ON THIS DAY: March 31, 2017

March 31st is

Bunsen Burner Day *

Crayola Crayon Day *

Eiffel Tower Day *

International Hug A Medievalist Day *

International Transgender Day of Visibility *

World Backup Day
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MORE! Gail Hamilton, Liz Claiborne and Sheila Dikshit, click 

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Malta – Jum il-Helsien *
(Freedom Day)

Micronesia – Pohnpeo
(Culture and Traditions Day)

Virgin Islands – Transfer Day *

United States – California:
Cesar Chavez Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

1425 – Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan, active in the administration of the Duchy, known as “warrior woman” for her defense of Cremona against the Venetians

1492 – Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon unless they convert to Christianity

1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus, Philippines

1596 – Rene Descartes born, French mathematician, scientist and philosopher



1657 – English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines

1717 – Bishop of Bangor Benjamin Hoadly’s sermon on “The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ” provokes the Bangorian Controversy

1732 – Franz Joseph Haydn born, a leading Austrian Classical composer



1745 – Jews are expelled from Prague

1796 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Egmont premieres in Weimar



1808 – The French-created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names

1809 – Edward Fitzgerald born, English writer-translator; Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam

1811 – Bunsen Burner Day *- Robert Wilhelm Eberhard Bunsen born, German chemist; discoverer of caesium and rubidium; developed Bunsen Burner with Peter Desaga

1822 – The massacre of the people of Greek island Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix

1833 – Gail Hamilton born, pseudonym for Mary Abigail Dodge, American author, noted for promotion of women’s equality in education and occupation

1841 –First performance of Robert Schumann’s 1st Symphony in B



1854 – Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US

1861 – The Confederacy takes over the U.S. mint at New Orleans

1870 – Thomas Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ becomes the first U.S. black man to vote

1872 – Serge Diaghilev born, Russian impresario; created Ballets Russes (1909)



1880 – Wasbash IN is the first town completely illuminated by electric lighting

1883 – First performance of Caesar Franck’s Le Chasseur Maudit



1890 – William Lawrence Bragg born in Australia, British physicist; discoverer (1912) of Bragg’s law of X-ray diffraction; joint winner (with his father, William Henry Bragg) of the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics

1889 – Eiffel Tower Day * – French engineer Alexandre Eiffel unfurls the French flag atop the completed Eiffel Tower as it is opened to the world; at 300 meters high (just over 984 feet), it will be the tallest man-made structure in the world for four decades

1903 – Crayola Crayon Day * – Binney & Smith Co begins making Crayolas

1909 – Gustav Mahler conducts the New York Philharmonic for the first time

1913 – Etta Baker born, American singer and Piedmont blues guitarist



1914 – Octavio Paz born, Mexican poet-writer/diplomat; 1990 Nobel Prize for Literature



1917 – Transfer Day * – the Danish West Indies are transferred from Denmark to the U.S. for $25 million, and renamed the Virgin Islands

1918 – First Daylight Savings time goes into effect in the U.S.

1920 – British Parliament accepts Irish Home Rule

1921 – British coal miners goes on strike

1927 – Cesar Chavez born, leader of United Farm Workers of America, the first union of migrant American farm workers; organized the California grape boycott; worked tirelessly for the 1975 collective bargaining act for farm workers passed by the California legislature, only the second in the nation after Hawaii



1929 – Liz Claiborne born in Belgium, American fashion designer, first woman to be to found and serve as CEO of a Fortune 500 company

1930 – The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next 38 years

1932 – Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine

1933 – Congress authorizes the Civilian Conservation Corps

1938 – Sheila Dikshit born, Indian politician, serves as Chief Minister of Delhi

1939 – The Hound of Baskervilles is released, the first Holmes film starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson



1943 – Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! premieres on Broadway



1944 – Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

1945 – Premiere of Tennessee Williams’ play The Glass Menagerie on Broadway

1948 – U.S. Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe

1953 – U.S. Department of Health, Education & Welfare is established

1958 – U.S. Navy forms atomic sub division; meanwhile, the USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, urging U.S. and Britain to do the same

1963 – Los Angeles CA ends streetcar service after 90 years

1965 – U.S. orders first combat troops to Vietnam

1966 – Labour Party under Harold Wilson wins British parliamentary election

1967 – In London, Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar for the first time



1968 – LBJ announces he will not seek re-election

1972 – Black Tot Day: last day of the rum ration in the Royal Canadian Navy

1979 – The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day, Jum il-Helsien *

1980 – President Jimmy Carter begins deregulation of U.S. banking industry

1983 – Marsha Norman’s ‘night, Mother premieres in NYC

1988 – Toni Morrison is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Literature for her novel Beloved

1991 – The musical Will Rogers Follies premieres on Broadway

1992 – The U.N. Security Council votes to ban flights and arms sales to Libya, branding it a terrorist state for shielding the six men suspected of blowing up Pan Am Flight 103 and a French airliner

1999 – The movie 10 Things I Hate About You opens; inspired by Shakespeare’s The Taming of the Shrew, it stars Julia Stiles and Heath Ledger



2007 – In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour

2009 – International Transgender Day of Visibility * is launched by Transgender activist Rachel Crandall of Michigan, now spearheaded by Trans Student Educational Resources

2011 – International Hug A Medievalist Day * is started by Sarah Laseke who was studying Medieval Literature at Oxford



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Visuals

  • Crayola Crayon and Kiss a Medievalist Day
  • International Flags
  • Rene Descartes, the world we see quote
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, intelligent thoughts
  • Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes poster
  • Octavio Paz, solitude quote
  • Cesar Chavez, preserving culture quote
  • Hug A Medievalist Day art

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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