ON THIS DAY: November 11, 2019

November 11th is

World Origami Day *

Pocky Day *

National Sundae Day

(U.S.) Veterans Day

Red Lipstick Day *

Homunculus Awareness Day

National Numbered Highways Day *

_______________________________________

MORE! Abigail Adams, Leó Sziláed and Malala Yousafzai, click

_______________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Angola – Independence Day

Austria – Vienna: Art & Antique Vienna

Belgium, France, New Zealand
and Serbia – Armistice Day (WWI)

Bhutan – Constitution Day/Birthday
of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck

Bolivia – Oruro: Primer Convite Carnaval

China – Singles Day

Columbia – Cartagena:
Independencia de Cartagena

Croatia – Children’s Day

Netherlands and Sint Maarten:
Saint Martin’s Day *

India – National Education Day

Japan – Pocky & Pretz Day *

Latvia –  Lāčplēša Day *
(Freedom Fighters’ Memorial Day)

Maldives – Republic Day

Poland – Independence Day *

South Korea – Pepero Day
(candy exchange day)

Switzerland –Sursee: Gansabhauet
(Cutting of the Goose *)

Uganda – Kampala: Tuzinne Festival
Where Human Rights Dance

United Kingdom and Commonwealth –
Remembrance Day (WWI)

_________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

397 –St. Martin, Bishop of Tours, dies on November 8. November 11 is his feast day* Many eat goose on this date, because a honking goose revealed where he was hiding from clergy who wanted to make him Bishop. Old folklore holds that one can stand in the back of a church on Martinmas and see auras around the heads of congregants who will not be living by the next Martinmas



1215 – 4th Lateran Council defines the doctrine of  transubstantiation, the belief that bread and wine used in Communion transforms into the body and blood of Christ

1441(?) – Charlotte of Savoy born, she became the second wife of Louis, Dauphin of France in 1451, but it was not a happy marriage. When Louis succeeded his father, Charles VII, in 1461, he abandoned Charlotte in Burgundy, and she had to borrow from Isabella of Bourbon the entourage and carts needed to travel to the French court, but Charles secluded her household at the Château of Amboise. Her library there would become the genesis of the Bibliothèque nationale of France. She nevertheless served as regent during his absence in 1465, and she was a member of the royal regency council during the minority of her son, Charles, until her death at age 42 in December, 1483. Her daughter Anne took control of France until the coronation of Charles VIII in 1484

1493 – Paracelsus born, Swiss physician, alchemist, botanist and astrologer; the “father of toxicology”



1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed by the male passengers of the Mayflower in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, establishing government based on male majority vote and allegiance to the crown.

1634 – Pressured by Anglican Bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes ‘An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.’ In 1640, Bishop Atherton and his steward are tried and executed for buggery.

1675 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German polymath, demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y=f (x)

1744 – Abigail Adams born, politically influential First Lady, early advocate for women’s rights



1750 – Qing dynasty Ambans, commissioners sent to govern Tibet, are killed in a riot, along with the majority of Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa, after the Tibetan regent is murdered. Qing Troops are sent, and quickly quell the rebellion.

1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky born, Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and philosopher; Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov



1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged for inciting a violent slave uprising

1839 – The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is founded in Lexington, Virginia

1851 – Alvan Clark patents a telescope

1865 – Bhutan cedes areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company in the Treaty of Sinchula



