ON THIS DAY: March 19, 2017

March 19th is

National Certified Nurses Day *

Chocolate Caramel Day

Deskfast Day *

Let’s Laugh Day

Oatmeal Cookie Day

National Poultry Day

International Read to Me Day
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MORE! Minna Canth, Minnie Fisher Cunningham and Mary Tyler Moore, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity – St. Joseph’s Day/Feast of St. Joseph

Dominican Republic – Battle of Azua
(1st big battle in war of independence)

Finland – Social Equality Day *

Haiti – St. Joseph Expression de la jurisdiction Legba
(Patron Saint of laborers – Loko in Voudon)

Iran – Oil Nationalization Day

Libya – Victory Over Kadhafi Day

Liechtenstein – Josefistag
(St. Joseph’s Day)
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On This Day in HISTORY

1563 – The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots, allowing unregulated Protestant services in private households of nobles and one pre-determined town or suburb in each sénéchaussée (a kind of district)

1571 – Spanish troops occupy Manila, and López de Legazpi gives the title city to the colony of Manila

1644 – During the Li Zingcheng uprising, sparked by famine, as rebels prepare to take the capital, Emperor Chongzhen gathers his family for a final feast, and then kills all of them with a sword, except his sons and one daughter who lost an arm but survived. He then commits suicide, and hundreds of the imperial court and household also commit suicide out of loyalty to the Emperor



1649 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it “useless and dangerous to the people of England”

1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men

1702 – Upon the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, the sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland



1748 – Elias Hicks born, American Quaker minister, advocate for abolition of slavery

1748 – The English Naturalization Act passed granting Jews right to colonize in America

1813 – David Livingstone born, Scottish explorer and missionary



1821 – Sir Richard F. Burton born, English geographer-explorer, translator-writer, soldier-adventurer



1822 – The city of Boston MA is incorporated

1831 – In the first recorded bank robbery in America, the City Bank of New York losses $245,000

1844 – Minna Canth born, Finnish author, playwright and women’s rights activist; known for The Pastor’s Family and The Worker’s Wife; she has been honored in Finland on her birthday since 2007, which is also the country’s Social Equality Day *



1848 – Wyatt Earp born, American lawman, gambler, Tombstone AZ Town Marshall


 


1853 –  The Taiping reform movement/civil war occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until it falls to the Xiang Army in 1864

1859 – Ellen Gates Starr born, American social reformer, co-founded Hull House with Jane Addams; ran for alderman of Chicago’s Nineteenth Ward in 1916 


1859 – Charles Gounod’s opera Faust premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris



1860 – William Jennings Bryan born, American orator, Congressman (D-NB, 1891-1895), Secretary of State (1913-1915), runs for U.S. president but defeated twice by William McKinley in 1896 and 1900; gives his famous ‘Cross of Gold’ speech at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, July 9, 1896, supporting free silver; an ardent anti-Darwinist, he attends ‘Scope’s monkey trial’ then dies in his sleep shortly after



1861 – The First Taranaki War ends, a conflict over sovereignty and land ownership between the Māori and the New Zealand government, on the North Island

1864 – Charles ‘C.M. ‘ Russell born, American artist, historian and outdoorsman



1879 – Maurice Barrymore (father of John, Ethel and Lionel) and fellow actor Ben Porter make the mistake of winning a game of cards with notorious gunfighter Jim Currie, who gets drunk and tries to bait them into a fight. Barrymore challenges Currie to a fistfight, but Currie shoots him in the chest, and then kills Porter. Barrymore survives, but even his testimony isn’t enough to get a conviction (Currie’s brother was mayor of Shreveport LA and rumored to have influenced the verdict). Barrymore vows never to return to Texas

1881 – Edith Nourse Rogers born, American politician, 1st woman elected to the U.S. Congress from Massachusetts. In her 35 years in the House, advocated for veterans, sponsoring the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (AKA the G.I. Bill), the 1942 bill that created the Women’s Army Auxiliary (WAAC), and the 1943 bill that created the Women’s Army Corps (WAC)



1891 –Earl Warren born, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (1953-1969) and the 30th Governor of California



1882 – Minnie Fisher Cunningham born, the first woman to get a pharmacy degree from the University of Texas Medical Branch– in 1901, she discovered that the less-educated men working next to her made twice the pay she did, and “that made a suffragist out of me.” She was a founding member of the Women’s National Democratic Club; active in politics at both the state level in Texas and at the national level; a gifted coalition builder and effective speaker for suffrage, she also campaigned for legislation to lower infant mortality, to recognize married women’s citizenship as separate from their husband’s, for prison reform, and for enriched flour to help improve nutrition for the poor. She was a founding member and first executive secretary of the League of Women Voters; served on the Democratic National Committee at the invitation of Eleanor Roosevelt – FDR nicknamed her ‘Minnie Fish’



1892 – Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker Suite, a selection of 8 numbers from the ballet is first performed in St. Petersburg, Russia




1895 – The Los Angeles Railway is established to provide streetcar service

1900 – Archeologist Arthur Evans begins the excavation of Knossos Palace on Crete

1900 – Frederic Joliot-Curie born, French Nobel Prize-winning physicist; shared prize with his wife, Irene

1903 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda

1904 – John Joseph Sirica born, presiding judge at Watergate trials who ordered U.S. President Nixon to turn over his recordings of White House conversations

1906 – Reports in Berlin estimate the cost of the German war with the Nama and Herero people in Southwest Africa at $150 million, and pressure builds at home to end the war

1907 – Elizabeth Maconchy born, English composer of Irish heritage



1908 – The state of Maryland bars Christian Scientists from practicing without medical diplomas

1915 – Pluto is in a photograph for the first time, but isn’t noticed until sometime later

