ON THIS DAY: August 19, 2017

August 19th is

Coco Chanel Day *

National Aviation Day *

International Orangutan Day

Soft-Serve Ice Cream Day

World Honey Bee Day

World Humanitarian Day *

World Photography Day

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MORE! John Flamsteed, Coco Chanel and Gene Roddenberry, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Afghanistan – Independence Day

Argentina – Buenos Aires:
Mundial de Tango (thru 8-23)

Finland – Helsinki:
Helsinki Arts Festival

Netherlands – Amsterdam: Straf Werk
(Electronic Dance/Music)

Scotland – Edinburgh:
International Book Festival (thru 8-28)

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On This Day on HISTORY

295 BC – Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges, serving as curule aedile (city of Rome official charged with maintaining public buildings, regulating festivals and maintaining order), raises enough denarii from noble Roman matrons fined for disorderly conduct to dedicate a Temple to Venus

AD 14 – Roman Emperor Augustus dies; his immediate deification launches the Imperial Cult of Rome; Tiberius is confirmed as his sole surviving heir



1398 – Íñigo López de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Santillana born, Spanish poet and Castilian politician; notable for his serranillas, a Spanish short poem form



1561 – Mary, Queen of Scots, aged 18, returns to Scotland after living in France 13 years

1570 – Salamone Rossi born, Italian-Jewish composer and violinist, a court musician and concertmaster in Mantua



1612 – The Samlesbury Witches: three women from the village of Samlesbury in Lancashire, England, are put on trial, accused by a 14-year-old girl of practicing witchcraft, including child murder and cannibalism. Ten others accused during the same Assizes are hanged, but the three from Samlesbury are acquitted when the girl is discredited as a “perjuring tool of a Catholic priest”

1646 – John Flamsteed born, English astronomer; the first Astronomer Royal, who laid the foundation stone for the Royal Greenwich Observatory and oversaw it from 1676 to 1684; also catalogued over 3000 stars, and predicted the 1666 and 1668 solar eclipses

1692 – Five people found guilty of witchcraft executed by hanging in Massachusetts colony, including John Proctor, who with his wife Elizabeth, would be used by Arthur Miller as major characters in his play The Crucible. Elizabeth was given a stay of execution because she was pregnant, then released after witch hysteria had died down.

1737 – Johann Georg Christoph Schetky born, German composer



1745 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as “the 45”


Raising the Standard at Glenfinnan, by Mark Churms 


1772 – Gustav III of Sweden stages a coup d’état, in which he assumes power and enacts a new constitution that divides power between the Riksdag and the King

1782 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks is the last major engagement of the war, almost 10 months after British commander Charles Cornwallis surrenders following the Siege of Yorktown

1785 – Seth Thomas, American clock manufacturer, a pioneer in mass production

1814? – Mary Ellen Pleasant born as a slave, American abolitionist and entrepreneur, self-made multimillionaire; she often “passed for white” which helped keep her from getting caught as an Underground Railroad conductor, but changed her designation to “Black” after the civil war; sometimes called the “Mother of Civil Rights in California” – her successful lawsuit against a streetcar company for forcing her and two other black women off the streetcar ended segregation on public transportation in San Francisco, and set a precedent used by the California Supreme Court in other cases ”(her birth year is disputed)

1839 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre unveils his daguerreotype photographic process to the French Académie des Sciences at a Paris meeting



1848 – The New York Herald reports the discovery of gold in California

1856 – Gail Borden patents his process of condensing milk by vacuum

1870 – Bernard Baruch born, American financier, philanthropist and advisor to Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt

1871 – Orville Wright born, American inventor and aviator; with his older brother Wilbur, he made humanity’s dream of flight a reality



1881 – Georges Enesco born, Romanian composer and violinist



1883 – Coco Chanel * born, influential French fashion designer of the ‘little black dress’ and the Chanel Suit


1902 – Ogden Nash born, American humorous poet

1903 – James Gould Cozzens born, American novelist; 1949 Pulitzer Prize for his WWII novel Guard of Honor