1866 – Martha Annie Whitely born, English chemist and mathematician; she was an advocate for women’s acceptance in the field of chemistry, and campaigned for their entry into the Chemical Society. She graduated from the Royal Hollyway College for Women in 1890 with a B.Sc. in chemistry from the University of London, and remained there to earn an honor in an undergraduate degree in mathematical moderations from University of Oxford. Whitely was science mistress as Wimbleton High School (1891-1990).  She became science lecturer at a college for women teachers, St. Gabriel’s Training College, Camberwall (1901-1902), while also working on the organic chemistry of barbiturate compounds at the Royal College of Science, and earned her D.Sc. in 1902 from the Royal College of Science; her dissertation was on the preparation and properties of amides and oximes. In 1904, she joined the staff at the College of Science, one of only two women to stay on the professional staff when the college merged with the newly formed Imperial College in 1907.  In 1912, Whiteley founded the Imperial College Women’s Association with help from rector Sir Alfred Keogh, an association devoted to helping the women of the college gain equal treatment in the field of chemistry. Whitely fought for everything from women’s cloakroom facilities at the college to admittance of women into the Fellowship of the Chemical Society, but had only limited success with the society until the passage of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act of 1919 ended prohibiting women from professions because of their gender. During WWI, the chemical laboratories at the Imperial College were utilized to analyze samples collected from battlefields and areas that had been bombed. Whitely and her colleagues focused on analyzing lachrymators and irritants. She worked with Frances Micklethwait and six other women scientists in an experimental trench testing mustard gas and explosives.  The work was hazardous: Whitely wounded her arm whilst testing mustard gas on herself. She also worked on developing syntheses of drugs that had previously been imported from Germany including beta-Eucaine, Phenacetin  and Procaine. In 1920, Whiteley received the honor of the Order of British Empire for her scientific contributions to war efforts. Whitely retired from the Imperial College in 1934, but continued work in editing and contributing to Thorpe’s Dictionary of Applied Chemistry with co-author Sir Jocelyn Field Thorpe. After Thorpe’s death in 1939, Whiteley became the principal editor of twelve volumes of the fourth edition of Thorpe’s Dictionary of Applied Chemistry. She completed her contributions at the age of 88 in 1954, and died in 1956 at age 89. The Royal Society of Chemistry identified her as of the society’s 175 Faces of Chemistry



1868 – Édouard Vuillard born, French painter

La Comtesse Lanskoy, circa 1935, by Édouard Vuillard

1869 – The colony of Victoria, Australia passes the ‘Aborginal Protection Act’ giving extensive powers to its Board of Protection of Aborigines, including regulation of where they could live and work, and who they could marry.  While the Board did provide institutional care for some children fathered by white men and abandoned by their mothers (often the victims of sexual trafficking or rape), they also removed “half-caste” children, especially girls, from their Aboriginal families, creating the ‘Stolen Generation’

1887 – Four anarchist labor activists are executed for conspiracy to commit murder, even though there was no evidence that any of them were involved in the bombing at Haymarket Square. The ‘Haymarket Riot’ in Chicago’s Haymarket Square began as a peaceful rally supporting workers striking for an 8-hour day and mourning the police killing of six strikers. An unknown person threw a bomb at the policemen trying to disperse the public meeting, and the blast, combined with gunfire, resulted in the death of 7 police officers and at least 4 civilians, while scores of others were wounded



1891 – Grunya Sukhareva born, Soviet child psychiatrist; noted for being the first to publish a detailed description of autistic symptoms in 1925. It was published in German in 1926, and Sula Wolff translated it into English in 1996; Sukhareva founded a Faculty of Pediatric Psychiatry in the Central Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education. In 1938, she led a clinic specializing in childhood psychosis under the Russian SFSR Ministry of Agriculture and Food



1895 – Wealthy Consuelo Babcock born (Wealthy is her first name, not an adjective), American mathematician; received a master’s in 1922 and a doctorate in 1926, both from the University of Kansas, where she taught for 30 years; the university’s Wealthy Babcock Mathematics Library was named in her honor



1896 – Shirley Graham Du Bois born, African-American author, playwright, composer, and civil and human rights activist; director of the Chicago Negro Unit of the Federal Theatre Project of the WPA; member of Sojourners for Truth and Justice, which worked for global women’s liberation, and the American Communist Party. She married her second husband, W.E.B. Dubois, in 1951, and they emigrated to Ghana, where he died in 1963. After a coup d’état in 1967, she left, and later became a citizen of Tanzania. Noted for There Was Once a Slave, about Frederick Douglass, and Zulu Heart



1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason born, American historian and novelist; started by writing for the pulp fiction magazines, then wrote intrigue novels, many featuring Captain Hugh North, but concentrated more on historical fiction from the late 1930s on. Seeds of Murder, Saigon Singer, Three Harbors, Our Valiant Few, Guns for Rebellion 



