ON THIS DAY: September 25, 2017

September 25 is

Comic Book Day *

Lobster Day

One-Hit Wonder Day

World Dream Day *

National Psychotherapy Day *

Day of Remembrance for Murder Victims *

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MORE! Balboa, Sandra Day O’Connor and Glenn Gould, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Perth:
Queen’s Birthday celebrated

Mozambique – Armed Forces Day

New Zealand – Canterbury South:
Provincial Anniversary

Switzerland – Obwalden:
Saint Nicholas of Flüe (Swiss patron saint)

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On This Day in HISTORY

275 – After Roman Emperor Aurelian is murdered in Thrace while leading his army to attack the Sassanid Empire in the Middle East, the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus as Emperor, but Tacitus dies of a fever less than a year later; he is the last Emperor to be elected by the Roman Senate



1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire is a decisive victory for English King Harold Godwinson over an invading Norwegian force led by King Harald Hardrada and Harold’s brother Tostig Godwinson, who are both killed; both sides lose about a third of their armies

1237 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, ending dispute over the border between their countries

1396 – Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I routs an allied European crusader army led by Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund at the Battle of Nicopolis in the Bulgarian Empire

Battle of Nicopolis (1396) -Sebastien Mamerot


1493 – Christopher Columbus embarks from Cadiz, Spain with 17 ships on his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere

1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa reaches the ocean after crossing the Isthmus of Panama, and calls it the South Sea, first European to see the Pacific Ocean



1599 – Francesco Borromini born, Italian Baroque architect

1613 – Claude Perrault born, French physician, architect and engineer

1683 – Jean-Phillipe Rameau born, French composer



1690 – Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time

1775 – The British capture Ethan Allen when the attack of his forces on Montreal fails

1758 – Josepha Barbara Auernhammer born, Austrian pianist and composer



1785 – George Pinto born, English composer and keyboard virtuoso



1789 – U.S Congress adopts ten amendments to the Constitution, now known as the Bill of  Rights

1790 – Peking opera is born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes perform for the Qianlong Emperor’s 80th birthday


Anhui Troupe stock characters


1837 – Rodolphe Töpffer publishes The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck, considered the first comic book *

1843 – Melville Bissell born, American inventor of the carpet sweeper

1844 – Sarah Bernhardt born, legendary French actress; manager, artistic director and star of the Théâtre de la Renaissance in Paris (1893-1899), first to impose a rule that ladies in the audience must remove their hats to avoid blocking the view of others    

1847 – Lavinia “Vinnie”Ream Hoxie born, American sculptor; her most famous work is the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the US Capitol Rotunda



1886 – May Godfrey Sutton born, tennis champion, the first American to win a singles title at Wimbledon

1897 – William Faulkner born, American Southern author; awarded 1949 Nobel Prize , and 1954 Pulitzer Prize; The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, Light in August



1888 – The Royal Court Theatre opens in London

1890 – Sequoia National Park in California becomes the third U.S National Park


Sequoia National Park, by Alison Taggart


1903 – Mark Rothko born, American Abstract Expressionist painter

1904 – Columbus Iselin born, American oceanographer

1905 – ‘Red’ Smith born, influential American syndicated sports columnist; 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary



1906 – Dimitri Shostakovich born, Russian composer



1908 – Jacqueline Audry, French film director, first commercially successful French female director after WWII, specialized in literary adaptations



1909 – John V. Dodge born, American executive of the Encyclopedia Britannica

1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in NYC

1916 – Jessica M. Anderson born, Australian novelist-short story writer; Tirra Lirra by the River

1926 – The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed, under the auspices of the League of Nations; still in effect, with amendments;  99 countries so far have committed to participation in its aim of ending slavery

1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field, proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible

Instrument panel in cockpit of Dolittle’s plane


1929 – Barbara Walters born, American broadcast journalist, author and TV personality; first woman co-anchor on a network evening news program on ABC



1932 – Glenn Gould born, Canadian pianist



1933 – The voice of silent movie cowboy star Tom Mix is first heard by the public when his show debuts on NBC Radio

1940 – American intelligence agents crack Japan’s diplomatic code, known as “Purple”

1956 – Transatlantic No. 1, the first transatlantic telephone cable system, laid between Gallanach Bay, near Oban, Scotland and Clarenville, is inaugurated, initially carrying 36 telephone channels

1957 – 300 U.S. Army troops standing guard, as nine black children are escorted to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, days after unruly white crowds had forced them to withdraw

1967 – The Beatles record “Fool on the Hill” at Abbey Road Studios



1973 – The three crewmen of Skylab II land in the Pacific Ocean after 59 days aboard the space laboratory

1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor is sworn in as the first female U.S. Supreme Court justice

1983 – Soviet officer Stanislav Petrov averts worldwide nuclear war when he declares a “U.S. attack” setting off the Soviet early warning system to be a false alarm. The satellite warning system had mistaken sunlight reflecting off clouds for enemy missiles

1990 – U.N. Security Council votes to impose an air embargo on Iraq – Cuba casts the only dissenting vote

1992 – A judge in Orlando FL grants 12- year-old Gregory Kingsley a divorce from his biological parents

1992 – NASA launches the Mars Observer, a $511 million probe to Mars, the first U.S. mission to the planet in 17 years; eleven months later, the probe stops transmitting

1995 – Mariah Carey’s “Fantasy” debuts at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100



1996 – The last of the Magdalene asylums closes in Ireland; after the discovery of a mass grave containing 155 corpses is discovered in 1993 on the grounds of one of the convents involved, a long investigation reveals abundant evidence of abusive practices; the Irish government issues a state apology in 2013, and sets up a ₤50 million compensation scheme for the survivors, to which the Catholic Church refuses to contribute

1999 – First National Day of Remembrance for Murder Victims * is established by the National Organization of Parents of Murdered Children, which was founded by Charlotte and Robert Hullinger in 1978 after their daughter was murdered



2001 – Saudi Arabia cuts its relations with Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban

2012 – The first Psychotherapy Day * and first World Dream Day *

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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