ON THIS DAY: March 18, 2017

March 18th is

Corn Dog Day

Sloppy Joe Day

Awkward Moments Day

Forgive Mom and Dad Day

National Biodiesel Day

Play The Recorder Day *

Worldwide Quilting Day
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MORE! Alice Cullen, Margaret Tucker and Kate Millett, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Aruba – National Anthem & Flag Day

Comoros – Sheikh Al Maarouf Day
(Death anniversary of president)

Republic of the Congo – Marien Ngouabi Day
(president 1969-March 18, 1977 assassination)

India – Guwahati:
Indian Music Video Awards

Mexico –
Ciudad de México: Vive Latino
Urupan: Festival Gastro Cervecero Michoacán

Mongolia – Soldier’s Day

Spain – Barcelona: Let’s Festival
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On This Day in HISTORY

37 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor, whose excesses are so terrible he will be assassinated four years later



633 – Abu Bakr, first Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, crushes the rebellion of Arab tribes in the Arabian Peninsula during the Ridda Wars, uniting the tribes under his central authority

1123 – The first Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

1190 – Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds, England

1241 – Mongols overwhelm Kraków and plunder it in Mongol’s 1st invasion of Poland

1314 – Jacques de Molay, 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake, after being tortured into a false confession which he retracts

1532 – The English parliament bans payments by the English church to Rome

1541 – Hernando de Soto observes the first recorded flood of the Mississippi River



1608 – Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia; there is a brief period during his reign that Roman Catholicism becomes the state religion

1634 – Madame de La Fayette born, French author; La Princesse de Clèves, one of the earliest French historical novels



1673 – Lord Berkeley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers

1692 – William Penn is deprived of his governing powers, and his province is annexed to the colony of New York, but in 1694, he is restored as governor

1733 – Friedrich Nicolai born, German author; leader of the German Enlightenment

1782 – John C. Calhoun born, South Carolina politician; U.S. Vice President 1825-1832;
N.C. Senator 1845-1850

1813 – David Melville patents the gas streetlight

1834 – The first railroad tunnel in the U.S. is completed, in Pennsylvania

1834 – Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union

1835 – Charles Darwin leaves Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass



1848 – Nathanael Herreshoff born, American naval architect, innovative sailboat and racing yacht designer; his America’s Cup defenders are unbeaten between 1893-1920



1850 – Henry Wells and William Fargo found American Express

1858 – Rudolf Diesel born, German thermal engineer, inventor of the internal combustion engine

1863 – Women riot in Salisbury NC, protesting lack of flour and salt in the Confederacy

1865 – The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time

1869 – Neville Chamberlain born, British Conservative PM (1937-1940)

1881 – Barnum and Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Gardens

1891 – Britain is linked to the continent of Europe by telephone

1891 – Alice Cullen born, Scottish Labour Party MP; first Roman Catholic woman MP in the UK (1948-1969), for Glasgow Gorbals

1899 – Phoebe, a moon of the planet Saturn, is discovered

1902 – In Turkey, the Sultan grants a German syndicate the first concession to access Baghdad by rail

1903 – France dissolves all French Catholic religious orders after the Pope refuses to accept bishops appointed by the Republic, and excommunicates all  French deputies when France threatens to break off relations with the Vatican (In 1901, France passed the Associations Act, outlawing religious orders or any of their members from teaching anywhere in France without government permission. Most French towns had only Catholic schools. The Republic also dissolved the Assumptionists in 1901, a vocally anti-Republican order)

1904 – Margaret Tucker born, Aboriginal rights activist, a founding member of the Australian Aborigines’ League, founder of the United Council of Aboriginal and Islander Women; first indigenous appointee to the Victorian Aborigines Welfare Board; author of If Everyone Cared

1906 – In Morocco, France and Germany are in a deadlock at the Algeciras Conference

1909 – Einar Dessau of Denmark uses a short wave transmitter to become the first person to broadcast as a “ham” radio operator

1910 – The Pipe of Desire, by composer Frederick Shepherd Converse and librettist George Edward Barton, becomes the first opera by Americans to be performed at New York’s Metropolitan Opera (sorry couldn’t find a recording)



1911 – Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Arizona, the largest dam in the U.S. at the time

