ON THIS DAY: May 7, 2017

May 7th is

International Bereaved Mothers’ Day *

National Barrier Awareness Day *

Cosmopolitan Cocktail Day

National Lemonade Day

Motorcycle Mass and
Blessing of the Bikes Day *

Roast Leg of Lamb Day

World Laughter Day *

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MORE!  Joan d’Arc, David Hume and Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Belgium – Fête de l’Iris
(Iris Festival)

Germany – Karlsruhe: Schauberg Film Fest 

Kazakhstan – Homeland Defender Day

Lithuania – Mothers’ Day

Malaysia – Pahang: Hari Hol Pahang
(remembrance day for Sultan)

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On This Day in HISTORY

558 – In Constantinople, the dome of Hagia Sophia collapses; Justinian I immediately orders that the dome be rebuilt



1429 – Joan d’Arc is wounded between the neck and shoulder, pulls the arrow out herself, and returns to lead the charge on the key English position, les Tourelles, a turreted gatehouse at Orléans, which breaks the siege that had lasted over six months

1487 – The Siege of Málaga commences during the Spanish Reconquista, the campaign by the Catholic Monarchs to take Spain back from the Muslims

1664 – Construction begins on the Palace of Versailles for Louis XIV of France

1697 – Stockholm’s royal castle, dating back to medieval times, is destroyed by fire; it is replaced by the Royal Palace, which is finally completed in 1760



1711 – David Hume born, Scottish economist, historian, and philosopher

1718 – The city of New Orleans is founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville

1748 – Olympe de Gouges born, French playwright, philosopher, feminist and abolitionist; Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791); executed during the Reign of Terror for attacking the Revolutionary government



1763 – Pontiac’s War begins with attacks by his coalition of over a dozen tribes on a number of British forts and settlements in the Great Lakes region

1794 – Robespierre introduces the Cult of the Supreme Being in the National Convention as the new state religion of the French First Republic, intended to replace both Roman Catholicism and the Cult of Reason

1812 – Robert Browning born, English Victorian poet and playwright



1818 – Juliet Opie Hopkins born, American nurse and administrator during the Civil War, “the Florence Nightingale of the South”, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

1824 – Premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in Vienna, Austria



1832 – At the London Conference of 1832, Britain, France and Russia decide, without consulting Greece, that the country, which had just freed itself from the Ottoman Empire with their help, should be governed by a monarchy, and the throne is offered by them to Bavarian Prince Otto

1833 – Johannes Brahms born, German Romantic composer and pianist



1840 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky born, the first Russian composer to attract international acclaim



1846 – The Cambridge Chronicle, America’s oldest surviving weekly newspaper, is published for the first time in Cambridge, Massachusetts

1864 – The world’s oldest surviving clipper ship, the City of Adelaide, is launched by William Pile, Hay and Co. in Sunderland, England, for transporting passengers and goods between Britain and Australia

1892 – Archibald MacLeish born, American Modernist poet, playwright, and lawyer



1895 – In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver

1915 – World War I: German submarine U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people, including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against the German Empire

1915 – China received a revised ‘Thirteen Demands’ from Japan, an ultimatum with a two-day deadline for response; in January, 1915, the Empire of Japan had originally sent the Republic of China ‘Twenty-One Demands’ which would have greatly extended Japanese control of Manchuria and the Chinese economy and ended the Open Door Policy, which had kept China open to trade with all countries equally since 1899

1920 – Treaty of Moscow: Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later

1920 – The Art Gallery of Ontario, in Toronto, opens the first exhibition by the Group of Seven, a group of Canadian landscape painters, also known as the Algonquin School

1927 – Ruth Prawer Jhabvala born in Germany to Jewish parents; her family was among the last to escape from the Nazi regime in 1939, emigrating to Britain; she then lived in India with her husband from 1951 until 1975, when she moved to New York after his death; British-American novelist and screenwriter; Heat and Dust



1928 –The Ji’an Incident: the Japanese Army, allied with Northern Chinese warlords, resume the Northern Expedition in violation of their standing orders and Chinese sovereignty, moving into Ji’an and Qingtao; Chiang Kai-shek’s Kupmintang troops ignore his orders to avoid engagement, and move to meet the Japanese coalition.  Leaders on both sides call for a truce and cease-fire, but the Japanese generals, building their stocks of food and ammunition, hold 17 of the Chinese negotiators hostage, while issuing demands with a 12-hour deadline that the Chinese would never accept. When the chief negotiator protests in Japanese, he and the rest of the negotiators are tortured and killed. Japanese forces go on to kill over 2000 Chinese civilians after fierce fighting drives the Chinese troops from the area

1939 – Germany and Italy announce their alliance, the Rome-Berlin Axis

1940 – After Germany’s surprise invasion of neutral Norway, the Norway Debate in the British House of Commons begin, and lead to a ‘no confidence” vote, and the replacement of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain by Winston Churchill

1940 – Angela O. Carter born, English novelist, journalist, poet and feminist; Nights at the Circus, The Magic Toyshop, Wise Children



1945 – General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany’s participation in the war, which take effect the next day

1948 – The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress

1952 – The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer

1954 – Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat and a Vietnamese victory

1977 – Seattle Slew won the Kentucky Derby on his way to winning the Triple Crown

1984 – A $180 million out-of-court settlement is announced in the Agent Orange class-action suit brought by Vietnam veterans.

1986 – National Barrier Awareness Day * is first proclaimed, a day to break down the physical and societal barriers that make life more difficult for people with disabilities

1992 – Michigan ratifies a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law, which bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise

1992 – NASA Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on its first mission, to retrieve an Intelsat VI satellite

1994 – Edvard Munch’s iconic painting The Scream is recovered undamaged after being stolen from the National Gallery of Norway in February.

1998 – World Laughter Day * is launched in Mumbai, India, by Dr. Madan Lataria, founder of the Laughter Yoga movement to promote world peace through laughter; now celebrated by Laughter Clubs in over 100 countries



1999 – The first Motorcycle Mass & Blessing of the Bikes Day * at NYC’s Cathedral of Saint John the Divine to bless bicycles and motorcycles,  now held annually on the first Sunday in May in New York, Massachusetts, California and Australia

2000 – Vladimir Putin is inaugurated as president of Russia

2007 –  Israeli archaeologists discover the tomb of Herod the Great, south of Jerusalem

2010 – International Bereaved Mothers’ Day * is founded by Project Heal


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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