ON THIS DAY: March 14, 2020

March 14th is

International Ask A Question Day *

Potato Chip Day

Learn About Butterflies Day

MOTH-er (Collectors) Day

National Pi Day *

Science Education Day

International Day of Action for Rivers *


MORE! Sylvia Beach, Zoia Horn and Rushanara Ali, click



Sikhism – Nanakshahi New Year – first day of Chet

Albania – Dita e Verës të Ri
(Summer Day)

Andorra – Constitution Day

Australia – Melbourne: Make It Rain
(Brushfire Aid community fundraiser)

Brazil – Blumenau: Festival
Brasileiro da Cerveja (beer)

Canada – Mississauga:
Hands-On Workshop (puppetry)

Estonia – Mother Tongue Day

France – Huez:
TomorrowlandWinter Festival

Indonesia – Jakarta City:
Jomblo Festival (5K run and music)

Japan and South Korea – White Day
(men respond to valentine gifts from women)

Kenya – Nairobi: Dadasphere Festival

Mexico – Mexico City: Vive Latino (music)

Monaco – Monte Carlo: Spring Arts Festival

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines –
National Heroes Day

Nigeria – Lagos: Bread Festival

South Africa – Cape Town:
Taalmonument Choral Festival

Thailand – Bangkok:  Very Festival Spring-Break


On This Day in HISTORY

44 BC – Casca and Cassius decide, on the night before  assassinating Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should live

1489 – Caterina Cornaro, last Queen of Cyprus, goes into exile, after being forced to abdicate, and sell to the Republic of Venice the administration of Cyprus

1493 – Christopher Columbus writes a letter describing the indigenous people he encountered as “men of great deference and kindness”

1592 – Ultimate Pi Day: the largest correspondence between calendar dates and significant digits of pi since the introduction of the Julian calendar

Lady Philippa Speke, by unknown artist, dated 1592 –
Can you find the three Pi added to the picture?

1629 – A British Royal charter is granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony

1681 – Georg Philipp Telemann born, notable and prolific German Baroque composer

1743 – The first American town hall meeting, at Boston’s Faneuil Hall

1782 – Battle of Wuchale: Ethiopian troops of Emperor Tekle Giyorgos I defeat a force of Oromo, a pastoral people who had their own language, culture and religion, and were living in southern Ethiopia, but began moving north in the late 16th century, looking for more grazing land, and attempting to get away from slave traders

1794 – Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin

1804 – Johann Strauss I born, Austrian Romantic composer, popularized the waltz; his son, Johann Strauss II, would be known as “The Waltz King”

1815 – Josephine Lang born, German composer and pianist, primarily noted for songs and choral works

1833 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor born, women’s rights advocate, first American woman to graduate from dental school, as a Doctor of Dental Surgery. She had been denied entrance into dental schools between 1861 and 1865, so she practiced without a diploma until the Iowa State Dental Society supported her ambition for a college degree and demanded her admission, so she was accepted by the Ohio College of Dentistry. After graduation, she practiced for a short time in Chicago, then married James M. Taylor and taught him dentistry. The couple moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in December, 1867, opened a joint office and built a prosperous practice

1836 – Isabella Mayson Beeton born, author, cookery columnist and journalist, “Mrs. Beeton” known for her 1861 book Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management

1851 – Anna C. Maxwell born, American nurse, served as superintendent for several nursing schools; involved in nursing in both the Spanish-American War and WWI, awarded the Medaille de l’Hygiene Publique by the French government for her work in WWI, one of the first women buried at Arlington National Cemetery

1854 – Paul Ehrlich born, German biologist and immunologist, shared 1908 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his contributions to immunology

1863 – Casey Jones born, American railroad engineer

1864 – Samuel Baker discovers another source of the Nile in East Africa, naming it Lake Albert Nyanza

1868 – Emily Murphy born, Canadian jurist, author, and activist; first female magistrate in Canada, one of the ‘Famous Five’ whose Persons Case which went all the way to the Privy Council of England, and establishes Canadian women as ‘persons’ under the law

1879 – Albert Einstein born in Germany, theoretical physicist; E = mc² called “the world’s most famous equation”; 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”

1887 – Sylvia Beach born, American ex-pat proprietor of the famous English-language bookstore in Paris, Shakespeare & Company, a gathering place for ‘Lost Generation’ Americans, like Ernest Hemingway, Man Ray, Gertrude Stein and F. Scott Fitzgerald; original publisher of James Joyce’s controversial novel Ulysses

