ON THIS DAY: February 2, 2017

February 2nd is

Change Your Windshield Wipers Day *

february-2-days

Heavenly Hash Day

heavenlyhash

Hedgehog Day *

World Ukulele Day

Sled Dog Day *

Tater Tot Day

World Wetlands Day *
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MORE! Havelock Ellis, Sylvia Beach and James Joyce, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – Candlemas (purification of Mary/presentation of Jesus)

Canada – Groundhog Dayinternational Flags

France – Avec Crêpe Day
(eat crepes day)

Malaysia –
Kuala Lumpur: Thaipusam
(Hindu self-scarification for Murugan)

United Kingdom – Leeds YKS:
Town Hall Film Festival

United States –
Alaska: Marmot Day
Yuma, AZ: Yuma Village Jazz Series
Punxsutawney PA: Groundhog Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

506 AD – Visigoth King Alaric II appoints Anianus as head of a committee to make an  abstract Roman laws and imperial decrees I as a governing code for his Roman subjects, now known as the Breviary of Alaric


visigoths


880 AD – Louis III, King of West Francia, is defeated by the Norse Great Heathen Army at Lüneburg Heath in Lower Saxony; the Danish-Norwegian alliance routs the French in a snowstorm, and his troops are killed or captured

1141 – During ‘the Anarchy’ civil war, Empress Matilda’s allies capture Stephen, the rival claimant to the English throne, during the Battle of Lincoln

1207 – Terra Mariana (Medieval Livonia) established (present-day Estonia and Latvia)

1653 – New Amsterdam (now New York City) is incorporated

1669 – Louis Marchand born, French organist and composer



1714 – Gottfried August Homilius born, German organist and composer



1754 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand born, cynical and crafty French politician

1795 – The French government offers a prize of 12,000 francs for a method of preserving food for the French army; eventually won by Nicholas Appert, inventor of a successful food canning method

1848 – The first ship with Chinese immigrants arrives in San Francisco

1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ends the U.S.- Mexican War

1851 – José Guadalupe Posada, influential Mexican satirical illustrator and engraver


jose-guadalupe-la-oaxaquena-calavera-del-monton


1859 – Havelock Ellis – English essayist and social reformer


havelock-ellis-quote


1861 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, founder of the Guggenheim Museum

1868 – Pro-Imperial forces capture Osaka Castle from the Tokugawa shogunate and burn it to the ground

1869 – James Oliver invents the removable steel plow blade

1875 – Fritz Kreisler born in Vienna, violin master and composer



1882 – James Joyce born, controversial Irish writer, and poet


james-joyce-quote


1883 –  Johnston McCulley, American author and screenwriter, created Zorro

1887 – The first Groundhog Day is observed in Punxsutawney PA

1892 – William Painter patents a crown-cork bottle cap with a cork seal, used until the cork was replaced by a plastic liner in the 1970s

1897 – Howard D. Johnson is born, founder of Howard Johnson’s; and Alfred L. Cralle patents an ice cream scooper

1901 – Jascha Heifetz born in Russia, American master violinist



1912 – Burton Lane born, American composer lyricist; Finian’s Rainbow and On a Clear Day You Can See Forever; discovered Frances Gumm, aka Judy Garland



1918 – Hella Haasse born, Dutch author, the “Grand Old Lady” of Dutch literature

1920 – Estonia and Soviet Russia sign the Tartu Peace Treaty, ending the Estonian War of  Independence; Estonia had been a province of Imperial Russia since 1710; the treaty, among other provisions, established the Estonian-Russian border, the right of Estonians  and Russians to return to their respective countries, and return to Estonia of movable property “evacuated” to Russia during WWII

