ON THIS DAY: August 8, 2017

August 8th is

Dalek Day *

Frozen Custard Day

Happiness Happens Day

International Cat Day *

National Dollar Day *

Sneak Some Zucchini on Your Neighbor’s Porch Day

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MORE! Tycho Brahe, Janis Joplin and Nicholas Holtham, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Antigua & Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, St. Kitts & Nevis:
Carnival Tuesday/August Festival

Kenya – General Election Holiday

Nepal – Kathmandu: Gai Jatra
(Cow procession and festival)

Tanzania – Wakulima ya Nane Nane
(Peasants’ day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

870 – King Louis the German and his half-brother Charles the Bald partition the Middle Frankish Kingdom into east and west divisions in the Treaty of Meersen

1576 – Cornerstone laid for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory on the island of Hven



1709 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão shows the lifting power of hot air at the court of King John V of Portugal to get support for his airship project

1786 – National Dollar Day *- A Second Continental Congress resolution establishes U.S.  currency as the dollar, with dimes, cents and mills as fractions of it



1794 – Joseph Whidbey’s expedition searches for the Northwest Passage in Alaska

1814 – Esther Hobart Morris born, abolitionist; first female U.S. Justice of the Peace, in Wyoming, appointed to replace the previous justice after he resigned in protest over Wyoming extending suffrage to women



1844 – Brigham Young is chosen as the new leader of the Mormons

1863 – Florence Merriam Bailey, American ornithologist and nature writer, organized Audubon Society chapters, co-author with husband of Handbook of Birds of the Western United States and The Birds of New Mexico



1876 – Thomas Edison patents his mimeograph

1884 – Sara Teasdale born, lyric poet, Pulitzer Prize for Love Songs; also published Sonnets to Duse and Other Poems and Helen of Troy and Other Poems


 


1885 – More than 1.5 million people come to funeral of Ulysses S. Grant in NYC

1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings born, author, Pulitzer Prize for novel The Yearling

1899 – A.T. Marshall patents the refrigerator

1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first public flight at a Le Mans, France racecourse



1910 – U.S Army Lt. Benjamin Foulois installs a safety belt and tricycle landing gear on a Wright Flyer in San Antonio TX; the Flyer originally had a brake skid instead of wheels

1911 – The millionth application is filed at the U.S. Patent Office, by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire

1922 – Gertrude Himmelfarb born, American traditionalist historian, noted for works on Victorian England

1925 – 200,000 Ku Klux Klan members stage its first national march in Washington DC

1927 – Maia Wojciechowska born in Poland, American children and young adult fiction author, Newbery Award for Shadow of a Bull

1929– The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight



1929 – Larisa Bogoraz born, Soviet linguist, author and dissident, organizes a protest in Red Square of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Czechoslovakia; exiled for four years of exile in Siberia; co-author of Memory, contributor to the underground Chronicle of Current Events (1968-1983), run by dissidents for free speech and civil rights

1930 – Terry Nation, creator of the villainous Daleks on Doctor Who, is born, To honor him; his birthday is celebrated by Doctor Who fans as Daleks Day *

1933 – Serena Wilson born, American student of Ruth St. Denis, pioneer in legitimizing belly dance in the U.S.; television host of The Serena Show; choreographer and teacher



1939 – The U.S. boycotts the Venice Film Festival because of Italy’s fascist regime

1942 – Quit India Movement launched against British rule after Gandhi’s call for swaraj: complete independence for India

1945 – The London Charter is signed by France, the U.K., Soviet Union and U.S., establishing the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg Trials

1945 – U.S. President Truman signs the United Nations Charter

1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36, world’s first mass-produced aircraft designed to carry nuclear weapons – also first bomber with intercontinental range


B-29 on left, Convair B-36 on right


1948 – Margaret Urban Walker born, American philosopher, ethicist and author; Moral Contexts, Naturalized bioethics: toward responsible knowing and practice

