ON THIS DAY: January 3, 2017

January 3rd is

Chocolate-Covered Cherries Day

hobbit-b-page-1

chocolate-covered-cherries

Drinking Straw Day *

Festival of Sleep Day

Fruitcake Toss Day *

J.R.R. Tolkien Day *

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MORE! Lucretia Mott, J.R.R. Tolkien and Fats Domino, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Burkina Faso – Revolution Dayinternational Flags

Canada – Victoria BC:
Wildlife Tour & High Tea
(daily through March)

China – Beijing:
The Bird’s Nest Ice and Snow Festival

Saint Kitts & Nevis – Carnival Holiday

United States – New York NY:
Hip Hop Shakespeare: Othello

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On This Day in HISTORY

106 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is born, Roman philosopher-lawyer-politician


cicero-quote-do-not-blame-caesar


1496 – References in Leonardo da Vinci notebooks suggest that he tested his flying machine. The test was unsuccessful and he didn’t try to fly again for several years

1521 – Pope Leo X’s papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem excommunicates Martin Luther

1698 – Pietro Metastasio born, Italian poet-songwriter-librettist



1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont

1749 – First issue of Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest continual newspaper,  published

1793 – Lucretia Mott, American abolitionist, pioneering women’s rights activist

quote-any-great-change-must-expect-opposition-lucretia-mott

1815 – Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance against Prussia and Russia

1823 – Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico for colonization in the region of the Brazos River in Texas

1825 – The first U.S. engineering college, Rensselaer School, opens in Troy NY, now known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

1831 – Savitribai Jyotirao Phule born, Indian social reformer and poet; along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, improves women’s rights and works to abolish discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste in India during British rule; she and her husband are co-founders of the first women’s school at Bhide Wada in Pune

1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan and the Meiji dynasty is restored

1871 – Oleomargarine is patented by Henry Bradley

1888 – Marvin C. Stone patents the first spiral-wound wax-coated paper drinking straw *

1892 – John Ronald Reuel (J.R.R.) Tolkien * is born, beloved British author of  The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy


quote-deeds-will-not-be-less-valiant-j-r-r-tolkien


1919 – Herbie Nichols born, American Jazz pianist-composer; “Lady Sings the Blues”



1920 – Renato Carosone born, Italian songwriter-orchestra leader; “Mambo Italiano”


1925 – Benito Mussolini delivers his speech on the kidnapping and murder of socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti to the Italian Chamber of Deputies; he assumes “political responsibility, moral and historical” for events leading up to Matteotti’s murder; Mussolini’s speech marks the beginning of the delegitimization of the Parliament and its democratic functions, and his assumption of dictatorial powers

1926 – George H. Martin born, English arranger-composer-musician-producer, the “Fifth Beatle” who produced their early recordings, and did much of the orchestration, adding the string quartet to “Yesterday” for example



1938 – The March of Dimes is established by U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to fight poliomyelitis; its original name was the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis

1943 – Van Dyke Parks born, American composer-arranger-producer, worked with The Beach Boys, The Mothers of Invention, Randy Newman and many others



1945 – Stephen Stills born, American singer-songwriter-producer; Crosby, Stills  Nash and Young



1946 – John Paul Jones born, Led Zeppelin



1947 – U.S. Congressional proceedings – the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress –
are televised for the first time, to viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York

1951 – Dragnet debuts on NBC-TV



1953 – Frances Bolton and her son Oliver, from Ohio, become the first mother-son combination to serve at the same time in the U.S. Congress

1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch

1957 – Fats Domino records “I’m Walkin'”



1959 – Alaska becomes the 49th U.S. state

1961 – The U.S. severs diplomatic relations with Cuba

1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Cuban prime minister Fidel Castro

1964 – The Beatles make their first appearance on U.S. television in a film clip shown on the Jack Paar Show, performing “She Loves You”



1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain’s longest-serving 20th century Prime Minister

1990 – Ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrenders to U.S. forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican’s diplomatic mission

1995 – The World Health Organization reports that the total of officially reported cases of AIDS has risen to 1,025,073 in 192 countries by the end of 1994

1995 – The U.S. Postal Service raises the price of the first-class stamp to 32 cents

1996 – The first Great Fruitcake Toss * is launched  in Manitou Springs, Colorado – now contestants compete annually to see who can toss their fruit cake the farthest

1998 – China announces that it will spend $27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys

2000 – Charles Schultz draws his last Peanuts comic strip


charles-schultz-retirement-announcement


2004 – NASA’s Spirit rover lands on Mars, and sends back black and white images three hours after landing

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Visuals

  • Chocolate-Covered Cherries
  • First page of The Hobbit
  • International flags
  • Marcus Tullius Cicero – Don’t blame Caesar quote
  • Lucretia Mott – Great change quote
  • J.R.R. Tolkien – Unpraised deeds
  • Charles Schultz retirement notice

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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