ON THIS DAY: August 12, 2017

August 12th is

International Youth Day *

Julienne Fries Day

Middle Child Day

Personal Computer Day *

Vinyl Record Day *

World Elephant Day *

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MORE! Cardinal Richelieu, Edith Hamilton and Sue Hendrickson, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Sydney NSW:
Australian Museum Science Festival

Netherlands – Leeuwarden:
Into the Grave Festival

Finland – Helsinki:
Flow Festival

Germany – Hildesheim:
M’era Luna Goth Rock Festival

Thailand – The Queen’s Birthday

United Kingdom – Penrith:
Lowther Country Show

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On This Day in HISTORY

30 BC – Egyptian Queen Cleopatra VII, last ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, commits suicide rather than be displayed in Rome as prisoner of Octavian



1099 – Crusaders under Godfrey of Boullion defeat Al-afal Shahanshah’s Fatimid forces at the Battle of Ascalon, the last major engagement of the First Crusade

1323 – The Treaty of Nöteborg, known as the “permanent peace,” settles the border between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) for the first time

1624 – Cardinal Richelieu becomes Louis XIII of France’s principal minister



1626 – Giovanni Legrenzi born, Italian Baroque composer



1687 – Holy Roman Empire forces under Charles of Lorraine soundly defeat the Ottoman Empire army under Sultan Mehmed IV at the Second Battle of Mohács, resulting in unification of Hungary under Habsburg rule

1696 – Maurice Greene born, English composer; organist at the Chapel Royal, then Master of the King’s Musick



1765 – The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II signs the Treaty of Allahabad with the East India Company, marking the beginning of British rule in India

1781 – Robert Mills born, American architect who designed the Washington Monument, U.S. Department of the Treasury and U.S. Patent Office buildings; an early advocate of fire-resistant constitution methods

1806 – Elizabeth Oakes Smith born, American poet, author, lecturer and women’s rights activist; notable for poem “The Sinless Child” and series of feminist essays published in the New York Tribune circa 1850



1831 – Helena Blavatsky born, Russian author and theosophist, co-founder of the Theosophical Society, noted for Isis Unveiled, and The Key to Theosophy

1833 – Lillie Devereux Blake born, American author, suffragist and reformer, Civil War correspondent for the New York Evening PostNew York World and Philadelphia Press;  wrote successful novels Southwold and Rockford



1851 – Isaac Singer patents the double-headed sewing machine

1865 – Joseph Lister uses disinfectant during surgery for the first time

1866 – Jacinto Benavente y Martínez born, Spanish playwright who wrote 172 works; 1922 Nobel Prize for Literature; his most famous and performed work is Los intereses creados (The Bonds of Interest)

1867 – Edith Hamilton born in Germany, American author and educator, known for her books The Greek Way and Mythology



1875 – Ettore Panizza born, Argentine composer and a leading early 20th century conductor; most noted as a composer for his opera, Aurora, and its aria “Alta en el cielo” (High in the Sky) about the Argentine flag



1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart born, American author and playwright, known for mystery and suspense novels, best remembered for The Circular Staircase

1877 – Thomas Edison, working on transcribing telegraphic messages, discovers recording sound directly onto cylinders to play it back, leading to the phonograph (see 2002 entry)

1879 – U.S. National Archery Association holds its first tournament in Chicago IL

1881 – Vincent H. Bendix born, American pioneer in automotive and aviation inventor and industrialist; developer of the Bendix gear drive, leading to the electric starter

1882 – George W. Bellows born, American ‘Ashcan’ and realist painter, noted for depicting NYC urban life


Cliff Dwellers, by George Bellows – 1913


1883 – Quaggas, a subspecies of plains zebra, becomes extinct when the last one dies at the Natura Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam



1889 – Zerna Sharp born, American author and educator, creator of the Dick and Jane series for beginning readers

1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from ʻIolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States; six years after American planters overthrow Queen Liliʻuokalani

1898 – The peace protocol to end the Spanish-American War is signed

1914 – Ruth Lowe born, Canadian songwriter; “I’ll Never Smile Again” and “Put Your Dreams Away”



1914 – Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary, continuing the escalation of WWI

1915 – W. Somerset Maugham publishes his novel Of Human Bondage



1918 – Regular airmail service begins between New York City and Washington DC

1939 –First showing of The Wizard of Oz starring Judy Garland, in Oconomowoc WI



1952 – The Night of the Murdered Poets: 13 Soviet Jews, five of them Yiddish writers, are executed by the USSR, after being imprisoned in Lubyanka Prison without formal charges for three years

1953 – The Soviet Union secretly tests its first thermonuclear bomb

1955 – The U.S. Minimum Wage is raised from 75 cents an hour to $1.00 an hour

1960 – First balloon communication satellite, Echo One, is launched

1964 – The IOC bars South Africa from the Tokyo Olympics because of Apartheid

1966 – John Lennon apologizes at a Chicago press conference for saying the Beatles are more popular than Jesus

1970 – The Hollywood Bowl holds a Woody Guthrie Memorial Concert in Los Angeles



1977 – The space shuttle Enterprise passes its first solo flight test, taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating and then touching down in California’s Mojave Desert



1981 – Personal Computer Day * – IBM introduces the first Personal Computer, IBM PC Model 5150. Retailing at $1,565, the basic unit had 16 kB of memory.  One Megabyte is about 1,024 Kilobytes – most of today’s tablets have 256 MB of RAM, and 16 GB of internal memory



1990 – American paleontologist Sue Hendrickson discovers the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton yet found, in South Dakota. It is dubbed “Sue” in her honor, displayed at the Field Museum in Chicago IL



1991 – Metallica – aka “The Black Album” – is released

1998 – Swiss banks agree to pay $1.25 billion in restitution to Holocaust survivors to settle claims for their assets

1999 – The UN General Assembly designates August 12 as International Youth Day *, to recognize and celebrate young people’s contributions to ecological, social justice and peace movements world-wide

2002 – Vinyl Record Day * is proclaimed in San Luis Obispo County CA; now sponsored by Vinyl Record Day, a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the cultural influences, cover art of vinyl records, and records themselves (see 1877 entry)



2007 – Archaeologists find 8 million-year-old cypress trees preserved in Hungarian open coal mine

2012 – The first World Elephant Day *- founded by Canadian Patricia Sims and the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation of Thailand, now sponsored in partnership with 100 other elephant conservation organizations across the globe


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: August 12, 2017

  1. I probably owe my US citizenship to Cardinal Richelieu. My 10x-great grandfather got out of France one jump ahead of Richelieu’s hangmen. He was a Huguenot. His first act upon arriving in the Colony of Virginia was to dump his French identity as Benois Brasseur. He anglicized the name to Benjamin Brashear.

    More than ten thousand other French Protestants were not so lucky. If you made a list of the top ten most evil men in human history, Richelieu would make the list, easily.

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