ON THIS DAY: January 22, 2017

January 22nd is

roe-v-wade-day-poster

Answer Your Cat’s Questions Day

Blonde Brownie Day

National Hot Sauce Day *

Southern Food Day

Roe v Wade Day *
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MORE! Shah Jahan, Elizabeth Blackwell and  Gertrude B. Elion, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bolivia – Día de la Fundación del Estado Plurinacional de Boliviainternational Flags

St. Vincent & the Grenandines – National Day

Spain – Valencia: St, Vincent’s Day

United States – New York NY:
New York Chamber Music Festival
Nashville TN: Let Freedom Sing!
(Nashville Symphony honors Civil Rights Movement)
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On This Day in HISTORY

1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican


swiss-guards


1517 – The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya

1666 – Shah Jahan, descendant of Genghis Khan, dies at age 74; Mongul emperor of India who built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz-i-Mahal


the-taj-mahal


1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II (and VII), the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones of England and Ireland when he fled to France in 1688

1737 – John Hancock, American Revolutionary and statesman, is born

1771 – The Falkland Islands are ceded to Britain by Spain

1789 – Georgetown University is established in what is now Washington DC

1808 – The Portuguese royal family, Sereníssima Casa de Bragança, arrives in Brazil after fleeing the French army’s invasion of Portugal two months earlier

1824 – The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast

1832 – Edouard Manet is born, French Impressionist painter


manet-banks-of-the-seine-at-argenteuil


1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman in America to receive a medical degree, from the Medical Institution of Geneva NY

1858 – Beatrice Webb, English economist-sociologist- social reformer, Fabian Society, co-founder with her husband Sidney of the London School of Economics and Political Science, coined term “collective bargaining”


beatrice-and-sidney-webb


1863 – The January Uprising in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus – a national movement to regain Polish–Lithuanian–Ruthenian Commonwealth from Russian occupation

1877 – Rosa Ponselle born, soprano, debuted with Enrico Caruso in 1918, sang with Baltimore Civic Opera after 1950, mentored Beverly Sills



1879 – James Shields begins a term as U.S. Senator from Missouri, having previously served Illinois and Minnesota. He is the first Senator to serve three different states

1879 – British troops are massacred by the Zulus at Isandhlwana

1887 – Columbia Phonograph Company is founded, getting its name from being headquartered in the District of Columbia

1890 – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus OH

1892 – Coca-Cola was incorporated

1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, influential Russian filmmaker, is born



1901 – Queen Victoria dies at the age of 81, having served as Britain’s Monarch for almost 64 years; her son Albert Edward, is proclaimed King, as Edward VII

1903 – Hay-Herrán Treaty is signed by U.S. Secretary of State John M. Hay and Colombian Chargé Dr. Tomás Herrán, granting the U. S. rights to land proposed for the Panama Canal

1905 – Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution, 500 people, most of them workers, are killed

1916 – Henri Dutilleux, French composer, is born



1917 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson makes a speech calling for ending the war in Europe with a “peace without victory” – the U.S. will enter WWI the following April

1918 – Gertrude B. Elion born, American pharmacologist, co-recipient of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Medicine for development of drugs to treat leukemia, gout and malaria, as well as drugs used in organ transplants to help prevent transplant rejection


gertrube-b-elion-quote


1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the United Kingdom’s first Labour Prime Minister

1930 – Excavation begins in New York City for the Empire State Building

1932 – New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination

1938 – Thornton Wilder’s Our Town has its first public performance in Princeton NJ

1946 – President Truman establishes the National  Intelligence Authority, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency

1947 – KTLA, first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood

1953 – Arthur Miller’s The Crucible debuts on Broadway


arthur-miller-the-crucible-1953-bway-still


1961 – Wilma Rudolph, sets a new world indoor record in the women’s 60-yard dash, running it in 6.9 seconds

1962 – Tony Bennett records “I Left My Heart in San Francisco”



