ON THIS DAY: October 11, 2016

October 11th is

ada-lovelace-day

Ada Lovelace Day *

International Day of the Girl Child *

Face Your Fears Day

General Pulaski Memorial Day *

National Coming Out Day *

National Food Truck Day *

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MORE! General Pulaski, Ada Lovelace , and Eleanor Roosevelt, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Islamic Holy Day – Ashura (martyrdom of Hussein, began sunset October 10)
Jewish High Holy Days – Yom Kippur (begins at sunset, Day of Atonement)

Bhutan – Dassaininternational Flags
(Victory of Good Over Evil)

Macedonia – Antifascist Uprising Day

Nepal –Dashain
(Festival of the goddess Durga)

Palau – Revolution Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1138 – A massive earthquake strikes Aleppo, Syria

1311 – Ordinances of 1311 published, imposed on English King Edward II by a coalition of barons and clergy, the Ordainers, to restrict his powers over expenditures for war, the Royal household and the exchequer, and to banish the King’s favorite, Piers Gaveston

1614 – Explorer and navigator Adriaen Block, with a consortium of Dutch merchants, present a petition to the States General, the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands,  for exclusive trading rights between the 40th and 45th parallels north in the New World, which is granted to their newly formed New Netherland Company for a three year term


a_block_1614-map


1727 –  George Frideric Handel’s Coronation Anthem No. 4 is first performed at London’s Westminster Abbey for the coronation of George II



1767 – Surveying the Mason-Dixon line between Maryland and Pennsylvania completed

1779 – Polish-American Revolutionary War hero General Casimir Pulaski * dies from wounds after Siege of Savannah (see 1929)

1809 – Explorer Meriweather Lewis dies of a gunshot wound or wounds at an inn called Grinder’s Stand on the Natchez Trace road, southwest of Nashville – conflicting reports claim suicide, a duel, or murder by one or more assailants, but the truth is still unknown

1811 –Inventor John Stevens’ steam-powered ferryboat, Juliana, begins operation between New York City, and Hoboken NJ


steamboat1811-juliana


1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is founded in Sydney

1865 – In Jamaica, the Mirant Bay rebellion begins with 100s marching to the courthouse led by preacher Paul Bogle, to protest injustice, widespread poverty and a high poll tax which prevents most freedmen from voting. During a violent clash between protestors and militia, the courthouse is burned, and 25 people are killed.

1869 – Thomas Edison files for a patent for his first invention, an electric vote-counting machine for the U.S. Congress

1872 – British suffragette Emily Wilding Davison dies from injuries caused when she steps in front of the horse owned by King George V during the 1913 running of the Epsom Derby, trying to gain attention for the cause of suffrage

1881 – David Henderson Houston patents the first roll film for cameras

1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt is born, humanitarian and activist, U.S. First Lady, and U.S. delegate to the U.N. General Assembly


eleanor-roosevelt-u-n-drafting-committee-for-international-bill-of-rights


1890 – The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is founded in Washington DC

1906 – The San Francisco School Board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the U.S. and Japan when it orders racially segregated schools for Japanese students

1910 – Former President Teddy Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane, for four minutes in St. Louis MO, with pilot Arch Hoxsey


TR in flying machine with Hoxsey 1910


1929 – By Congressional resolution, General Pulaski Memorial Day * is established (see 1779)

1932 – In New York, a political campaign ad is broadcast on television for the first time

1939 – Jazz tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records “Body and Soul”



1950 – The CBS mechanical color system is the first to be licensed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission

1958 – The U.S launches Pioneer 1, a lunar probe, but it falls short, and burns up in Earth’s atmosphere

1968 – NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission that broadcast live television reports from orbit

1975 – Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the guest host

1983 – The last hand-cranked telephones in the U.S. go out of service in Bryant Pond ME, and its 440 telephone customers get direct-dial service

1984 – Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan is the first American woman to perform a space walk, during a NASA Space Shuttle Challenger mission

1987 – The AIDS Memorial Quilt is displayed to the public for the first time during a ‘National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights’ on the National Mall in Washington DC


AIDS Quilt - Washington, DC 1987


1988 – First National Coming Out Day * held on the one-year anniversary of the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights

1994 – Colorado’s Supreme Court declares the state’s anti-gay rights measure is unconstitutional

2000 – The Discovery launch marks NASA’s 100th Space Shuttle mission

2009 – First Ada Lovelace Day * now held annually on the second Tuesday in October, to honor women in technological (STEM) fields, and Ada Lovelace (1815-51), pioneering computer programmer, who collaborated with inventor Charles Babbage, designer of an “Analytical Engine”


adalovelace


2011 – The U.N. declares October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child * and honors the efforts of the Day of the Girl youth-led movement in the U.S.


happy-international-day-of-the-girl-child-i-am-girl-rising


2014 – National Food Truck Day * is started in Fort Worth TX by DJ Rick McNeely

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Visuals

  • Ada Lovelace Day logo
  • International flags
  • 1614 map of trading area claimed by Adriaen Block’s consortium
  • Inventor John Stevens’ 1811 steam-powered ferryboat, Juliana
  • Eleanor Roosevelt, 1947 U.N. Drafting Committee for International Bill of Rights
  • Theodore Roosevelt in flying machine with pilot Arch Hoxsey
  • First display of the AIDS Memorial Quilt on the National Mall, 1987
  • Ada Lovelace
  • Banner for International Day of the Girl Child

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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