1911 – North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law

1913 – Greek King George I is killed by an assassin; Constantine I succeeds him

1917 – The Germans sink the U.S. ships, City of MemphisVigilante and the Illinois, without any warning

1919 – The Order of DeMolay is established in Kansas City, a fraternal organization for men ages 12 to 21

1920 – Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar

1921 – Poland is enlarged with the second Peace of Riga

1922 – Mohandas K. Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India, but serves only 2 years of the sentence

1922 – The first Bat Mitzvah is held in the United States for Judith Kaplan, daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan

1925 – “Tea for Two” is recorded by Binnie Hale and the Palace Theater Orchestra



1931 – Schick Inc. markets the first electric shaver

1938 – Mexico takes control of all foreign-owned oil properties on its soil

1938 – Because of growing national concern over the spread of syphilis, New York state begins requiring serological blood tests of pregnant women – but not the fathers

1939 – The American Recorder Society is founded by Suzanne Bloch, officially announced on March 30; The ARS later sponsors Play the Recorder Day * annually on the 3rd Saturday of March

1940 – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini hold a meeting at the Brenner Pass; the Italian dictator agrees to join in Germany’s war against France and Britain

1942 – The third military draft begins in the U.S. because of World War II

1942 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order authorizing the War Relocation Authority, which is in charge of interning Japanese-Americans

1946 – The Andrews Sisters record ‘Avocado’



1948 – France, Great Britain, and Benelux sign the Treaty of Brussels

1949 – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is ratified

1952 – In Philadelphia PA, the first plastic lenses are fitted for a cataract patient

1954 – RKO Pictures is sold for $23,489,478, becoming the first motion picture studio to be owned by a single individual, Howard Hughes

1959 – U.S. President Eisenhower signs the Hawaii statehood bill

1962 – France and Algerian rebels agree to a truce

1963 – Tovarich opens on Broadway starring Vivien Leigh



1963 – France performs an underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

1963 – The U.S. Supreme Court hands down the Miranda decision concerning legal council for defendants

1965 – Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he left the Voskhod II space capsule while in orbit around the Earth; he is outside the spacecraft for about 20 minutes

1966 – The government of Indonesia is formed by General Suharto

1968 – The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve

1969 – U.S. President Nixon authorizes Operation Menue, the ‘secret’ bombing of Cambodia

1970 – The U.S. Postal Service has its first strike by postal workers

1974 – Most of the Arab oil-producing nations end their five-month embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan

1975 – Saigon abandons most of the Central Highlands of Vietnam to Hanoi

1975 – The Kurds end their fight against Iraq

1977 – Vietnam turns over an MIA to a U.S. delegation

1979 – Iranian authorities detain American feminist Kate Millett, deport her the next day

1981 – The U.S. discloses that biological weapons were tested in Texas in 1966

1986 – The U.S. Treasury Department announces that a clear, polyester thread will be woven into bills in an effort to thwart counterfeiters

1987 – The U.S. performs nuclear tests at a Nevada test site

1990 – Thirteen paintings, valued at $100 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, the largest art robbery in history, including Chez Tortoni by Édouard Manet 

1989 – A 4,400-year-old mummy is discovered at the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt

1990 – The first free elections take place in East Germany

1992 – The ‘Queen of Mean’ hotelier Leona Hemsley, is sentenced to a 4-year prison term for tax evasion

2000 – Taiwan ends more than a half century of Nationalist Party rule by electing opposition leader Chen Shui-bian president

2003 – China’s new president, Hu Jintao, says his country must deepen reforms and raise living standards of workers and farmers

2010 – President Barack Obama signs into law a $38 billion jobs bill containing a modest mix of tax breaks and spending to encourage private sector hiring

2011 – President Obama warns that unless Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi halts all military attacks on civilians, the U.S. will join other nations to launch military action against him



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Visuals

  • Sloppy Joe
  • Play the Recorder montage
  • Quilting squares
  • International flags
  • Caligula, fear me quote
  • Hernando de Soto’s route
  • Madame de La Fayette, I left quote
  • John C. Calhoun, slavery quote
  • Charles Darwin, young naturalist quote
  • Gloriana, Nathanael Herreshoff design
  • Chez Tortoni by Édouard Manet 

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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