1914 – Daisy Gatson Bates born, American civil rights activist, publisher, and journalist. She and her husband founded the Arkansas State Press, a statewide weekly newspaper in 1941, which ran civil rights stories on its front page, highlighted achievements of black Arkansans, covered all the Black Arkansas social news, and reported on violations of the Supreme Court’s desegregation rulings. In 1952, Daisy was elected president of the Arkansas Conference of NAACP branches. Because of their newspaper, and because she was the spokesperson for the Arkansas NAACP, during the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957, white advertisers withdrew their ads from the paper, and the KKK twice burned large crosses on their front lawn. She was an adviser to the Little Rock Nine, who were harassed by mobs and kept out of Little Rock High School by the Arkansas National Guard, called out by Governor Orval Faubus. According to U.S. Attorney for the Eastern Arkansas District Orso Cobb, “Mrs. Daisy Bates and her charges arrived at the school. . . admitted through one of the less conspicuous entrances. Seconds later, a white female student climbed through a first-story window and yelled that she wasn’t going to school with ‘niggers’. . . television cameras showed a crowd that was calm.  None was visibly armed in any way. . . . some eight agitators known to the Federal Bureau of Investigation . . . were there for no good purpose but to create as much chaos as possible. They had no children in the school; they were provocateurs . . . “Let’s get those niggers out of there.”… The agitators first tried to bully the police into defecting. … Tempers began to rise … The leaders of each assault on the police lines were collared and put into police wagons and taken to jail. More than forty persons were taken into custody. No one in the crowd tried to intervene to prevent the arrests and removal of the troublemakers. No one in the crowd had clubs or weapons of any kind. These two points convinced me that 98 percent of the people there were not part of an organized mob.” “The perseverance of Mrs. Bates and the Little Rock Nine during these turbulent years sent a strong message throughout the South that desegregation worked and the tradition of racial segregation under “Jim Crow” would no longer be tolerated in the United States of America.”



1915 – Anna Jacobson Schwartz born, American economist, monetary expert and author

1918 – Fighting in World War I comes to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany

1918 – Józef Piłsudski is appointed Commander in Chief of Polish forces by the Regency Council – he proclaims an independent Polish state, celebrated as Poland’s Independence Day,* and in Austria, Emperor Charles I relinquishes power over both  Austria and Hungary without abdicating, hoping the people would vote to recall him, but after the election, he and his wife eventually go into exile

1919 – Latvians defeat the Freikorps (mostly German mercenaries) at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence, celebrated as Lāčplēša Day *



1921 – U.S. President Harding dedicates the ‘Tomb of the Unknowns’ at Arlington National Cemetery

1922 – Kurt Vonnegut born, American novelist and short story writer; Cat’s Cradle, Slaughterhouse-Five, Breakfast of Champions



1926 – The United States Numbered Highway System * is established, coordinated by the American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials

1926 – Maria Teresa de Filippis born, Italian woman pioneer in auto racing, the first woman to race in Formula One. She was active in 1958-1959, participating in five World Championship Grands Prix



1930 – Albert Einstein and Leó Sziláed patent their invention, the Einstein refrigerator



1930 –  Mildred Dresselhaus born, American physicist and academic, known for work on graphite and carbon nanotubes; first woman Institute Professor and professor emerita of physics and electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She won numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the National Medal of Science, the Enrico Fermi Award and the Vannevar Bush Award



1934 – The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is opened

1937 – Alicia Ostriker born, American Jewish feminist poet and scholar; professor of English at Rutgers University sine 1972; noted for her poetry collections: Once More Out of Darkness, which featured poems about pregnancy and childbirth; A Dream of Springtime; and the feminist classic The Mother-Child Papers, inspired by the birth of her son during the Vietnam War, just weeks after the Kent State shootings. Her collection, The Imaginary Lover, won the William Carlos Williams Award of the Poetry Society of America. Her non-fiction work includes Writing Like a Woman, which explores the poetry of contemporary poets like Anne Sexton, May Swenson and Adrienne Rich; and The Nakedness of the Fathers: Biblical Vision and Revisions, which takes a look at the Torah, which was followed by For the Love of God.  In 2018, she was named as the New York State Poet

1938 – Kate Smith sings Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America” for the first time on network radio

1940 – Barbara Boxer born, American Democratic politician; U.S. Senator from California (1993-2017), who served on the Senate Environment Committee (2015-2017), and as Chair the Senate Ethics Committee (2007-2015). She was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California (1983-1993). Boxer was on the Marin County Board of Supervisors (1976-1982), and was the board’s first woman president.  She is the author of two novels, A Time to Run, and Blind Trust



