February 1st is
Baked Alaska Day *
Change Your Password Day *
National Freedom Day*
National Get Up Day *
Robinson Crusoe Day *
Spunky Old Broads Day *
National Girls & Women in Sports Day *
MORE! Victor Herbert, Leymah Gbowee and The Beatles, click
WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
Celtic and Pagan – Imbolic (Northern Hemisphere)
Pagan – Lammas (Southern Hemisphere)
India – Vasant Panchami/Saraswati Puja
(spring religious festivals)
Malaysia – Federal Territory Day
Monserrat – St. Brigid Day
Rwanda – National Heroes’ Day
Senegal – Confederal Agreement Day
Spain – Granada: El Día de San Cecilio
(city’s patron saint)
Venezuela – General Ezequiel Zamora’s 200th Birthday
On This Day in HISTORY
1261 – Walter de Stapledon is born, Bishop of Exeter, founder Exeter College, Oxford
1327 – 14-year-old Edward III is crowned King of England after his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father, but Mortimer is the de facto ruler until three years later, when Edward leads a successful coup against him
1552 – Sir Edward Coke born, English barrister and judge; as Attorney General, he led the prosecution of Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators; considered the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan–Jacobean period
1587 – Queen Elizabeth I signs the death warrant for Mary Queen of Scots
1635 – Marquard Gude born, German classical scholar and proto-archeologist, who collected Greek and Latin inscriptions and copied manuscripts during his travels
1687 – Johann Adam Birkenstock born, German violinist and composer
1709 – Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor put ashore on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez after a quarrel with his captain in September 1704, is finally rescued – his adventures were Daniel Defoe’s inspiration for Robinson Crusoe *
1788 – Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patent the steamboat
1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time in New York City
1835 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius
1836 – Emil Hartmann born, Danish organist and composer
1842 – The City Dispatch Post in NYC begins operations, the first company to offer adhesive postage stamps in the western hemisphere
1859 – Victor Herbert born, Irish-American cellist, composer, and conductor
1861 – Texas votes to secede from the Union, over Governor Sam Houston’s objections; he is removed from office when he refuses to swear loyalty to the Confederacy, but also refuses a Union Army offer of help to put down the Confederate rebellion
1862 – Julia Ward Howe’s “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” is first published in the Atlantic Monthly
1865 – Abraham Lincoln signs the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery, celebrated as National Freedom Day *
1867 – U.S. bricklayers start working an 8-hour day
1867 – This may be (exact date not confirmed) the day that Charles Ranhofer, pastry chef and witty social commentator at the famed Delmonico’s Restaurant, finished his creation, originally called “Alaska, Florida” but now called Baked Alaska, * Ranhofer’s commentary on “Seward’s Folly” – the $7 million proposed U.S. purchase of Alaska
1873 – Joseph Allard born, Canadian fiddler and composer
1884 – The first volume, A to Ant, if the Oxford English Dictionary is published
1887 – Charles Nordhoff born, English-American lieutenant, pilot, and author
1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey
1895 – Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger
1896 – Puccini’s opera La Boheme premieres in Turin
1900 – Eastman Kodak Co. introduces the $1 Brownie box camera
1902 – Langston Hughes born, American poet-author-playwright, major figure in NY’s Harlem Renaissance
1913 – NYC’s Grand Central Station opens. the world’s largest train station at the time
1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar
1918 – Muriel Spark born, Scottish playwright and poet, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
1921 – Renata Tebaldi born, Italian Spinto soprano
1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR
1924 – Richard Hooker born, American novelist, MASH
1927 – Galway Kinnell born, American poet, Pulitzer Poetry Prize/ National Book Award
1930 – The Times publishes its first crossword puzzle
1934 – Bob Shane born, American folksinger, Kingston Trio
1938 – Jimmy Carl Black born, American vocalist-drummer, The Mother of Invention
1939 – Fritjof Capra, born in Austria, American physicist, author, The Tao of Physics
1939 – Martha Tilton, Benny Goodman and his orchestra record “And the Angels Sing”
1940 – Frank Sinatra records “Too Romantic” with the Tommy Dorsey Band
1942 – Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government
1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers
1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is chosen to be the first United Nations Secretary-General
1946 – The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic
1950 – Rich Williams born, American guitarist-songwriter, Kansas
1951 – The first telecast of an atomic explosion
1954 – The Secret Storm debuts on CBS-TV
1960 – Four black students stage the first Greensboro NC sit-ins at a lunch counter
1964 – The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with “I Want to Hold Your Hand”
1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill
1968 – Canada’s three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces
1972 – Leymah Roberta Gbowee born, Liberian activist, leader of grassroots women’s peace movement against the Second Liberian Civil War, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize
1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after nearly 15 years of exile
1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia
1987 – National Girls & Women in Sports Day * is founded in remembrance of Olympic volleyball player, Flo Hyman, and to celebrate the success of Title IX in expanding access to sports for girls and women, by the NGWSD coalition: Women’s Sports Foundation; National Women’s Law Center; The President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition; and girls inc.
