ON THIS DAY: May 6, 2017

May 6th is

Crepe Suzette Day

Free Comic Book Day

Herb Day *

Join Hands Day *

National Homebrew Day *

National Nurses Day *

Start Seeing Monarchs Day *

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MORE! Louis XIV,  Winifred Brunton, and John Steinbeck, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Brazil – São Paulo: Festival Path 2017
(South American cultural and arts expo)

Bulgaria – Gergyovden/St. George’s Day
(also Army Day – St. George was a soldier)

France – Torcy: Marvelous Island 2017

Lebanon and Syria – Martyrs’ Day *

Serbia – Đurđevdan (St. George’s Day)

Switzerland – Martigny: Combat des Reines
(battle of the queens – cow fighting)

Turkey – Hidirellez (starts at sundown –
date Prophets Hizir and Ilyas met)

United Kingdom – London: Imperial Festival
(Imperial College science/tech festival)

United States –
Louisville KY: 143rd Kentucky Derby
Ocean City NJ: 43rd Martin Z. Mollusk Day

Vatican City – Swearing-in Day for Swiss Guard recruits *

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On This Day in HISTORY

1312 – Pope Clement V closes the Council of Vienna, where papal support of the Knights Templar is formally withdrawn at the instigation of King Philip IV of France, who had arrested Templar leaders in France and had them tortured until they allegedly confessed to heresy; this ended his obligation to repay the substantial loans the Templars had made to him, and allowed him to confiscate their assets in France

1527 – Pope Clement VII has allied the Papal States with the French against the Hapsburgs’ Holy Roman Empire, but 34,000 troops of Emperor Charles V have defeated the French army in Italy. His imperial troops, tired of waiting for their long overdue pay, mutiny and forcibly persuade their commanders to march toward Rome, sacking smaller cities along the way. Only 5,000 militiamen and 189 Papal Swiss Guards are defending Rome, but even the city’s thick walls and artillery are only a temporary obstacle for the mutineers. First they capture the walls, then swarm the city. All of the Swiss Guards delaying them are massacred; only the 42 guards actually with Pope Clement as he makes his escape down the Passetto di Borgo, a secret corridor which still links the Vatican City to Castel Sant’Angelo. A thousand defenders are brutally executed, and the city is pillaged. Many shrines and churches are desecrated or destroyed; the Vatican Library is only saved because Philibert, Prince of Orange, one of the imperial commanders, set up his headquarters there; estimates place the number of dead Roman civilians and defenders between 7,000 and 12,000. The sack of Rome only ended eight months later, when the food runs out, and many Imperial soldiers have died of diseases caused by the great numbers of unburied dead. In commemoration of the bravery of the Swiss Guards, all recruits since then have been sworn in on May 6 *



1536 – Incan forces begin a siege of Cuzco, attempting to retake it from the Spanish

1659 – A faction of the British Army removes Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalls the Rump Parliament

1682 – Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles


Palace of Versailles – Hall of Mirrors


1757 – English poet Christopher Smart is locked away at St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics in London at the instigation of his wife’s stepfather, John Newbery, who’s also his publisher, for “religious mania,” beginning his six-years confined to mental asylums

1758 – Maximilien Robespierre born, French revolutionary

1782 – Construction begins on the Grand Palace, the royal residence of the King of Siam in Bangkok, at the command of King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke


The Grand Palace today, lighting the night in Bangkok


1829 – Phebe Hanaford born, American minister, abolitionist, feminist, and author of Life of Abraham Lincoln, the first biography of the president published after his death

1831 – Mary Clemmer Ames born, American journalist and author; Ten Years in Washington and A Memorial of Alice and Phoebe Cary

1835 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald

1856 – Sigmund Freud born, Austrian psychiatrist, ‘father of psychoanalysis’



1857 – The British East India Company disbands the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry whose sepoy Mangal Pandey had earlier revolted against the British; he is considered the First Martyr in the War of Indian Independence

1861 – Arkansas secedes from the Union

1861 – Rabindranath Tagore born in British India, Hindu poet, composer, polymath



1877 – Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Lakota surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska

1880 – Winifred Brunton born, British Egyptologist, painter-illustrator; her portraits of Egyptian pharaohs were published in Kings and Queens of Ancient Egypt (1926)



