ON THIS DAY: April 9, 2017

April 9th is

Appomattox Day *

Jenkin’s Ear Day *

Winston Churchill Day *

Cherish an Antique Day

Chinese Almond Cookie Day

Global Day to End Child Sexual Abuse *

National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day *
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MORE! Charles Baudelaire, Mae West and Stuart Parkin, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Georgia – Independence Restoration Day

India – Mahavir Jayanti/Janma Kalyanak
(Jainism – birth of the prophet Mahavira)

Iraq – Baghdad Liberation Day

Kosovo – Dita e Kushtetutës
(Constitution day)

Philippines – Araw ng Kagitingan
(day of valor)

Tunisia – Martyrs’ Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England at age 27

1667 – Under  the leadership of painter Charles Le Brun and Louis XIV’s chief minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture holds the first public art exhibition, at the Palais-Royale in Paris



1731 – Jenkin’s Ear Day * commemorates the boarding and plundering of the British ship Rebecca by Spanish guardacosta, who suspected the British were smuggling goods, in the waters off Jamaica. They also cut off an ear of English master mariner Robert Jenkins, frequently cited during debate in the House of Commons in 1738, and used as a pretext for Britain declaring war on Spain in 1739 over the lucrative asiento contract (permission to sell slaves in Spanish-held America); dubbed by Thomas Carlyle “The War of Jenkin’s Ear”
1768 – Colonial merchant John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck on his ship, sometimes cited as the first physical act of resistance to British authority in the American colonies. His ship, the Liberty, suspected of smuggling, would be seized the following June, but the case is unproven and dismissed

1770 – Captain James Cook’s Endeavour, sailing north along the Australian coast, enters a large inlet and the voyagers make first landing on the continent, at what is now known as Botany Bay



1806 – Isambard Brunel born, British engineer; first transatlantic steamer



1816 – The African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church is organized in Philadelphia by Richard Allen, who becomes its first bishop, because black Methodists were discriminated against by white Methodist churches

1821 – Charles Baudelaire born, French poet, translator



1827 – Maria Susanna Cummins born, American author; The Lamplighter

1833 – The Peterborough Town Library is founded at a town hall meeting in Peterborough, New Hampshire, the oldest free public library supported by taxes

1837 – Florence Smith Price born, African-American classical composer, possibly the first black woman recognized as a symphonic composer in the United States; she left a large body of work, including compositions for orchestra, pianoforte and organ, chamber music, choral and solo vocal pieces and arrangements of spirituals.



1838 – The British National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in London’s Trafalgar Square; it was originally founded in 1724 when the British government bought 38 paintings and his townhouse from the heirs of John Julius Angerstein, and expanded its collection with additional purchases and private donations, quickly outgrowing the cramped quarters of Angerstein’s former home

1860 – Emily Hobhouse born, English reformer and social worker



1865 – Appomattox Day * – Surrounded at Appomattox Court House, with no escape, Confederate General Robert E. Lee, in spotless full dress uniform, surrenders to rumpled and mud-scattered Union General Ulysses S. Grant, who silences his men’s victory celebration, saying, “The war is over. The Rebels are our countrymen again.”

1866 – U.S. Congress overturns President Andrew Johnson’s veto of the Civil Rights Bill

1869 – The Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada

1870 – The American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves

1872 – Leon Blum born, French politician; first Socialist and Jewish premier of France



1888 – Sol Hurok born in Russia, American impresario; helped to popularize classical music and ballet



1894 – Premiere of Anton Bruckner’s 5th Symphony in B flat major, in Graz, Austria



1898 – Paul Robeson born, American singer, actor and black activist



1903 – Gregory Pincus born, American scientist, makes discoveries that lead to developing the first birth-control pills

1905 – J. William Fulbright born, U.S. Senator (D-AR); introduced legislation in 1946 establishing the Fulbright Program, merit scholarships for international educational exchanges, operating in over 160 countries



1909 – U.S. Congress passes Payne-Aldrich Act, raising some tariffs on imported goods

1914 – The World, the Flesh and the Devil, the first color film, shown in London

1923 – Sean O’Casey’s play Shadow of a Gunman debuts at Dublin’s Abbey Theatre



1923 – U.S. Supreme Court rules in Adkins v Children’s Hospital that the minimum wage law for women and children in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional

1928 – Eugene O’Neill’s play Lazarus Laughed premieres at the Pasadena Community Playhouse in Pasadena CA, one of its few productions, since it calls for 151 actors

1928 – Mae West opens in play she wrote for herself, Diamond Lil, first Broadway hit



