ON THIS DAY: October 15, 2019

October 15th is

International Rural Women’s Day *

I Love Lucy Day *

World Maths Day *

Breast Health Day *

National Grouch Day *

World Students Day *

White Cane Safety Day *

Global Handwashing Day

Latino AIDS Awareness Day

_____________________________________

MORE! Isabella Bird, Varian Fry and Oscar the Grouch, click

_____________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Parramatta:
Beats, Eats and Arts Festival

Brazil – Teachers Day

Burkina Faso – 1987 Coup d’État Anniversary

Cambodia – Norodom Sihanouk
(Hommage Day for late King Father)

Costa Rica – Límon: Límon Carnival

Croatia – Dubrovnik: Good Food Festival

French Guiana – Cayenne Festival

India – New Delhi: India Construction Festival

Malawi – Mother’s Day (Rural Women’s Day)

Nigeria – Lagos: Felabration at Freedom Park

Portugal – Albufeira: Costa del Folk Portugal

South Africa – Cape Town:
Hogsback & Bedford Flower Festivals

Switzerland – Basel:
Festival of Biologics

Thailand – King Bhumibol’s Death Anniversary

Tunisia – Fête nationale de l’evacuation

United Kingdom – New Forest National Park:
New Forest Walking Festival (ends Nov-3-2019)

_____________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

70 BC – Virgil born as Publius Vergilius Maro, Augustan period Roman poet; author of three of the most famous poems in Latin: the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the Aeneid



1066 – Edgar Ætheling, 15-years-old and the last male member of the royal house of Cerdic of Wessex, is proclaimed King of England, but never crowned. He was born in exile in Hungary, and came to England with his family at age six. Never fully acknowledged as his uncle’s heir, with no powerful relatives to champion his cause, he sat on the throne for less than three months, while disorganized military attempts to stop William the Conqueror fail. Edgar reluctantly pays homage to his successor at William’s coronation

1529 – The Siege of Vienna ends as the Austrians rout the invading Turks, turning the tide against almost a century of unchecked conquest throughout eastern and central Europe by the Ottoman Empire


Siege of Vienna – 1529 by Pieter Snayers

1582 – The worldwide adoption of the Gregorian calendar begins in the Roman Catholic nations. Eventually, all nations except Ethiopia, Iran and Afghanistan will use some version of it for civil purposes

1608 – Evangelista Torricelli born, Italian physicist and mathematician; the inventor of the barometer, and successor, upon Galileo’s death, to Galileo’s posts as mathematician to Grand Duke Ferdinando II de’ Medici and chair of mathematics at the University of Pisa



1686 – Allan Ramsay born, Scottish poet, playwright, publisher and bookseller, collector of old lowland Scots poetry, and impresario of the early Enlightenment Edinburgh


   Allan Ramsay – 1722 – by William Aikman

1764 – Edward Gibbon sees friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter,  inspiring him write The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire



1783 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and the Marquis d’Arlandes make the first of a series of tethered test flights in the Montgolfier brothers balloon, becoming the first humans to make an ascent into the skies, preparing for their first free flight, which will happen the following month



1793 – French Queen Marie Antoinette is tried by the Revolutionary Tribunal for everything from misappropriating Treasury funds to incest with her son Louis Charles



1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte begins his exile on St. Helena

1830 – Helen Hunt Jackson born, American author, poet and activist for improved treatment of Native Americans by U.S. Government; author of Ramona



1831 – Isabella Bird born, born, intrepid British explorer, writer, naturalist and photographer; co-founder with Fanny Jane Butler of the John Bishop Memorial Hospital in Srinagar. In 1890, she was the first woman to be elected Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Bird was also elected to the Royal Photographic Society in 1897. Her many books include: Unbeaten Tracks in Japan; A Lady’s Life in the Rocky Mountains; the 2-volume Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan; and  Among the Tibetans



1836 – James Tissot born, French painter and illustrator; notable genre painter of fashionably dressed women, and Biblical characters


Self-Portrait by James Tissot, 1865

1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche born, German cultural critic, philosopher, classical philologist and poet, who profoundly influenced modern philosophical thinking



1860 – Grace Bedell, 11 years old, writes a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, telling him he would look better if he grew a beard

1869 – Girton College, Cambridge is founded, England’s first residential college for women. Women are originally only granted titular degrees – the title of a Bachelor or Master of Arts, but not full rights – they couldn’t vote in the university Senate, sit on committees, or use the library, museums, or laboratories of Cambridge


Girton College

1880 – Marie C. C. Stopes born, Scottish palaeobotantist and poet; advocate of birth control, women’s rights, and eugenics .In 1902, she earned her doctorate at Munich University‎, for work on fossilized plants. She became the first woman academic on the faculty of the University of Manchester. Stopes was the editor of Birth Control News, and author of Married Love, a controversial but influential sex manual published in 1918; she opposed abortion, arguing that it would not be needed if contraceptives prevented unplanned pregnancies. Her campaign was largely responsible for the founding of Britain’s first family planning clinic in Holloway, north London, without publicity in March 1921. The clinic  offered a free service to married women only. Its aim was two-fold: first, to reach the poor and give them access to birth control, and second, to gather scientific data about contraception. Her reputation was later hurt by her eugenic concerns of “impending racial darkness”



1881 – P. G. Wodehouse born, English novelist, playwright and one of the most widely read humorists of the 20th century; creator of Bertie Wooster and the inimitable Jeeves



1883 – The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, so individuals and corporations can discriminate based on race

1888 – Willard Huntington Wright, aka S.S. Van Dine, is born, American art critic, editor and author of the popular Philo Vance detective novels



1892 – U.S. government announces 1.8 million acres in western Montana, bought from the Crow Indians for 50 cents per acre, are open to settlers

