ON THIS DAY: September 11, 2017

September 11th is

Hug Your Hound Day *

Hot Cross Bun Day

Libraries Remember Day *

Make Your Bed Day

No News is Good News Day

National Day of Service and Remembrance *

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MORE! Steven F. Foster, Rosika Schwimmer and D.H. Lawrence, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Rastafarian and Coptic New Year’s Day

Eritrea – Keddus Johannes
(Geeze New Year)

Ethiopia  – Enkutatash (New Year)

Micronesia – Pohnpei Island Liberation Day

Pakistan – Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah
(Jinnah’s Death)

Spain – Catalonia: Day of Catalonia
(1714 siege of Barcelona ends)

Venezuela – Virgin of Coromoto Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1297 – William Wallace’s Scottish forces defeat the English at Battle of Stirling Bridge



1390 – Lithuanian Civil War (1389–1392): the Teutonic Knights lay siege to Vilnius

1476 – Louise of Savoy born, French Duchess of Nemours, Angoulême and Anjou; as the mother of King Francis I, she serves as Regent of France in 1515, 1525-1526 and in 1529 during the times when he goes to war, and while he is held prisoner in Spain; Louise is the principal French negotiator for the Treaty of Cambrai with the Holy Roman Empire, called “the Ladies’ Peace” because it is signed by Louis of Savoy and the Empire’s negotiator, Margaret of Austria

1541 – Much of Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, led by Michimalonco, but Inés de Suárez rallies a counter-attack, decapitating one of the caciques (leaders) herself, and drives the attackers off

1609 – Henry Hudson’s fourth expedition, sponsored by the Dutch East India Company,  lands at Manhattan Island, then explores the river which is now named for him

1649 – Siege of Drogheda ends when Oliver Cromwell’s English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute the entire garrison

1711 – William Boyce born, English Baroque composer and organist, who became a music compiler and editor when increasing deafness forces his retirement from playing



1786 – The Annapolis Convention to revise the U.S. Articles of Confederation opens

1789 – U.S. President George Washington appoints Alexander Hamilton as first Secretary of the Treasury

1806 – Juliette Magill Kinzie born, history writer, notable for including Native American legends and customs; Wau-Bun: The “Early Day” in the North West (when the ‘North West’ was Chicago)

1830 – The Anti-Masonic Party holds one of the first American political conventions

1847 – Mary Watson Whitney born, astronomer; Maria Mitchell’s assistant, she becomes director of the Vassar Observatory upon Mitchell’s retirement, from 1888 to 1915, when Whitney retires at age 68 for health reasons

1847 – Steven F. Foster’s “Oh! Susannah” is first performed publicly in Pittsburgh PA



1850 – Mary Elizabeth Lease born, American author, fiery orator, suffragist and Populist



1850 – Jenny Lind, the “Swedish Nightingale” gives her first U.S. concert in New York

1851 – Escaped slaves stand against their former owner in armed resistance in Christiana, Pennsylvania, creating a rallying cry for the abolitionist movement; Pennsylvania had instituted a gradual abolishment of  slavery in 1780; by the time the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed by Congress, it was a fully free state. Four slaves of Edward Gorsuch, a wealthy Maryland wheat farmer, flee to Lancaster County in Pennsylvania to the home of William Parker, a multatto free man and member of the Lancaster Black Self-Protection Society. When Gorsuch, accompanied by federal marshals with warrants, catches up with them, he is killed and others are wounded as the slaves and their protectors resist. The case is prosecuted in the Philadelphia U.S District Court; originally 38 people are indicted, but only one, Castner Hanway, is tried; the jury quickly brings in a verdict of Not Guilty

1854 – William Holabird born, American ‘Chicago School’ architect; founding partner in Holabird & Roche, designers of the Marquette Building (1895), a Chicago Landmark



1862 – O. Henry born, American short story writer

1875  “Professor Tidwissel’s Burglar Alarm” appears in the New York Daily Graphic,  the first newspaper comic strip



