ON THIS DAY: April 23, 2017

April 23rd is

UN English Language Day *

Impossible Astronaut Day
(Dr. Who) *

National Lost Dog Awareness Day

Movie Theater Day

Talk Like Shakespeare Day

World Book and Copyright Day *

World Book Night *

Volunteer Recognition Day *
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MORE! William Shakespeare, Ethel Smyth and Sergei Prokofiev, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christianity/Vatican City – Feast of Saint George
Islam – Al Isra Wal Miraj

Australia – Melbourne VIC:
Raw Materials/The Studio Sunday

North Cyprus – Children’s Day

Turkey – National Sovereignty/Children’s Day

United Kingdom/Canada – St. George’s Day
(patron saint of England)

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On This Day in HISTORY

599 – Maya king Uneh Chan of Calakmul attacks rival city-state Palenque in southern Mexico, defeating queen Yohl Ik’nal and sacking the city

1348 – The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III is announced on St. George’s Day



1564 – William Shakespeare born, English playwright and poet, the ‘Bard of Avon, greatest writer in the English language, and world’s greatest dramatist



1635 – The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston MA

1772 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle writes “La Marseillaise” which becomes the French national anthem



1775 – J.M.W. Turner born, English landscape painter

1789 – President-elect George Washington and his wife move into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House in New York City

1852 – Edwin Markham born, American poet and lecturer

1867 –  Johannes Fibiger born, Danish Nobel Prize-winning pathologist

1858 –Dame Ethel Smyth born, British composer, women’s suffrage activist, composed Women’s Social and Political Union’s anthem “The March of the Women“



1858 – Max Planck born, German Nobel Prize winner; quantum theory

1872 – Violet Gordon-Woodhouse born, British pianist and harpsichordist, first to record and broadcast harpsichord music

1879 – Fire burns down the second main building and dome of the University of Notre Dame; it is replaced with the third, and current, Main Building with its golden dome.

1880 – Michel Fokine born, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer

1891 – Sergei Prokofiev born, Russian composer and conductor

1896 – Dame Ngaio Marsh born, New Zealand author and director; mystery novels featuring detective Roderick Alleyn, one of the “Queens of Crime”



1899 – Vladimir Nabokov born in Russia, American novelist and critic

1908 – President Theodore Roosevelt signs act creating the U.S. Army Reserve

1924 – The U.S. Senate passed the Soldiers Bonus Bill, a $4 Billion program giving “adjusted service certificates” to WWI veterans

1955 – Canadian Labour Congress is formed by the merger of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada and the Canadian Congress of Labour

1967 – Soviet Soyuz 1, a manned spaceflight carrying cosmonaut Colonel Vladimir Komarov, is launched into orbit

1968 – 300 Columbia students barricaded the office of the college dean, charging the university with supporting the Vietnam War and violating Harlem residents’ civil rights

1971 – The Rolling Stones release their album Sticky Fingers



1974 – National Volunteer Recognition * is the first day of National Volunteer Week, now sponsored by Points of Light Foundation, a volunteerism advocacy and civic engagement group

1976 – The Rolling Stones release their album Black and Blue



1993 – Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum

1995 – World Book and Copyright Day * is launched by UNESCO

2010 – UNESCO sets the traditional date of Shakespeare’s birth, as well as the day of his death, as UN English Language Day * – part of the celebration of the six official working languages of the United Nations

2011 – “The Impossible Astronaut” is the first episode of the sixth series of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, first broadcast on 23 April 2011 in the UK, Canada and the U.S.

2012 – World Book Night * is moved to this date for the first time – Originally celebrated in March, this is a day to encourage people who can read, but aren’t regular readers, to pick up a book and read it



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Visuals

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: April 23, 2017

  1. Terry Welshans says:

    The Soldiers Bonus Bill nearly didn’t become law due to the actions of two US Presidents. It took several attempts to finally get a bill that would not only pass, but survive presidential veto.

    From Wikipedia at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_Adjusted_Compensation_Act

    The American Legion was a principal proponent of the legislation on behalf of World War I veterans.

    It fought President Warren G. Harding as his position changed from supporting payments if paired with a revenue measure to supporting a future pension system. So strongly did Harding feel about the issue that he visited the Senate to make his case against one version of the bill in 1921, and the Senate voted it down 47-29. Harding vetoed another version of the Adjusted Compensation Act on September 19, 1922, and the House overrode his veto 258-54 but the Senate failed to override by 4 votes on a vote that split both Democrats and Republicans. Harding’s veto of the popular measure particularly alienated the Senate Republicans, who thought the President’s defense of fiscal integrity endangered the party’s electoral prospects.

    In preliminary negotiations between Congress and President Calvin Coolidge, it became clear that the President would veto any law that proposed immediate cash payments to veterans and that the Senate would sustain that veto. The legislation, popularly called the Insurance Bill, provided the veteran instead with a variety of future payment scenarios rather than cash in the short term.

    On May 15, 1924, President Coolidge vetoed a bill granting bonuses to veterans of World War I saying: “patriotism…bought and paid for is not patriotism.” Congress overrode his veto a few days later.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Thanks Terry –

    So did Coolidge give his Presidential paychecks back?!

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