1922 – Sylvia Beach publishes Ulysses by James Joyce in Paris


sylvia-beach-and-james-joyce


1923 – James Dickey born, American novelist and poet; Deliverance


james-dickey-quote


1925 – Sled Dog Day * The ‘Great Race of Mercy’ aka ‘the Serum Run to Nome’ Alaska, which began on January 27, arrives in Nome with the first batch of diphtheria serum via a dogsled relay that covered 674 miles in 127 ½ hours in extreme subzero temperatures in a near-blizzard and hurricane-force winds. Several of the dogs died, and the dog mushers suffered from frostbite and hypothermia. The modern-day Iditarod race is run over the same route in tribute to the teams who overcame such hardship

1927 – Stan Getz born, American jazz saxophonist



1931 – Judith Viorst born, American author and journalist


quote-one-advantage-of-marriage-judith-viorst


1934 – FDR establishes by executive order the Export–Import Bank of the United States (abbreviated as Ex-Im Bank), the official export credit agency of the federal government, operating as a government corporation. Ex-Im Bank finances and insures foreign purchases of United States goods for customers unable or unwilling to accept credit risk

1935 – Polygraph tests are administered to two murder suspects, the first time polygraph evidence is admitted in a U.S. court

1938 – Gene MacLellan born, Canadian singer-songwriter



1942 – Norwegian sabotage organization the Osvald Group stages the first major anti-Nazi resistance in Norway, to protest the installation of Vidkun Quisling as Minister-President of the puppet government under the supervision of Nazi Reichskommissar Terboven, hated not only by Norwegians, but by many in the German occupying force

1942 – Graham Nash born, English-American singer-songwriter;  The Hollies,
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young



1948 – Al McKay born, American musician-songwriter-producer; Earth, Wind & Fire



1952 – Rick Dufay born, American rock guitarist; Aerosmith



1959 – The Coasters song “Charlie Brown” is released



1963 – Eva Cassidy born, American vocalist-guitarist, almost unknown until her recordings were played on BBC Radio 2, after her death at age 33 from melanoma



1971 – Idi Amin overthrows President Milton Obote to take control of Uganda

1971 – World Wetlands Day *  Date of the adoption of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the Caspian Sea

world-wetlands-day

1980 – First reports the FBI’s Abscam operation targets allegedly corrupt Congressmen

1982 – Syrian President Hafex al-Assad orders troops to quell an anti-government  Muslim Brotherhood uprising in Hama, a stronghold of the group which wants Syria to be a fundamentalist Muslim state; the fighting turns into a 27-day siege in which at least 2,000 Syrian citizens, mostly civilians,  are killed while large sections f the old city are destroyed, and the Syrian Arab Army suffers about a 1,000 casualties

1989 – The last Soviet armoured column leaves Kabul, Afghanistan

1990 – South African State President  F. W. de Klerk announces the unbanning of the African National Congress and promises to release Nelson Mandela.

1994 – Hedgehog Day, * an ancient Roman tradition is celebrated by the U.S. opening of the movie Sonic The Hedgehog 3

2007 – World’s leading climate scientists warn about global warming

2009 – Hillary Rodham Clinton sworn in as U.S Secretary of State


hrc-sworn-in-as-sofs


2012 – (year not certain) Change Your Windshield Wipers Day *  The National Highway Transportation Board recommends changing your windshield wipers at least once a year, but every six months if you use them a lot
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Visuals

  • Heavenly Hash ice cream
  • Groundhog and Hedgehog playing ukuleles
  • International flags
  • Visigoth coin issued during Alaric II’s reign and map of his kingdom 
  • Oaxaqueña calavera del montón by José Guadalupe Posada
  • Havelock Ellis – art of living quote
  • James Joyce – writing in English quote
  • Sylvia Beach and James Joyce in the Shakespeare & Co doorway
  • James Dickey – poet quote
  • Judith Viorst – advantage of marriage quote
  • World Wetlands Day banner
  • Hillary Rodham Clinton being sworn in as Secretary of State

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 2, 2017

  1. ann summers says:

    AMC shows Groundhog Day several times today

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