ON THIS DAY: September 12, 2017

September 12th is

Chocolate Milkshake Day

Video Games Day

Day of Encouragement *

Police Woman’s Day *

U.N. Day for South-South Cooperation *

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MORE!  Henry Hudson, Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Jesse Owens, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Cape Verde Islands – National Day

Denmark – København: Cinefest

Ireland – Lisdoonvarna:
Matchmaking Festival (thru 10-7)

Netherlands – Amsterdam:
Nederlands Theatre Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1492 – Lorenzo de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino, is born, ruler of Florence (1516-1519), grandson of Lorenzo the Magnificent

1590 – María de Zayas y Sotomayor born, Spanish author during Spain’s Golden Age, often regarded as a pioneer of literary feminism; Novelas Amorosas y ejemplares (Amorous and Exemplary Novels), Desengaños Amorosos (Disenchantments of Love)

1609 – Henry Hudson and his crew aboard the Halve Maen (Half Moon), begin ten days of exploration up the river which will be named after Hudson



1725 – Guillaume Le Gentil born, French astronomer who discovers several Messier objects, and is the first to catalog the dark nebula Le Gentil 3 in the constellation Cygnus

1818 – Theodor Kullak born, German composer and pianist



1846 – Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning



1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Chapultepec begins with the invading American army under General Winfield Scott besieging Mexican troops led by General Nicolás Bravo holding Chapultepec Castle

1848 – Switzerland approves its first Constitution and becomes a Federal state

1853 – Celestia Parrish born, American educator and pioneering woman in psychology; overcame English-born psychologist E. B. Tichener’s prejudice against women to take a class from him and got him to correspond with her so she could better teach her students – later he submitted some of her papers to the America Journal of Psychology, after she founded the first psychology lab in the southern U.S. at Randolph-Macon Woman’s College in Lynchburg, VA; after teaching at the Georgia State Normal School,  she became Georgia State Supervisor of Public Schools (1911-1918)

1859 – Florence Kelley born, American social and political reformer and activist, worked in favor of minimum wage, 8-hour workdays and against child labor and sweatshops.



1866 – The first American burlesque show, The Black Crook, opens in New York City

1873 – First practical typewriter goes on sale

1880 –  H.L. Mencken born, American journalist, critic and acerbic wit



1892 – Alfred Knopf born, American publisher; founder of Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.

1897 – Irène Joliot-Curie born, French physicist, 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, daughter of Nobel laureates Marie and Pierre Curie

1898 – Ben Shahn born, American painter and graphic artist



1901 – Ernst Pepping born, German composer, primarily of  Protestant sacred music



1910 – Gustav Mahler’s Symphony #8 premieres in Munich



1913 – Jesse Owens born, American athlete who won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, much to the chagrin of Adolf Hitler



1915 – Over 4,200 Armenian Genocide survivors on Musa Dagh mountain, holding out against Turkish troops trying to forcibly deport them, are rescued by the French Third Squadron, with assistance from British ships, and taken to safety in Port Said

1916 – Adelina and August Van Buren finish first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour by two women, after leaving New York City on July 5, 1916

1922 – The Episcopal Church removes the word “Obey” from the bride’s wedding vows

1928 – Katharine Hepburn made her stage debut in the play “The Czarina”

1933 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born physicist, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction

1940 –The Lascaux cave paintings discovered in France,  outstanding examples of Paleolithic period art, estimated to be 17,000 years old



1944 – U.S. Army troops enter Germany for the first time during World War II

1954 – Lassie makes its television debut on CBS

1957 – Hans Zimmer born in Germany, American composer of film scores; 9 Academy Award nominations with one win for The Lion King



1959 – Bonanza premieres, first TV series in color

1964 – Canyonlands, near Moab UT, becomes a National Park



1962 – President John F. Kennedy, at a speech at Rice University, reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade

1966 – The Beatles receive a gold record for “Yellow Submarine”



1977 – South African anti-apartheid activist Stephen Biko dies at age 30, while in police custody, which triggered an international outcry

1978 – U.N. General Assembly adopts a plan of action to promote and implement technical cooperation among developing countries

1980 – A Turkish coup d’état, led by Chief of the General Staff General Kenan Evren, overthrows the ineffective Grand National Assembly of Turkey, so factionalized that it wasn’t able to elect a President for six months prior to the coup

1991 -Space shuttle Discovery launches an observatory to study the Earth’s ozone layer

1992 – Dr. Mae Jemison becomes first African-American woman in space. She is the payload specialist aboard the space shuttle Endeavor. Also onboard are Mission Specialist N. Jan Davis and Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Mark C. Lee. They are the first married couple to fly together in space, and Mamoru Mohri becomes the first Japanese person to fly into space



2000 – Dutch lawmakers give same-sex couples the right to marry and adopt children.

2002 – Police Woman’s Day *honors members of the International Association of Women Police (IAWP)



2005 – Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) director Michael Brown resigns, three days after losing his onsite command of Hurricane Katrina relief efforts

2007 – Day of Encouragement * is launched by The Encouragement Foundation in Arkansas, and proclaimed by the Government of Arkansas as a State Day

2011 – U.N. General Assembly approves September 12 as United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, *  commemorating the 1978 U.N. plan of action to promote and implement technical cooperation between developing countries


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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