ON THIS DAY: October 10, 2017

October 10th is

World Homeless Day *

Ada Lovelace Day *

Angel Food Cake Day

Naval Academy Day *

Shift10 Day *

World Mental Health Day *

International Stage Manager’s Day *

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MORE! Fridtjof Nansen, Lily Daché and Ken Saro-Wiwa, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Austria – Referendum Day

Cuba –
War of Independence Day

Curaçao –
National Flag & Anthem Day

Fiji – Fiji Day

North Korea –
Party Foundation Day

Suriname – Maroons Day *

Taiwan – National Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

680 AD – Battle of Karbala: The forces of Yazid I, the Umayyad Caliph, intercept the caravan of Husayn ibn Ali, grandson of Muhammad, who had refused to give allegiance to Yazid when he ascended the throne; in the battle, Husayn is killed and beheaded, along with most of his family and supporters, including his six-month old son, while the rest of the women and children are taken prisoner. The dead are widely regarded as martyrs by Sufi and especially Shia Muslims. Mainstream Sunni Muslims regard the incident as an historical tragedy, but without influence on Islamic theology or traditions

732 – Battle of Tours: A combined Frankish and Burgundian force commanded by Charles Martel defeats an army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, who is killed, near the Aquitaine border close to Tours in western France

1599 – Étienne Moulinié born, French Baroque composer



1629 – Richard Towneley born, English mathematician and astronomer, one of the pioneers in research astronomy

1684 – Jean-Antoine Watteau born, French Rococo painter


Le-enseigne-de-gersaint, by Jean-Antoine Watteau – 1720


1731 – Henry Cavendish born, British natural philosopher, scientist; important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist

1760 – Maroons Day * celebrates the signing of a treaty with Dutch colonizers by the
Ndyuka people, one of six ‘Maroon’ peoples in Suriname and French Guiana, descended from African slaves brought to work on Dutch-owned plantations who escaped into the rain forests, that secures their territorial autonomy

 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw born, American Union Colonel who commanded the 54th Massachusetts, the first all-black regiment in the Northeast, and supported his men in refusing their pay until it was equal to white troops’ wages; killed at the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in South Carolina while leading his men at the parapet of the enemy fort; only 315 men from the 54th were left after the battle, but it proved the bravery of black soldiers and led to more Union recruitment of African-American troops



1845 – The Naval School opens in Annapolis MD with 50 midshipmen – later renamed the U.S. Naval Academy *

1846 – English astronomer William Lassell discovers Triton, Neptune’s largest moon



1861 –  Fridtjof Nansen born, Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian;  president of the Norwegian League of Nations Society, worked on behalf of stateless refugees, devising a document that became known as the Nansen passport, that over time was recognized by more than 50 countries, enabling refugees to cross borders legally – Marc Chagall, Igor Stravinsky and Anna Pavlova were among the holders of Nansen passports; 1922 Nobel Peace Prize for his work repatriating prisoners of war, aiding refugees, and efforts to aid millions of sufferers during the Russian famine



1865 – John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball

1868 – Carlos Manuel de Céspedes issues the “10th of October Manifesto” signaling the start of an all-out military uprising to gain Cuba’s independence from Spain

1870 – Louise Mack born, Australian novelist, poet and journalist-columnist, pioneering woman correspondent, eye witness to the WWI German invasion of Antwerp; her diary of the time she spent behind enemy lines was published as “A Woman’s Experiences in the Great War” 

1886 – The Tuxedo dinner jacket makes its debut in New York City, named by the multi-millionaire members of the Tuxedo Club at Tuxedo Park, upper NY state retreat developed by Pierre Lorillard IV, scion of the Lorillard Tobacco Company family



1898 – Lily Daché born in France, American fashion designer, noted for hat designs



1901 – Alberto Giacometti born, Swiss sculptor



1901 – Frederick Douglass Patterson born, American college president, Tuskegee Institute (1935-53); founder of United Negro College Fund

1903 – Vernon Duke born in Russia, American composer and songwriter; music for “Taking a Chance on Love” “I Can’t Get Started” and “April in Paris”



1903 – The Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) is founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia in Manchester, later moving operations to London, a militant organization campaigning for suffrage for British women. Their slogan is “Deeds, not words”



1908 – Johnny Green born, American songwriter; “Body and Soul” “I Cover the Waterfront” and the theme for the Betty Boop cartoons



1913 – U.S President Wilson triggers the rigged explosion of Gamboa Dike, completing construction of the Panama Canal

