ON THIS DAY: October 11, 2017

October 11th is

International Day of the Girl Child *

General Pulaski Memorial Day *

National Coming Out Day *

National Food Truck Day *

Sausage Pizza Day

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MORE!  Thomas Edison, Eleanor Roosevelt and Elmore Leonard, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bolivia – Bolivian Women’s Day

Germany – Berlin: Festival of Lights

Hungary – Budapest: Contemporary
Arts Festival (til 10-22)

Macedonia – Antifascist Uprising Day

Spain – Galicia: Fiesta del Marisco
(Seafood festival – thru 10-15)

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On This Day in HISTORY

1138 – A massive earthquake strikes Aleppo, Syria

1311 – Ordinances of 1311 published, imposed on English King Edward II by a coalition of barons and clergy, the Ordainers, to restrict his powers over expenditures for war, the Royal household and the exchequer, and to banish the King’s favorite, Piers Gaveston

1614 – Explorer and navigator Adriaen Block, with a consortium of Dutch merchants, present a petition to the States General, the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands,  for exclusive trading rights between the 40th and 45th parallels north in the New World, which is granted to their newly formed New Netherland Company for a three year term



1616 – Andreas Gryphius born, German lyric poet and dramatist; noted for tragedy, Cardenio and Celinde

1727 – George Frideric Handel’s Coronation Anthem No. 4 is first performed at London’s Westminster Abbey for the coronation of George II



1741 – James Barry born, Irish painter


Self-portrait by James Barry – 1803


1767 – Surveying the Mason-Dixon line between Maryland and Pennsylvania completed

1779 – Polish- American Revolutionary War hero General Casimir Pulaski dies from wounds after Siege of Savannah

1809 – Explorer Meriweather Lewis dies of a gunshot wound or wounds at an inn called Grinder’s Stand on the Natchez Trace road, southwest of Nashville – conflicting reports claim suicide, a duel, or murder by one or more assailants, but the truth is still unknown

1811 –Inventor John Stevens’ steam-powered ferryboat, Juliana, begins operation between New York City, and Hoboken NJ



1821 – Sir George Williams born, English philanthropist; founder of the YMCA

1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is founded in Sydney

1865 – In Jamaica, the Mirant Bay rebellion begins with 100s marching to the courthouse led by preacher Paul Bogle, to protest injustice, widespread poverty and a high poll tax which prevents most freedmen from voting. During a violent clash between protestors and militia, the courthouse is burned, and 25 people are killed.

1869 – Thomas Edison files for a patent for his first invention, an electric vote-counting machine for the U.S. Congress



1872 – British suffragette Emily Wilding Davison born, who will die from injuries caused when she is hit by the race horse owned by King George V during the 1913 running of the Epsom Derby, trying to gain attention for the cause of suffrage

1881 – David Henderson Houston patents the first roll film for cameras

1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt born, humanitarian and civil rights activist, longest-serving U.S. First Lady (1933-1945) and first U.S. delegate to the UN General Assembly (1945-1952); first American representative and first Chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights, involved in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights



1885 – François Mauriac born, French novelist, playwright poet and journalist; 1952 Nobel Prize in Literature; his novel Le Désert de l’amour awarded 1926 Grand Prix du roman de l’Académie française

1890 – The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is founded in Washington DC

1906 – The San Francisco School Board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the U.S. and Japan when it orders racially segregated schools for Japanese students

1910 – Joseph Alsop born, influential American syndicated newspaper columnist and Washington DC insider



1910 – Former President Teddy Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane, for four minutes in St. Louis MO



1913 – Dorothy Woolfolk born, aka Dorothy Manning, pioneering woman in American comic book industry, first female editor at DC Comics, helped develop ‘Kryptonite’ for the Superman series

1918 – Jerome Robbins born, American choreographer



1925 – Elmore Leonard born, American novelist and screenwriter



1926 – Thích Nhất Hạnh born, Vietnamese Buddhist monk, author and peace activist; Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire and At Home in the World: Stories and Essential Teachings from a Monk’s Life, among several books

1929 – By Congressional resolution, General Pulaski Memorial Day * is established



1932 – In New York, a political campaign ad is broadcast on television for the first time

1939 – Jazz tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records “Body and Soul”



1940 – Lucy Morgan born, American newspaperwoman, first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting in 1985, shared with co-author Jack Reed, for their coverage of corruption in the Pasco County FL Sheriff’s Office

1941 – Lester Bowie born, American Jazz trumpeter and composer, co-founder of the Art Ensemble of Chicago



1946 – Daryl Hall, born Daryl Hohl, American R&B singer-songwriter- instrumentalist; Hall and Oates



1950 – The CBS mechanical color system is the first to be licensed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission

1950 – Patty Murray born, U.S. Senator (D-WA) since 1993; has chaired the Senate Veterans’ Affairs Committee and Senate Budget Committee; served as Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference; currently Ranking Member of the Senate Health Committee and Senate Assistant Democratic Leader



1952 – Paulette Carlson born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist; founder and lead vocalist of Highway 101



1958 – The U.S launches Pioneer 1, a lunar probe, but it falls short, and burns up in Earth’s atmosphere

1962 – Pope John XXII convenes the first session of Vatican II

1968 – NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission that broadcast live television reports from orbit

1969 – Merieme Chadid born, Moroccan astronomer, explorer and researcher in Antarctica, leader of international scientific team installing a major astronomical observatory in the heart of Antarctica, first woman astronomer to work in Antarctica; her Ph.D. topic was hypersonic shock waves in pulsating stars


Note: The music is in this video is completely inappropriate, but once you get past that,  you do get to see what she’s been working on – I’m also pretty sure she’s not the first woman to reach Antarctica, but she’s probably the first woman astronomer to work there


1975 – Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the guest host

1983 – The last hand-cranked telephones in the U.S. go out of service in Bryant Pond ME, and its 440 telephone customers get direct-dial service

1984 – Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan is the first American woman to perform a space walk, during a NASA Space Shuttle Challenger mission

1987 – The AIDS Memorial Quilt is displayed to the public for the first time during a ‘National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights’ on the National Mall in Washington DC



1988 – First National Coming Out Day * held on the one-year anniversary of the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights

1991 – Testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee, law professor Anita Hill accuses Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexually harassing her; Thomas reappears before the panel to denounce the proceedings as a “high-tech lynching.”

1994 – Colorado’s Supreme Court declares the state’s anti-gay rights measure is unconstitutional

2000 – The Discovery launch marks NASA’s 100th Space Shuttle mission



2001 – Trinidad-born writer V.S. Naipaul wins the Nobel Prize in literature

2002 – Former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his Middle Eastern diplomacy

2011 – The U.N. declares October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child * honoring efforts of the Day of the Girl youth-led movement in the U.S.

2014 – National Food Truck Day * is started in Fort Worth Texas by DJ Rick McNeely


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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