1877 – Rosika Schwimmer born, Hungarian feminist and pacifist; organized the Association of Hungarian Women Clerks (1897), co-founder of Feministák Egyesülete   (Hungarian Feminist Association – 1904), also on the board of the Hungarian Peace Society and later Vice President of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom(WILPF); Hungarian ambassador to Switzerland in 1918

1883 – James Cutler patents a mail chute, first used in Elwood Building of Rochester NY

1885 – D.H. Lawrence born, English novelist, poet, playwright and essayist; his novels are called pornographic by many readers of his day, but now regarded as classics of English literature; best known novels are Sons and Lovers, Women in Love, and Lady Chatterley’s Lover



1885 – Herbert Stothart born, American songwriter, composer and arranger; nominated for 12 Academy Awards, winning Best Original Score for The Wizard of Oz



1895 – Vinoba Bhave born, Indian social reformer and advocate of nonviolence and human rights; disciple of Mahatma Gandhi; leader of the Bhoodan (land gift) movement, he walked all over India asking landed people to consider him as one of their sons which would entitle him to 1/6 of their land, given in parcels to the landless poor

1897 – Coal workers in Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio end a ten-week strike, after winning and eight-hour workday, semi-monthly paydays, and an end to company store monopolies

1910 – The first commercially successful electric bus line opens in Hollywood, CA

1917 – Jessica Mitford born in England, British-American author, investigative journalist and civil rights activist; Hons and Rebels, The American Way of Death



1927 – Christine King Farris born, professor and author; active in the International Reading Association, the NAACP and the SCLC; sister of Martin Luther King Jr.

1936 – FDR dedicates Boulder Dam (now called Hoover Dam) in Nevada by turning on the dam’s first hydroelectric generator



1941 – Charles A. Lindbergh’s speech blaming “the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration” for trying to draw the U.S. into WWII sparks charges of anti-Semitism

1941 –Groundbreaking ceremony for the Pentagon

1952 – Dr. Charles Hufnagel successfully replaces a diseased aorta valve with an artificial valve

1959 – U.S. Congress passes measure authorizing Food Stamps program

1960 – Annie Gosfield born, American avant-garde composer


 


1962 – The Beatles record their first single, “Love Me Do” and “P.S. I Love You,” at EMI studios in London



1967 – “All You Need is Love” by The Beatles is certified as a million seller, and The Carol Burnett Show premieres on CBS-TV



1977 – The Atari 2600 home video game console, with 9 game cartridges, debuts

1985 – The NASA-ESA International Cometary Explorer spacecraft passes through Giacobini-Zinner comet’s tail,   first on-the-spot sampling of a comet

1996 – David Bowie’s single “Telling Lies” is released on the Internet, the first time a major artist’s new single is releases exclusively on the Internet



1997 – Scotland votes to create its own Parliament, after 290 years under English parliamentary rule

1998 – Congress releases Kenneth Starr’s report on President Bill Clinton’s alleged sexual misconduct and accusations of perjury and obstruction of justice

2001 – Ami Moore, the “Dog Whisperer of Chicago” starts “Hug Your Hound Day” * to remind us to cherish our devoted friends, annually on 2nd Sunday in September



2001 – al-Queda Suicide hijackers crash two airliners into the World Trade Center in New York City, a third airliner into the Pentagon, while a fourth crashes in a field in Pennsylvania; 2,996 people die, and over 6,000 others are wounded, the deadliest foreign attacks on American soil since Pearl Harbor; many others exposed to deadly toxins by the attacks die in the coming years, including 1,400 rescue workers


The Pentagon, September 11, 2001


2002 – The 9-11 families support group launches National Day of Service and Remembrance *- a charitable service day honoring those who were lost and the responders who saved lives. Some U.S. libraries start Libraries Remember Day * – a tradition of staying open extra hours on September 11 in remembrance of the attacks

2007 – China signs an agreement to prohibit lead paint on toys exported to the U. S.


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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