1905 – Jacques de Menasce born in Austria, American composer and pianist



1909 – The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway

1911 – Anna Terruwe born, Dutch psychiatrist, noted for work on emotional deprivation and obsessive-compulsive disorders; used writings of Thomas Aquinas as her premise

1919 – Afghanistan becomes fully independent from the United Kingdom

1921 – Gene Roddenberry born, American TV screenwriter and producer, notable for creating the Star Trek series



1929 – The radio program Amos ‘n’ Andy debuts on NBC

1934 – A referendum approves Hitler’s appointment as Führer of Germany

1934 – The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio

1934 – Renée Richards born, American ophthalmologist, author and tennis player; United States Tennis Association Eastern Tennis Hall of Fame inductee in 2000; after undergoing sex reassignment surgery in 1975, she is denied entrance to the US Open by the USTA; she fights the ban in court – NY State Court rules in her favor in 1977



1939 – FDR issues presidential proclamation designating Orville Wright’s birthday as National Aviation Day *



1940 – New Civil Aeronautics Administration awards Orville Wright honorary license #1

1940 – First flight of the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber



1953 – The CIA and MI-6 help overthrow the government of democratically elected  Mohammad Mosaddegh, whose many social reforms include nationalizing the Iranian oil industry, and then Mohammad Reza Pahlavi is reinstated as Shah of Iran

1960 – American U-2 pilot Gary Powers is convicted of espionage in Moscow, and the USSR launches Korabl-Sputnik 2 with dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants aboard, the first spaceflight to safely return animals to Earth


1964 – NASA launches Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite

1969 – First day of a three-day recording session for Bitches Brew, the double album by Jazz legend Miles Davis, his first gold record



1989 – Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be Poland’s first non-communist prime minister in 42 years

1989 – Hundreds of East Germans cross the Hungarian-Austrian border for the Pan-European Picnic; the border gates remain symbolically open for three hours; the events helps bring about the lifting of the Iron Curtain and the fall of the Berlin Wall



1991 – The “August Coup,” Dissolution of the USSR: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the Ukraine

1994 – President Clinton ends a three-decade U.S. open door policy for Cuban refugees

1997 – The Fleetwood Mac reunion album The Dance is released



1999 – In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević

2004 – Google, the internet search engine, goes public

2005 – Peace Mission 2005 begins, the first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China

2008 – First U.N. World Humanitarian Day * on the anniversary of the 2003 Baghdad Canal Hotel bombing where U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Sérgio Vieira del Mello was killed



2010 – Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, as the last of U.S. brigade combat teams cross the border to Kuwait

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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12 Responses to ON THIS DAY: August 19, 2017

  1. Today is a special day for me. Sixty-one years ago today, we said, “I do.” We had 55 years together.

    Letha R. Stanley, RN

    Letha R. Stanley, RN attribution: Chuck Stanley

    • Terry Welshans says:

      Congratulations Chuck. Mighty pretty lady there.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      {{{OS}}} – 55 years of precious memories with a wonderful person – I know you miss her every day, but how much your life has been enriched by all the years you had together.

    • Malisha says:

      Although today is very sad because of loss, what you and Letha did with your lives is better than a million monuments. Congratulations and Condolences, inseparable.

  2. Malisha says:

    I had never heard of Anna Terruwe. What a fascinating person! This paragraph from Wikipedia particularly spoke to me:
    “Dr. Baars discovered her work and went on to translate some of her work into English and further the work on “Emotional Deprivation Disorder” and the repressive disorders. She discovered “Frustration Neurosis” in the 1950s (also known as “Deprivation Neurosis”, but now called Emotional Deprivation Disorder). She also discovered that repressive disorders (e.g. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or Scrupulosity) could be healed by teaching patients a correct understanding of the emotional life.”
    The phrase “a correct understanding of the emotional life” astounds me.
    “Take two correct understandings of the emotional life and call me in the morning,” I imagine.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      One of the great things about doing this series is finding people like Anna Terruwe.

