ON THIS DAY: June 3, 2017

June 3rd is

Chocolate Macaroon Day

National Egg Day

National Prairie Day *

National Trails Day *

Wonder Woman Day *

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MORE! Raoul Dufy, Josephine Baker and Eddie Koiki Mabo, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Torres Shire:  
Mabo Day *

Canada – Abbotsford BC:
5K Foam Fest

Ecuador – Chimborazo Day
(Ecuador’s tallest mountain)

India – Nasik:
Nasik Kalidas Film Festival

Uganda – Uganda Martyr’s Day

United Kingdom –
Stradsett, Norfolk: Festival of Dogs

United States – Indianapolis IN: Wicket World of Croquet
(fundraiser at the Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site)

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On This Day in HISTORY

350 – The Roman usurper Nepotianus proclaims himself Roman emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators; he will be killed in the resistance 28 days later

1140 – Peter Abelard, French scholar, philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician, is set up by Bernard of Clairvaux at a secret meeting with the Bishops attending the Sens church council; when Abelard arrives at the council, he is charged for a list of condemned propositions Bernard claims are his, and found guilty of heresy



1539 – Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain

1621 – The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherland

1635 – Philippe Quinault born, French playwright and librettist; Les Rivales, Psyché

1636 – Reverend John Hale born, prominent Puritan minister in the Salem Witch Trials who later regretted his participation

1726 – James Hutton born, Scottish geologist, chemist and naturalist

1780 – William Hone born, English radical journalist, satirist and publisher; his successful battle against government censorship in 1817 is a turning point in British freedom of the press

1781 – Jack Jouett begins a 40-mile night ride to warn Governor of Virginia Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of an impending raid by British cavalry, led by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, in an attempt to capture them

1832 – Charles Lecocq born, French operetta composer



1839 – The First Opium War is opened by the British after 1.2 million kg of opium are confiscated from British merchants and destroyed by Chinese official Lin Zexu

1853 – Flinders Petrie born, English Egyptologist, pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts.

1877 – Raoul Dufy born, French painter and illustrator


1901 Self-Portrait by Raoul Dufy


1879 – Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-American actress, producer-screenwriter, credited with the phrase ‘sewing circle’ as a discreet code for lesbianism, she had affairs with
Actor-Theatre Producer Eva Le Gallienne, film director Dorothy Arzner, and novelist-playwright Mercedes de Acosta

1885 – In the last military engagement fought on Canadian soil, the Cree leader, Big Bear, escapes the North-West Mounted Police

1888 – The San Francisco Daily Examiner first publishes “Casey at the Bat” by poet Ernest Lawrence Thayer

1889 – The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles (23 km) between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon

1897 – Memphis Minnie, born as Lizzie Douglas, American Blues singer-songwriter



1900 – Adelaide Ames, American astronomer; co-author of A Survey of the External Galaxies Brighter Than the Thirteenth Magnitude; killed in a boating accident in 1932

1906 – Josephine Baker, American-French actress, singer, and dancer; French Resistance operative


warning – partial nudity


1916 – Gloria Martin born, socialist, ‘Radical Women’ feminist organizer, who began Shakespeare & Martin Booksellers – “Socialist feminism . . . I believe in the revolutionary potential and talent of working women, militant women of color, lesbian radicals, discriminated-against women professionals, angry young women, rebellious housewives, harassed welfare mothers, and wise elderly women.”

1919 – Elizabeth Koontz born, first African-American president of the National Education Association and Director of the U.S. Women’s Bureau (1969-73)

1922 – Alain Resnais born, French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter



1926 – Allen Ginsberg born, leading American ‘Beat’ poet of the San Francisco Renaissance; when his famous long poem Howl is published in 1956 by City Lights, publisher Laurence Ferlinghetti and his partner Shigeyosi Murao are arrested on obscenity charges; after a long trial, “Howl” is ruled not obscene, opening the way for American publication of uncensored copies of Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller and D.H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover



1930 – Marion Zimmer Bradley born, American science fiction-fantasy author, poet



1931 – The musical The Band Wagon opens on Broadway



1935 – One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa

1936 – Larry McMurtry born, American historical and Western novelist-screenwriter

1940 – The German Luftwaffe bombs Paris, killing 254 people, mostly civilians

1940 – The last of the British troops are evacuated from Dunkirk by a hastily assembled flotilla of some 800 small craft, from lifeboats to yachts; They return the next day for the remaining French troops acting as a rearguard, but are not able to rescue the last group of 40,000 Frenchmen in time – they must surrender to the Germans

1942 – Japan begins the Aleutian Islands Campaign by bombing Unalaska Island

1943 – White U.S. Navy sailors and Marines clash with Latino youths in the ‘Zoot Suit Riots’ in Los Angeles CA

1948 – The UN Security Council Resolution 51 on the Indo-Pakistani War is adopted

1950 – Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal are first to reach the summit of Annapurna

1950 – Melissa Mathison born, American screenwriter, Tibetan freedom activist; E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, The Black Stallion

1963 – Soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam attack protesting Buddhists in
Huế, South Vietnam, with liquid chemicals from tear-gas grenades, worsening the Buddhist Crisis; 67 people are hospitalized for skin blistering and respiratory ailments.

1965 – Gemini 4 is launched, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Ed White, a crew member, performs the first American spacewalk

1972 – Sally Jane Priesand is first woman ordained by a U.S. rabbinical seminary

1984 – The Golden Temple Massacre: a military offensive is launched by the Indian government at Harmandir Sahib, the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine for Sikhs, in Amritsar. The operation continues until June 6, with casualties, most of them civilians, in excess of 5,000

1989 – The government of China sends troops to force pro-democracy protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation

1992 – Mabo Day * –  In Mabo v. Queensland (No 2), a landmark decision by the High Court of Australia overturns the legal fiction of terra nullius (nobody’s land) since the 1770s. In international law, it describes territory which has never been subject to the sovereignty of any state, or over which any prior sovereign has expressly or implicitly relinquished sovereignty. Sovereignty over territory which is terra nullius may be acquired through occupation, unless doing so would violate an international law or treaty. When James Cook claimed Terra Australis for the British Crown in sovereignty and ownership as terra nullius, all the indigenous peoples of the continent became nobodies under British law. Eddie Koiki Mabo, a Torres Strait Islander, campaigned for indigenous land rights in a ten-year legal battle. Sadly, he died of cancer five months before the High Court announced its decision in his favor. He was posthumously awarded the Australian Human Rights Medal in 1992. Mabo Day is an official day in Torres Shire; efforts are ongoing to get the Australian Government to declare it a National Day

1992 – National Trails Day * is started by the American Hiking Society, to promote the benefits of trails, like hiking, birdwatching, and nature photography, and to thank the professionals and volunteers who develop and maintain them

2001 – The musical of The Producers wins a record 12 Tony Awards



2006 – Serbia and Montenegro split, when Montenegro declares its independence

2008 – Barack Obama clinches the Democratic presidential nomination.

2009 – New Hampshire becomes the sixth state to legalize same-sex marriage

2012 – The Diamond Jubilee pageant for Elizabeth II takes place on the River Thames


Queen Elizabeth II with pensioners at Chelsea Pier during Jubilee pageant


2013 – The trial of U.S. Army private Chelsea Manning for leaking classified material to WikiLeaks begins at Fort Meade MD

2015 – National Prairie Day * is launched by the Missouri Prairie Foundation, an annual day on the first Saturday of June to recognize the richness and importance of this ecosystem, and take action to prevent further extinction of native wildlife through habitat loss or pollution

2016 – Wonder Woman Day * is announced by DC Comics

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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