February 19th is
Chocolate Mint Day
Cracker Jack Prize Day *
Iwo Jima Day *
MORE! Stan Kenton, Amy Tan and Mickey Mouse, click
WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
Belgium – Durbury:
Trails in Motion Film Festival
Canada – Saskatchewan:
Malaysia – State Holiday after Act 355 Rally
(RUU355 increases Shariah offense punishment )
Nepal – Democracy Day
Turkmenistan – Flag Day
On This Day in HISTORY
356 – Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire
1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus born, Polish mathematician and astronomer
1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War; a provision the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to English, who rename it New York
1717 – David Garrick born, English actor, playwright, and producer
1743 – Composer Luigi Boccherini born, Italian cellist and composer
1764 – Gottlieb Sigismund Kirchhof born; develops vegetable oil reefing method, and improves brewing & fermentation
1807 – Former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama; his secret correspondence with the British and Spanish ministers in Washington reveal he tried to secure money and conceal his design to help Mexico overthrow Spanish power in the Southwest, a violation of the Neutrality Act. He was later tried and acquitted on charges of treason
1833 – Elie Ducommun, Swiss writer/peace activist, 1902 Nobel Peace Prize co-winner
1846 – The formal transfer of government between Texas and the United States takes place. Texas officially became a state on December 29, 1845
1855 – Bread riots in Liverpool England, largely due to high unemployment
1856 – The tintype camera is patented by Professor Hamilton L. Smith
1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, a New York Congressman, is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity for killing his wife’s lover, Philip Barton Key II, son of Francis Scott Key, the first time this defense is successfully used in the United States
1864 – The Knights of Pythias is founded in Washington, DC. by a dozen members of what became Lodge No. 1.
1869 – Hovhannes Tumanyan born, Armenian author, national poet of Armenia
1871 – Lugenia Burns Hope born, American social reformer, founder of the Neighborhood Union, the first woman-run social welfare agency for African Americans in Atlanta GA
1877 – Gabriele Münter born, German painter
1878 – Thomas Alva Edison patents a music player (the phonograph).
1881 – Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
1912 – Stan Kenton born, American innovative progressive jazz bandleader
1913 – Cracker Jack Prize Day * Cracker Jack begins to put prizes in each box
1917 – Carson McCullers born, American author: The Heart is a Lonely Hunter and The Member of the Wedding
1922 – Ed Wynn is the first big-name, vaudeville talent to sign on as a radio talent
1942 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signs an executive order giving the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans
1944 – Iwo Jima Day * U.S. forces land at Iwo Jima
1949 – Bollingen Foundation and Yale University award the first Bollingen Prize in poetry ($5,000) to Ezra Pound
1952 – Amy Tan born, American novelist, essayist, and short story writer
1953 – The State of Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the U.S.; Newspapers were excluded from the new legislation
1956 – The Platters record “Magic Touch”
1958 – The Miracles release their first single “Got A Job”
1959 – Cyprus is granted its independence with the signing of an agreement with Britain, Turkey and Greece.
1963 – The Soviet Union informs U.S. President Kennedy it would withdraw “several thousand” of its troops in Cuba.
1963 – The publication of Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique reawakens the Feminist Movement in the United States as women’s organizations and consciousness raising groups spread
1964 – Simon & Garfunkel complete the original acoustic version of “Sounds of Silence”
1971 – Paul McCartney release “Another Day” in the U.K.
1976 – Iceland brakes off diplomatic relations with Great Britain when the two can’t settle their disagreement over the ‘cod war’ fishing rights issue
1981 – The U.S. State Department calls El Savador a “textbook case” of a Communist plot.
1981 – Ford Motor Company announces its loss of $1.5 billion.
1985 – Mickey Mouse is welcomed to China as part of the 30th anniversary of Disneyland, touring 30 cities in 30 days
1985 – William Schroeder is the first artificial-heart patient to leave the hospital confines
1985 – Mick Jagger releases his first solo album “She’s The Boss” in the U.S.
1986 – The U.S. Senate approves a treaty outlawing genocide,a pact submitted 37 years earlier for ratification
1986 – The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station
1987 – A controversial, anti-smoking TV public service announcement airs for the first time, filming Yul Brynner shortly before he dies of lung cancer
1997 – Deng Xiaoping of China dies at the age of 92, the last of China’s major revolutionaries
1999 – The world’s largest strawberry shortcake is created in McCall Park, Plant City, Florida, the Winter Strawberry Capital of the World, the Guinness record for the world’s largest strawberry shortcake, over 6,000 pounds
2001 – The museum at the Oklahoma City National Memorial Center is dedicated
2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft begins using its thermal emission imaging system to map Mars
2004 – Former Enron Corp. chief executive Jeffrey Skilling is charged with fraud, insider trading and other crimes in connection with the energy trader’s collapse, and later convicted, sentenced to more than 24 years in prison
2005 – The USS Jimmy Carter is commissioned at Groton CT, the last of the Seawolf class attack submarines
2007 – New Jersey becomes the third state to offer civil unions to gay couples.
2008 – Fidel Castro resigns the Cuban presidency; his brother Raul is later named as his successor
- Chocolate mints
- International flags
- Copernicus vision of solar system
- Elie Ducommun, war quote
- Hovhannes Tumanyan
- Lugenia Burns Hope montage
- Gabriele Münter, painting
- Cracker Jack box
- Carson McCullers, falling in love quote
- Amy Tan, fresh eyes quote
- USS Jimmy Carter model