian sets a new auction record for the artist, selling for $16.9 million at Sotheby’s in New York



2013 – A bipartisan Senate committee unveils its outline for comprehensive immigration reform, aiming to create a tough but fair path to citizenship for unauthorized immigrants

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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5 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 28, 2019

  1. Malisha says:

    When I was 16 I started working in a highway diner (this was before the big chains dotted all the highways) and there was a jukebox; three songs for a quarter. “I’m Ennery the Eighth I am” was played on the box about half a dozen times every night. It was hilarious and a great beat:

    “I’m her eighth old man and I’m Ennery,
    Ennery the Eighth I am!”
    and my favorite line from the song:
    “Second verse, same as the first!”

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