ON THIS DAY: December 24, 2016

December 24th is

Eggnog

Eggnog Day *

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MORE! Franz Gruber, Noël Streatfeild and Enrico Caruso, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – Christmas Eve
Judaism – First Night of Hannukah

international Flags

Micronesia – Constitution Day

Peru – Cusco: Santuranticuy
(Nativity scene market)

Tunisia – Douz: International
Sahara Festival & Camel Races

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On This Day in HISTORY

1679 – Domenico Sarro, Italian composer, is born



1761 – Jean-Louis Pons born, French astronomer, greatest naked-eye comet discoverer

1777 – James Cook finds Kiritimati, which he calls Christmas Island

1779?  (exact date unknown) – George Washington writes down his Eggnog * recipe, but forgets to say how many eggs he uses – other recipes from the period call for as many as a dozen eggs – Eggnog has been popular in the U.S. since colonial times, but beware! A single cup can have as many 400 calories, half of them from fat – a cup of Hot Mulled Apple Cider has 150-175 calories, and none of them are from fat


george-washingtons-eggnog


1809 – Kit Carson, American frontiersman, is born

1818 – Franz Gruber of Oberndorf, Germany composes the music for “Silent Night” for words written by Josef Mohr – performed that night at the Church of St. Nicholas in Oberndorf, Austria



1822 – Matthew Arnold is born, English poet


matthew_arnold_quote-truth-in-art


1851 – A fire devastated the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, destroying about 35,000 volumes

1865 – Several veterans of the Confederate Army formed a private social club in Pulaski, TN, called the Ku Klux Klan

1869 – Henriette Roland Holst born, Dutch poet and socialist labor leader, founding member of Revolutionair Socialistische Vereeniging, an anti-Stalinist Communist Party coalition in the Netherlands

1868 – Emanuel Lasker born , German chess champion, mathematician

1871 – In Cairo, Egypt, Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Aida has its world premiere at the Khedivial Opera House



1881 – Charles Wakefield Cadman born, American composer



1895 – Noël Streatfeild, English children’s author, Ballet Shoes


ballet_shoes-book-cover


1905 – Howard Hughes born, American engineer-businessman-pilot

1906 – Reginald A. Fessenden is the first person to broadcast a music program over radio, from Brant Rock, MA; and Franz Waxman is born, German-American composer

1914 – The WWI ‘Christmas Truce’ begins, unofficial ceasefire started by the troops

1920 – Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance in Jacques Halevy’s La Juive at New York’s Metropolitan Opera



1924 – Albania becomes a republic

1930 – Robert Joffrey born, American dancer-choreographer, founder Joffrey Ballet



1931 –Ray Bryant born, American Jazz pianist and composer



1943 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces as part of Operation Overlord

1948 – A midnight Mass was broadcast for the first time on television,  from St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City

1950 –Dana Gioia, American poet and critic, chair of NEA (2003-2009)

1951 – NBC’s first broadcast of Amahl and the Night Visitors, an opera written for television, and the first production for the Hallmark Hall of Fame



1965 – A meteorite weighing about 100 pounds lands in Leicestershire

1966 -NASA unmanned spacecraft Luna 13 lands on the moon


luna13


1968 – Three astronauts, James A. Lovell, William Anders and Frank Borman, reach the moon, orbiting it 10 times before coming back to Earth

1973 – District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington DC to elect their own local government

1979 – Soviet troops invade Afghanistan in support its Marxist government

1989 – Ousted Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega takes refuge at the Vatican’s diplomatic mission in Panama City

1992 – President George H.W. Bush pardons former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and five others involved in the Iran-Contra scandal


front-page-caspar-weinberger-pardon


2009 – The Senate passed health care legislation, 60-39, in the chamber’s first Christmas Eve vote since 1895

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Visuals

  • Eggnog
  • International flags
  • George Washington’s eggnog recipe
  • Matthew Arnold with quote
  • Ballet Shoes book cover
  • Luna 13
  • New York Times headline ‘Bush Pardons 6 in Iran affair’

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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