ON THIS DAY: February 1, 2017

February 1st is

ngwsd-logo

Baked Alaska Day *

Change Your Password Day *

National Freedom Day*

National Get Up Day *

Robinson Crusoe Day *

Spunky Old Broads Day *

National Girls & Women in Sports Day *
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MORE! Victor Herbert, Leymah Gbowee and The Beatles, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Celtic and Pagan – Imbolic (Northern Hemisphere)
Pagan – Lammas (Southern Hemisphere)

India – Vasant Panchami/Saraswati Puja international Flags
(spring religious festivals)

Malaysia – Federal Territory Day

Monserrat – St. Brigid Day

Rwanda – National Heroes’ Day

Senegal – Confederal Agreement Day

Spain – Granada: El Día de San Cecilio
(city’s patron saint)

Venezuela – General Ezequiel Zamora’s 200th Birthday

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On This Day in HISTORY

1261 – Walter de Stapledon is born, Bishop of Exeter, founder Exeter College, Oxford


exeter-college-oxford


1327 – 14-year-old Edward III is crowned King of England after his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father, but Mortimer is the de facto ruler until three years later, when Edward leads a successful coup against him


1552 – Sir Edward Coke born, English barrister and judge; as Attorney General, he led the prosecution of Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators; considered the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan–Jacobean period

 

elizabeth-i-and-sir-edward-coke

1587 – Queen Elizabeth I signs the death warrant for Mary Queen of Scots


1635 – Marquard Gude born, German classical scholar and proto-archeologist, who collected Greek and Latin inscriptions and copied manuscripts during his travels

1687 – Johann Adam Birkenstock born, German violinist and composer



1709 – Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor put ashore on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez after a quarrel with his captain in September 1704, is finally rescued – his adventures were Daniel Defoe’s inspiration for Robinson Crusoe *


robinson-crusoe-frontispiece-and-title-page


1788 – Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patent the steamboat

1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time in New York City

1835 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius

1836 – Emil Hartmann born, Danish organist and composer



1842 – The City Dispatch Post in NYC begins operations, the first company to offer adhesive postage stamps in the western hemisphere

1859 – Victor Herbert born, Irish-American cellist, composer, and conductor



1861 – Texas votes to secede from the Union, over Governor Sam Houston’s objections; he is removed from office when he refuses to swear loyalty to the Confederacy, but also refuses a Union Army offer of help to put down the Confederate rebellion

1862 – Julia Ward Howe’s “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” is first published in the Atlantic Monthly

1865 – Abraham Lincoln signs the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery, celebrated as National Freedom Day *

1867 – U.S. bricklayers start working an 8-hour day

1867 – This may be (exact date not confirmed) the day that Charles Ranhofer, pastry chef and witty social commentator at the famed Delmonico’s Restaurant, finished his creation, originally called “Alaska, Florida” but now called Baked Alaska, * Ranhofer’s commentary on “Seward’s Folly” – the $7 million proposed U.S. purchase of Alaska

1873 – Joseph Allard born, Canadian fiddler and composer



1884 – The first volume, A to Ant, if the Oxford English Dictionary is published

1887 – Charles Nordhoff born, English-American lieutenant, pilot, and author


mutiny-on-the-bounty-book


1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey

1895 – Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger

1896 – Puccini’s opera La Boheme premieres in Turin

1900 – Eastman Kodak Co. introduces the $1 Brownie box camera

1902 – Langston Hughes born, American poet-author-playwright, major figure in NY’s Harlem Renaissance


quote-i-too-sing-america-langston-hughes


1913 – NYC’s Grand Central Station opens. the world’s largest train station at the time

1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar

1918 – Muriel Spark born, Scottish playwright and poet, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie 

1921 – Renata Tebaldi born, Italian Spinto soprano



1924 –  The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR

1924 – Richard Hooker born, American novelist, MASH

1927 – Galway Kinnell born, American poet, Pulitzer Poetry Prize/ National Book Award

1930 – The Times publishes its first crossword puzzle

1934 – Bob Shane born, American folksinger, Kingston Trio



1938 – Jimmy Carl Black born, American vocalist-drummer, The Mother of Invention



1939 – Fritjof Capra, born in Austria, American physicist, author, The Tao of Physics

1939 –  Martha Tilton, Benny Goodman and his orchestra record “And the Angels Sing”



1940 – Frank Sinatra records “Too Romantic” with the Tommy Dorsey Band



1942 – Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government

1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers

1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is chosen to be the first United Nations Secretary-General

1946 – The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic

1950 – Rich Williams born, American guitarist-songwriter, Kansas



1951 – The first telecast of an atomic explosion

1954 – The Secret Storm debuts on CBS-TV



1960 – Four black students stage the first Greensboro NC sit-ins at a lunch counter

1964 – The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with “I Want to Hold Your Hand”



1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill

1968 – Canada’s three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces

1972 – Leymah Roberta Gbowee born, Liberian activist, leader of grassroots women’s peace movement against the Second Liberian Civil War, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize

1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after nearly 15 years of exile

1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia

1987 – National Girls & Women in Sports Day * is founded in remembrance of Olympic volleyball player, Flo Hyman, and to celebrate the success of Title IX  in expanding access to sports for girls and women, by the NGWSD coalition: Women’s Sports Foundation; National Women’s Law Center;  The President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition; and girls inc.

