February 25th is
Chocolate-Covered Peanuts Day
Clam Chowder Day
Sword Swallowers Day
Open That Bottle Night *
MORE! Elizabeth I, Samuel Colt and Corazon Aquino, click
WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
Voudon – Manger Tetes d’L’eau (ritual feeding of the springs)
Italy – Venice: opening of Carnevale Venezia
Kuwait – National Day
Philippines – EDSA Revolution Anniversary
Solomon Islands – Choiseul Province:
Choiseul Province Founding Day
Suriname – Dag van de Revolutie
(Day of Liberation and Innovation)
On This Day in HISTORY
138 – Roman Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, who will succeed him, as one of the “Five Good Emperors”
1570 – Pope Pius V issues papal bull Regnans in Excelsis (reigning on high) declaring
“Elizabeth, the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime”, to be a heretic and releasing all her subjects from any allegiance to her: “We charge and command all and singular the nobles, subjects, peoples and others afore said that they do not dare obey her orders, mandates and laws. Those who shall act to the contrary we include in the like sentence of excommunication.” It sanctioned the right of Catholics to “deprive her of her throne.” Elizabeth’s limited tolerance of Catholic worship (in private) was ended after two rebellions in 1569: the “First Desmond Rebellion” in Ireland, and the “Northern Rebellion” by Catholic nobles trying to depose her and put Mary, Queen of Scots on her throne; the Papal Bull leads her to execute the Catholic nobles who refuse to vow allegiance to her
1649 – Johann Philipp Krieger born, German composer
1707 – Carlo Goldoni born, Italian dramatist
1751 – Edward Willet displays the first trained monkey act in the U.S.
1791 – First Bank of the United States (The President, Directors and Company, of the Bank of the United States) is chartered by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Washington
1793 – The department heads of the U.S. government meet with U.S. President Washington for the first Cabinet meeting on U.S. record
1836 – Samuel Colt gets the first of many patents, for a “revolving-cylinder pistol”
1837 – Thomas Davenport patents the first commercial electrical motor, but with no practical electrical distribution system available, Davenport goes bankrupt
1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir born, leading French Impressionist painter
1842 – Idawalley Zorada Lewis born, American lighthouse keeper, who takes over the Lime Rock Light after her parents die; she becomes the highest-paid lighthouse keeper in the U.S. – $750 a year – “in consideration of the remarkable services of Mrs. Wilson in the saving of lives.” She makes her first rescue at the age of 12, and receives the Gold Lifesaving Medal from the U.S. Government in 1881 for rescuing two soldiers who fell through ice; makes her last rescue at age 63; called “the Bravest Woman in America,” Lime Rock and the Lime Rock Lighthouse are named Ida Lewis Rock and Lighthouse, the only time a Light has been renamed for its keeper
1866 – Benedetto Croce born, Italian historian, humanist, and philosopher
1870 – Hiram R. Revels (R-MS) becomes the first black member of the U.S. Senate as he is sworn in to serve out the unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
1871 – Larysa Kosach-Kvitka born, under the pen name “Lesya Ukrainka” author of poetry, plays, and essays; foremost woman of Ukrainian literature
1873 – Enrico Caruso born, Italian operatic tenor, regarded as one of the greatest singers who ever lived
1881 – Phoenix AZ is incorporated when Governor John C. Fremont signs the “Phoenix Charter Bill” instituting a mayor-city council form of government
1890 – Vyacheslav Skryabin born, better known as Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet revolutionary and politician, determines much of the soviet internal and foreign policy
1901 – United States Steel Corporation is incorporated by J.P. Morgan
1907 – Mary Chase born, American children’s author and playwright; best known for her play Harvey
1910 – Millicent Fenwick born; served on New Jersey Committee of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1958-1974); Congresswoman (R-NJ, 1975-1983); U.S. Ambassador to the UN (1983-1987); moderate Republican, outspoken supporter of civil and women’s rights; considered the inspiration for Garry Trudeau’s Doonesbury character Lacey Davenport