1891 – The submarine Monarch lays telephone cable along the bottom of the English Channel to prepare for the first telephone links across the Channel

1894 – Osa Leighty Johnson born, American documentary filmmaker, author and adventurer; with her husband, Martin, studies wildlife and peoples in East and Central Africa, South Pacific Islanders and aborigines of British North Borneo, creates feature films like Among the Cannibal Isles of the South Seas, Trailing Wild African Animals. Osa’s Four Years in Paradise,and Across the World with Mr. and Mrs. Johnson; her autobiography, I Married Adventure, was the best-selling non-fiction book of 1940; after her husband’s death, her show, The Big Game Hunt, debuts in 1952, the first TV wildlife series; The Martin and Osa Johnson Safari Museum is in Chanute KS, her hometown

Osa Johnson with Wah-Wah the Gibbon

1900 – The 1900 Gold Standard Act establishes gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, ending bimetallism  (allowing silver to be exchanged for gold)

1902 – Margaret A. Hickey born, American attorney, journalist, and women’s rights activist; as a lawyer, she worked primarily in poverty law because of the Depression, and established the Margaret Hickey School for Secretaries in 1933; chaired the Women’s Advisory Committee of the War Manpower Commission (1942). She was president of the National Federation of Business and Professional Women (1944-1946), represented the NFBPW at the UN Conference in San Francisco (1945); and served as chair of the Commission on the Status of Women in 1961. In spite of her credentials, she was never appointed to a policy-making position

1903 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Hay-Herran Treaty to guarantee U.S. rights to build a canal at Panama, but the Colombian Senate rejects the treaty; on November 6, 1903, a deal is signed with the newly independent country of Panama

1903 – President Theodore Roosevelt establishes the first U.S. national bird sanctuary to protect pelicans and herons nesting on Pelican Island, near Sebastian FL

1913 – South Africa: a ruling by the Cape Supreme Court, that only marriages celebrated according to Christian rites and registered by the registrar of Marriages would be legal in South Africa, effectively made Indian wives concubines and Indian children bastards under South African law. The subsequent protest organized by Mohandas Gandhi was the first time that Indian women participated in a non-violent protest in South Africa

1914 – Henry Ford announces the new continuous motion method to assemble cars, which reduces the time to make a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes

1918 – Zoia Horn, born in the Ukraine, American librarian; her family emigrated to Canada when she was 8 years old, and then to New York City, where she attended the Pratt Institue Library school and first began working in a library in 1942. She joined the American Librarian Association and state library organizations. She was a peace activist, participating in vigils protesting the Vietnam War. In 1968, she became Head of the Reference Department at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. In January 1971, she was contacted by the FBI agents seeking information on Father Philip Berrigan, noted anti-war activist, who was serving a sentence in a nearby federal prison for burning draft files. The FBI believed he was plotting with six others to blow up heating tunnels under Washington DC, and to kidnap Henry Kissinger. Boyd Douglas, a prisoner working at the Bucknell library on a work/study program, was relaying letters between Berrigan and other anti-war activists. Horn was subpoenaed by the prosecution, but refused to testify at the trail on grounds that her forced testimony would threaten intellectual and academic freedom. She served 20 days in jail, but was released after the prosecution’s case proved unreliable. Judith Krug, of the American Library Association’s Office for Intellectual Freedom, called Horn “the first librarian who spent time in jail for a value of our profession.” In 2002, she was honored with the Robert B. Downs Intellectual Freedom Award. She continued to speak out on issues of intellectual freedom, defending librarians who were dismissed or attacked for supplying “subversive materials,” and opposed the Patriot Act provisions for library surveillance, and gaining warrants for records of library patrons. Horn also campaigned against fees in public libraries because they created barriers to information access

1921 – Ada Louise Huxtable, American author, architecture critic and preservationist, won the first-ever Pulitzer Prize for Criticism, in 1970

1922 – China Zorrilla born, Uruguayan theatre, film and television actress, producer, director, and writer, a “Grande Dame” of South American theatre, who was popular on stage, screen and television in both Argentina and Uruguay. Co-founder of Teatro de la Ciudad de Montevideo, which also toured in Buenos Aires, Paris, and Madrid. They won the Spanish Critics Award for their 1961 productions of plays by Spanish authors Federico García Lorca and Lope de Vega. In the 1960s, she staged a children’s musical, Canciones para mirar, written by Argentine poet Maria Elena Walsh, in New York City. Zorilla was a correspondent for the Uruguayan newspaper El País, covering events like the Cannes Film Festival. She also directed operas by Puccini and Rossini at the Teatro Argentino de La Plata for their 1977 season. In 2008, she was invested Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government. She lived to be 90 years old