      I interpret “a correct understanding of the emotional life” as helping a patient understand the emotions that drive them to their repetitive behavior. Using the writings of Thomas Aquinas as her starting point instead of Freud or Jung is what I see as really interesting.

      • Malisha says:

        Yes, I agree. But I don’t know Aquinas well enough to begin to understand.

        • wordcloud9 says:

          Thomas Aquinas is so full of contradictions, I have no idea what she might have used!
          Since he thought women inherently inferior, I don’t think I’d choose someone using his precepts as my analyst.

          Just a quick set of examples:

          Well-ordered self-love is right and natural.

          To bear with patience wrongs done to oneself is a mark of perfection, but to bear with patience wrongs done to someone else is a mark of imperfection and even of actual sin.

          Love must precede hatred, and nothing is hated save through being contrary to a suitable thing which is loved. And hence it is that every hatred is caused by love.

          The highest manifestation of life consists in this: that a being governs its own actions. A thing which is always subject to the direction of another is somewhat of a dead thing.

          Man cannot live without joy; therefore when he is deprived of true spiritual joys it is necessary that he become addicted to carnal pleasures.

          As regards the individual nature, woman is defective and misbegotten, for the active power of the male seed tends to the production of a perfect likeness in the masculine sex; while the production of a woman comes from defect in the active power.

          By nature all men are equal in liberty, but not in other endowments.

          Wonder is the desire for knowledge.

          There is but one Church in which men find salvation, just as outside the ark of Noah it was not possible for anyone to be saved.

          • Malisha says:

            Well, as a secular person and an uneducated intellectual, I have formed my own perhaps idiosyncartic ideas of the nature of obsessive disorders. In my book, serious religiousity is actually a form of obsessive behavior, and I actually have many close friends who display this behavior (three different religious backgrounds). To me, having to please god with one’s every action does lead to a psychologically stunted life. I do understand it, though. I have often said, “God is NOT a good enough mother.”

    • Dr. Fritz Perls put it another way. His concept may be easier to understand. He was the founder and inventor of Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt is a German word that does not have a good English equivalent. It means that the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. The popular TV game show, Jeopardy, is a perfect model to illustrate the gestalt moment. When a contestant “sees” what ought to go in the unfilled spaces to make a word or phrase, that is the gestalt moment. As Perls put it, the “Aha” moment.

      In therapy, the idea is to bring the patient/client to understand themselves. The gestalt moment is the “Aha” moment; the instant in which there is a flash of insight. Insight equals understanding.

      Perls once told me, “Awareness, by and of itself, is curative of neurosis.”

      He meant that when you get the client to the point where everything suddenly comes together–the gestalt–causes the person to understand and see through whatever is blocking them from being healthy. Awareness allows a person to do something about it.

      There are only a few people who had a truly profound impact on me, that made me who I am today. One was my father. Another was Fritz Perls. A few of his old films are now online. This takes me back to wonderful memories. It was the 1960s, yet, every time I watch one of these old films, I learn something new. More awareness.

      • Malisha says:

        I love Fritz Perls’ work. “The ‘how’ replaces the ‘why.'”
        Gestalt is untranslatable but only because we don’t make words when we need them. Just as we made “telephone” we should make an English word for “gestalt.” Like, “Here-come-old-flat-top” or something.

  3. wordcloud9 says:

    I agree! Anything carried to extremes is unhealthy.

    I’m sure that Aquinas would be very upset to know that women are not defective men – we have the double Xs, while men get one whole X and one “broken” one – a Y. And think of all those centuries that men in power dumped wives because they gave birth to daughters instead of sons, but now science has discovered that the man’s sperm determines gender, not the woman’s egg.

    Seems like a lot of religion is founded on bad ideas, like the earth being flat, or the sun revolving around it. And when somebody comes along and proves their beliefs are mistaken, they not only refuse to accept the truth, they react very, very badly toward the messenger. Sounds like obsessive behavior to me!

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