ON THIS DAY: October 12, 2016

October 12th is

world-arthritis-day

World Arthritis Day *

Emergency Nurses Day *

Free Thought Day *

National Fossil Day *

U.N. Spanish Language Day *

International Top Spinning Day

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MORE! Salem Witch Trials, Raincoats and Jesus Christ Superstar, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Argentina/Chile/Costa Rica/Ecuador/Mexico/Puerto Rico – Día del al Raza

Bahamas – Discovery of Americas Dayinternational Flags

Honduras/Mexico/Uruguay/Venezuela– Columbus Day

Bahamas – Mclean’s Town:
Mclean’s Fair Day

Brazil – Nossa Senhora de Aparecida
(Our Lady of Aparecida, Brazil’s Patron Saint)

Bhutan – Thimphu Tshechuinternational Flags
(Sacred Dance Festival)

Columbia – Columbia Day

Spain – Hispanic/National Day

Venezuela – Día de la Resistencia Indigena

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On This Day in HISTORY

1279 (traditional) –Nichiren, Buddhist monk who founded Nichiren Buddhism, is said to have inscribed the Dai-Gohonzon, a calligraphic mandala of essential teachings


nichiren-preparing-gohonzon


1492 – Columbus mistakenly believes he has reached the Indies when his expedition makes landfall in the Bahamas

1692 – Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor William Phips suspends the Salem Witch Trials, and most of the remaining accused are released from prison. Free Thought Day *  was founded in Sacramento CA in 2002

1773 – America’s first facility constructed solely to house and care for the insane, the Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg VA, opens, long-championed by Francis Fauquier, the Royal Governor of the colony of Virginia

1793 – The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the U.S., is laid on the University of North Carolina campus


old-east-building-unc


1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse becomes the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters

1810 – The first Oktoberfest: Bavarian royalty invites citizens of Munich to the wedding celebration for Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria (later mad castle-builder) and his bride, Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen


ludwig-i-and-therese


1823 – Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat


ad-for-macintosh-co


1847 – German inventor Werner von Siemens founds an electrical and communications company which will become Siemens AG

1871 – The British Governor-General assents to the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871, first of a series of laws enacted in India under British rule in which any ethnic or social communities deemed “addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences”  such as theft, were forced to be registered with the government as “habitually criminal.” Their movements were restricted, and adult male members of such groups required to report weekly to local police. By the time of Indian independence in 1947, 13 million people in 127 communities faced search and arrest if any member of the group was found outside their prescribed area.

1872 – British composer Ralph Vaughn Williams is born



1890 – The Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formed to expand voting rights to Swedish men excluded primarily because they were not property owners

1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance first recited in many U.S. public schools, as part of celebrating the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage

1901 – Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the ‘Executive Mansion’ the White House

1915 – WWI British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for aiding Allied soldiers to escape from Belgium  much-used in propaganda by the Allies


edith-cavell-propaganda-post-card


1928 – First use of an iron lung respirator at Children’s Hospital, Boston MA

1960 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at the U.N. General Assembly protesting Philippine delegate Lorenzo Sumulong speech: “…the peoples of Eastern Europe and elsewhere which have been deprived of the free exercise of their civil and political rights and which have been swallowed up, so to speak, by the Soviet Union.”

1971 – The Lloyd Webber- Rice musical Jesus Christ Superstar opens on Broadway



1979 – The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, first of five books in the Hitchhiker’s Guide ‘trilogy’ comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams, is published



1988 – Poison single “Every Rose Has Its Thorn” is released

1989 – Australian Emergency Nurses inaugurate Emergency Nurses Day * held annually on the 2nd Wednesday of October, U.S. sponsor: Emergency Nurses Association (ENA)

1994 – NASA space probe Magellan ends successful four-year mission to Venus, burning up in its atmosphere

1996 – The first World Arthritis Day,* sponsored by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)

1999 – Original observance of U.N. Spanish Language Day, * part of the U.N.’s International Mother Language events, annual celebration of the official languages of the United Nations

2010 – National Fossil Day * is started by a coalition headed by the U.S. National Parks Service to promote the scientific and educational value of fossils, celebrated annually on the 2nd Wednesday in October


nfd_2016_oval_saber-tooth-cat

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Visuals

  • World Arthritis Day 2016 logo
  • International flags
  •  Buddhist monk Nichiren inscribing Dai-Gohonzon, artist uncredited
  • Old East building at University of North Carolina
  • Ludwig of Bavaria and Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen, artist uncredited
  • Early advertisement for Chas. Macintosh & Co.
  • Propaganda postcard of the execution of WWI nurse Edith Cavell
  • National Fossil Day 2016 logo

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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