1923 – Diane Arbus born, unique American photographer, noted for photographing marginalized people; the first American photographer whose work was displayed at the influential Venice Biennale

1923 – President Harding becomes the first U.S. President to file an income tax report

1936 – Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself

1939 – Hungary occupies the Carpatho-Ukraine, and Slovakia declares its independence

1939 – The Republic of Czechoslovakia is dissolved, leading to the Nazi occupation

1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President to fly in an airplane while in office, in a Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat named ‘Dixie Clipper’ to attend the Casablanca Conference during WWII

1947 – The U.S. signs a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines

1947 – Moscow announces 890, 532 German POWs have been held in the U.S.S.R.

1948 – In the UK, new laws are proposed allowing British women married to foreigners to automatically retain their citizenship; only the status of women who choose to formally renounce their British citizenship would change

1948 – Nicole Taton Capitaine born, French astronomer, expert in astrometry, at the Paris Observatory; graduated in 1970 from Pierre and Marie Curie University, and earned a doctorate there in 1972. In 1985, she became deputy director of the department of fundamental astronomy at the Paris Observatory, and the director of the observatory in 1993. She was part of the Space Geodesy Research Group (GRGS). Retired in 2013; now an emeritus astronomer 

1958 – Perry Como’s “Catch A Falling Star” is certified as the first gold single

1958 – Francine Stock born, British radio producer and news presenter, who has also worked in BBC television, and novelist; she has worked for the BBC since 1983 on several programmes, including  Newsnight, The Money Programme, and Front Row. She has written two novels:  A Foreign Country, which was shortlisted for the Whitbread First Novel award, and Man-Made Fibre

1960 – Heidi B. Hammel born, American planetary astronomer; vice president of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), which operates world-class astronomical observatories like the the National Solar Observatory and Hubble Space Telescope; she is the interdisciplinary scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in October 2018; 2002 recipient of the Carl Sagan Medal for communication enhancing the public’s understanding of planetary science

1972 – Irom Chanu Sharmila born, Indian poet, civil rights and political activist, often called “the world’s longest hunger striker,” for her hunger strike which lasted from 2000 to 2016, to protest the civil rights violations under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act which only applies to her home state of Manipur, and gives the army the power to search properties without a warrant, and to arrest people, or to use deadly force if there is “reasonable suspicion” that a person is acting against the state. She has been arrested several times for “attempting suicide,” and nasogastric intubation forced on her for long periods while being held in custody. Amnesty International declared her as a prisoner of conscience. “People just started praising my glory without listening to what I wanted from them. That prolonged sense of responsibility and commitment was left to me alone. It needed to be a collective cause, a mass cause. I was isolated and idolised, living on a pedestal, without voice, without feeling,” she says. In July 2016 she shocked the country and her supporters by abruptly announcing an end date to her fast. “Nothing had changed in people’s mindsets after 16 years,” she says. “I really wanted to change myself, the environment, the tactics, everything.” In August 2016, she ended her fast, after 5,574 days

1975 – Rushanara Ali born in Bangladesh, British Labour politician, Member of Parliament for Bethnal Green and Bow since 2010; worked at the Communities Directorate of the Home Office (2002-2005), where she led a work programme to mobilise local and national agencies in the aftermath of the 2001 riots; research fellow at the Institute of Public Policy Research (1999–2002); and worked on human rights issues at the Foreign Office (2000–2001); worked as parliamentary assistant to MP Oona King (1997-1999). When she went to Oxford, she was the first in her family to go to university, then worked as a research assistant for sociologist Michael Young. She also helped develop Language Line, a national telephone interpreting service available in over 100 languages

1976 – Egypt formally abrogates a 1971 Treaty Friendship and Cooperation with USSR

1977 – Heart releases their Little Queen album, featuring “Barracuda”

1979 – The Census Bureau reports 95% of all Americans are or will be married

1982 – The African National Congress (ANC) headquarters in London, England, was bombed. General Johann Coetzee, former head of the South African security police, and 7 other policemen, claimed responsibility for the attack and applied for amnesty before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.  Coetzee testified that the South African government wanted to demoralise the ANC and display South Africa’s disapproval of the British government and their support of the liberation organization, but denied any intention to kill ANC officials, which would have strained South Africa’s diplomatic relations with Britain