1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive for failing to appear in the Bhopal disaster case

1998 – Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first female African American Rear Admiral

2005 – Spunky Old Broads Day * is part of Dr. Gayle Carson’s launch of her book, How To Be An S.O.B. – A Spunky Old Broad Who Kicks Butt

2009 – The first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is formed in Iceland, making her the country’s first female prime minister and the world’s first openly LGBT head of state


johanna-sigurdardottir


2012 – Change Your Password Day was created by Gizmodo and Lifehacker as an annual day to help keep your online data secure by changing your passwords – remember, once somebody gets the dates of your family’s birthdays, or the names of your children or pets, it’s an easy hack to get into your private information, so be creative and pick something less obvious

2013 – The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opened in London

2017 – U.S. Figure Skating founds National Get Up Day to inspire everyone to Get Up when we stumble and fall, and they are collecting stories of perseverance in adversity to share at #GetUpDay


national-get-up-day-logo
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Visuals

  • National Girls & Women in Sports Day logo
  • International flags
  • Exeter College, Oxford University
  • Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I and Sir Edward Coke
  • Robinson Crusoe frontispiece and title page
  • Mutiny on the Bounty front flap and cover
  • Langston Hughes, I too sing America quote
  • Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir 
  • National Get Up Day poster

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 1, 2017

  1. Russell says:

    Inbolc Day, I think is or was celebrated in Ireland.

    Pope Gregory was a smooth individual. He got every country to adopt the Gregorian Calendar which allowed for leap years as the Julian Calendar did not.

    I have a question which I think I know the answer to, but here it is: The some of the months referr to Roman leader. However, starting in September which they are numbers, and translates to 7, October 8, November 9 and December 10. We have a twelve month Calendar I am told. The present day arrangements for the months are inaccurate.

    All things are not as they seem or are they?

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Some variation of Imbolic was/is celebrated by all the Celtic peoples I’ve run across, but the name for it is different with each group, just as Lammas has many variant names.

    Yes, you’re right about the names of the months, but some are named for gods (of course, the Roman leaders started claiming divinity):

    January
    Named after the Roman god of beginnings and endings Janus (the month Januarius).

    February
    The name comes either from the old-Italian god Februus or else from februa, signifying the festivals of purification celebrated in Rome during this month.

    March
    This is the first month of the Roman year. It is named after the Roman god of war, Mars.

    April
    Called Aprilis, from aperire, “to open”. Possible because it is the month in which the buds begin to open.

    May
    The third month of the Roman calendar. The name probably comes from Maiesta, the Roman goddess of honor and reverence.

    June
    The fourth month was named in honor of Juno. However, the name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors) as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two months being dedicated to young and old men.

    July
    It was the month in which Julius Caesar was born, and named Julius in his honor in 44 BCE, the year of his assassination. Also called Quintilis (fifth month).

    August
    Originally this month was called Sextilis (from sextus, “six”), but the name was later changed in honor of the first of the Roman emperors, Augustus (because several fortunate events of his life occurred during this month).

    September
    The name comes from septem, “seven”.

    October
    The name comes from octo, “eight”

    November
    The name comes from novem, “nine”.

    December
    The name comes from decem, “ten”.

    http://www.pantheon.org/miscellaneous/origin_months.html

    I don’t know why they changed to numerical-based names after August, unless they thought Augustus “broke the mold.”

  3. Equally interesting is the mish-mash etymology behind the days of the week. The Romans had a seven day week but the days were named after the astrological bodies/gods.

    Sunday – Solis (Sun)
    Monday – Moon
    Tuesday – Martis (Mars)
    Wednesday – Mercurii (Mercury)
    Thursday – Jovis (Jupiter)
    Friday – Veneris (Venus)
    Saturday – Saturni (Saturn)

    You may notice that other than Saturday, Sunday and Monday, these names have no resemblance to your modern calendar. That is because in English we have roots that trace to Rome via Saxony with a stop in Norway.

    Tuesday – Tiw (the Anglo-Saxon god of war, the equivalent to the Norse Tyr or the Roman Mars)
    Wednesday – Woden (the Anglo-Saxon equivalent of the Norse Odin or the Roman Mercury)
    Thursday – Thor (the Norse god of thunder, the very rough equivalent to the Roman Jupiter as Jupiter is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Zeus)
    Friday – Frigg (the Norse god of love and fertility, the equivalent of the Roman Venus)

    Happy Wodensday, blog peoples.

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