1917 – Thelonious Monk born, American Jazz pianist and composer



1924 – James Clavell born in Australia, American author and screenwriter; his novel King Rat is inspired by his 3-years as a WWII POW in the notorious Changi Prison camp



1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina born, French ballerina, and choreographer

1928 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China

1930 – Harold Pinter born, English playwright, screenwriter, director; 2005 Nobel Prize in Literature



1938 – Lily Tuck born, American author; her novel The News from Paraguay won the 2004 National Book Award for Fiction

1940 – Lanny Ross records “Moonlight and Roses”



1941 – Ken Saro-Wiwa born, Nigerian writer and activist; leader of the nonviolent campaign to restore homeland of his people, the Ogoni, which suffered extreme environmental damage from decades of petroleum waste dumping; hanged by the military dictatorship of General Sani Abacha in 1995

1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, after he is refused service in a Howard Johnson’s restaurant in Dover, Delaware

1959 – Pan American World Airways announces first global air service



1962 – The BBC bans “The Monster Mash” song by Bobby ‘Boris’ Pickett



1965 – The Red Baron makes his first appearance in the Peanuts comic



1966 – The Beach Boys release their single “Good Vibrations”



1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona



1973 – U.S Republican Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax

1973 – Fiji becomes independent after nearly a century of British rule

1984 – U.S. Congress passes 2nd Boland Amendment, outlaws solicitation of 3rd-party countries to support the Contras, also bars use of funds available to CIA, defense, or intelligence agencies for “supporting, directly or indirectly, military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, group, organization or individual”

1987 – Tom McClean sets 54 day/18 hour record rowing solo across the Atlantic Ocean

1988 – U2 releases their album Rattle and Hum



1994 – Iraq announces its withdrawal from Kuwaiti border. No pullback is observed

1995 – Gary Kasparov wins chess championship against Viswanathan Anand

2005 – Angela Merkel becomes German’s first female chancellor



2009 – Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich, Switzerland to open their borders

2009 – First Ada Lovelace Day * now held annually on the second Tuesday in October, to honor women in technological (STEM) fields, and Ada Lovelace (1815-51), pioneering computer programmer, who collaborated with inventor Charles Babbage, designer of an “Analytical Engine”



2010 – World Homeless Day * is organized as a day to advocate for increased funding for assistance to the homeless, more affordable housing, coordination of efforts to aid homeless people, and other issues related to homelessness


Painting used in opening section: Park Bench Sleeper, by Charles M. Williams


2013 – International Stage Manager’s Day * is launched by the Stage Management Association UK, and has grown to be an event in over a dozen countries



2013 – World Mental Health Day * is inaugurated as part of the World Health Organization’s comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020

2016 – Shift10 Day, * movement to encourage buying from non-chain businesses by pledging to spend 10% of your budget at local businesses and farmers markets

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: October 10, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Wow, when I read the words “and dissent to be mocked” in your Harold Pinter quote above I suddenly remembered the dream I had in the predawn hours this morning. The dream was weird in that it harkened back to the time that I did day-care for a living and I had a mix of toddlers and kindergrten-age children. In this dream, two day-care kids are with me in a suburban environment and a small child with cerebral palsey (and how I knew it was cerebral palsey I have no idea) is across the street. The two boys suddenly turn and mock this child across the street. I am appalled. Suddenly we are in a room, elsewhere. I tell the boys to “come here!” but neither budges. One of them is tall for his age and lean; the other is roly poly. I insist they come to me and again, they brazenly refuse and glare at me like I am an enemy. I am totally disconcerted. I advance on them to carry them somewhere (how? where?) and they standoff and give me “looks that kill.” Somehow I maneuver them into a corner and sit by them so they cannot ignore me. The expressions on their faces, however, make it clear that nothing I say or do can reach them. I am very flustered because I have no experience with this kind of reaction. We are all silent: I know they will not listen to me and they know I will not be able to “let it go” and go away. Finally I figure out what to say, and I enunciate my words as if speaking to someone hard of hearing: “Don’t you know that when you mock someone, you reach into them and pinch off some part of them and kill it?” They glare. I repeat. They glare. I repeat. They glare. I repeat. No change in the balance on either side. I startle awake feeling as if I have heard a loud knock on the door (there was none) and am disoriented. I forgot this dream until the moment I read “and dissent to be mocked.” Now the dream repeats with a certain dull urgency. I am very glad I typed this out because probably I will forget it again soon.

  2. wordcloud9 says:

    Yikes Malisha! Lots going on in your subconscious

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