ON THIS DAY: April 16, 2017

April 16th is

Easter Sunday

Health Care Decisions Week 

Eggs Benedict Day

National Bean Counter Day

National Librarian Day

National Orchid Day *

Save the Elephants Day *
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MORE! Wilbur Wright, Harriet Quimby and Apollo 16, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity and Orthodox Christian – Easter Sunday

Cuba – Militiaman Day

Denmark and Greenland –
Queen Margrethe II’s Birthday
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On This Day in HISTORY

1457 BCE (date uncertain) – Battle of Megiddo, a victory for the forces of Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III over a coalition of Canaanite vassal states in rebellion, led by the king of Kaddesh, followed by the seven-month siege of the fortress city of Megiddo. The area is southeast of Haifa, in modern-day Israel. Its Greek name is Armageddon



73 or 74 CE – The walls of Masada, a Jewish fortress held by the Sicarii (the most implacable of the Zealots who were in rebellion) are finally breached by the Roman legion led by Roman governor of Judaea, Lucius Flavius Silva, after months of siege. They find hundreds of men, women and children killed in a mass suicide amid fires set to destroy the buildings. Only two women and five children are found still alive.

1516 – Tabinshwehti, King of Burma, is born, founder of the Toungoo Dynasty; his military campaigns expanded the kingdom

1646 – Jules Hardouin-Mansart, French architect, designed the Grand Trianon



1660 – Hans Sloane born in Ireland, British naturalist who bequeathed his collection to the nation, the foundation of the British Museum; he also invented chocolate milk!



1693 – Mary Alexander born, American colonial merchant, successful and influential; her fortune was estimated at 100,000 pounds in 1743

1746 – The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland, the last pitched battle fought on British soil. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites died, and roughly 200-300 English. Two days after the battle, English troops kill any wounded they find. Prisoners are tried for high treason, but nearly 1,000 sentences are commuted to penal transportation to the British colonies for life, and some are exchanged for prisoners of war held by France. Of the 3,471 recorded prisoners, the fate of 648 is unknown. Lords and Clans chiefs who supported the rebellion are stripped of their estates. Many highland traditions are banned, including the wearing of tartan, and the clan chiefs’ traditional judicial rights; the Highlands of Scotland are cleared of inhabitants



1755 – Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun born, French painter, major 18th century woman painter; portrait painter to Marie Antoinette



1780 – The University of Münster is founded in that city of North Rhine-Wesphalia in Germany, with four faculties: Law, Medicine, Philosophy and Theology

1789 – President-elect George Washington leaves Mount Vernon for his inauguration in New York

1811 – Wilhelmine Reichard becomes the first German woman to fly a balloon solo

1818 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Rush–Bagot Treaty, ending the dispute over the U.S. border with Canada

1847 – The accidental shooting of a Māori by an English sailor results in the opening of the Wanganui Campaign on the North Island during the New Zealand land wars

1848 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu born, Indian social reformer and author; campaigned for women’s education, the remarriage of widows, and end to the dowry system, and founded a school in Dowlaiswaram; his novel Rajasekhara Charitramu is cited as the first novel in Telugu literature



1853 – The first section of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opens, with 24 miles of rail from the Bori Bunder station to Tannah (now Thane), near Mumbai

1862 – Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Compensated Emancipation Act, freeing 3,000 slaves in the District of Columbia, paying $300 per emancipated person to the former slaveowners

1866 – José de Diego born, Puerto Rican journalist, lawyer, and independence activist

1867 – Wilbur Wright born, American inventor, aviator and aviation pioneer

1871 – John Millington Synge born, Irish author, poet, and playwright



1879 – The first Bulgarian constitution is adopted by the Constituent National Assembly held in Veliko Tarnovo, establishing the Principality of Bulgaria

1881 – In Dodge City KS, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle

1882 – Seth Bingham born, American composer and organist



1889 – Charlie Chaplin born in England, international movie star, director-producer, screenwriter and composer