1913 – The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, giving Congress the power to “lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived”
1917 – Anthony Burgess born, English novelist and critic
1918 – Wartime food rationing begins in parts of Great Britain
1919 – The state of Oregon becomes the first state to tax gasoline, at 1 cent per gallon
1928 – The Federal Radio Commission issues the first U.S. television license to Charles Jenkins Laboratories in Washington DC
1930 – George McCarthy patents the Checkograph, a bank check photographing device
1933 – The aircraft carrier Ranger is launched, the first U.S. Navy ship designed and built from the keel up as an aircraft carrier
1948 – Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia
1950 – “Your Show of Shows” debuts on NBC-TV
1956 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticizes the late Josef Stalin in a speech before the Communist Party congress in Moscow
1972 – Germany gives a $5 million ransom to Arab terrorists who hijack a jumbo jet
1986 – Filipino President Ferdinand E. Marcos flees the Philippines after 20 years of rule in the wake of a tainted election; Corazon Aquino is sworn in as President
1990 – Nicaraguan election leads to victory for the opponents of the Sandinistas
1999 – In Moscow, China’s Prime Minister Zhu Rongji and Russia’s President Boris Yeltsin discuss trade and other issues
2000 – After a change of venue, an Albany NY jury acquitted four New York City police officers of second-degree murder and lesser charges in the February 1999 shooting death of Amadou Diallo, who is unarmed and standing on the front stoop of his apartment building when he is killed in a hail of 41 bullets
2000 – The first Open That Bottle Night * started by Wall Street Journal Tastings columnists Dorothy J. Gaiter and John Brecher (1998-2009), encouraging their readers to open a symbolically significant bottle, and then share their stories, making the wine itself the subject of the celebration
2010 – The Mid-Atlantic and New England states are hit by a severe blizzard and flooding rains, leaving tens of thousands without heat or power
2013 – British Liberal Democratic women activists are furious as at least 10 women who allege they were molested by former Lib Dem chief executive Lord Rennard are shrugged off by Lib Dem peer Tony Greaves describing the complaints as ‘mild sexual advances’ and adding ‘half of the House of Lords’ had probably behaved in similar ways
2014 – 1,427 gold coins from the mid-19th century that were buried in eight cans are discovered by an anonymous couple while walking their dog in Gold Country CA; dubbed the Saddle Ridge Hoard, it is expected to be worth over $10 million dollars,the largest known hoard of gold coins ever found in the U.S.
- Chocolate-Covered Peanuts
- Open That Bottle Night banner
- International flags
- Bust of Antoninus Pius
- Carlo Goldini, prejudice quote
- The Seine at Asnieres by Pierre Auguste Renoir
- Benedetto Croce, writing histories quote
- Harvey, Elwood P. Dowd played by Jimmy Stewart
- Anthony Burgess, goodness quote
- Saddle Ridge Hoard
Wow, lots and lots of information, using the information properly determines wisdom. Many years ago I was told by a former Flying Tiger, Wisdom is wasted on the young. Years later I know what Wisdom the man imparted upon me.
I like what Croce wrote, especially the last line “Writing History Liberates of From History.”
Goldonis’ “He who never leaves his country is full of prejudices.” Many words of truth.
Burgess words are complex, which in my mind makes them everlasting. I will sum it up to this, be honest with yourself and with others. You are only in control of yourself and falsehoods will be revealed.
My understanding of his words could change tomorrow as understanding changes on a daily basis. No truth is ever the same, it continues to evolve if you live each day the best you can.
HI Russell –
Evolution – yes, my criteria for good poetry and good writing in general is that you find something more in it when you’re 40 that went right past you at 20 – and it’s still revealing more at 60, at 80, and later if you make it that far.
Some authors don’t stand that test of time – what seemed amazing and profound at 17 makes you feel slightly embarrassed for yourself when you try to re-read it at 30. Conversely, things you had no patience for at 17, become deeply moving for you twenty years later.
We have to put in as much of ourselves as the writers do to get as much out.
Agreement in toto.