ON THIS DAY: July 11, 2017

July 11th is:

Blueberry Muffin Day

Bowdler’s Day

Cheer up the Lonely Day

Mojito Day

Ranier Cherries Day

World Population Day

All American Pet Photo Day

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MORE! Alexander Hamilton, Harper Lee and David Bowie, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Judaism – Fast of Tammuz – breach of the wall of Jerusalem by the Roman Army under Titus in 70 CE

Belgium – Celebration of the Golden Spurs * 
and Flemish Community Day

China – Maritime Day

Kiribati – Independence Day

Mongolia – Naadam/Revolution Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in St. Peter’s Basilica and put to death by Flavius Ricmer, his Romanized Germanic general

1274 – Scottish King Robert the Bruce is born

1302 –Battle of the Golden Spurs *: a Flemish coalition beats France’s Royal Army

1405 – Chinese fleet commanded by Zheng He sets sail to explore the world



1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII

1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979

1754 – Thomas Bowdler, infamous re-writer of Shakespeare, is born

1801 – French Astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers the first of his 36 comets

1804 – Alexander Hamilton is fatally wounded by Aaron Burr in a duel

1835 – Antônio Carlos Gomes born, Brazilian composer, the first New World composer to be acclaimed in Europe, noted for operas



1848 – Waterloo Station opens, now Britain’s busiest railway station



1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy born, American conjoined twins, born into slavery in North Carolina; after the Civil War, the twins received an education, learning five languages, dancing and music; they had a successful career as “The Two-Headed Nightingale” with the Barnum Circus until their deaths.

1871 – Edith Rickert born, American author and medieval scholar, notable for works about Chaucer

1893 – Mikimoto Kokichi produces first ‘mabes’ – cultured pearls

1899 – E.B. White, author of Charlotte’s Web, is born



1906 – Grace Mae Brown, a worker in the factory of the Gillette Skirt Company in Cortland NY, becomes pregnant during an affair with the owner’s nephew, Chester Gillette. He takes her to Big Moose Lake in the Adirondacks, registers at the hotel under a false name, takes her out on the lake in a rowboat, then strikes her on the head so she falls out of the boat and drowns. His trial and conviction attract national attention, inspiring  Theodore Dreiser write An American Tragedy, in which he uses some direct quotes from Grace Brown’s love letters

1914 – Babe Ruth makes his Major League debut

1918 –  Enrico Caruso records George M. Cohan’s “Over There”



1921 – The Mongolian People’s Republic founded after capture by Red Army

1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens in Los Angeles; the original structure is a wooden stage with a removable canvas cover


The Hollywood Bowl – 1922 preseason production of Carmen


1934 – German Engelbert Zaschka flies his human-powered plane, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without an assisted take-off

1938 – Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, American historian, author of  A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard based on her diary, 1785–1812 and Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History



1941 – The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party holds its first congress in Nkana

1946 – Dean Martin makes his first recording


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1947 – The SS  Exodus 1947 enroute to Palestine from France, carrying mostly holocaust survivors without immigration certifications, is seized by the British Royal Navy, and its passengers deported back to Europe; of the thousands of Jews from ‘displaced persons’ camps in Europe who attempted to reach Palestine, 50,000 ended up in British camps in Cyprus, Mauritius , or a detention camp in Palestine, 16,000 drowned at sea, and a few thousand actually reached Palestine undetected

1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank

1960 – Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is published



1969 – David Bowie releases his “Space Oddity” single in the UK



1972 – World Chess Championship between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky begins

1979 – Neil Young’s Rust Never Sleeps, has a simultaneous film debut in Westwood CA, and an album release



1987 – Earth’s human population reaches 5 billion

1994 – PTV (later PBS Kids) introduces a kids programming block to broadcast educational programming to underprivileged children



2014 – The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continues its attacks on Gaza

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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