1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive for failing to appear in the Bhopal disaster case
1998 – Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first female African American Rear Admiral
2005 – Spunky Old Broads Day * is part of Dr. Gayle Carson’s launch of her book, How To Be An S.O.B. – A Spunky Old Broad Who Kicks Butt
2009 – The first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is formed in Iceland, making her the country’s first female prime minister and the world’s first openly LGBT head of state
2012 – Change Your Password Day was created by Gizmodo and Lifehacker as an annual day to help keep your online data secure by changing your passwords – remember, once somebody gets the dates of your family’s birthdays, or the names of your children or pets, it’s an easy hack to get into your private information, so be creative and pick something less obvious
2013 – The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opened in London
2017 – U.S. Figure Skating founds National Get Up Day to inspire everyone to Get Up when we stumble and fall, and they are collecting stories of perseverance in adversity to share at #GetUpDay
- National Girls & Women in Sports Day logo
- International flags
- Exeter College, Oxford University
- Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I and Sir Edward Coke
- Robinson Crusoe frontispiece and title page
- Mutiny on the Bounty front flap and cover
- Langston Hughes, I too sing America quote
- Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
- National Get Up Day poster
Inbolc Day, I think is or was celebrated in Ireland.
Pope Gregory was a smooth individual. He got every country to adopt the Gregorian Calendar which allowed for leap years as the Julian Calendar did not.
I have a question which I think I know the answer to, but here it is: The some of the months referr to Roman leader. However, starting in September which they are numbers, and translates to 7, October 8, November 9 and December 10. We have a twelve month Calendar I am told. The present day arrangements for the months are inaccurate.
All things are not as they seem or are they?
Some variation of Imbolic was/is celebrated by all the Celtic peoples I’ve run across, but the name for it is different with each group, just as Lammas has many variant names.
Yes, you’re right about the names of the months, but some are named for gods (of course, the Roman leaders started claiming divinity):
Named after the Roman god of beginnings and endings Janus (the month Januarius).
The name comes either from the old-Italian god Februus or else from februa, signifying the festivals of purification celebrated in Rome during this month.
This is the first month of the Roman year. It is named after the Roman god of war, Mars.
Called Aprilis, from aperire, “to open”. Possible because it is the month in which the buds begin to open.
The third month of the Roman calendar. The name probably comes from Maiesta, the Roman goddess of honor and reverence.
The fourth month was named in honor of Juno. However, the name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors) as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two months being dedicated to young and old men.
It was the month in which Julius Caesar was born, and named Julius in his honor in 44 BCE, the year of his assassination. Also called Quintilis (fifth month).
Originally this month was called Sextilis (from sextus, “six”), but the name was later changed in honor of the first of the Roman emperors, Augustus (because several fortunate events of his life occurred during this month).
The name comes from septem, “seven”.
The name comes from octo, “eight”
The name comes from novem, “nine”.
The name comes from decem, “ten”.
I don’t know why they changed to numerical-based names after August, unless they thought Augustus “broke the mold.”
Equally interesting is the mish-mash etymology behind the days of the week. The Romans had a seven day week but the days were named after the astrological bodies/gods.
Sunday – Solis (Sun)
Monday – Moon
Tuesday – Martis (Mars)
Wednesday – Mercurii (Mercury)
Thursday – Jovis (Jupiter)
Friday – Veneris (Venus)
Saturday – Saturni (Saturn)
You may notice that other than Saturday, Sunday and Monday, these names have no resemblance to your modern calendar. That is because in English we have roots that trace to Rome via Saxony with a stop in Norway.
Tuesday – Tiw (the Anglo-Saxon god of war, the equivalent to the Norse Tyr or the Roman Mars)
Wednesday – Woden (the Anglo-Saxon equivalent of the Norse Odin or the Roman Mercury)
Thursday – Thor (the Norse god of thunder, the very rough equivalent to the Roman Jupiter as Jupiter is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Zeus)
Friday – Frigg (the Norse god of love and fertility, the equivalent of the Roman Venus)
Happy Wodensday, blog peoples.