1940 – The Jeep makes its debut



1942 – Diane Wolkstein born, American folklorist and children’s author; she was New York City’s official Storyteller (1968-1971), and hosted a radio show, Stories From Many Lands (1968-1980). Noted for The Magic Orange Tree and Other Haitian Folktales; White Wave: A Chinese Tale; The Red Lion: A Tale of Ancient Persia; and The Magic Wings: A Tale from China. Wolkstein was in Taiwan to research Chinese folk tales when she underwent emergency heart surgery, and died at age 70  

1954 – Mary Gaitskill born, American novelist, essayist and short story writer whose work has appeared in The New Yorker, Harper’s and Esquire magazines. Noted for her essay about being raped, “On Not Being a Victim” published in Harper’s. Her novel Veronica was a 2005 National Book Award finalist

1960 – A military coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed

1960 – Cristina Odone born in British Kenya, British-Italian journalist, editor and author; Founder and CEO of the National Parenting Organization. She had been Editor of  The Catholic Herald, Deputy Editor of the New Statesman and director of the Centre for Character and Values at the Legatum Institute. Known for her novels: The Shrine; A Perfect Wife; and The Good Divorce Guide

1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait

1964 – Margarete Bagshaw born, American artist, a descendant of the Tewa people of the Santa Clara Pueblo, granddaughter of noted artist Pablita Velarde; known for her paintings and pottery. She died at age 50 in 2015, after a stroke and being diagnosed with brain cancer



1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence

1966 – NASA launches Gemini 12

1966 – Pocky Day * – Japan’s Ezaki Glico launches the Pocky * a chocolate-coated biscuit stick; in 1999, the company launches Pocky & Pretz Day * – Pretz is another biscuit stick



1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden

1972 – The U.S. Army turns over its base at Long Binh to the South Vietnamese army, symbolizing the end of direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War

1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December

1975 – Angola becomes independent from Portugal

1980 – The Friends of The Origami Center of America (now OrigamiUSA) is founded, sponsors of World Origami Day

1981 – Antigua & Barbuda joins the United Nations



1984 – The USS Ohio, the first Trident class submarine, is commissioned

1987 – Vincent Van Gogh’s Irises sold for a record $53.9 million



1992 – The General Synod of the Church of England votes to ordain women priests

1993 – A sculpture honoring American women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.



1993 – An agreement was reached to repeal Section 29 of the South African Internal Security Act (ISA), which allowed detention without trial, and for the restructuring of the South African police and the South African Defence Force (SADF)

1997 – Metallica releases its single “The Memory Remains”

1999 – The House of Lords Act is given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage

2000 – Republicans go to court seeking an order to block manual recounts from continuing in Florida’s presidential election

2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington

2006 – Queen Elizabeth II unveils the New Zealand War Memorial in London, UK, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army



2013 – The first Red Lipstick Day * is launched to support survivors of sexual violence around the world

2013 – Malala Yousafzai’s memoir, I Am Malala, is an international best-seller, but it has been banned in private schools in Pakistan, her home country. School administrators complain that the book degrades Islam and that its teenage author acted like a “propaganda tool of the West”



2017 – An estimated 60,000 white nationalists marched in Warsaw on the 99th anniversary of Poland’s independence from Germany, and the Austro-Hungaria and Russian Empires. Some of the demonstrators threw red smoke bombs and carried signs with slogans like, “Europe must be white,” “white Europe of brotherly nations,” and “pray for an Islamic Holocaust.” They shouted chants including, “glory to our heroes,” “pure Poland, white Poland, “refugees get out,” and “death to enemies of the homeland.” Among the marchers were supporters of Poland’s governing party, Law and Justice (PiS). Interior Minister Mariusz Blaszczak downplayed the racist elements in comments praising the “beautiful sight” of Poles celebrating independence. PiS is still the majority party in the Polish parliament

_________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 11, 2019

  1. rich1698 says:

    I remember buying I am Malala when it came out

    • wordcloud9 says:

      In 2018, she finally got to go home for a visit:

      Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai returned to her hometown in Pakistan on Saturday for the first time since she was shot by the Taliban in 2012, according to security sources.

      Yousafzai, 20, arrived by helicopter and went straight to her old house in Mingora in the Swat valley. Yousafzai also visited her old school.

      She left a note in the school’s guestbook, which reads:
      “My first visit to Swat valley after 5 and half years since the attack. I have felt so happy. I am proud of my land and culture. The cadet college is beautiful and I thank the staff and principal for welcoming me. Best wishes and prayers, Malala.”

Comments are closed.