ON THIS DAY: September 26, 2017

September 26th is

Pancake Day *

World Contraception Day *

Family and Community Day

National Voter Registration Day

U.N. International Day for Total
Elimination of Nuclear Weapons*

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MORE! Sir Francis Drake, Bessie Smith and Leonard Bernstein, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bhutan – Thimpu Drubchoe
(Tantric Buddhist festival)

China – Qufu: International
Confucius Culture Festival

New Zealand – Canterbury South:
Provincial Anniversary Day

Yemen – The September Revolution

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On This Day in HISTORY

46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix

1580 – Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind



1687 – The Parthenon is damaged by bombing from Venetian forces besieging Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens

1767 – Wenzel Müller born, Austrian composer and conductor



1774 – John Chapman better known as “Johnny Appleseed” born, American pioneering nurseryman and conservationist who planted 1000s of apple trees in the Midwest

1789 – Thomas Jefferson appointed as first U.S. Secretary of State; John Jay as first Supreme Court Chief Justice; Samuel Osgood as Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph as Attorney General

1791 – Jean-Louis Théodore Gericault born, French painter and lithographer, a pioneer of the Romantic Movement – The Raft of the Medusa, his most famous work, is huge: 16′ 1″ high x 23′ 6″ wide. Based on the wreck of the French naval frigate Méduse, which ran aground off the coast of today’s Mauritania in July 1816. On July 5, 1816, at least 147 people were set adrift on a hurriedly constructed raft; all but 15 died in the 13 days before their rescue, and those who survived endured starvation, dehydration and cannibalism. It became an international scandal


1810 – Former Marshal of France Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte is elected as the heir presumptive to the Swedish throne



1849 – Ivan Pavlov born, Russian physiologist



1862 – Arthur B. Davies born, American painter, printmaker and tapestry designer

1865 – Dame Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford born, British pilot who set a record in 1929 flying 10,000 miles round trip between the U.K and India in 8 days; ornithologist, interested in bird migration; founded 4 hospitals in Woburn and Woburn Abbey, and worked as a nurse and radiographer from 1914 through the 1930s; member of the Women’s Tax Resistance League, which used tax resistance to protest excluding British women from the right to vote

1867 – Winsor McCay born, American illustrator and animator; notable for his comic strip Little Nemo in Slumberland 


 

Panel showing one of Little Nemo’s fantastic dreams


1875 – Mary Elisabeth Dreier born, social reformer focusing on working women, woman suffrage, and social improvement

1876 – Edith Abbott born, economist, social worker, educator and author; pioneer in making social work a profession; assistant director of the School of Civics and Philanthropy in Chicago, which merged with the University of Chicago as its graduate school in social work; in 1924, she became its dean—the first female dean of any graduate school in the United States 

1888 – T.S. Eliot born in America, British poet, essayist, playwright and publisher



1889 – Martin Heidegger born, German philosopher, member of the Nazi party

1891 – Charles Munch born in Strasbourg, Alsace-Lorraine, Conductor; remains in France conducting the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire  during the German occupation to help maintain the morale of the French people, but refuses conducting engagements in Germany or to conduct contemporary German works. He protects members of his orchestra from the Gestapo and contributes from his income to the French Resistance; receives the Légion d’honneur with the red ribbon in 1945; Boston Symphony Orchestra (1949-1962); director of the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood (1951-1962)



1891 – Hans Reichenbach born, influential proponent of logical empiricism;  in 1933, Reichenbach was dismissed from his appointment at the University of Berlin under the Nazi “Race Laws” due to his Jewish ancestry: immigrated to Turkey



1893 – Frederika “Freda” Kirchwey born, American journalist, publisher, and editor of The Nation (1933-1955); liberal activist

1898 – George Gershwin born, American composer and songwriter who combines Broadway, jazz and orchestral music in his compositions; Rhapsody in Blue,  An American in Paris and Porgy and Bess 



1900 – Suzanne Belperron born, influential French jewelry designer, Herz-Belperron



1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, is published

1907 – New Zealand and Newfoundland become dominions within the British Empire

1914 – The Federal Trade Commission Act establishes the FTC

1919 – Matilde Camus born, Spanish poet and non-fiction writer

1925 – Marty Robbins born, American country-western singer-songwriter and NASCAR driver; “A White Sport Coat and a Pink Carnation” sold over a million copies



1927 – The St. James Theatre opens in New York City

1933 – ‘Machine Gun’ Kelly surrenders to the FBI, shouting “Don’t shoot, G-Men!” which becomes a nickname for FBI agents

1934 – The ocean liner RMS Queen Mary is launched



1937 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer, is fatally injured in a car crash, and dies the following morning; (music starts at :54)



1942 – Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa born, American scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory; her book, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, is loosely based on her life growing up on the Mexican-Texas border

1942 – August Frank, administrative chief of the Order Police of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt, issues a memorandum containing operational detail on how Jews should be “evacuated” including what to do with the underwear of those killed

1946 – Andrea Dworkin born, controversial American author and radical feminist who campaigned against pornography



1949 – Jane Smiley born, American novelist; 1992 Pulitzer Prize for A Thousand Acres



1950 – United Nations troops recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans

1957 – West Side Story, music and lyrics by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim,  opens on Broadway



1960 – First televised presidential debate between Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy

1969 – The Beatles release their 11th  recorded album, Abbey Road




1973 – The Concorde makes its first non-stop transatlantic flight in record time



1983 – Australia II wins the America’s Cup Yacht Race, the first time the Americans have ever lost in 132 years



1990 – The Motion Picture Association of America announces the NC-17 rating

1997 – Part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi collapses during an earthquake

2000 – Anti-globalization protests by crowds of up to 20,000 protestors in Prague for the IMF/World Bank summits turn violent

2005 – Pancake Day * begins as “Eat Like a Lumberjack Day”

2005 – Army Pfc. Lynndie England is convicted by a military jury on six counts stemming from the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2007 – Myanmar begins a violent crackdown on protests, beating and dragging away dozens of monks



2007 – First World Contraception Day * is supported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and numerous women’s health organizations, including Planned Parenthood

2013 – The UN General Assembly designates September 26th as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons – it was the subject of the General Assembly’s  first resolution in 1946, and continues to be a priority goal


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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