1890 – Gertrude Chandler Warner born, American author; series Boxcar Children 

1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah



1912 – Harriet Quimby is the first woman to fly a plane across the English Channel



1917 – Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia from exile in Switzerland

1918 – Spike Milligan born in British India, Irish-English comedian, writer, musician, poet, playwright and actor



1919 – Merce Cunningham born, American dancer and choreographer

1919 – Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of “prayer and fasting” in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the British colonial troops three days earlier

1921 – Marie Maynard Daly born, American biochemist, first black woman to earn a PhD in chemistry, discovers link between high cholesterol and clogged arteries



1922 – The Treaty of Rapallo is signed, re-establishing diplomatic relations between Germany and the Soviet Union

1924 – Henry Mancini born, American composer and conductor



1929 – Ed Townsend born, American singer-songwriter and producer



1930 – Herbie Mann born, American composer and flute-player



1935 – Sarah Kirsch born, German poet and author

1939 – Dusty Springfield born, English singer and record producer



1940 – Joan Snyder born, American painter

1943 – Albert Hofmann accidentally discovers the hallucinogenic effects of the research drug LSD, then intentionally takes the drug three days later on April 19

1945 – U.S. Army liberates Colditz, the Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C

1946 – R. Carlos Nakai born, Native American flute player and composer



1947 – Gerry Rafferty born, Scottish singer-songwriter



1947 – Bernard Baruch first applies the term “Cold War” to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union: “Let us not be deceived. We are today in the midst of a cold war”

1956 – Buddy Holly releases his first single, “Blue Days, Black Nights”



1961 – In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.

1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama, for protesting against segregation


1962 – Walter Cronkite takes over as anchor of “The CBS Evening News”

1962 – Bob Dylan debuts his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” in New York City



1966 – The Rolling Stones, the band’s debut album, is released



1966 – Percy Sledge’s “When A Man Loves A Woman” is released



1971 – The Rolling Stones release “Brown Sugar” in the UK

1972 – Apollo 16 is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida

1990 – Over 72,000 people gather at London’s Wembley Stadium for an anti-apartheid concert honoring Nelson Mandela, shortly after his release from prison

1990 –Dr. Jack Kevorkian participates in his first assisted suicide

1992 – The Katina P runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique and 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean

2001 – India and Bangladesh begin a five-day border conflict, but are unable to resolve the disputes over their border

2003 – The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting ten new member states to the European Union

2012 – The Pulitzer Prize winners are announced; no book won the Fiction Prize, the fifth time no prize is given for fiction since the first fiction prize is awarded in 1918

2012 – Save The Elephant Day * is launched by the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation, to coincide with the documentary about their work, Return to the Forest, and an annual reminder of threatened extinction facing these magnificent mammals

2014 – Mike and Faith Young, volunteers at San Cristobal de las Casas Orchid Reserve in Chiapas, Mexico, plan on naming their first daughter Orchid, but the baby is stillborn, so they found National Orchid Day * in her memory to celebrate orchids


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Visuals

  • Eggs Benedict
  • Save the Elephants poster
  • International flags
  • Tel Megiddo in modern-day Israel
  • Grand Trianon
  • ‘Sir Han Sloane’s Chocolate’ – Cadbury Brother’s wrapper
  • Self-Portrait by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun
  • Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu
  • José de Diego
  • On a Birthday, poem by John Millington Synge
  • Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah
  • Harriet Quimby
  • Marie Maynard Daly
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr
  • National Orchid Day banner

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: April 16, 2017

  1. I wrote a story about the Battle of Culloden Moor. I need to reprise it later. It was based on the song Ghosts of Culloden by Isla Grant. A beautiful and evocative song. Swords and muskets against artillery. Incompetently led farmers and crofters facing the best equipped and well trained army in the world. Incomprehensible bravery. All they wanted was their freedom, and to be left alone.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Chuck –

      I almost used Isla Grant’s song, but wanted something that was more war-like than sad for covering.the battle.

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