ON THIS DAY: December 1, 2016

December 1st is

visual-aids-art-and-action

Antarctica Day *

Civil Air Patrol Day *

Day With(out) Art *

Eat a Red Apple Day

National Fried Pie Day

World AIDS Awareness Day *

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MORE! Madame Tussaud, Hans Christian Andersen and Bette Midler, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

international Flags

Central African Republic – Republic Proclamation

Chad – Freedom and Democracy Day

Kazakhstan – Day of the First President

Portugal – Independence Restoration Day

Romania – Ziua unirii (national day)

United Arab Emirates – Martyrs’ Commemoration Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1577 – Francis Walsingham is knighted, Queen Elizabeth I of England’s principal secretary, dubbed her “spymaster”


NPG 1704; Sir Francis Walsingham


1761 – Marie Tussaud, French sculptor, founded Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum, is hired to make death masks of victims of the guillotine during the French Revolution, barely escaping the guillotine herself


madame_tussaud_age_42


1834 – Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833

1835 – Hans Christian Andersen publishes his first book of fairy tales


hans-christian-andersen-fairy-tales-1876


1862 – In his State of the Union Address President Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation

1865 – Shaw University, first historically black university in southern U.S., founded in Raleigh, North Carolina


shaw-university-1874-brochure


1878 – During President Hayes tenure, the first telephone is installed in the White House in Washington, D.C. by Alexander Graham Bell personally

1885 – Dr. Pepper is sold for the first time

1886 – Rex Stout born, American mystery writer of more than 70 novels and stories featuring the gourmand detective, Nero Wolfe


fer-de-lance-stout-1934-edition


1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and Latin America, begins operation

1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line

1913 – Crete, self-ruling since the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece

1918 – Kingdom of Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of  Denmark

1925 – The Locarno Pact finalizes the treaties between World War I protagonists

1936 – The first patent is issued for a commercial scale hydroponic system for plant culture (a ‘hydroponicum’) to Ernest Walfrid Brundin and Frank F. Lyon

1941 – Founding of the Civil Air Patrol * an auxiliary unit of the U.S. Air Force, under Administration Order 9 signed by Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense


civil-air-patrol


1942 – In the U.S., nationwide gasoline rationing goes into effect.

1944 – Eric Bloom of the music group ‘Blue Oyster Cult’ is born



1945 – Bette Midler, the ‘Divine Miss M’ born, American singer-songwriter, actress and producer



1952 – The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.

1955 – In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott

1956 – Leonard Bernstein musical Candide opens on Broadway, based on the book by Voltaire



1958 – The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union

1959 – 12 nations sign the Antarctic Treaty, setting it aside “forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes in the interest of mankind” –  Antarctica Day *

1964 – LBJ and top advisers meet to discuss bombing North Vietnam

1965 – An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States begins

1967 – U.K. release of the Jimi Hendrix Experience album Axis: Bold as Love



1969 –First draft lottery in the United States held since World War II

1973 – Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia

1975 – The Styx album Equinox is released



1984 – NASA conducts Controlled Impact Demonstration, deliberately crashing a remote-controlled airliner in order to test a promising fuel additive for retarding or suppressing fire in a crash-landing scenario

1988 – First World AIDS Day, now called World AIDS Awareness Day *


world-aids-day-poster


1989 – Right-wing ‘Reform the Armed Forces’ Movement officers attempt to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d’état, and East Germany’s parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state

1989 – First Day With(out) Art * – museums offer programs to draw attention to AIDS

1990 – British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel from their respective countries drill through a final piece of rock and shake hands,  22.3 km from the UK, 15.6 km from France, 40 metres beneath the seabed


chunnel-1990-celebration


1991 – Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union

1999 – Russian Duma passes animal rights bill prohibiting people from eating their pets

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Visuals

  • Day With(out) Art promo
  • International flags
  • Francis Walsingham
  • Waxwork of Madame Marie Tussaud
  • ‘Hans Andersen’ fairy tales, cover of early printing
  • Shaw University, 1874 brochure cover
  • Rex Stout mystery Fer-de-Lance, 1934 cover
  • 1940s Civil Air Patrol poster
  • World AIDS Day poster
  • Celebrating Chunnel French and English workers meeting

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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