1983 – OPEC agrees to cut its oil prices by 15% for the first time in its 23-year history

1989 – Imported assault weapons banned in the U.S. under Republican President George H.W. Bush

1991 – The “Birmingham Six,” imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, are set free after a British court agrees the police fabricated evidence

1991 – Bolivian interior minister Guillermo Capobianco resigns after U.S. officials accuse him of receiving money from drug traffickers

1995 – American astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket

1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton commits $100 million for an anti-terrorism pact with Israel to track down and root out Islamic militants

1998 – The first International Day of Action for Rivers * is organized by International Rivers Network, a volunteer group founded in 1995 to link river protection advocacy groups with each other, and with the communities which depend on rivers for sustenance

2002 – Five Scottish appeals court judges uphold conviction of a Libyan intelligence agent for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, ruling unanimously that Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi is guilty of bringing down the plane over Lockerbie, Scotland

2003 – Author and public speaker Marilee G. Adams starts Ask A Question Day * on Albert Einstein’s birthday to encourage everyone to keep asking questions

2004 – Socialists score a dramatic upset win in Spain’s general election, unseating conservatives stung by charges they’d provoked the Madrid terror bombings by supporting the U.S.-led war in Iraq

2005 – A million people protest in Beirut, Lebanon, demanding Syrian withdrawal

2008 – In Tibet, when police try to disperse a peaceful demonstration in Lhasa led by Buddhist monks, it escalates into violence, which spreads to other provinces; Chinese authorities close the region to foreign media; hundreds of police and Tibetan protesters are injured or killed; due to lack of press access, numbers vary and cannot be confirmed

2009 – National Pi Day * (math Pi = 3.14159265 etc.) started by Dan Hellerich, is recognized by the U.S. House of Representatives

2014 – The city of Paris announces it will run public transportation systems free for three days in an effort to combat air pollution; unseasonably warm temperatures had caused heavy smog and high levels of pollution

2015 – After calls by the UN Security Council for Syria to allow more aid access, the Syrians agreed to UNICEF moving more supplies across the front lines separating President Bashar al-Assad’s forces and the rebels. While no specific numbers were released, UNICEF officials are hopeful they can deliver more food and medicine to refugee camps and other areas most devastated by the fighting

2017 – Foreign Policy reports the Trump Administration instructed the State Department to cut 50 percent of U.S. funding for United Nations programs, The order came as the White House prepared for the release of its 2018 budget proposal. The proposal would affect peacekeeping efforts across the world, including in Syria and Yemen, as well as campaigns that provide vaccines to children, fight famine, and monitor nuclear weapons programs. The U.S. is the biggest contributor to the U.N.’s budget, funding 22 percent of the organization’s costs. The proposal would “leave a gaping hole that other big donors would struggle to fill,” said U.N. expert Richard Gowan, potentially leading to “the breakdown of the international humanitarian system as we know it.”

2018 – California high school teacher and reserve police officer Dennis Alexander was placed on administrative leave at both Seaside High School and the Sand City Police Department after he accidentally fired his handgun into the ceiling during his advanced public safety class, a police official said. One of Alexander’s 32 students received a minor injury from bullet shrapnel that ricocheted off the ceiling, and two others were hit by debris.  Also this week, a school resource officer in Virginia accidentally fired his gun in his office. Both incidents occurred days after Trump proposed training and arming some school employees to deter shootings 

2019 – At least 49 people were killed in mass shootings at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, Police Commissioner Mike Bush said, and dozens more seriously wounded. Police said three people were taken into custody, and one person was charged with murder. A man who claimed responsibility for the attacks posted links to a white-nationalist, anti-immigrant manifesto on social media and identified himself as a racist. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said many of those targeted may be migrants and refugees. “It is clear that this can now only be described as a terrorist attack,” Ardern said, adding that this “will be one of New Zealand’s darkest days.” New Zealand’s national security alert status was raised to high 

2019 – The Connecticut Supreme Court reversed a lower court judge’s dismissal of a lawsuit that families of victims in the 2012 Sandy Hook elementary school massacre filed against the Remington Arms Company. The ruling clears the way for the families to subpoena internal documents on how the gun company marketed the semi-automatic AR-15 assault-style rifle, which was used in Sandy Hook and numerous other mass shootings. “There is a reason why this particular consumer product is the one that is used by people who want to inflict the most damage,” said David Wheeler, whose son Ben was killed in the Sandy Hook attack. “That reason very likely potentially resides in the documents that we have been unable to look at until now.” 


About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for over 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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