1953 – Soviet Premier Georgy Malenkov announces the USSR has a hydrogen bomb, which is tested four days later on August 12 at Semipalatinsk

1954 – Nicholas Holtham born, British, Church of England Bishop of Salisbury; first C of E bishop to publically support same-sex marriage; chair of  Ministry Committee for Ministry with and among Deaf and Disabled People

1963 – The Great Train Robbery in England – 15 robbers steal £2.6 million

1969 – At London zebra crossing, photographer Iain Macmillan shoots the Beatles Abbey Road album cover photo



1969 – Executive order 11478, issued by President Nixon, requires each federal department and agency to establish and maintain an affirmative action program of equal employment opportunity for civilian employees and applicants

1969 – The International Fund for Animal Welfare is founded in Canada – it now has projects in over 40 countries; IFAW is the sponsor of International Cat Day *

1970 – Janis Joplin buys a headstone for blues singer Bessie Smith’s grave, two months before her own funeral



1974 – President Nixon announces his resignation from office on national TV broadcast

1983 – Metallica releases their first single, “Whiplash”



1988 – Russian troops begin pulling out of Afghanistan after nine fruitless years of war

1991 – Warsaw Poland’s radio mast, once the world’s tallest man-made object, collapses

2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley raised after 136 year in the ocean floor

2008 – The Summer Games of the XXIX Olympiad open in Beijing China



2014 – The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the West African Ebola outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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8 Responses to ON THIS DAY: August 8, 2017

  1. Terry Welshans says:

    The B-36 was started in 1941 as a way of delivering nuclear bombs to Germany from the United States. It had a bomb load of almost 90,000lb and was the first bomber designed for the hydrogen bomb. The Mark-17 hydrogen bomb was 25 ft long, 5 ft in diameter, and weighed 42,000 lb. This was four times heavier than the Mark-1 and Mark-3 nuclear bomb carried in the B-29. The Mark-1 (little boy) was 120 inches long, 28 inches diameter, and weighed 9,700lb and the Mark-3 (fat man) was 128 inches long, 60 inches diameter, and weighed 10,300lb. Although capable of flying at very high altitude, the B-36 was extraordinarily slow until four jet engines were added to complement the eight 4,360 cubic inch twenty-eight cylinder piston engines. Each of those piston engines had fifty-six spark plugs, for a total of two hundred twenty-four spark plugs per aircraft.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Terry –

      224 spark plugs – down-time for maintenance must have been substantial!

      • wordcloud9 says:

        I also love that you get three landmarks in flight on the same day – Wilbur Wright going internationally public; then 21 years later, the Graf Zeppelin, which was only in service 9 years (and scrapped for fighter plane parts in 1940); then finally, the B-36, just 38 years after Wright flew at Le Mans. A lot of history in a such a short time.

        • Terry Welshans says:

          My grandmother was born in 1895 and was a child when the Wright brothers flew. She watched the Apollo moon landing in 1969.

          • wordcloud9 says:

            My three Great Aunts too – one of them ran for and won the office of County Recorder in Wyoming when it was the only state where women had the vote, and another one worked for the railroad as a “typewriter” (originally the name of the operator) – they charged her a rental fee to use the machine they provided, deducted from her weekly paycheck! All three of them lived into their 90s.

      • Terry Welshans says:

        Aircraft spark plugs are special, too. Today, one plug costs about $35.00, about 10 times what an automotive plug costs. It has to do with scale of production. Automotive spark plugs are made in the millions with high production lines with a continuous flow of materials while aircraft spark plugs are made by the thousand in small batches. Aircraft were made in batches of a few hundred at a time while jeeps and trucks were full high-production assembly lines.

        • wordcloud9 says:

          $7,840 just to change the spark plugs – ouch!

          • Terry Welshans says:

            Government has lots of money. It took a crew many hours to do the job, and it was needed every few flight hours. The carburetor for the piston engine on this aircraft has an opening of about 100 square inches. The whole aircraft is huge!

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