1962 – Cuba’s membership in the Organization of American States (OAS) is suspended

1963 – The Drifters record “On Broadway”



1964 – The 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections

1964 – Kenneth Kaunda is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia

1966 – The Beach Boys record “Wouldn’t It Be Nice”



1968 – “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” airs on NBC- TV



1972 – The United Kingdom, the Irish Republic, and Denmark join the EEC

1973 – President Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end the Vietnam War

1973 – The U.S. Supreme Court delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, voting 7-2 to legalize elective abortion in all fifty states

1977 – The TV mini-series Roots begins airing on ABC



1997 – The U.S. Senate confirms Madeleine Albright as first woman secretary of state


madeleine-albright-with-quote


2002 –  Lawyers suing Enron Corp. aske a court to prevent further shredding of documents due to the pending federal investigation.

2003 – Scientists in China report finding fossilized remains of a dinosaur with four feathered wings


fossilized-dinosaur-with-feathered-wings


2013 – Hot Sauce Day * goes national


hot-sauces

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Visuals

  • Roe v. Wade Day poster
  • International flags
  • Swiss Guards at the Vatican
  • The Taj Mahal
  • Edouard Manet – Banks of the Seine at Argenteuil
  • Beatrice and Sidney Webb
  • Gertrude B. Elion with hard work quote
  • Arthur Miller’s The Crucible 1953 Broadway debut – production still
  • Madeleine Albright hard work quote
  • Fossilized remains of dinosaur with feathered wings
  • Hot Sauces

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 22, 2017

  1. Russell says:

    I answer my cats question by filling up the food bowls.

    This as I have said is a very good thread. Lots of things happened on \__ day.

    I still have a poll tax record, my understanding the alcohol, wine and beer distributors would go to bars and pass out the paid poll tax receipts.

    I think the 3 state senator is interesting. I wonder if they were associated with becoming states.

    The Swiss Guards at the Vatican, if I recall correctly only protect the Pope in times of turmoil, they are there to give the pope enough time to escape, many escape routes in the Vatican. If I recall further they were set up by the Medici family, who had great interests in the banking of Rome.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Hadn’t heard about the toll tax receipt scam, but not surprised – it was a rotten system, and bound to be corrupt.

    I guess Senator Shields, who was born in Ireland, just liked moving a lot, because all of the states he served came into the Union before the Civil War:
    Statehood Dates:
    Missouri 1821
    Illinois 1818
    Minnesota 1858

    and his terms of office were

    Shields represented Illinois from 1849 to 1855,
    Minnesota from 1858 to 1859,
    and Missouri in 1879

    He was certainly “colorful” –

    Shields almost fought a duel with Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1842. Lincoln had published an inflammatory letter in a Springfield, Illinois, newspaper, the Sangamon Journal that poked fun at Shields, the State Auditor. Lincoln’s future wife, Mary Todd, and her close friend continued writing letters about Shields without Lincoln’s knowledge. Taking offense to the articles, Shields demanded “satisfaction” and the incident escalated to the two parties meeting on an island located between Missouri and Illinois called Bloody Island to participate in a duel (as dueling was illegal in Illinois and the island was under Missouri jurisdiction).[3] Lincoln took responsibility for the articles and accepted the duel. Lincoln had the opportunity to choose the weapon for the duel and he selected the cavalry broadsword, as Shields was an excellent marksman. Just prior to engaging in combat, Lincoln made it a point to demonstrate his advantage (because of his long arm reach) by easily cutting a branch just above Shields’ head. The two participants’ seconds intervened and were able to convince the two men to cease hostilities, on the grounds that Lincoln had not written the letters.

    – – –

    When he ran in Illinois for the U.S.Senate, his election was voided when he arrived in Washington by the Senate on the grounds that he had not been a United States citizen for the nine years required by the United States Constitution; having been naturalized October 21, 1840. He returned to Illinois and campaigned for re-election, and won the special election to replace himself, and was then seated.

    – Wikipedia

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