1917 – U.S. Supreme Court upholds the Adamson Act, which establishes an eight-hour workday for interstate railroad workers, with overtime pay, as constitutional

1918 – U.S. Congress approves Daylight-Saving Time

1920 – U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty for a second time, maintaining an isolation policy

1924 – U.S. troops are rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces take the Honduran capital

1931 – The state of Nevada legalizes gambling

1936 – Canned beer is sold to the British public for the first time, by Felinfoel Brewery in Wales

1941 – Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra record “Green Eyes”



1944 – Michael Tippett’s oratorium A Child of Our Time premieres in London



1945 – Adolf Hitler issued his “Nero Decree” ordering the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands as German forces are retreating

1947 – Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces take control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party

1949 – The Soviet People’s Council signs the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declares that the North Atlantic Treaty is merely a war weapon

1953 – The Academy Awards air on television for the first time

1953 – Tennessee Williams’ Camino Real premieres in New York City

1954 – The first rocket-driven sled on rails is tested in Alamogordo NM

1954 – Jill Abramson born, author, journalist, 1st woman to be executive editor of the New York Times

1962 – Bob Dylan, Dylan’s first album is released



1963 – In Costa Rica, U.S. President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledge to fight Communism

1964 – Shooting begin on the movie Goldfinger, starring Sean Connery as Bond,  James Bond



1965 – Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1965 – Rembrandt’s Titus is auctioned for $7,770,000

1968 – 2000 Students at Howard University seize an administration building in a massive sit-in, initially over the right of the campus newspaper to criticize the policies of the university president James Nabrit, but demands quickly expand to include establishment of an Afro-American studies department, appointment of a black university president, and courses which allow students to reach out to the working class neighborhood surrounding the school

1969 – British invade Anguilla

1972 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty

1977 – The last episode of  The Mary Tyler Moore Show airs



1979 – U.S. House of Representatives began broadcasting its daily business on TV.

1984 – The TV show Kate and Allie premieres

1985 – The U.S. Senate voted to authorize production of the MX missile.

1987 – Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns from The PTL Club program due to a sex scandal, then revelations of accounting fraud bring about his arrest and imprisonment

1990 – Latvia’s political opposition claims victory in the first free elections in 50 years

1994 – The largest omelet in history was made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan.

1998 – The World Health Organization (WHO) warned of tuberculosis epidemic that could kill 70 million people in next two decades

2000 – Vector Data Systems conducts a simulation of the 1993 Branch Davidian siege in Waco TX which shows that federal agents had not fired first

2001 – California officials declare a power alert and order two days of rolling blackouts

2002 – Operation Anaconda, the largest U.S.-led ground offensive since the Gulf War, ends in eastern Afghanistan, with reports showing at least 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters are dead, and 11 allied troops  killed since the operation began on March 2

2003 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces ‘Operation Iraqi Freedom’ declaring war on Iraq; U.S. forces launch a strike against “targets of military opportunity” in Iraq, using cruise missiles and precision-guided bombs, aimed at Iraqi leaders thought to be near Baghdad

2008 – Certified Nurses Day * is created by a collaboration of the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and the American Nurses Association (ANA); now an official National Day by Congressional proclamation

201 1 – U.S. and French forces launch the broadest international military effort since the Iraq war against Moammar Gadhafi’s military, in support of the Libyan uprising

2015 – Deskfast Day * is launched as part of the national ‘A Better Breakfast’ campaign founded by Brian George, to encourage people to take a few minutes for the ‘most important meal of the day’
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Visuals

  • Chocolate Caramel
  • Read to Me poster
  • International flags
  • Emperor Chongzhen
  • Queen Anne Stuart
  • Dr. David Livingstone, Africa quote
  • Richard Francis Burton, religion quote
  • Minna Canth
  • Wyatt Earp
  • Ellen Gates Starr running for office
  • William Jennings Bryan, religion quite
  • On the Trail, by Charles ‘C.M. ‘ Russell
  • Edith Nourse Rogers, fight quote
  • Earl Warren, Nixon quote
  • Minnie Fisher Cunningham, telegram and campaign photo

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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8 Responses to ON THIS DAY: March 19, 2017

  1. I have always thought that William Jennings Bryan died of an overload of cognitive dissonance.
    Clarence Darrow joined the ACLU in defending Snopes. Using logic, Darrow tied Bryan in knots.

    Bryan never recovered, psychologically, from the verbal flogging he received at the hands of the best trial lawyer in the country.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Brilliantly portrayed in the film of ‘Inherit the Wind’ by Fredric March and Spencer Tracy, from the play by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee. The character’s names are different (probably to avoid lawsuits), but the story runs so true.

      I’ll never hear “Gimme Me Dat Old-Time Religion” the same way after Leslie Uggams sang it for the film, a remarkable use of music as commentary on story.

      I had the honor and pleasure of meeting Mr. Lee after I was in a production of their play ‘The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail.’ ‘Inherit’ is certainly their masterwork, but ‘Thoreau’ is a very good play.

  2. Russell says:

    Burton has an antidotial way of putting organization religion in its proper place. “The more I study religion, the more I become convinced that man worshipped himself.”

  3. Russell says:

    As I am reading this I hit upon William III of Oranges death. I had immediate thought of Trump, the came the Versailles Treaty, the overtime pay, equal pay, 8 hour days at work. There is just a lot that Trump and the Merry Band if Thieve could take away. I think he has the Nero complex and probably views NATO as a pact of War.

    Lots of great, really, great things today. Just wait, I am really really excited about him being impeached.

    And if folks did not pay attention to Trump’s lame ass speech Friday, “America is a Company” maybe that’s his problem. It’s a country, not his corporate structure. I realize he has mastered deficit spends.

  4. Russell says:

    Another Burton Quote, Tim Burton, “One man’s craziness is another man’s reality.’

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