1905 – C.P. Snow born, English novelist and physical chemist; known for his series Strangers and Brothers and his 1959 lecture, published as The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, about his view of a growing communication gap between members of the scientific and humanities professions



1906 – Alicia Patterson born, American publisher, founder and editor of Newsday



1906 – Victoria Spivey born, record producer, songwriter, 1920s blues singer. She was a member of the all-black cast of the 1929 film Hallelujah



1907 – Varian Fry born, American journalist who ran a rescue network during the early years of WWII in Vichy France, which helped over a thousand anti-Nazi and Jewish refugees to escape from capture and the Holocaust, including Marc Chagall, Max Ernst, Pablo Casals and Hannah Arendt. Hiram Bingham IV, the American Vice Consul in Marseilles issued thousands of visas, not always legally, to enable Fry and his allies to get people from France to Portugal, where the Unitarian Service Committee in Lisbon aided refugees with papers and passage on ships. Fry was the first American to be recognized as “Righteous Among the Nations” by the State of Israel



1908 – Olivia Ensor Coolidge born in Britain, American author of historical books for Young Adults, many about Ancient Greeks and Romans; and biographies for adults, including one on Edith Wharton



1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith born, Canadian-American economist and diplomat; U.S. Ambassador to India (1961-1963)

1914 – The Clayton Antitrust Act is passed by U.S. Congress

1922 – Agustina Bessa-Luís born, Portuguese writer and executive; director of the daily newspaper, O Primeiro de Janeiro, (1986-1987); director of the D. Maria II National Theatre in Lisbon (1990-1993); noted for her novel, translated as The Lands of Risk



1923 – The Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic. After passive resistance in the Ruhr, Germany’s industrial heartland, severely slows down the economy, the government’s unbridled printing of extra paper money to compensate puts the Papiermark into freefall on the currency market

1923 – Italo Calvino born, Italian author and journalist, noted for his Our Ancestors trilogy, and his novel Invisible Circus

1924 – Marguerite Andersen born, in Germany, Canadian French-language author, noted for Le Figuier sur le toit, which won a 2009 Trillium Award



1931 – World Students Day * honors A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, born on this day, Indian scientist and statesman, President of India (2002-2007)



1932 – Tata Air Services (now Air India, the flag carrier airline of India) makes its first flight.  The airline was founded by J.R.D. Tata, who was the pilot for this inaugural flight in one of the two airplanes owned by the company, a single-engine de Havilland Puss Moth, to carry air mail from Karachi to Bombay

1937 – To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway is published

1939 – New York Municipal Airport is dedicated, later renamed La Guardia Airport

1943 – Penny Marshall born, American actress, producer and director, noted for directing Big, the first film directed by an American woman to gross over $100 million USD in the U.S.; and for her films Awakenings, A League of Their Own and Renaissance Man



1945 – Pierre Laval, former premier of Vichy France, is executed for treason

1946 – Hermann Goering, Gestapo founder, convicted as a Nazi war criminal, poisons himself hours before his scheduled execution

1948 – Dr. Frances L. Willoughby becomes the first woman doctor in the regular U.S. Navy

1951 – I Love Lucy Day * – I Love Lucy premieres on CBS-TV



1953 – Teahouse of the August Moon opens on Broadway

1954 – Julia Yeomans born, British theoretical physicist and academic; active in the fields of soft condensed matter and biological physics



1955 – Emma Chichester Clark born, British children’s book author and illustrator, known for her Blue Kangaroo series



1964 – Announcement that Soviet Leader Nikita S. Khrushchev has been removed from office, succeeded as premier by Alexei N. Kosygin and as Communist Party secretary by Leonid I. Brezhnev

1964 – White Cane Safety Day * was first proclaimed (H.R. 753 joint resolution) by President Lyndon Johnson

1966 – Huey Newton and Bobby Seale found the Black Panther Party



1969 – The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam draws over ten million demonstrators across the U.S., including about 250,000 at a candlelit march around the White House in Washington DC

1971 – The start of Iran’s 2.500 year celebration of the Persian Empire

1976 – National Grouch Day * is launched, inspired by Oscar the Grouch on Sesame Street



1984 – The Freedom of Information Act is passed

1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up the USSR



1990 – South Africa’s Separate Amenities Act, which had barred blacks from public facilities for decades, is scrapped

1991 – The “Oh-My-God particle”, an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray measured at 40,000,000 times that of the highest energy protons produced in a particle accelerator is observed at the University of Utah HiRes observatory in Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

1993 – Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk are named co-winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end apartheid in South Africa



1994 – Breast Health Day * – Europa Donna, the European Breast Cancer Coalition, founded by affiliated groups from 47 European countries

1998 – The U.N. condemns U.S. for Cuba embargo for the seventh time

2001 – NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io



2007 – First World Maths Day * an online international mathematics competition, powered by educational resource provider 3P Learning

2007 – U.N. General Assembly adopts a resolution designating October 15 as the International Day of Rural Women *



2011 – Global protests are launched under the slogan “United for #Global Change” across Europe, parts of the Middle East, and in the U.S.; the largest protests are in Spain, involving over 500,000 people in Madrid and 400,000 in Barcelona; issues raised: growing economic inequality, corporate influence over government and international institutions, blocking public participation in the democratic process

2015 – Lawyers for former House Speaker Dennis Hastert said he had struck an agreement with prosecutors to plead guilty to agreeing to pay a man hush money to conceal past wrongdoing. The case reportedly involved sexual misconduct with a male student when Hastert was a high school teacher and wrestling coach. Hastert, who served 20 years in Congress and spent nine years as House speaker, was charged in May with structuring $1.7 million in withdrawals to evade bank reporting laws, then lying about it to federal investigators

_____________________________________

 

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.