ON THIS DAY: December 20, 2016

December 20th is

caroling-peanuts

Games Day *

Go Caroling Day

Sangria Day

Louisiana Purchase Day *

World Day of Prayer and Action
for Children *

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MORE! Peter the Great, Susanne Langer and Frank Capra, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Macau – SARE Dayinternational Flags hortizontal

Panama – Day of Mourning

Réunion – Abolition Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

69 – Vespasian, former general under Nero, enters Rome to become Emperor, founding Flavian dynasty, later, builds Flavian Amphitheatre, aka the Colosseum


roman-colosseum


1699 – Peter the Great orders Russian New Year changed from September 1 to January 1

1786 – Pietro Raimondi born, Italian composer



1803 – The U.S. Senate ratifies a treaty to purchase Louisiana Territories from France for $15 million, and the Louisiana Purchase is completed at a ceremony in New Orleans

1820 – The state of Missouri enacts legislation to tax bachelors aged 21 to 50 one dollar per year for being unmarried

1860 – After refusing to collect federal import tariffs, South Carolina is the first state to declare it is seceding from the United States – six other states declare they were seceding before the shots fired on Fort Sumter at Charleston SC on April 12, 1861, actually start the U.S. Civil War

1864 – Confederate forces evacuate Savannah GA as Union General William T. Sherman continues his “March to the Sea”

1873 – Kan’ichi Asakawa born, Japanese historian, author, and peace advocate, The Origin of Feudal Land-Tenure in Japan (1914)

1873 – Mehmet Akif Ersoy, Turkish poet and politician, wrote the lyrics for the Turkish National Anthem

1880 – New York’s Broadway becomes known as the “Great White Way” after it is lighted by electricity

1895 – Susanne Langer, American philosopher, author of  Philosophy in a New Key, which expounded the theory that is a basic and pervasive human need to symbolize, to invent meanings, using examples from the Arts, especially music


susanne-langer-with-quote


1898 – Irene Dunne born, actor-singer, nominated five times for Academy Awards, Kennedy Center Honors, Lifetime Achievement (1985)

1902 – Sidney Hook born, American philosopher

1915 – The last Australian troops are evacuated from Gallipoli, after 19,441 Australians were wounded, and 8,709 died under heavy artillery fire and harsh winter conditions

1917 – Cheka, the first of a succession of Soviet ‘state security’ agencies (secret police), is instituted by a decree from Vladimir Lenin – thousands of dissidents, deserters, or other people are arrested, tortured and executed by Cheka groups during the ‘Red Terror’

1924 – Adolf Hitler is released from Landsberg Prison, where he was serving a sentence for a failed coup attempt in Munich the year before – he dictated the first volume of Mein Kampf during his imprisonment

1932 – Al Jolson records “April Showers”



1933 – The film Flying Down to Rio debuts in New York, featuring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers dancing together for the first time on the silver screen



1941 – First battle of the American Volunteer Group, dubbed the “Flying Tigers” in Kunming, China


flying-tigers


1945 – Peter Criss born, musician, co-founder and original drummer of Kiss



1946 – The film It’s a Wonderful Life, directed by Frank Capra and starring James Stewart and Donna Reed, premieres in New York City



1948 – Alan Parsons born, English songwriter-engineer-record producer, The Alan Parsons Project



1950 – Arturo Márquez born, Mexican-American composer



1951 – The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho is the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity, which powers four light bulbs

1955 – Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom

1957 – The initial production version of the Boeing 707 makes its first flight


boeing-707-1st-flight-1957


1965 – The Beach Boys release their single “Barbara Ann”



1967 – The band Jethro Tull is formed



1971 – The international aid organization Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) is founded by Dr. Bernard Kouchner and a group of journalists in Paris, France

1975 – Games Day * is started by the Games Workshop

1981 – The musical Dreamgirls premieres on Broadway



1989 – The United States invasion of Panama, Operation Just Cause, deposes General Manuel Noriega

1995 – NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia

1999 – Macau is handed over to China by Portugal

2001 – The U.S. Congress passes a $20 billion package to finance “the war against terrorism” in Afghanistan

2002 – Trent Lott resigns as Senate Republican leader two weeks after igniting a political firestorm with racially charged remarks

2007 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes oldest ever monarch of the UK, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days


queen-cecil-beaton_2130954b-1


2008 – ARIGATOU International launches the first World Day of Prayer and Action for Children *

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Visuals

  • Caroling from It’s Christmas, Charlie Brown
  • International flags
  • The Colosseum in Rome cutout details
  • Susanne Langer with quote on new discoveries
  • Pilots in the American Volunteer Group, the “Flying Tigers”
  •  Boeing 707 makes its first take-off
  • Coronation portrait of Queen Elizabeth II by Cecil Beaton

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: December 20, 2016

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Pete –
      Oh yes hard times indeed – the only people who’ll be getting the milk and honey already own everything else.

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