1928 – The Turkish National Assembly passes an amendment to the Turkish Republic’s Constitution to omit all references to religion, including proclaiming Islam as the national religion, and changing the oath sworn by deputies of parliament to “in honor” instead of “before God”

1929 – Sharan Rani Backliwal born, Indian classical musician and scholar, known for her expertise on the sarod and her collection of over 300 15th to 19th century musical instruments



1939 – On Easter Sunday, over 75,000 people gather on the Mall in Washington DC to hear famed contralto Marian Anderson give a free concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Anderson had originally been engaged to give a concert at DC’s Constitution Hall, managed by the Daughters of the American Revolution. When the DAR refuses to allow a black woman to perform there, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigns her DAR membership in protest, and writes about it on her newspaper column. Thousands more hear the concert in a national radio broadcast, and the story raises awareness of racial discrimination in America



1940 – Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway

1940 – Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra record “Six Lessons from Madame La Zonga”



1948 – Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan born, Indian actress and politician, reelected to her seat in parliament in 2012



1949 – The UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in the Corfu Channel, awarding damages to Great Britain

1950 – Bob Hope makes his first national TV appearance in a Bob Hope special on NBC

1953 – TV Guide publishes its first issue



1953 – The first 3-D movie, House of Wax, made by Warner Brothers premieres



1957 – Composer Howard Hanson’s Song of Democracy debuts in Washington DC



1959 – NASA announces the first seven astronauts for Project Mercury

1963 – Winston Churchill Day * – By Act of Congress, Winston Churchill becomes the second foreign national to be granted Honorary United States Citizenship, bestowed by President Kennedy, represented at the ceremony by his son and grandson as he watched on television – he was 90 years old, had suffered multiple strokes and nearly deaf . The only previous recipient of this honor was the Marquis de laFayette, and to date, there have been only eight honorees

1965 – The Beatles “Ticket to Ride” is released in the UK



1965 – The Peanuts comic strip characters make the cover of TIME magazine

1967 – The first Boeing 737 a 100 series makes its maiden flight



1968 – Ralph Abernathy elected head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

1969 – Bob Dylan’s album Nashville Skyline is released



1971 – Elton John’s album 11-17-70 is released



1977 – The Spanish Cabinet allows legalization of the Communist Party after it had been banned for 40 years

1981 – Irish hunger striker Bobby Sands, aged 27,  imprisoned for an IRA bombing and shoot-out which wounded two police officers, wins a bi-election as a British Member of Parliament; he dies of starvation the following month, and the law is later changed to prevent prisoners from standing for election

1988 – President Reagan imposes harsher economic sanctions in Panama, attempting to oust Manuel Noriega from power, freezing Panamanian assets in the U.S. and prohibiting payments by all U.S. organizations to the Panamanian government

1989 – The March for Women’s Lives, a march initiated by the National Organization for Women, assembles 500,000 women in the nation’s capital to protest anti-abortion law cases pending in the Supreme Court which threaten reversal of the landmark Roe v Wade decision that legalized abortion



1990 – Billy Idol releases his single “Cradle of Love”



1992 – John Major becomes the UK’s Prime Minister after the Conservative party wins the most votes in British electoral history

1992 – U.S. Federal court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of eight out of ten drug and racketeering charges

2003 – Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraq, but the city suffers serious damage to its infrastructure, and there is widespread looting by Iraqi civilians, and arson destroys the National Library and the National Archives, which housed thousands of historic manuscripts, some dating back 7,000 years, and most of the animals in the Baghdad Zoo were killed and eaten, or died from lack of food or water in spite of efforts by some zookeepers to save them

2006 – National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day * is proclaimed as an annual national day

2012 – The Lion King becomes the highest grossing Broadway show, overtaking The Phantom of the Opera



2013 – The French Senate approves a bill for same-sex marriage

2013 – Global Day to End Child Sexual Abuse * is launched by The Innocence Revolution as a focal point for uniting organizations worldwide in a commitment to end child sexual abuse

2014 – Stuart Parkin is awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for his work on magnetic storage
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Visuals

  • Global Day to End Child Sexual Abuse – sticker
  • International flags
  • Engraving, Palais Royal, by Israel Silvestre circa 1667
  • Captain James Cook’s Endeavour
  • Isambard Brunel in his famous hat
  • Reversibility, poem by Charles Baudelaire
  • Emily Hobhouse, soap issue
  • Leon Blum, morality quote
  • Sol Hurok, sky’s the limit quote
  •  J. William Fulbright, Fulbright Program quote
  • Sean O’Casey’s play Shadow of a Gunman the Abbey Theatre
  • Mae West on Diamond Lil theatre card
  • Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan
  • TV Guide – first cover
  • Boeing 737
  • The March for Women’s Lives

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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