1882 – Ann Haven Morgan born, American zoologist and ecologist, Ph.D. from Cornell University; chair of Mount Holyoke College Zoology Department (1916 – 1947)

1910 – George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII

1915 – Orson Welles born, director-producer, writer and actor; founder of the Mercury Theatre, which broadcast a version of H.G. Wells The War of the Worlds  on the radio in 1938 that gained national attention; co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in his first film, Citizen Kane; served as a Goodwill Ambassador to Latin America in 1941-1942 to help counter the growing influence of the Axis powers during WWII

1915 – Theodore H. White born, American journalist, historian and novelist; noted for his The Making of the President series



1916 – Thirty-three leaders of the Separatist Nationalists of Lebanon and Syria are hanged simultaneously in Beirut and Damascus. They had written secret appeals to François Georges Picot, the French consul in Beirut, asking for help in gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire, or at least French protection. These letters are then left behind, hidden at the abandoned consulate, when the French break off relations with the Turks at the beginning of WWI, and move their staff to Egypt.  A consulate interpreter, imprisoned in Damascus, barters the location of the letters for his freedom with Ahmed Jemal Pasha, commander of the Turkish Fourth Army in Syria. Ottoman security agents break into the consulate — supposedly under the protection of the still-neutral U.S. — and find the incriminating letters. The authors are dragged from their homes, tortured, sentenced by a drum-head military court, and summarily executed. Three days later, François Georges Picot signs his infamous secret agreement with Sir Mark Sykes to divide up the Middle East, marking Syria and Lebanon for France, and Palestine for the British

1926 – Marguerite Piazza born, American operatic soprano and philanthropist; long-time supporter of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, and several other charities



1933 – The Deutsche Studentenschaft (a German national student union which was subverted to play a large part in the Nazi book burnings) attack Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (a sexual research institute which pioneered the study of transsexualism and championed gay rights), destroying the institute and its extensive collection of books, journals and images on same-sex love and eroticism; its lists of names and addresses were confiscated; Hirschfield was on a lecture-tour in the U.S., and died two years later in Paris, after failing to re-establish his institute there. It is believed the confiscated lists of names at addresses were used by the Nazis in 1934 when thousands of gay men were rounded up

1935 – Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration, which oversaw public works projects, including construction of public buildings and roads, which employed millions of people during the Depression

1937 – Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. 36 of the 97 people on board are killed

1940 – Novelist John Steinbeck receives the Pulitzer Prize for The Grapes of Wrath



1942 – About 15,000 Americans and Filipinos on Corregidor surrender to the Japanese

1947 – Martha Nussbaum born, American philosopher, Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago IL

1949 – EDSAC, the first practical electronic digital stored-program computer, runs its first operation

1954 – Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes

1954 – National Nurses Day * becomes the first day of National Nurses Week, a celebration of nursing and the 100th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth year

1960 – More than 20 million viewers watch the first televised royal wedding when Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey

1965 – Keith Richards writes the Rolling Stones’ “Satisfaction” in a Florida hotel room



1975 – 100,000 Armenians gather in Beirut to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, in which an estimated 1.5 million Armenians were trapped in churches and barns, then burned to death; drowned in the sea; shot to death; poisoned with morphine or ‘inoculated’ with active blood from typhus victims, or force-marched into the Syrian desert

1981 – Maya Ying Lin’s design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is selected from 1,421 other entries



1988 – National Homebrew Day * is launched by American Homebrewers Association

1994 – Queen Elizabeth II of the UK and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel

1997 – The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank’s 300-year history

1999 – First elections held for the devolved Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly

2000 – The first Join Hands Day * is sponsored by America’s Fraternal Benefit Societies to partner adults and youths as volunteers on community projects like beautifying parks, organizing food drives, and putting together care packages for those in need

2002 – Spider-Man is the first movie to gross over $100 million its opening weekend



2004 – The concluding episode of the series Friends airs on NBC

2006 – Herb Day * is launched by a coalition of five non-profit groups as an annual event on the first Saturday in May



2015 – Start Seeing Monarchs Day * is proclaimed to raise awareness of the ‘threatened’ status of the Monarch Butterfly and and let everybody know what they can do to help prevent their extinction, by planting milkweed in our gardens and using organic alternatives to pesticides and herbicides – http://www.startseeingmonarchs.org/index-home.html

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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